Belarus at the Olympics

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Belarus at the Olympic Games

Flag of Belarus
IOC code  BLR
NOC National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus
Website www.noc.by (Russian) (English)
Olympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games
Other related appearances
Russian Empire (1900–1912)
Poland (1924–1936)
Soviet Union (1952–1988)
Unified Team (1992)

Athletes from Belarus began their Olympic participation at the 1952 Summer Games in Helsinki, Finland as part of the Soviet Union (IOC code: URS).[1] After the Soviet Union disbanded in 1991, Belarus, along with four of the other fourteen former Soviet republics, competed in the 1992 Winter Olympics (held in Albertville, France) as the Unified Team. Later in 1992, eleven republics joined Belarus to compete as the Unified Team at the Summer Games in Barcelona, Spain. Two years later, Belarus competed for the first time as an independent nation in the 1994 Winter Olympics, held in Lillehammer, Norway.[2] From 1952 until the 2014 Olympic Games in Sochi, Russia, Belarusian athletes won 240 medals either as part of the Soviet Union or as independent Belarus.[3]

Medal tables[edit]

Latest medalists[edit]

Summer Olympics[edit]

Medal Name Games Sport Event
 Gold Aksana Miankova China 2008 Beijing Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's hammer throw
 Gold Andrei Bahdanovich
Aliaksandr Bahdanovich
China 2008 Beijing Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing Men's C-2 1000 m
 Gold Raman Piatrushenka
Aliaksei Abalmasau
Artur Litvinchuk
Vadzim Makhneu
China 2008 Beijing Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing Men's K-4 1000 m
 Gold Andrei Aramnau China 2008 Beijing Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Men's 105 kg
 Silver Vadim Devyatovskiy China 2008 Beijing Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's hammer throw
 Silver Natallia Mikhnevich China 2008 Beijing Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's shot put
 Silver Andrei Krauchanka China 2008 Beijing Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's decathlon
 Silver Inna Zhukova China 2008 Beijing Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics (Rhythmic) All-around individual
 Silver Andrei Rybakou China 2008 Beijing Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Men's 85 kg
 Bronze Ivan Tsikhan China 2008 Beijing Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's hammer throw
 Bronze Andrei Mikhnevich China 2008 Beijing Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's shot put
 Bronze Nadzeya Ostapchuk China 2008 Beijing Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's shot put
 Bronze Vadzim Makhneu
Raman Piatrushenka
China 2008 Beijing Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing Men's K-2 500 m
 Bronze Olesya Babushkina
Anastasia Ivankova
Zinaida Lunina
Glafira Martinovich
Ksenia Sankovich
Alina Tumilovich
China 2008 Beijing Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics (Rhythmic) All-around team
 Bronze Ekaterina Karsten China 2008 Beijing Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing Women's single sculls
 Bronze Yuliya Bichyk
Natallia Helakh
China 2008 Beijing Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing Women's coxless pair
 Bronze Nastassia Novikava China 2008 Beijing Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
 Bronze Mikhail Siamionau China 2008 Beijing Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling Men's 66 kg
 Bronze Murad Gaidarov China 2008 Beijing Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling Men's 74 kg
 Gold Sergei Martynov United Kingdom 2012 London Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting Men's 50 m rifle prone
 Gold Victoria Azarenka
Max Mirnyi
United Kingdom 2012 London Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis Mixed doubles
 Silver Andrei Bahdanovich
Aliaksandr Bahdanovich
United Kingdom 2012 London Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing Men's C-2 1000 m
 Silver Raman Piatrushenka
Vadzim Makhneu
United Kingdom 2012 London Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing Men's K-2 200 m
 Silver Maryna Hancharova
Anastasia Ivankova
Nataliya Leshchyk
Aliaksandra Narkevich
Ksenia Sankovich
Alina Tumilovich
United Kingdom 2012 London Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics (Rhythmic) All-around team
 Silver Aliaksandra Herasimenia United Kingdom 2012 London Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 50 m freestyle
 Silver Aliaksandra Herasimenia United Kingdom 2012 London Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 100 m freestyle
 Bronze Volha Khudzenka
Iryna Pamialova
Nadzeya Papok
Maryna Pautaran
United Kingdom 2012 London Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing Women's K-4 500 m
 Bronze Liubov Charkashyna United Kingdom 2012 London Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics (Rhythmic) All-around individual
 Bronze Victoria Azarenka United Kingdom 2012 London Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis Women's singles
 Bronze Maryna Shkermankova United Kingdom 2012 London Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 69 kg
 Bronze Iryna Kulesha United Kingdom 2012 London Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Women's 75 kg

