Rajahmundry

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Rajahmundry City
రాజమండ్రి
Rajamahendravaram
Greater Rajahmundry City
Historical City
Road cum Rail Bridge
Road cum Rail Bridge
Nickname(s): Cultural Capital of Andhra Pradesh
Rajahmundry City is located in Andhra Pradesh
Rajahmundry City
Rajahmundry City
Location of Rajahmundry in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 16°59′N 81°47′E / 16.98°N 81.78°E / 16.98; 81.78Coordinates: 16°59′N 81°47′E / 16.98°N 81.78°E / 16.98; 81.78
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District East Godavari
Region Coastal Andhra
Founded by Sri Rajaraja Narendra (king 1022 AD)
Government
 • Body Rajahmundry Municipal Corporation
Area
 • Total 110.8 km2 (42.8 sq mi)
Area rank 4
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 478,199
 • Rank 128
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 533101 to 533107
Telephone code +91-883
Vehicle registration AP-05
Sex ratio 1022 /

Rajahmundry or Rajamahendravaram (Telugu: రాజమండ్రి or రాజమహేంద్రి) is one of the major cities in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is located in West Godavari district. The city is known as the Cultural Capital of Andhra Pradesh.[1] Rajahmundry is noted for its versatile Vedic culture and intellect. It is one of the oldest cities of India and the seventh most populous city in Andhra Pradesh with population of 343,903 (Census 2011). It is situated 400 kilometres (249 mi) east of the state capital, Hyderabad, on the banks of the River Godavari. It is the birth city of Andhra Pradesh. This is probably due to the fact that the Telugu language originated here.

On 18-March-2013, G.O. 84/99 have been issued to merge 21 villages (Katheru, Kolamuru, Palacherla, Lalacheruvu, Pidimgoyyi, Chakradwarabhandam, Hukumpeta, Satellite City, Bommuru, Dowleswaram, Rajavolu, Namavaram, Velugubanda, Rajanagaram, Narendrapuram, Venkatanagaram, Nidigatla, Gadala, Madhurapudi, Torredu, Burugupudi) into Rajahmundry Corporation. Population of Rajahmundry after this effect would be 634,000 & area would be 450 km2.

History[edit]

Portrait of Nannayya

The city origins can be traced back to the rule of the Chalukya king Raja Raja Narendra who reigned around 1022 AD, after whom it is named Rajamahendri or Rajamahendravaram. Remains of 11th-century palaces and fort walls still exist. However, new archeological evidence suggests that the town may have existed much before the Chalukyas.[2] In Madras Presidency, The district of Rajahmundry was created in 1823. The Rajahmundry district was reorganized in 1859 into two - the Godavari and Krishna districts. During British rule, Rajahmundry was the headquarters of Godavari district. Godavari district was further bifurcated into East and West Godavari districts in 1925. Rajamhendravaram was renamed Rajahmundry during the rule of the British, for whom the city was the headquarters of the Godavari district. When the district was split into East and West, subsequently, Kakinada - became the headquarters of East Godavari.

Rajahmundry is acclaimed as the birthplace of the Telugu language—its grammar and script evolving from the pen of the city-born poet, Nannayya. Known also called 'Adi Kavi' (the first poet) of Telugu, Nannayya along with Tikkana and Yerrana, translated the Sanskrit version of Mahabharata into Telugu. Kandukuri Veeresalingam—a social reformer and the author of Rajashekhara Charithra, the first Telugu novel—was also from Rajahmundry.

Rajahmundry was one of the biggest cities in South India in the 19th century. It was the hotbed of several movements during India's freedom struggle and acted as a base for many key leaders. When the Indian National Congress had its first meeting in Bombay (Mumbai), two leaders from Rajahmundry, Nyapathi Subba Rao and Kandukuri Veeresalingam participated in it. Subba Rao, founder of Hindu Samaj in Rajahmundry, was also one of the six founders of India's noted English daily The Hindu.

The rail road connecting the city with Vijayawada was laid in 1893. Colleges and various other institutions of Learning were set up at the same time.

