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Telugu Brahmin are members of the Brahmin community who speak Telugu. They mainly hail from the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, although several have migrated to the rest of India as well as to countries around the world.
Most of the Brahmins in Andhra Pradesh belong to the Smarta Brahmin group, i.e., the followers of smritis and followers of Adi Sankaracharya. The Smarta Brahmins follow Apastamba Smriti, not the Manusmriti. Āpastamba is from a family of Brahmins of the Taittirīya branch Vedic school dedicated to the study of the Black Yajurveda. and he was supposed to be living on the banks of River Godavari. However, a small minority of Sage Viswamitra are the followers of Aashvalaayana sutra i.e. the study of Rg Veda. The Smaarta Brahmins in Andhra Pradesh can be grouped into two major divisions: the Vaidiki Brahmins - Learners of Vedas and Niyogi - those appointed to official positions by Kings.
Some Telugu Brahmins follow the Dvaita philosophy of Sri Madhwacharya. They are known as Telugu Madhwa Brahmins are concentrated in the Andhra region and in the Anantapur and Kurnool districts of Rayalaseema.
There are many sub-sects of Brahmins, including Vaidiki Brahmins, Vaidiki Murikinadu, Dravidlu, Niyogi (Aru Vela Niyogulu), Vaidiki Velandalu, Telaganyulu, Kanvulu, and others. Other important groups that eventually got absorbed into Telugu Brahmins from neighboring state Tamilnadu who are a followers of Sri Vaishnavism who follow Vishishtadvaita espoused by the saint Ramanujacharya.(Reference: Shreeram Balijepalli's articles online)
- Vaidiki Brahmins
- Aaraama Dravidulu
- Mulukanadu Brahmins/Murikinadu Brahmins
- List of gotras
- Forward Castes
Eminent Telugu Brahmins
- Robert Lingat, The Classical Law of India, (Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt Ltd, 1993), p 20.