Winter Olympics[edit]

Medal Name Games Sport Event
 Silver Svetlana Paramygina Norway 1994 Lillehammer Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon Women's sprint
 Silver Igor Zhelezovski Norway 1994 Lillehammer Speed skating pictogram.svg Speed skating Men's 1000 m
 Bronze Alexei Aidarov Japan 1998 Nagano Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon Men's individual
 Bronze Dmitri Dashinski Japan 1998 Nagano Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg Freestyle skiing Men's aerials
 Bronze Aleksei Grishin United States 2002 Salt lake City Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg Freestyle skiing Men's aerials
 Silver Dmitri Dashinski Italy 2006 Turin Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg Freestyle skiing Men's aerials
 Gold Aleksei Grishin Canada 2010 Vancouver Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg Freestyle skiing Men's aerials
 Silver Sergey Novikov Canada 2010 Vancouver Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon Men's individual
 Bronze Darya Domracheva Canada 2010 Vancouver Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon Women's individual
 Gold Darya Domracheva Russia 2014 Sochi Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon Women's individual
 Gold Darya Domracheva Russia 2014 Sochi Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon Women's mass start
 Gold Darya Domracheva Russia 2014 Sochi Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon Women's pursuit
 Gold Anton Kushnir Russia 2014 Sochi Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg Freestyle skiing Men's aerials
 Gold Alla Tsuper Russia 2014 Sochi Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg Freestyle skiing Women's aerials
 Bronze Nadezhda Skardino Russia 2014 Sochi Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon Women's individual

Soviet Union[edit]

Athletes from the Soviet Union began participating in the Olympic Games in 1952, winning 194 total medals in the Winter Games[4] and 1010 at the Summer Games for a total of 1204 medals. Of those medals, 473 were gold, 376 were silver and 355 were bronze.[5] The Belarusian collection of medals began with Mikhail Krivonosov winning silver in the hammer throw at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia. The Soviet Republic's first gold medal was won by Leonid Geishtor and Sergei Makarenko in the 1000 metre pairs canoe event during the 1960 Summer Games in Rome, Italy.[6] The Soviet Union first competed in the Winter Olympics in 1964, located in Innsbruck.[7] In 1988, the Soviet Union competed for the last time as a unified country.[3]

Unified Team[edit]

Gymnast Vitaly Shcherbo won six gold medals at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.[8]

Summer Olympic Games[edit]

1996 Atlanta[edit]

In Belarus's first independent appearance at the Summer Olympics, the delegation took home fifteen medals: one gold, six silver and eight bronze. The first Belarusian gold medal was won by Ekaterina Karsten in the women's single sculls rowing event. The silver medals were won in athletics, shooting, and wrestling (both freestyle and Greco-Roman). The bronze medals were won in artistic gymnastics, athletics, rowing and Greco-Roman wrestling.[9] The country sent 159 athletes to compete in 21 disciplines.[10]

2000 Sydney[edit]

The Belarusian government, using public funds and sponsorships, spent five million USD to prepare the athletes for the 2000 Olympics. Minister of Sports and Tourism Yevgeny Vorsin predicted that Belarus would win four gold medals during the Games.[11] Belarus finished with three gold, three silver and 11 bronze medals. Karsten successfully defended her championship in the single sculls, with the other two gold medals won by Yanina Karolchik and Ellina Zvereva in the shot put and discus throw events, respectively. The Belarusian women took silver in both individual and team rhythmic gymnastics, with a third silver medal coming in the men's 50 metre pistol event. Bronze medals were won in hammer throwing, shooting (3), Greco-Roman wrestling, pentathlon, weight lifting (2), judo, heptathlon and discus throwing.[12] One athlete from Belarus, Vadim Devyatovsky, was banned from Olympic competition due to testing positive for the substance nandrolone.[13]