Some Memorable years in the Rajahmundry History :

  • 1802 - The district court was constructed in Rajahmundry
  • 1823 - The district of Rajahmundry is created.
  • 1853 - The Government Arts College was established as the District School in Rajahmundry
  • 1867 - Establishment of Sub-collector's office.
  • 1885 - Establishment of Secondary grade college.
  • 1894 - Establishment of Govt Training college.
  • 1898 - Establishment of Gowtami Grandhalayam (Library) by Mr. NalamKrishna Rao and Vaddadi Subbaraidu.

The rebirth of cultural heritage in Andhra Pradesh started in Rajahmundry. Mr. Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu is known as The father of reformations in Andhra Pradesh. He started a monthly magazine "Vivekavardhini", a school for girls at Dowlaiswaram in 1874. The first widow marriage took place on Dec 11, 1881. A society with 16 members was started on 22nd Jun,1884, which used to look after the widow marriages in Rajahmundry. The town hall in Rajahmundry was established in 1890 by Veeresalingam.

"Anni Besant visited Rajahmundry twice, first time when the foundation of branch of Divya Gjyan Samaj building at Alcot Gardens was being laid. She came again during the opening ceremony of the building.

"Ramakrishna Mission" was established in 1950-1951 near Kambaltank (the place in which present Ayakar Bhavan (Income tax office) was once a part of Sri Ramakrishna Mission only).

Independence movement and Rajahmundry: (1885–1905 AD)

Vandaemataram movement was started in the year 1905 against the partition of Bengal. Bipin Chandra Paul visited Rajahmundry in April, 1905 for the same. During his visits to Rajahmundry he used to address the public in "PaulChowk"(the present Kotipalli Bustand).

Fort Gate (Kotagummam):
The area covering the old-Godavari railway station, Statue of Mrityunjaya (Lord Hanuman), Statue of Mr. Potti Sriramulu and Hotel Ajanta is called Fortgate. Today, the Fortgate is not there, but a wall (only a part) covering the main street (through which elephants, horses etc. were taken for a bath) is still found. This wall is slant on both sides.

During the construction of the Railway bridge (Havelock Bridge - named after the then Madras Governor) in 1900 one of the Fort walls was demolished. The fort was constructed between the 8th and 11th centuries during the reign of Chalukyas. Today also we can find Kandakam Street (Kandakam - A big canal dug around the fort filled with water to stop the enemy forces from coming into the fort - generally 20 feet (6.1 m) deep and 50 feet (15 m) wide).

The present municipal water works department (formerly Municipal High School) was famous as Ratnangi and Chitrangi palaces. An undergroundway (Sorangamu - The way to escape when enemy forces attack the palace from all the sides.

City Central Jail:The fort of the Dutch Rajahmundry-
In 1602, the Dutch constructed a fort in Rajahmundry. The British empire converted it into a jail in 1864, and then elevated it to a central jail in 1870. The jail is spread over 196 acres (79 ha) out of which the buildings occupy 37.24 acres (15.07 ha) Rajahmundry was under the Dutch rule for some time. This fort was constructed nearly two centuries ago. In 1857 the British conquered the Dutch and they converted this big fort into central Jail.

First Film Studio of Andhra Pradesh-[1936, Rajahmundry]
Telugu Talkie era started with Bakta Prahalada (1931). Andhra was not yet been identified as a competent area for cinema shooting so. The shooting was being done in the places like Kolhapur, Kolkata Studios. In 1936, a studio, by name Durga CineTown was started in Rajahmundry. It was started by Nidamarti Soorayya whose father Jaladurga Prasad's name was after it. The first talkie film was shot in Andra Pradesh. Those days, there were only three film studios in south India - two in Chennai and Durga Cinetone in Rajahmundry, He produced films, built three cinema halls in Rajahmundry

Today we find Andhra Bank office in the place once the studio existed. Chittajallu Pullaiah, the first-generation director, had a close association with this studio. Sampurna Ramayanam was the first cinema to be shot there. More than 20,000 ft. reel was shot here, as, sources say. Satyanarayana Vratam, Kasula Peru, Bhaktamarkandeya, Chal Mohana Ranga, Mohini Bhasmasura, were but from this very studio. Durga Cine Town was winded up running short of technical advancement.

