Spring Grove Cemetery
Spring Grove Cemetery
The Gothic Revival Dexter Memorial at Spring Grove Cemetery
|Architect||Adolph Strauch et al.|
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||76001440|
|Added to NRHP||May 13, 1976|
Spring Grove Cemetery and Arboretum (733 acres) is a nonprofit garden cemetery and arboretum located at 4521 Spring Grove Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio. It is the second largest cemetery in the United States and is recognized as a U.S. National Historic Landmark.
The cemetery dates from 1844, when members of the Cincinnati Horticultural Society formed a cemetery association. They took their inspiration from contemporary rural cemeteries such as Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, and Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The numerous springs and groves suggested the name "Spring Grove". On December 1, 1844 Salmon P. Chase and others prepared the Articles of Incorporation. The cemetery was formally chartered on January 21, 1845, and the first burial took place on September 1, 1845. In 1855 Adolph Strauch, a renowned landscape architect, was hired to beautify the grounds. His sense and layout of the "garden cemetery", made of lakes, trees and shrubs, is what visitors today still see. In 1987, the association officially changed its name to "Spring Grove Cemetery and Arboretum" to better represent its remarkable collection of both native and exotic trees, as well as its State and National Champion Trees.
On Wednesday 23 Oct 2013, it had been announced that staff at the Spring Grove Cemetery had removed a SpongeBob SquarePants headstone from the resting spot of US army corporal, Kimberly Walker, only one day after her funeral. This was after the funeral home had given the family the go ahead, to use the SpongeBob headstone.
Spring Grove encompasses 733 acres (2.97 km2) of which 400 acres (1.6 km2) are currently landscaped and maintained. Its grounds include 12 ponds, many fine tombstones and memorials, and various examples of Gothic Revival architecture. As of 2005, its National Champion trees were Cladrastis kentukea and Halesia diptera; its State Champion trees included Abies cilicica, Abies koreana, Cedrus libani, Chionanthus virginicus, Eucommia ulmoides, Halesia parvifolia, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Phellodendron amurense, Picea orientalis, Picea polita, Pinus flexilis, Pinus griffithi, Pinus monticola, Quercus cerris, Quercus nigra, Taxodium distichum, Ulmus serotina, and Zelkova serrata.
- Jacob Ammen, Civil War general
- George K. Brady, United States Army officer. Briefly commander of the Department of Alaska
- Samuel Fenton Cary, congressman, prohibitionist
- Salmon P. Chase, Chief Justice of the United States
- Kate Chase, daughter of Salmon Chase and Washington, D.C. Civil War socialite
- Levi Coffin, Quaker abolitionist
- Arthur F. Devereux, Brevet Brigadier General from Salem, Massachusetts during the American Civil War
- Daniel Drake, physician and writer
- Charles L. Fleischmann, yeast manufacturer
- Kenner Garrard, Civil War general
- Theodore Sommers Henderson, Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church
- Joseph Hooker, Civil War general and commander of the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville
- Waite Hoyt, Hall of Fame pitcher
- Miller Huggins, Hall of Fame baseball manager of New York Yankees during Babe Ruth era
- Isaac M. Jordan, One of the seven founders of the Sigma Chi Fraternity
- Bernard Kroger, founder of Kroger supermarkets
- Alexander Long, congressman
- Nicholas Longworth, Father of American grape culture
- William Haines Lytle, 19th century Ohio, general, politician, poet
- Alexander McDowell McCook, Union army general
- Charles Pettit McIlvaine, Episcopal bishop, author, educator and twice Chaplain of the United States Senate
- John McLean, Associate Justice of the United States
- Stanley Matthews, Associate Justice of the United States
- George Hunt Pendleton, Congressman and a Senator from Ohio
- William Procter and James Gamble, founders of Procter and Gamble
- Skip Prosser, Wake Forest University men's basketball head coach at the time of his death, former assistant and head men's basketball coach at Xavier University.
- Henry Stanbery, Attorney General of the United States
- Dudley Sutphin, Cincinnati attorney, judge and French Legion of Honor medal winner
- Alphonso Taft, politician, father of William Howard Taft
- Charles Phelps Taft II, Mayor of Cincinnati and son of President William Howard Taft
- Louise Taft, second wife of Alphonso Taft, and mother of President of the United States William Howard Taft
- John Morgan Walden, Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church
- Godfrey Weitzel, Civil War general
- Frances Wright, pioneering feminist, abolitionist, and freethinker
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- The Cincinnati Cemetery of Spring Grove, Report for 1857. C. F. Bradley, printers. 1857. p. 3.
- Picturesque Cincinnati. John Shillito Company. 1883. p. 194.
- Stradling, David (Oct 1, 2003). Cincinnati: From River City to Highway Metropolis. Arcadia Publishing. p. 35. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
- "Ms Walker’s family are furious with the graveyard’s U-turn after paying $13,000 (£8,000) for the headstone and getting copyright approval from Nickelodeon.". Metro.co.uk. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Rolfes, Steven (Oct 29, 2012). Cincinnati Landmarks. Arcadia Publishing. p. 43. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati.|
- Spring Grove Cemetery and Arboretum
- Forty Civil War generals buried in Spring Grove Cemetery
- Spring Grove Entrance