2004 Athens[edit]

Belarus used leftover funds from the Sydney Games to prepare athletes to compete in the 2004 Olympics.[11] Belarus sent to Athens 153 athletes competing in 21 disciplines.[14] Those athletes won 15 medals: two golds, six silvers, and nine bronzes. The gold medals were won in the 100 meter dash and in judo. The silver medals were won in weightlifting (2), boxing (2), rowing and the hammer throw. The bronzes were won in shooting, the discus throw, weightlifting, cycling, rowing (2), wrestling (Greco-Roman) and canoe/kayak (2).[15] Ivan Tikhon originally won the bronze in the hammer throw, but his medal was upgraded to silver after Adrian Annus of Hungary was stripped of his gold medal due to doping.[16] Yulia Nestsiarenka, who wasn't expected to do well in the 100 meter dash, took home the gold in the event. She was clocked at 10.93 seconds, beating the second place American by .03 seconds.[17] Wrestler Alexander Medved was tasked to carry the national flag during the opening ceremony.[18]

2008 Beijing[edit]

One hundred and eighty-one athletes from Belarus competed in 28 events at the Beijing Olympics.[19] Before the Olympics started, the National Olympic Committee of Belarus announced that medal winners would be awarded cash prizes, valued in United States dollars, from the Committee and their sponsors. Another sponsor, Belatmit,[20] offered gold medal winners free sausage for life. The women's basketball team would be given free sausage regardless of what medal they won.[20] The team captain was Ivan Tikhon[21] and fencer Alexander Romankov carried the national flag during the opening ceremonies.[22] Overall, Belarus took home 19 medals, with four medals being gold, placing 16th in the medal standings, 13th in the total medal count.[23] At a ceremony bestowing state decorations on the Olympic champions President Lukashenko said his country had performed better in Beijing than they did in Athens, but he still called the Games a "missed opportunity" for winning less gold medals than he personally had expected.[24] However, on September 21, the IOC has asked Vadim Devyatovskiy and Tsikhan to provide the body information on why they tested positive for abnormal traces of testosterone after the completion of the hammerthrow final on August 17. If found guilty, the pair will be stripped of their respective medals and Devyatovskiy will face a lifetime ban for a second doping offense.[25] The IOC found them guilty on December 11 and officially stripped them of their medals.[26] 10 June 2010 – The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has upheld the appeals filed by the two Belarusian hammer throwers, Vadim Devyatovskiy and Ivan Tsikhan, against the decision of the Disciplinary Commission of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) of 11 December 2008. Consequently, the silver and bronze medals won at the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing are to be returned to Vadim Deviyatovskiy and Ivan Tsikhan respectively.

2012 London[edit]

Belarus won two gold medals at the 2012 games in London, the first being for Sergei Martynov in the men's 50m rifle prone shooting. Mixed doubles tennis players Max Mirnyi and Victoria Azarenka won the other gold, with Azarenka also winning a bronze in the women's singles.

Winter Olympic Games[edit]

1994 Lillehammer[edit]

This was the first Olympic Games in which an independent Belarus participated. Before competing as an independent state, Belarusian athletes won four medals as part of the USSR and CIS squads from Olympic Games spanning 1964 to 1992.[7] Belarus sent 33 athletes to compete in seven disciplines. Silver medals were won by Igor Zhelezovski in the 1000 m speed skating and Svetlana Paramygina in the biathlon.[27] Out of the 67 nations that competed, Belarus ranked 15th in the medal totals.[6] According to the NOC RB, competing in the Lillehammer Olympics is a historic event for Belarus and "opened a new page in the history of Belarusian sport."[7]

1998 Nagano[edit]

Belarus sent a delegation of 59 athletes to compete in nine disciplines.[7] Belarus medaled twice, both times with bronze. The medals were earned by Dmitry Dashchinsky in aerials and Alexey Aidarov in the biathlon.[28] Belarus qualified for the second round of the hockey tournament, but lost its group matches and was eliminated by Russia in the quarterfinals, finishing seventh overall.[29] In a speech by President Alexander Lukashenko in 2002, he reflected on the achievements of athletes in the Nagano Games. While watching the events, he stated that the Belarusian athletes competed with dignity and brought glory to Belarus.[30]