Painting representing historical significance of rajahmundry city at a wall in rajahmundry railway station

Upcoming developments/progress in the city[edit]

  • MCR will have the new master plan by October 2012, The MCR is still following the OLD 1975 master plan which was not revised. The master plan will also look into the needs of high-rise buildings, shopping malls, multiplex complexes, townships and other facilities.
  • Multi-Functional Complex (MFC) and 2 Escalators are planned at Rajahmundry railway station. The MFC is first of its kind on the Indian Railways. The complex, which accommodates a restaurant, shopping mall, budget hotel, food court and other premium services, will be inaugurated shortly.[3][4]
  • 3 Multiplex's are under construction near Godavari station, Kambala Tank and Anand Regency.[5][6]
  • Airport Runway is getting extended to another 3000mts to accommodate bigger flights A320.
  • Big Bazaar is about to start its operations by the end of 2013.[7][8]
  • LEPL Icon launching shortly that has Movies, Shopping, Entertainment, Gaming & Restaurants.[9]

Geography[edit]

Rajahmundry is located at 16°59′N 81°47′E / 16.98°N 81.78°E / 16.98; 81.78.[10] with an average elevation of 14 meters (45 feet). There is a paddy and sugarcane cultivation in the area. River Godavari flows through the west of Rajahmundry.

The Rajahmundry traps, part of the Deccan Traps, are located on the Godavari river and are of particular interest to geologists.[11]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Rajahmundry had an Urban population of 413,648 with the male:female ratio almost equal. Average literacy rate of Rajahmundry city is 84.28 percent of which male and female literacy was 88.14 and 80.54 percent. [12]

Climate[edit]

The climate is mostly hot and humid, with mostly a tropical climate and thereby, with no distinct seasons. The mean maximum temperature is 32 °C. The hottest season is from April to June, with temperature ranging from 34 °C to 48 °C -- with maximum of 51 °C recorded in May 2002 and May 2007. The coolest months are December and January, when it is pleasant at 27 °C – 30 °C. There is a possibility of heavy rains in the monsoon due to depressions in the Bay of Bengal.

Climate data for Rajahmundry
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
30.7
(87.3)
33.8
(92.8)
36
(97)
37.8
(100)
36.3
(97.3)
32.1
(89.8)
31.9
(89.4)
32
(90)
31.2
(88.2)
28.9
(84)
27.9
(82.2)
32.22
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
20.5
(68.9)
22.6
(72.7)
25.9
(78.6)
27.8
(82)
27
(81)
25.3
(77.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.3
(77.5)
24.2
(75.6)
21.5
(70.7)
18.5
(65.3)
23.53
(74.38)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
6
(0.24)
11
(0.43)
21
(0.83)
67
(2.64)
142
(5.59)
260
(10.24)
187
(7.36)
177
(6.97)
197
(7.76)
37
(1.46)
7
(0.28)
1,115
(43.92)
Source: en.climate-data.org

Transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

Rajahmundry is well connected to all parts of the state.
NH-5 passes through Rajahmundry (via lalacheruvu).
With one national highway and two state highways, it has excellent road connectivity to all important places like Annavaram, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Hyderabad, Chennai, Bhubaneswar, Kolkata, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Bangalore and Lucknow.
It is the main transportation hub for both the Godavari districts.

Rail[edit]

The City is also well connected by the railway network. Rajahmundry railway station is one of the biggest in Andhra Pradesh and is one of the top revenue generators for South Central Railways. All trains along the Howrah-Chennai main line stop here. It is also connected by a number of trains from Hyderabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai, Bangalore and other major cities in the country.

Air[edit]

Rajahmundry Airport, situated near Madhurapudi 18 km away from the heart of the city is accessible by air from Hyderabad,. Daily two flights are operated by Jet Airways and Spicejet from Rajahmundry. A new terminal building was inaugurated on 16 May 2012.[13]

Currently under survey to upgrade the airport from 355 acres to 1225 acres.

