||This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2010)|
The attraction entrance at Disneyland.
|Attraction type||Flight simulator with Audio-Animatronics all synced to film|
|Designer||Walt Disney Imagineering
|Riders per vehicle||40|
|Participants per group||40|
|Height restriction||40 in (102 cm)|
Disney's Fastpass available
Must transfer from wheelchair
Star Tours is a motion simulator attraction currently operating at Disneyland Paris. The ride is based on the successful Star Wars film series created by George Lucas. At its debut at Disneyland in 1987, it was the first Disney attraction based on what was then a non-Disney produced film. However, in October 2012, the Walt Disney Company acquired Lucasfilm, and in turn, now owns the Star Wars franchise.
The first incarnation of the ride appeared in Tomorrowland at Disneyland in 1987, replacing the previous attraction, Adventure Thru Inner Space. Star Tours at Disneyland closed on July 27, 2010 to allow for the conversion to Star Tours: The Adventures Continue. Disney's Hollywood Studios closed its attraction on September 7, 2010 in anticipation of the same conversion which was completed on May 20, 2011. Tokyo Disneyland's Star Tours closed on April 2, 2012, to make way for Star Tours: The Adventures Continue which will open in spring 2013. No announcement has been made on when the original attraction in France will follow suit.
The ride that became Star Tours first saw light as a proposal for an attraction based on the 1979 Disney live-action film The Black Hole. It would have been an interactive ride-simulator attraction where guests would have had the ability to choose the s route. However, after preliminary planning the Black Hole attraction was shelved due to its enormous cost—approximately $50 million USD—as well as the unpopularity of the film itself.
Instead of completely dismissing the idea of a simulator, the company decided to make use of a partnership between Disney and George Lucas, the creator of Star Wars, that began in 1986 with the opening of Captain EO (a 3-D musical film starring Michael Jackson) at the California park. Disney then approached Lucas with the idea for Star Tours. With Lucas' approval, Disney Imagineers purchased four military-grade flight simulators at a cost of $500,000 each and designed the ride structure.
Meanwhile, Lucas and his team of special effects technicians at Industrial Light & Magic produced the first-person perspective film that would be projected inside the simulators. When both simulator and film were completed, a programmer then sat inside and used a joystick to synchronize the movement of the simulator with the apparent movement on screen. On January 9, 1987, at a final cost of $32 million, almost twice the cost of building the entire park in 1955, the ride opened to throngs of patrons, many of whom dressed up as Star Wars characters for the occasion. In celebration, Disneyland remained open for a 60-hour marathon from January 9 at 10 a.m. to January 11 at 10 p.m.
Star Tours: Tour to Endor 
Advertised as "The Ultimate Star Wars Adventure!", Star Tours puts the guest in the role of a space tourist en route to the forest moon of Endor, the site of the climactic battle of Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, via the Star Tours travel agency. Much is made of this throughout the ride queue, which is designed to look like a spaceship boarding terminal: posters advertise voyages to different planets, and a giant screen informs riders of the benefits of going to Endor. This area is stocked with Audio-Animatronic characters that seem to speak to the ride patrons (including C-3PO and R2-D2), as well as a life-size mock-up of a StarSpeeder 3000, the fictional spacecraft which riders are about to board. According to the book Disneyland Detective by Kendra Trahan, the figures of C-3PO and R2-D2 in the Disneyland attraction are actual props from the original film, modified to operate via Audio-Animatronics.
Guests then enter a maintenance area where an apparently underproductive G2 droid performs repairs on another droid while being distracted by the observing guests, and another droid inadvertently points out all the supposed flaws of the StarSpeeder 3000 and its RX pilots. The G2 droids are in fact the animatronic skeletons of two geese from the defunct Tomorrowland attraction America Sings. A ride attendant escorts guests to one of several loading stations where they wait for their turn to ride.
A television screen posts a countdown to take-off time and shows images of the Starspeeder 3000 spacecraft being serviced. As launch time approaches, a safety video is shown featuring Star Wars aliens, Disney Imagineers, and their families. It instructs guests how to fasten their seat belts and where to place belongings. Once the doors to the Starspeeder open, guests walk across bridges into one of several StarSpeeders, while C-3PO welcomes the riders and repeats the safety spiel. As the doors close, the bumbling pilot droid of the ship, RX-24 or Rex (voiced by Paul Reubens), chats up the guests about the trip as he sets up for his first flight.
Rex lowers the cockpit shield, and the hangar crew activates the flight platform. All goes well until a slight mistake on Captain Rex's part sends the Starspeeder crashing into the maintenance bay doors, and plummeting into the maintenance yard just barely crashing the control room and colliding with a giant mechanical arm. Once in space the Starspeeder sees another jump to lightspeed, and Rex makes the jump to lightspeed as well, but accidentally overshoots the ship's hyperdrive, and passes the Endor moon, and instead gets caught inside a comet cluster. The ship gets hit by several comets before getting trapped in one of the larger comets. The Starspeeder has to maze its way through the comet and escapes by crashing through one of the thinner walls. Upon escaping the comet, however, the ship encounters a Star Destroyer.