2002 Salt Lake City[edit]

Belarus competed in nine disciplines, just like at the 1998 Winter Olympics. Belarus's single medal was a bronze won by Aleksei Grishin.[31] The men's ice hockey team drew international attention for its upset of top-seeded Sweden and subsequent 4th place finish.[32] However, hockey team member Vasily Pankov, along with Belarusian team doctor Evgeni Lositski, were removed from the Olympic Games due to positive doping results. Lositski was barred from coming to the 2004 and 2006 Olympic Games for giving Pankov medication that included nandrolone.[33] Another Belarusian athlete was given a "strong warning" by the IOC for missing a doping test and admonished the NOC RB for helping her miss the test.[34]

2006 Turin[edit]

Sending 33 athletes, Belarus competed in eight disciplines.[35] Dmitry Dashchinsky took home the only medal, a silver in the aerials. Dashchinsky had earned a bronze medal at the 1998 Nagano Games.[6] The result was upsetting to Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus and head of the National Olympic Committee. He told members of the NOC RB that the coaches were to blame for the poor showing and that Belarus needed victories so they could feel pride as a nation. He also told the assembled members that if there are any more poor showings, he will fire the members.[36]

2010 Vancouver[edit]

Belarus won three medals. Alexei Grishin took the nation’s only gold in freestyle skiing – men’s aerials. Sergey Novikov took silver in the men’s 20-kilometers individual biathlon, while Darya Domracheva took bronze in the women’s 15-kilometer individual biathlon.[37] The men's hockey team was eliminated in the first round of playoffs.

2014 Sochi[edit]

Belarus ranked 8th, its highest at any Olympic Games, after winning five golds and a bronze. Biathlete Darya Domracheva won three golds, in the women's pursuit, individual and mass start events. Nadzeya Skardzina won the bronze in the individual. In freestyle skiing, Alla Tsuper and Anton Kushnir won golds in the respective women's and men's aerial events.

Flag bearers[edit]

Games Name
1994 Winter Olympics Igor Zhelezovsky
1996 Summer Olympics Igor Astapkovich
1998 Winter Olympics Alexander Popov
2000 Summer Olympics Sergey Lishtvan
2002 Winter Olympics Oleg Ryzhenkov
2004 Summer Olympics Aleksandr Medved
2006 Winter Olympics Alexander Popov
2008 Summer Olympics Alexander Romankov
2010 Winter Olympics Oleg Antonenko
2012 Summer Olympics Max Mirnyi
2014 Winter Olympics Aleksei Grishin

National Olympic Committee[edit]