Waterways[edit]

The recent tourism developments by the government has made excellent platform for Rajahmundry to boast itself as national water-way transport hub. Though the water way transport caters for select few purposes like pilgrimage, tourism etc., the government has huge plans for the future.

National waterways NW-4 has been declared as an Indian National Waterway and is under development. It connects the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and the Union Territory of Pondicherry. It is being developed by the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI),[2] and is scheduled for completion in 2013.

Tourism[edit]

Sunset over the Godavari river with the Havelock Bridge in the background

The biggest attraction in Rajahmundry is the river Godavari. The three bridges over the river are the longest in South India. Numerous ghats and parks are situated along the river's banks as well.

Dowleswaram Barrage near Rajahmundry on River Godavari
  • The First Godavari Rail Bridge was built in 1897, under the supervision of Frederick Thomas Granville Walton, a British engineer, across Godavari connecting East and West Godavari districts. Stretching for three kilometers, and constructed with stone masonry and steel girders, this bridge served the trains plying between Madras (Chennai) and Howrah (Kolkata). With increased traffic in freight and passengers, a rail-cum-road bridge was built across the river's downstream was inaugurated by the then president of India Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed in 1977.
  • A third railway bridge, the The Godavari Arch Bridge, was built between 1991 and 1997. It was commissioned for passenger traffic in March 1997 and became fully operational for running trains by the Indian Railways from 2003, as the bridge built in 1897 was found not suitable for railway traffic anymore. The Dhowleswaram bridge across Godavari is seven kilometers south of Rajahmundry. On the banks is the Rallabandi SubbaRao Museum displaying coins, sculpture, pottery, inscriptions and palm-leaf manuscripts.
  • Rajahmundry is also a major Hindu pilgrimage sites, with a number of temples like the Kotilingalu (10 million Sivalingas) temple on the bank of Godavari. It hosts holy congregations called Pushkaram[14] held once every 12 years and considered auspicious to take sin-ridding holy dips—with the last in August 2003, when around 34 million are said to have taken the bath. This festival lasts for 12 days and people offer prayers and make offerings to their departed family members. A huge and beautiful Krishna temple has been constructed by the ISKCON foundation on the banks of Godavari.[15] Popularly called as Gowthami Ghat, it is a major attraction for young people as a recreational center.

Must-visit places and major attractions[edit]

Godavari Rail-Road Bridge view
Godavari Rail Bridges view from PushkharGhat
  • Gowthami Ghat - ISKCON Temple, Riverbay Resorts and Water park, Ayyappa Temple, Kailash Bhoomi
  • Godavari Bund - Pushkhar Ghat, Sivalingam at Pushkhar Ghat, Markandeyaswamy Temple, Raghavendraswamy Temple, P.V. Narasimharao park
  • Venkateswara Swamy Temple located at Nallamandu Street and Ashta Lakshmi Temple at Vankayala Vari Street are Special for its Construction and Priest.
  • Kotilingala Ghat
  • Sir Arthur Cotton Museum in Dowleswaram (beside barrage) and Sri Shirdi Saibaba Temple
  • MainRoad (From Fortgate till Syamala theatre)
  • Nurseries (around 500+) in [kadiyam,kadiyapulanka, which is around 12 km from heart of the city where you can find thousands of variety plants.
  • A boat cruise on the river Godavari to Pattiseema, Papikondalu, Bhadrachalam through the waterfalls at Perantala Palli, is a major attraction along with the City view Godavari River trip (You can get information from APTDC).
  • Maredumilli, a thick dense forest with waterfalls and resorts which is around 70 km away from Rajahmundry.
  • Annavaram (Lord Sri Satyanarayana Swamy Temple), which is around 70 km from Rajahmundry
  • Dwaraka Tirumala (Lord Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple), which is around 80 km from Rajahmundry
  • Draksharamam (Lord Sri Bheemeswara Swamy Temple), also known as Dakshina Kasi which is around 50 km from Rajahmundry
  • Rosemilk is very famous in Rajahmundry for its taste which will be available in a small stall near Bommana Brothers on Mainroad - A must visit
  • The city is also known for rare breed of fish named Pulasa, available only during monsoon.
  • Many traditional pen-making shops (viz. Ratnam Pens near Fort Gate) where people can place order for a variety of vintage fountain pens in bulk.
  • Pootharekulu are also known as 'Paper sweets' which will be available on in Rajahmundry (Preparation and trading of this sweet is from Atreyapuram near Rajahmundry)
  • ONGC Golf Course at ONGC Base Complex, Most happening places like Main roads of DeviChowk, Danavaipet, Prakash Nagar and Syamala Nagar

