Showa Station (Antarctica)

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Japanese Antarctica stations

Showa Station (昭和基地 Shōwa Kichi), also sometimes spelled Syowa,[1] is a Japanese research station on East Ongul Island in Queen Maud Land, Antarctica. Built in 1957, the station is named for the era in the Japanese calendar during which it was established, the Shōwa period.

Overview[edit]

Showa Station serves as a research outpost for astronomy, meteorology, biology and earth sciences. It comprises over 60 separate buildings, large and small, including a 3-storey administration building, living quarters, power plant, sewage treatment facility, environmental science building, observatory, data processing facility, satellite building, ionospheric station, incinerator, earth science building, and radiosonde station. Also present are fuel tanks, water storage, solar panels, a heliport, water retention dam, and radio transmitter.

Historic monument[edit]

A cairn and plaque at the station commemorate Shin Fukushima, a member of the 4th Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition, who died in October 1960 while carrying out his duties. The cairn, which contains some of his ashes, was erected on 11 January 1961 by his colleagues. It has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 2) following a proposal by Japan to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting.[2]

Climate[edit]

The climate is classified as an Ice cap climate (Köppen: EF) since there are no months where the average temperature exceeds 0.0 °C (32.0 °F).

Climate data for Showa Station (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
−7.6
(18.3)
−10.7
(12.7)
−12.1
(10.2)
−14.1
(6.6)
−15.8
(3.6)
−14.9
(5.2)
−10.8
(12.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
1.1
(34)
−7.6
(18.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
−6.5
(20.3)
−10.1
(13.8)
−13.5
(7.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
−17.3
(0.9)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−13.5
(7.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
−1.6
(29.1)
−10.4
(13.3)
Average low °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
−5.5
(22.1)
−9.2
(15.4)
−13.0
(8.6)
−16.6
(2.1)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−17.2
(1)
−10.4
(13.3)
−4.6
(23.7)
−13.7
(7.3)
Avg. snowy days 11.0 14.2 19.3 20.1 18.5 17.2 18.9 19.3 18.2 20.2 13.9 10.7 200.6
 % humidity 67 68 71 72 67 65 66 64 64 69 68 68 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 375.7 203.2 120.1 58.0 17.7 0.0 4.8 64.1 136.5 191.0 316.0 434.6 1,925.9
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 69°00′S 39°35′E / 69.000°S 39.583°E / -69.000; 39.583