In 1991, an order was issued to create the National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus (Russian: Национальный олимпийский комитет Республики Беларусь), and it was not until 1993 before the NOC RB (НОК РБ) became a full member of the International Olympic Committee.[38] Also in 1993, Vladimir Ryzhenkov, who was at the time the Belarus Minister for Sport and Tourism, was elected to the post of President of the NOC RB. In May 1997, a year after the death of Ryzhenkov, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko was elected to the post, which he still holds today. Lukashenko is the first known example of a head of state to also lead a National Olympic Committee at the same time.[6] Funding for the NOC RB comes from marketing of goods with the Olympic logo, donations from the private sector, sponsorships and from the national government.[11][39] As head of state, President Lukashenko issued decrees awarding prizes to those who bring home medals, use state funds to prepare for athletes and pay the coaches of the athletes. In 2004, President Lukashenko issued a decree awarding those who win medals in the 2004 and 2006 Olympic Games the following tax-free monetary awards (in United States dollars): $60,000 for gold, $30,000 for silver and $20,000 for bronze.[40] For the 2008 and 2010 games, the following tax-free prizes will be awarded to medal winners and their coaches (in United States dollars): $100,000 for gold, $50,000 for silver and $30,000 for bronze.[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Olympic Committee Helsinki 1952 Olympics Overview. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  2. ^ NOC Republic of Uzbekistan. Lillehammer 1994 Games. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  3. ^ a b NOC RB. Belarusian athletes at Olympic Games. Published 2006. Retrieved December 27, 2008.
  4. ^ CBS Sports Winter Olympics History - URS Medal Totals. Published 1998. Retrieved July 13, 2007.
  5. ^ USSR Olympic History and Medal Count. Retrieved July 13, 2007.
  6. ^ a b c d National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 20 January 2007.
  7. ^ a b c d "Athletes of the Republic of Belarus at Olympic Winter Games". National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2002. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  8. ^ "Vitaly SCHERBO | Olympic Athlete | Atlanta 1996, Barcelona 1992". Olympic.org. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  9. ^ Official 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games Results. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  10. ^ "Belarusian athletes win 212 Olympic licenses". BelTA. 2008-08-07. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  11. ^ a b c BelaPAN, No. 61 News Article: Belarus Has Spent Over $5 Million to Prepare for Sydney, Sports Minister Says. September 14, 2000; 9:10 p.m. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  12. ^ Official 2000 Sydney Olympic Games Results. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  13. ^ Associated Press Stripped - Drug tests cost Bulgarian his silver medal. Published November 9, 2000. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  14. ^ Yahoo Sports 2004 Olympics - Belarus Athletes Details. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  15. ^ "Belarus - 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens". databasesports.com. 2004. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  16. ^ Associated Press. U.S. cyclist ends up with bronze. Published August 29, 2004. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  17. ^ Australian Broadcasting Corporation Nesterenko wins sprint gold for Belarus. Published August 22, 2004. Retrieved July 14, 2007. Archived April 28, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "Flag bearers for Opening Ceremony". Rediff.com. 2004-08-14. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  19. ^ "Belarus Olympic Delegation Praises BOCOG". Xinhua. 2008-08-07. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  20. ^ a b "Belarus encourages athletes with sausage for life". Macedonian Information Agency. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22. 
  21. ^ "President awards Belarusian Olympic team captain". BELTA. 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  22. ^ "Alexander Romankov to carry flag for Belarus at Beijing Olympics". BELTA. 2008-08-08. Retrieved 2008-08-08. [dead link]
  23. ^ "Overall Medal Standings". Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad. 2008-08-25. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  24. ^ "Meeting With Prize Winners of the 29th Olympic Games in Beijing". Official Internet Portal of the President of the Republic of Belarus. 2008-09-09. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  25. ^ Dunbar, Graham (2008-09-21). "Hammer medalists get more time to fight doping cases". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  26. ^ "Belarusian hammer throwers stripped of medals". 2008-12-11. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  27. ^ Official 1994 Lillehammer Olympic Games Report, Volume 4. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  28. ^ Official 1998 Nagano Olympic Games Report. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  29. ^ LCS Hockey 1998 Olympics Hockey Tournament Results. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  30. ^ President of the Republic of Belarus Message by the President of the Republic of Belarus to the Olympians. Given on January 29, 2002. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  31. ^ 2002 Salt Lake City Olympic Games results. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  32. ^ BBC Sports Belarus pull off huge upset. Published February 21, 2002. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  33. ^ Associated Press. British Skier Stripped of Medal. Published March 21, 2002. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  34. ^ BBC Sports. Belarus skater escapes ban. Published February 23, 2002. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  35. ^ "2006 Olympics - Belarus Athlete List". Yahoo Sports. Archived from the original on 2007-08-24. Retrieved July 14, 2007. 
  36. ^ "Belarusian President Slams Coaches For Poor Showing Of Winter Olympics Team". Data.minsk.by. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  37. ^ "vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics | Olympic Videos, Photos, News". Vancouver2010.com. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  38. ^ International Olympic Committee National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved July 13, 2007.
  39. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the United States Olympic Movement in Belarus. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  40. ^ President of the Republic of Belarus Worth of Olympic Prizes for Belarusian Athletes Fixed. Passed January 23, 2004. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  41. ^ President of the Republic of Belarus Comments to Presidential Decree No 636 of October 27, 2006. Passed October 27, 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2007.

External links[edit]