Svetlogorsk, Kaliningrad Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Svetlogorsk.
Svetlogorsk (English)
Светлогорск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Два немецких домика со всеми деревьями вокруг - уже обречены. Светлогорск (Калининградская область).JPG
View of Svetlogorsk
Map of Russia - Kaliningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia
Svetlogorsk is located in Kaliningrad Oblast
Svetlogorsk
Svetlogorsk
Location of Svetlogorsk in Kaliningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 54°57′N 20°09′E / 54.950°N 20.150°E / 54.950; 20.150Coordinates: 54°57′N 20°09′E / 54.950°N 20.150°E / 54.950; 20.150
Coat of Arms of Svetlogorsk (Kaliningrad oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kaliningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Svetlogorsky District[1]
Town of district significance Svetlogorsk[1]
Administrative center of Svetlogorsky District,[1] town of district significance of Svetlogorsk[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2009)
Municipal district Svetlogorsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Svetlogorskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Svetlogorsky Municipal District,[2] Svetlogorskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 10,772 inhabitants[3]
Time zone USZ1 (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1258[5]
Previous names Rauschen (until 1945),[citation needed]
Raushen (until 1946)[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 238560, 238561, 238563
Svetlogorsk on WikiCommons

Svetlogorsk (Russian: About this sound Светлого́рск​ ), prior to 1946 known by its German name German: About this sound Rauschen  (Polish: Ruszowice; Lithuanian: Raušiai), is a coastal resort town and the administrative center of Svetlogorsky District of Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the coast of the Baltic Sea on the Sambia Peninsula, 39 kilometers (24 mi) northwest of Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 10,772 (2010 Census);[3] 10,950 (2002 Census);[7] 11,881 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

Svetlogorsk is situated in the historical region of Sambia of East Prussia. It was established in 1258[5] as a Sambian fishermen settlement named Ruse-moter (lit. region of cellars). The Teutonic Order that conquered the land gradually corrupted the name into Rause-moter, Raushe-moter, and finally Rauschen.

In the early 19th century, the place became fashionable among German vacationers. On June 24, 1820, it was officially recognized as a spa town. During his visit to Rauschen in 1840, King Frederick William IV of Prussia ordered the sea embankment to be beautified. The arrival of the Königsberg railway in 1900 boosted the resort's popularity. A cable railway and a racecourse were constructed in Rauschen before World War I. Otto Nicolai and Thomas Mann were among the celebrities who stayed there.

In 1945, Rauschen was conquered by the Soviet Union in the course of World War II. It became a part of Kaliningrad Oblast and in 1946 was given its present name.[5] Today, it is a moderately popular summer resort town thanks to its beachfront and many spas, clubs, and attractions.

Svetlogorsk beach in June

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Svetlogorsk serves as the administrative center of Svetlogorsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Svetlogorsky District as the town of district significance of Svetlogorsk.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Svetlogorsk is incorporated within Svetlogorsky Municipal District as Svetlogorskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Transportation[edit]

Svetlogorsk is connected with Kaliningrad, Zelenogradsk, and Pionersky by electrified railway (3000 V DC). Svetlogorsk has two railway stations: Svetlogorsk-1 and Svetlogorsk-2 (terminus).

There are many private companies that operate buses between Svetlogorsk and Kaliningrad.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #640
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #182
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 413. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Калининградской области. Постановление №640 от 30 августа 2011 г. «Об утверждении реестра объектов административно-территориального деления Калининградской области», в ред. Постановления №877 от 21 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в Постановление Правительства Калининградской области от 30 августа 2011 г. №640». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Официально"), №170, 15 сентября 2011 г. (Government of Kaliningrad Oblast. Resolution #640 of August 30, 2011 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Objects of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of Kaliningrad Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #877 of November 21, 2011 On Amending the Resolution of the Government of Kaliningrad Oblast #640 of August 30, 2011. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Калининградская областная Дума. Закон №182 от 2 ноября 2007 г. «Об организации местного самоуправления на территории Светлогорского городского округа», в ред. Закона №303 от 28 марта 2014 г. «Об изменении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда", №209, 7 ноября 2007 г. (Kaliningrad Oblast Duma. Law #182 of November 2, 2007 On the Organization of the Local Self-Government on the Territory of Svetlogorsky Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #303 of March 28, 2014 On Changing the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).