Tawas Point Light

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Tawas Point Light
Tawaspoint3.jpg
Tawas Point Light
Tawas Point Light is located in Michigan
Tawas Point Light
Location Baldwin Township, Iosco County Michigan
Coordinates 44°15′14″N 83°26′56″W / 44.254°N 83.449°W / 44.254; -83.449Coordinates: 44°15′14″N 83°26′56″W / 44.254°N 83.449°W / 44.254; -83.449
Year first constructed 1853
Year first lit 1853
Construction Brick and masonry
Tower shape Conical
Markings / pattern white w/black lantern attached brick cottage w/red roof
Height 67 feet (20 m)[1]
Focal height 70 feet (21 m)[2]
Original lens Fifth order Fresnel lens
Current lens Fourth order Fresnel lens[3]
Range white 16 nautical miles (30 km; 18 mi); red 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi)[4]
Characteristic Oc W 4s (R sector)[5] Red from 045° to 135°
Fog signal HORN: 2 blasts ev 60s (3s bl- 3s si-3s bl-51s si). 3,150 feet, 232° from light. Operates May 1 to Oct. 20.[6]
ARLHS number USA-837
USCG number

7-11240

Tawas Point Light
Built 1876
NRHP Reference # 84001453[7]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP July 19, 1984
Designated MSHS April 23, 1971[8]

Tawas Point Light is located in the Tawas Point State Park off Tawas Bay in Lake Huron in Baldwin Township in Northern Michigan.

History[edit]

In 1850, Congress appropriated $5,000 for the construction of a lighthouse. In 1852, construction started, and the lighthouse was commissioned in 1853. After the lighthouse was built, many problems were encountered. Shifting sands caused the point to be extended by nearly a mile. The original light was a 5th Order Fresnel lens, later upgraded when the building was replaced.

In 1867, the Inspector of the lighthouse said that the lighthouse was wearing down to the point where they should consider renovating it. The Lighthouse Board ignored his request to put more money in the lighthouse because they had bigger problems at hand in Ottawa Point. The waves caused sand build-up by the Point, which added almost a mile, more of land. The lighthouse was so far inland that mariners were unable to see the lighthouse's light. To add to the problem this lighthouse was known for its dim light. With all these problems combined, it caused a shipwreck from Captain Olmstead's schooner "Dolphin". He blamed the lighthouse stating that it was too dim to see the light. This caused the Lighthouse board to reconsider their option at renovating or rebuilding a new one. In 1875 Congress approved a $30,000 amount for a brand new lighthouse. They finished building the lighthouse sometime in 1877.[9]

It was originally known as Ottawa Point. The name was officially changed to Tawas Point in 1902. The point is a substantial hazard to navigation. Additionally, because it is tucked behind the point, Tawas Bay is an ideal shelter from storms, wind and waves out of the north and northest. The point juts out into Lake Huron, and has been getting much larger over time. A map is available, which shows the accretion. The original light was begun in 1852, and completed in 1853. The light was fueled at various times by lard oil, then kerosene, and the current light is of course now electric. This is the second lighthouse on the point.[10]

The tower is 70 feet (21 m) tall including the base, with a diameter at base of 16 feet (4.9 m) and a diameter at parapet of 9 feet 6 inches (2.90 m) It is constructed of a brick outer wall, and an inner wall: 24 inches/8 inches thick, respectively. There is an air space between walls of 24 inches (610 mm). The tower has in place a Fourth Order Fresnel lens /frˈnɛl/.[11][12] The light can be seen for 16 miles (26 km), and has a lens focal plane 70 feet (21 m) above Lake Huron’s average water level. The Keeper’s House is 43 feet (13 m) long and 26 feet (7.9 m) wide.[13]

It is currently being remodeled by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, with the assistance and contributions of the Friends of Tawas Point State Park. The downstairs eventually will become a museum for the lighthouse and the upstairs becoming a mini-cabin available for rent by the public. The house is itself available for one and two week stays (for a fee, and with an agreement to act as a trained volunteer).[14] Volunteer keepers will stay for up to two weeks.[15]

Because of its popularity, picturesque form and location, it is often the subject of photographs, and even of needlepoint illustrations.[16]

The Tawas lifesaving station has recently been saved and renovation continues.[17]

The Fresnel lens is still operative, being one of Only 70 such lenses that remain operational in the United States, sixteen of which are use on the Great Lakes of which eight are in Michigan.[18]

Current events[edit]

An enlarged replica called the "Tri-Centennial Light of Detroit" is modeled after the Tawas Point Light, was built at Tri-Centennial State Park. The lighthouse is 63 feet tall, and marks the harbor entrance. "The new safety light tower is believed to be the first conical brick structure of this type built in Michigan since 1892 and serves as a tribute to Michigan's Great Lakes maritime history."[19] New information from the Michigan Department of Natural Resources has confirmed the private sale of the Tawas Point Light in early March, 2013. Sold for an undisclosed amount, renovations by the state of Michigan will continue to proceed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Terry Pepper, database on tower heights
  2. ^ Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, database of Focal Plane Heights.
  3. ^ National Park Service, Maritime Heritage Program, Inventory of Historic Lights, Tawas Point Light.
  4. ^ Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 
  5. ^ Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 
  6. ^ Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  8. ^ State of Michigan (2009). "Tawas Point Light Station Light". Retrieved June 26, 2010. 
  9. ^ http://www.terrypepper.com/lights/huron/tawas/tawas.htm
  10. ^ Tawas Point light house geography and history
  11. ^ Terry Pepper, "Seeing the Light," History of Tawas Point Light.
  12. ^ Buoy 2- Tawas Bay, Michigan
  13. ^ A Child's View of the Tawas Point Light, Michigan Time Traveler: Lansing State Journal.
  14. ^ Kart, Jess, Tawas Point Lighthouse looks for boarders willing to pay for privilege of living in working structure, June 4, 2008. The Bay City Times.
  15. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Michigan's Eastern Lower Peninsula". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  16. ^ Needlepoint of Tawas Point Light.
  17. ^ Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy, Tawas Lifesaving Station.
  18. ^ United States Coast Guard, Fresnel Lenses Still in Operation.
  19. ^ Welcome to Tri-Centennial State Park and Harbor, Michigan Department of Natural Resources.

External links[edit]

Undated USCG image