The ship gets caught in its tractor beam, but manages to get loose when a rebel X-wing fighter provides assistance by destroying the tractor beam's generator. With the tractor beam deactivated, the Starspeeder escapes the Star Destroyer. Soon the ship accompanies the Rebellion on a massive assault on the Death Star. Rex uses the StarSpeeder's lasers to eliminate several TIE fighters while a rebel pilot destroys the Death Star in the same manner Luke Skywalker did, by firing two proton torpedoes into the exhaust port. the X-Wings lightspeed away to avoid the Death Star's explosion, and a final lightspeed jump sends the StarSpeeder back to the spaceport, but not before a near collision with a fuel truck in the hangar. C-3PO thanks the people for riding and says to remain seated until the doors open.
(In order of appearance; all are uncredited)
- Anthony Daniels - C-3PO (audio-animatronic in queue area, onboard video) (voice)
- Brian Cummings - Vid-Screen Announcer (planetary destinations) (voice)
- Stephanie Taylor - Safety Instructor 
- Paul Reubens - Captain RX-24, a.k.a. Rex (voice) 
- Steve Gawley - cameo as Red Leader (onboard video) 
- Warwick Davis - cameo as Wicket the Ewok
Muren, Gawley, and Keeler are all Industrial Light & Magic special effects staff. One year earlier, Reubens had voiced the shipboard computer in the Disney film Flight of the Navigator (credited as Paul Mall), in which his character was named Max. Reubens credits this role with his being cast for the ride.
Ride system 
Star Tours utilizes a hydraulic motion base cabin featuring 6 degrees of freedom (Roll, Pitch, Yaw and X, Y and Z (Heave)). The trade name for this simulator is Advanced Technology Leisure Application Simulator, or ATLAS. The ATLAS was designed by Rediffusion Simulation in Sussex, England, now owned by Thomson-CSF. The Rediffusion 'Leisure' simulator was originally developed for a much simpler show in Canada called "Tour of the Universe", where it featured a single entrance/exit door in the rear of the cabin and a video projector. The film is front-projected onto the screen from a 70 mm film projector located beneath the cockpit barrier. George Lucas has mentioned that the next generation of the attraction will feature digital high-definition video. The Disneyland original has four simulators, while the shows in Tokyo Disneyland, Disneyland Paris, and WDW Disney's Hollywood Studio each have six motion bases.
"Last Tour To Endor" 
On Saturday, August 14, 2010, Walt Disney World hosted "Last Tour To Endor" exclusively for Celebration V attendees at Disney's Hollywood Studios from 8pm to 1am. Entertainment features and events at "Last Tour To Endor" included George Lucas, character appearances, Jedi Training Academy, Death Star Disco, Bespin Stage Dance Party, Raiders Of The Lost Jedi Temple of Doom: A Fan Film of Epic Proportions live show, Hyperspace Hoopla, Symphony in the Stars fireworks, and the Star Tours shutdown ceremony. The Star Tours shutdown ceremony was a live show with characters C-3PO, R2-D2, Boba Fett, Darth Vader and a few Stormtroopers, culminating in the official power-down of the original Disney World Star Tours attraction. However, instead of R2-D2 simply shutting it down, Boba Fett blows it up using a thermal detonator (achieved using pyrotechnics). The Ride was still open after the shutdown ceremony until September 7, 2010, where the attraction held it's Final Flight to Endor exclusive to D23.
The attraction opened in Disney's Hollywood Studios on May 20, 2011 and at Disneyland on June 3, 2011, replacing the parks' original Star Tours attractions. It features an updated ride system, which consists of a new high-definition video, a Dolby 3D high-definition screen, an improved motion simulator and several new special effects and Audio-animatronics.
In the original version, passengers rode in a vehicle named the "Starspeeder 3000". Since the new attraction is set before the original film, the new ride vehicle is referred to as a "Starspeeder 1000". The new vehicles are 'piloted' by an animatronic AC-38 droid, though during the show the controls are handed over to a new pilot, C-3PO.
See also 
- Star Tours: The Adventure Continues
- List of current Disneyland attractions
- Disney's Hollywood Studios attraction and entertainment history
- List of amusement rides based on film franchises
- 2012 in amusement parks
- "Disney purchases Lucasfilm, announces new Star Wars". 3 News NZ. 31 October 2012.
- "Star Tours to be Reintroduced in a New Version! - Star Tours: The Adventures Continue - Opening Spring 2013". Press Release. Tokyo Disney Resort. November 16, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
- Star Tours (1987), IMDb
- "Star Tours with Paul Reubens". Interview. D23 The Official Disney Fan Club. August 9, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
- Trujillo, Dara (2010-07-30). "Sneak Preview: Starspeeder 1000 Collectible Exclusively at Star Wars Celebration V". Disney Parks Blog. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- Fitzgerald, Tom (2010-10-26). "Who's Flying This Thing!?". Disney Parks Blog. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- Disneyland: Star Tours
- Walt Disney World's Disney's Hollywood Studios: Star Tours
- Star Tours at the Internet Movie Database
- EndorExpress.net (formerly SWStarTours.net) a comprehensive Star Tours site
- Flash recreation of the ride