For More Details refer Place & Attractions in the End of the Page

City Affairs[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

River Bay Water Amusement Park. The idea of having a fun-filled zone for visitors, many locals as well as tourists can be seen here with family and friends, indulging in fun-filled activities. From water-slides to interesting pools, you can plan your 'fun-checklist' the way you want.

Market and retail shopping malls[edit]

Retail chains Reliance Mart, Reliance Digital & Trendz, Walmart, Malbar Gold & Diamonds and Khajana Jewellers had opened their stores in the city.

Local Cuisine[edit]

East Godavari is noted for its traditional Andhra cuisine. Mango pickle (aavakaaya) is very much famous, chicken, shrimp, mutton and fish. Street-corner carts selling mirchi bhajji and masala carts (a mixture of onions and toasted rice). Pootarekulu is a coastal-Andhra sweet made of thin sugar wafers. The city has several udupi vegetarian hotels. There are many top quality restaurants that offer varieties of food items (from several regions of India). There are three star hotels that include Anand Regency, Shelton, Jetty Grand, La Hospin (Mahalakshmi).

Trade[edit]

  • Rajahmundry is a business centre right since ages and acting as a commercial hub for both east and west godavari districts. It is a well-known centre for cloth and bullion business.
  • Rajahmundry's cloth market is one of the largest markets in India with many co-operative handloom houses providing fine quality sarees as well as men's wear. The Mahatma Gandhi Wholesale Cloth Market in thadithota has around 300 shops, and Mainroad which starts at Fortgate runs till Syamala centre also has lots of wholesale and retail cloth shops. It also has all branded stores across the city.
  • Rajahmundry is home for leading cloth merchants in the state such as Chandana Brothers, Bommana Brothers, Tummidi Brothers, Vichitra Silks, etc.
  • Rajahmundry is one of the largest bullion markets in India which consists hundreds of Gold, Silver and Platinum shops throughout the city (Gunduvaari veedhi, Nallamandu Sandhu, Kandakam Road, Main Road).
  • Few Important and Must Visit Business places are Mahatma Gandhi Wholesale Cloth Market (MGC) complex (Thadithota), Mainroad (Fortgate) Market, Gunduvaari veedhi and Nallamandu sandhu, Danavaipet and Devi Chowk.
  • After Visakhapatnam, the real estate has taken a leap in Rajahmundry. The new SEZs are coming up between Rajahmundry and Kakinada (NH5 and ADB Roads).

Educational institutions[edit]

Major Universities in the City:
1. Adikavi Nannaya University
2. Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Telugu University
3. Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University
4. Petroleum University
5.Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open University Study Center (govt. college)

The Government Arts College, now called Government College (Autonomous) in Rajahmundry was founded more than 150 years ago and is a NAAC accredited (A) Institution. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, former President of India worked at this college. The Institutes founded by the great reformer Kandukuri Veeresalingam Panthulu have now grown into large colleges and organisations. SKR Women's college is famous for its campus and teaching facilities. The BEd Training Institute is one of the oldest in India. St. Ann's (EM) School, APPM Model High School, Bala Vigjana Mandir (B.V.M.), Sri Satya Sai Gurukulam,etc. being among the better known schools.

Adikavi Nannaya University is established in March 2006 through the Government of Andhra Pradesh Act No. 28 of 2006 at Rajahmundry. Named after a 11the century poet Nannayabhatta, who is revered as Adikavi (the first poet) of Telugu literature. All the colleges in both of the Godavari Districts will be affiliated to this University under the Leadership of Vice Chancellor, Dr George Victor.

Telugu University on 2 December 1985 through an Act of Legislation (Act No. 27 of 1985) Rajahmundry.

