|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (January 2008)|
|Motto||International Network of Cities where living is good|
|Formation||15 October 1999|
|192 (November 2014)|
|Pier Giorgio Oliveti|
Cittaslow is a movement founded in Italy and inspired by the Slow Food organization. Cittaslow's goals include improving the quality of life in towns by slowing down its overall pace, especially in a city's use of spaces and the flow of life and traffic through them. Cittaslow is part of a cultural trend known as the Slow movement.
Cittaslow was founded in Italy in October 1999, following a meeting organised by the mayor of Greve in Chianti, Tuscany. A 54-point charter was developed, encouraging high quality local food and drink, general conviviality and the opposition to cultural standardisation. In 2001, 28 Italian towns were signed up to the pledge, certified by trained operatives of Cittaslow. It expanded broadly beyond Italy and, by 2006, national Cittaslow networks existed in Germany, Norway and the United Kingdom. By mid-2009, fourteen countries had at least one officially accredited Cittaslow community. In July 2009, the small seaside village of Cowichan Bay in Canada became the North American continent's first Cittaslow town.
Like Slow Food, Cittaslow is a membership organisation. Full membership of Cittaslow is only open to towns with a population under 50,000. To become eligible for membership, a town must normally score at least 50 percent in a self-assessment process against the set of Cittaslow goals, and then apply for admission to the appropriate Cittaslow national network. An annual membership fee is payable by towns.
|Country||Slow Cities - November 2014||Number|
|Australia||Goolwa, Katoomba, Yea||3|
|Austria||Enns, Hartberg, Horn||3|
|Belgium||Chaudfontaine, Enghien, Estinnes, Evere, Lens, Silly||6|
|Canada||Cowichan Bay, Naramata||2|
|China||Yaxi(Gaochun County), Yanyang (Meizhou city)||2|
|France||Blanquefort, Creon, Labastide D’Armagnac, Loix, Mirande, Saint Antonin Noble Val, Segonzac, Valmondois||8|
|Germany||Bad Schussenried, Berching, Bischofsheim, Blieskastel, Deidesheim, Hersbruck, Lüdinghausen, Nördlingen, Penzlin, Überlingen, Waldkirch, Wirsberg||12|
|United Kingdom||Aylsham, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Llangollen, Mold, Perth||5|
|Italy||Abbiategrasso, Acqualagna, Acquapendente, Altomonte, Amalfi, Amelia, Anghiari, Asolo, Barga, Bazzano, Borgo Val di Taro, Bra, Brisighella, Bucine, Caiazzo, Capalbio, Casalbeltrame, Castel Campagnano, Castel San Pietro Terme, Castelnovo ne’ Monti, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Castiglione in Teverina, Castiglione Olona, Cerreto Sannita, Chiavenna, Chiaverano, Cisternino, Città della Pieve, Città Sant'Angelo, Civitella in Val di Chiana, Cutigliano, Fontanellato, Francavilla al Mare, Galeata, Giuliano Teatino, Greve in Chianti, Grumes, Guardiagrele, Levanto, Marradi, Massa Marittima, Monte Castello di Vibio, Morimondo, Montefalco, Novellara, Orsara di Puglia, Orvieto, Pellegrino Parmense, Penne, Pianella, Pollica, Positano, Pratovecchio-Stia, Preci, Ribera, San Gemini, San Miniato, San Potito Sannitico, San Vincenzo, Santa Sofia, Santarcangelo di Romagna, Scandiano, Sperlonga, Suvereto, Teglio, Termoli, Tirano, Todi, Tolfa, Torgiano, Trani, Trevi, Vigarano Mainarda, Zibello||74|
|Netherlands||Alphen Chaam, Bellingwedde, Borger-Odoorn, Heerde, Midden-Delfland, Vaals, Vlagtwedde||7|
|New Zealand||Matakana (Rodney District)||1|
|Norway||Eidskog, Levanger, Sokndal||3|
|Poland||Barczewo, Biskupiec, Bisztynek, Dobre Miasto, Goldap, Górowo Iławeckie, Kalety, Lidzbark Warminski, Lubawa, Murowana Goślina, Nidzica, Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, Nowy Dwór Gdański, Olsztynek, Pasym, Rejowiec Fabryczny, Reszel, Ryn||17|
|Portugal||Lagos, Sao Bras de Alportel, Silves, Tavira, Viana do Castello, Vizela||6|
|South Korea||Cheongsong County(Pacheon-myeon), Damyang County(Changpyeong-myeon), Hadong County(Akyang-myeon), Jecheon City(Susan-myeon & Bakdaljae), Jeonju City(Jeonju Hanok Village), Namyangju City (Joan-myeon), Sangju City (Hamchang-eup, Gonggeom-myeon, Ian-myeon), Shinan County(jeung-do island), Wando County (Cheongsando Island), Yeongwol County (Kimsatgat-myeon), Yesan County (Daeheung & Eungbong-myeon)||11|
|Spain||Begur, Bigastro, Lekeitio, Mungia, Pals, Rubielos de Mora||6|
|Turkey||Akyaka, Gökçeada, Halfeti, Perşembe, Seferihisar, Tarakli, Vize, Yalvaç, Yenipazar||9|
|Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus||Yeniboğaziçi||1|
|United States||Fairfax CA, Sebastopol CA, Sonoma CA||3|
The goals and aims
There are 50 goals and principles that each Cittaslow town commits to work to achieve. They serve as benchmarks to improve the quality of life in each city.
The main aims of the movement are:
- making life better for everyone living in an urban environment
- improving the quality of life in the cities
- resisting the homogenization and globalization of towns around the globe
- protecting the environment
- promoting cultural diversity and uniqueness of individual cities
- provide inspiration for a healthier lifestyle
- Parkins, Wendy; Craig, Geoffrey (2006). Slow Living. Berg. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-84520-160-9.
- Knox, Paul; Meyer, Heike (2009). Small Town Sustainability: Economic, Social, and Environmental Innovation. Birkhauser. p. 43. ISBN 978-3-7643-8579-8.
- Knox, Paul; Meyer, Heike (2009). Small Town Sustainability: Economic, Social, and Environmental Innovation. Birkhauser. p. 44. ISBN 978-3-7643-8579-8.
- Robinson, Peter; Heitmann, Sine; Dieke, Peter U.C. (2011). Research Themes for Tourism. CABI. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-84593-684-6.
- Cittaslow UK Towns
- http://news.sbs.co.kr/section_news/news_read.jsp?news_id=N1000348056 Slow cities for the first time as Asian nations. (아시아 최초로 '국제 슬로시티' 지정) 2007-12-10