Poe Reef Light
|The light in 2001|
|Location||Lake Huron, Michigan|
|Year first constructed||1893 (lightships)|
|Year first lit||1929 (current tower)|
|Markings / pattern||White & black Daymark bands w/red roof on lantern|
|Height||Tower - 56 feet (17 m)|
|Focal height||71 ft (22m)|
|Original lens||Third order Fresnel Lens|
|Current lens||375 mm Tideland Signal acrylic Optic|
|Characteristic||Iso W 2s|
|Fog signal||HORN: 1 every 30s|
|Racon||"Z" (– – • •)|
Poe Reef Light Station
|Nearest city||Benton Township, Michigan|
|Area||0.9 acres (3,600 m2)|
|Architect||U.S. Lighthouse Service|
|Architectural style||Modern Movement|
|Governing body||United States Coast Guard|
|MPS||Light Stations of the United States MPS|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||September 06, 2005|
Poe Reef has historically caused problems for shipping. Powered vessels heading west to Lake Michigan generally use South Channel, which is approximately three nautical miles wide, but Poe Reef sits close to the middle of the channel and to the north of it the water is too shallow for lake freighters.
The Poe Reef Light was an extension of the effort—beginning in 1870 through 1910—where engineers began to build lights on isolated islands, reefs, and shoals that were significant navigational hazards. To that time, Light ships were the only practical way to mark the hazards, but were dangerous for the sailors who manned them, and difficult to maintain. "Worse, regardless of the type of anchors used lightships could be blown off their expected location in severe storms, making them a potential liability in the worst weather when captains would depend on the charted location of these lights to measure their own ship's distance from dangerous rocks." See, United States lightship Huron (LV-103).
Construction and operation
The Poe Reef is one of several that mark the passage through the South Channel. The other major light is Fourteen Foot Shoal Light. The decision was made by the United States Lighthouse Service in 1926 to construct a permanent light here. The Poe Reef Light was completed in 1928.
The Poe Reef Light is part of what became a complex of 14 reef lights in Michigan waters, which was intended to help ships navigate through and around the shoals and hazards of the Great Lakes. It is also "part of a series of a significant offshore light construction projects being undertaken in the Straits area in the late 1920s," The same crew that built this light also built St. Martin's Light from almost the same plan.
The Poe Reef lighthouse marks the north side of the South Channel of the Straits of Mackinac, while the Fourteen Foot Shoal Light marks the south side of the channel. Most sailing vessels had used the channel on the north side of Bois Blanc Island, but the growth of steamboat traffic increased use of the South Channel.
The Poe Reef Light shares designs with a twin, Martin Reef Light (all white, however, and with different windows in the fourth floor), which was built in 1927 by the same construction crew. The Poe lighthouse was originally painted all white, which sometimes confused mariners because they shared colors and a common structural design. Thus, a decision was made to paint Poe in contrasting bands.
The Poe Reef station was designed so that the onsite crew could also remotely operate the Fourteen Foot Shoal Light. Subsequently, both lights have been fully automated. The Poe Reef diaphone fog horn is still in current service.
Orlando Poe legacy
The reef and light are named for lighthouse designer Orlando M. Poe. During ten years of service as Engineer for the Eleventh Lighthouse District he designed eight lighthouses, namely: Presque Isle Light (1870) on Lake Huron; Lake Michigan’s South Manitou Island Light (1872); Grosse Point Lighthouse (1873) in Evanston, Illinois; Au Sable Light (1874) on Lake Superior; Wind Point Light (1880) near Racine, Wisconsin; Outer Island Light (1874) in the Apostle Islands; Little Sable Point Light (1874) on Lake Michigan, and Seul Choix Light near Manistique, Michigan which completed in 1895; and his crowning achievement, Spectacle Reef Light. Others consider his "crowning achievement" to be the Poe Lock in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.
The lighthouse is visible from Lighthouse Point near the ruins of the Cheboygan Main Light Station in Cheboygan State Park and that locale will provide an opportunity for a picture, albeit from approximately 3 miles (5 km). Another location from which the Poe Reef Light can be seen from land is from Gordon Turner Park, in Cheboygan, Michigan, at the mouth of the Cheboygan River.
Another way to view the Poe Light from the water is on the eastbound lighthouse cruises offered by Shepler's Ferry Service. Narration is provided by members of the Great Lakes Lightkeepers Association, and a portion of the proceeds go to their cause.
- Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
- "Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy, Poe Reef Light.".
- "Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, Poe Reef Light.".
- But another source claims that it is a "ML 300 Series E." National Park Service, Maritime Heritage Program, Inventory of Historic Lights, Poe Reef Light.
- Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 119.
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Michigan's Eastern Lower Peninsula". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Chart 14881:Lake Huron: Straits of Mackinac: De Tour Pass to Waugoshance Point (1/80,000). NOAA. 2005.
- "Poe Reef Lightships history.".
- Roach, Jerry, Lighthouse Central, Poe Reef Light The Ultimate Guide to East Michigan Lighthouses[dead link] (Publisher: Bugs Publishing LLC - July 2006). ISBN 0-9747977-1-5; ISBN 978-0-9747977-1-7.
- Beacons in the Night, Clarke Historical Library. Central Michigan University.
- Hyde, Charles K., and Ann and John Mahan. The Northern Lights: Lighthouses of the Upper Great Lakes. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-8143-2554-8 ISBN 9780814325544.
- "Wobser, David, Boatnerd.com, Poe Reef Light.".
- "Michigan Lighthouse Fund, Poe Reef Light.".
- Roberts, Bruce; Jones, Ray. (September 2002) American Lighthouses, 2nd: A Definitive Guide pp. 246-250 Publisher: Globe Pequot Press 304 pp ISBN 1-59223-102-0; ISBN 978-1-59223-102-7; ISBN 978-0-7627-2269-3.
- Midwest Connection, Poe Reef Light.
- "Interactive map, pictures, descriptions of Northern Lake Huron lights.".[dead link]
- National Park Service, Maritime Heritage Program, Inventory of Historic Lights, Poe Reef Light.
- Pepper, Terry, Seeing the Light, Orlando Metcalfe Poe: The Great Engineer of the Western Great Lakes biography.
- "Lighthouses in the Mackinac Straits.".
- Roberts, Bruce; Jones, Ray, (August 2005) Lighthouses of Michigan: A Guidebook and Keepsake Globe Pequot Press 96 pages, ISBN 978-0-7627-3738-3 pp. 26-27.
- "Sheplers Ferry, Lighthouse Cruises.".
- Pure Michigan, Poe Reef Light.
- West Michigan Travel Association, Poe Reef Light.[dead link]
- "A seaplane tour of the Straits,".
- "Interactive map on Michigan lighthouses, which fails to mention Poe Reef Light.". Detroit News.
- "Poe Reef Light embroidery.".
Specialized further reading
- "A Tour of the Lights of the Straits." Michigan History 70 (Sep/Oct 1986), pp. 17–29.
- Taylor, Paul (October 2009) Orlando M. Poe: Civil War General and Great Lakes Engineer (Kent State University Press) ISBN 1-60635-040-4; ISBN 978-1-60635-040-9.
- Wagner, John L. "Beacons Shining in the Night: A Lighthouse Keeper's Life,". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University.
- Wagner, John L. "Beacons Shining in the Night: The Lighthouses of Michigan". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University.
- Lighthouses in the Mackinac Straits.
- Photograph at Lighthouses.com.
- Poe Reef Light at U.S. Lighthouses.com.
- Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, Poe Reef Light.