Shiatsu (Kanji: 指圧 Hiragana: しあつ) in Japanese means "finger pressure"; it is a type of alternative medicine consisting of finger and palm pressure, stretches, and other massage, and, and techniques. There is no scientific evidence for any medical efficacy of shiatsu, Shiatsu practitioners promote it as a way to help people relax and cope with issues such as stress, muscle pain, nausea, anxiety, and depression.
Tokujiro Namikoshi (1905-2000) invented shiatsu and founded the first shiatsu college in 1940.
Many shiatsu schools exist across the world and all incorporate elements of anatomy, physiology and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).
Shiatsu is usually performed on a futon mat, with clients fully clothed. It can also performed on horses and other animals.