Serbia and Montenegro at the Olympics
|Serbia and Montenegro at the Olympic Games|
*As the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
|Other related appearances|
| Yugoslavia (1920–1992 W)
Independent Olympic Participants (1992 S)
Serbia (1912, 2008–)
The former state union of Serbia and Montenegro was represented at the Olympic Games on six occasions between 1996 and 2006, when the union was dissolved and Montenegro and Serbia each declared full independence.
Yugoslavia had been represented at every Summer Olympic Games from 1920–1988, and all but two Winter Olympic Games between 1924–1988. Because of the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991 and 1992, Olympic participation changed. Newly independent Croatia and Slovenia sent their own delegations to the 1992 Winter Olympics, with Yugoslavia represented by athletes from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. These would be the last Games for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was established in April 1992, consisting of the Republic of Montenegro and the Republic of Serbia. However, United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (adopted May 30, 1992) called upon states to:
Take the necessary steps to prevent the participation in sporting events on their territory of persons or groups representing the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro);—Paragraph 8(b)
Despite this, the International Olympic Committee decided unanimously that athletes from Serbia and Montenegro (and also Macedonia) could compete in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. The conditions imposed were that the athletes would compete as Independent Olympic Participants (IOP), wear white clothing without distinctive signs, and use the Olympic Anthem and Olympic flag in victory ceremonies. The athletes could not participate at the opening and closing ceremonies of the games. A team of 52 athletes competed in individual events, with three medals won in shooting. The restriction for individual athletes meant that the men's water polo team, the women's basketball team, and the men's and women's handball teams could not compete, despite having qualified for the Games.
The continued sanctions against FR Yugoslavia meant that no athletes could qualify to compete or even to compete under the Olympic flag at the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer. The sanctions were lifted in time for the next Olympiad.
At the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, the team was designated Yugoslavia, using the same IOC code (YUG) as the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1988 and previous Games. despite the fact that FR Yugoslavia had not been recognized as the successor to SFRY. The team of 68 athletes participated in 13 sports and won four medals. In Sydney for the 2000 Summer Olympics, the Yugoslavia team participated with 111 athletes in 14 sports and won three medals.
In 2003, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia reconstituted as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, and the nation was designated Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) for the first time at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. The team of 87 athletes competed in 14 sports and won two silver medals.
After the Montenegrin independence referendum in 2006, the state union was dissolved and each nation declared independence. The Olympic Committee of Serbia succeeded the NOC for Serbia and Montenegro in June 2006, with approval of the Assembly of the Olympic Committee of Serbia and Montenegro. The newly formed Montenegrin Olympic Committee was recognized by the IOC in July 2007. At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing Serbia returned at the Olympic after 96 years under this name while Montenegro made debut as independent nation.
Kosovo, a former autonomous province, is also expected to make its Olympic debut as an independent national team. The International Olympic Committee provisionally recognised the Olympic Committee of Kosovo and gave it full membership on 9 December 2014. Kosovar athletes will compete under the flag of Kosovo at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Summer Games results
Winter Games results
|2002 Salt Lake City||2||6||0||0||0||0||–|
Medals by sport
This list includes all competitors who won Olympic medals for Serbia and Montenegro, while competing as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (YUG) in 1996 and 2000, and Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) in 2004.
- "Yugoslavia - 1992". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-13.[dead link]
- "United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (Implementing Trade Embargo on Yugoslavia)". University of Minnesota Human Rights Center. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- "Decisions of the 99th Session". Olympic Review (International Olympic Committee) (299): pp. 415–416. September 1992. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
- "Games of the XXV Olympiad - Barcelona 1992". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
- "XVII Games - Lillehammer 1994". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
- (ed.) Watkins, Ginger T. (1997). The Official Report of the Centennial Olympic Games, Volume III The Competition Results (PDF). Atlanta: Peachtree Publishers. pp. pp. viii–ix. ISBN 1-56145-150-9. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
- "Yugoslavia - 1996". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
- Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. (2001). "National Olympic Committees". Official Report of the XXVII Olympiad, Volume Three: Results (PDF). Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. pp. pp. 1–5. ISBN 0-9579616-1-8. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
- "Yugoslavia - 2000". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-15.[dead link]
- (ed.) Skarveli, Efharis; Zervos, Isabel (November 2005). Official Report of the XXVIII Olympiad, Volume Two: The Games (PDF). Athens 2004 Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. pp. pp. 528–529. ISBN 960-88101-7-5. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
- "Serbia and Montenegro". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
- "Olympic Committee of Serbia". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-06-10.
- "Two new National Olympic Committees on board!". International Olympic Committee. 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2008-06-10.
- Kosovo given go-ahead by IOC to take part in 2016 Olympics
- Olympics: IOC has no concerns over Kosovo recognition
- "Kosovo to compete at Rio 2016 Olympics after recognition from IOC", Associated Press, 9 December 2014.
- "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-08-13.