Svetlogorsk, Kaliningrad Oblast
Svetlogorsk (Russian: Светлого́рск (help·info); German: Rauschen (help·info); Polish: Ruszowice, Lithuanian: Raušiai), prior to 1945 known by its German name Rauschen, is a coastal resort town and the administrative center of Svetlogorsky District of Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the coast of the Baltic Sea on the Sambian Peninsula. Population: 10,772 (2010 Census); 10,950 (2002 Census); 11,881 (1989 Census).
Svetlogorsk is situated in the historical region Sambia of East Prussia. A Sambian fishermen settlement named Ruse-moter (translated as 'region of cellars') at the place of Svetlogorsk was first mentioned in 1258. The Teutonic Order that conquered the land gradually corrupted the name into Rause-moter, Raushe-moter, and finally Rauschen.
In the early 19th century, the place became fashionable among German vacationers. On June 24, 1820, it was officially recognized as a spa town. During his visit to Rauschen in 1840, King Frederick William IV of Prussia ordered the sea embankment to be beautified. The arrival of the Königsberg railway in 1900 boosted the resort's popularity. A cable railway and a racecourse were constructed in Rauschen before World War I. Carl Otto Nicolai and Thomas Mann were among the celebrities who stayed there.
In 1945, Rauschen was conquered by the Soviet Union after World War II. It became a part of Kaliningrad Oblast and in 1946 was given its present name. Today it is a moderately popular summer resort town thanks to its beachfront and many spas, clubs, and attractions.
There are many private companies that operate buses between Svetlogorsk and Kaliningrad.
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
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