Saraikela, also spelled Seraikella, is the administrative headquarters of Saraikela Kharsawan District of Jharkhand. Earlier it was a municipality in Pashchimi Singhbhum districtin the Indian state of Jharkhand. It was formerly the capital of the Oriya Saraikela State a princely state. The town is a road junction and agricultural trade centre, with nearby deposits of copper, iron-ore, asbestos, and limestone.
Saraikela is situated on bank of Kharkai river in southern Jharkhand.It is well connected with jamsedpur via land route.
The Saraikela state was founded in 1620 by Raja Bikram Singh(a fore-runner to the ruling family's current nomenclature of Singh Deo), a descendant of the rulers of Porahat, who claimed descent from the Rathore clan of Rajputs. Porahat or Singhbhum Kingdom was a part or feudatory of Ganga Vanshi, Surya Vanshi Gajapati rulers of Orissa.
Saraikela is known for its Chhau dance.It is a unique amalgation of oriya,bihari and bengali culture.The palace of raja,kudarsai temple,Guest House shiva temple are some cultural palace to visit.Rath puja,Durga puja are some festivals celebrated with much joy.It is also famous for its laddu .
Business and Industry
The main business families of Seraikela include the Choudhary, Sekseria and Sahu families, who are involved in various business enterprises in Seraikela. Abhijeet Group (Corporate Ispat & Alloys Ltd.) is setting up its steel & power plant in Seraikela (7 km from Town). Jupiter Cement is also setting up a Portland cement plant nearby. Steel plant of Sesa Goa and Bharat Steel are also proposed in the area. The Adityapur industrial estate is a part of Seraikela district and has major anciallry units of Tata Motors. Adityapur Industrial Area also known as AIADA was once known as the largest industrial hub in India.Further,Chandil is also growing rapidly as an industrial centre and currently has a number of food processing and sponge iron units.
As of 2011[update] India census, Seraikela had a population of 26,145. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Seraikela has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 61%. In Seraikela, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.