Godavari Institute of Engineering & Technology (GIET) was established in 1998 to offer engineering education of world-class standards. Over the years, the college has come a long way to gain a place of repute and a preferred destination for quality engineering education. Located in the serene and sylvan suburbs of Chaitanya Nagar, Rajahmundry on NH-5, the sprawling 300-acre campus of GIET campus reflects the finest educational facilities around.

BVC Educational Society which was registered on July 8, 1992 under the district registrar, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh. In the year 1997 he established BVC Engineering College (www.bvcec.org) in a far and cornered peasantry of East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh at a place known as Odalarevu, creating a new era by establishing the very First Private Institution among the entire Coastal Districts of Andhra Pradesh under the aegis of Jawahar Lal Nehru Technological University. Community response was overwhelming equally befitting was the imparting methodologies resulting in alumni bagging several best jobs in the industry. Relentless progress, encouragement and the urge to eradicate the rural poverty by catering to the requirement of global placements, the BVC Institute of Technology & Science was started nearer to the township of Amalapuram in the year 2002 with a vision of bringing a more viable integrated campus of professional studies. The ignition to excel has made BVCITS to compete with its own self inching newer standard. Down the lane today we have expanded the Integrated Campus to impart various courses such as Bachelor of Technology in CSE, IT, ECE, EEE, Masters in Computer Applications, Masters in Business Administration added to this Diploma Courses in CSE, ECE and EEE through 2nd Shift Polytechnic. Success begets success, aptly said, the BVC Group has extended its facilities starting in the year 2009 BVC College of Engineering located at Divancheruvu within the city limits of Rajahmundry. Establishing these institutions given impetus to the education

GSL Medical College Rajahmundry Established in 2002 under the aegis of GSL Educational Society, GSL Medical College is one of the top private medical institutions in India.

There is also a Godavari Chapter of Institute of Cost and Works Accountants of India for those aspiring to have cost and works accountancy as their profession, which provides regular coaching for the ICWA courses since 1993.

Premium undergraduate and postgraduate colleges[edit]

  • Adikavi Nannaya University
  • Sri Kandukuri Veeresalingam Theistic College
  • Government Arts College (Autonomous) - Established 150 years ago and First ever College in Godavari Districts).
  • Godavri Institute of Engineering & Technology
  • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open University Study Center (govt. college)
  • Chaitanya Institute of Engineering & Technology
  • Krishna's Pragathi Institute of Engineering and Technology
  • Samhitha degree and PG college
  • Rajiv Gandhi Degree College
  • Rajamahendri Institute of Engineering & Technology
  • Rajahmundry Engineering College
  • Sri Prakash College of Technology (Formerly Known as Krishna's Pragati Institute of Technology)
  • Sri Sai Madhavi Institute of Science & Technology
  • BVC College of Engineering
  • Vikas Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rajahmundry
  • GSL Medical College
  • Swatantra College of Nursing, Rajahmundry
  • Swatantra Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Rajahmundry
  • Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry
  • Dr. Allu Ramalingaiah Government Homeopathic Medical College
  • Al Ameer Institute of Management and Technology
  • G K R V M Degree College
  • SKR College for Women
  • Rajamahendri Women's Degree College
  • Smt Addepalli Mahalakshmi Devi College of Education for Women
  • Lutheran Degree College for Women
  • Andhra Women's Sanskrit College
  • Aditya Degree College for Women
  • GSKM Law College
  • Veeravalli College of Law
  • Telugu University
  • G.M.R. Polytechnic College
  • Andhra Kesari Junior & Degree College
  • Government Jr College
  • V.T. Junior College
  • Trips International School
  • St. Ann's English Medium School
  • International School of Technology and Sciences (Women)
  • Jassver English Medium School

Rajahmundry has many more educational institutions and colleges, as well as number of international, techno, ICSE, CBSE & SSC schools.

Notable people[edit]

Entertainers[edit]

[21][22] Silent Movies as well as Talkies

Bridges[edit]

New Bridge
New Bridge is under construction.
Godavari Arch Bridge The bridge, built by the Hindustan Construction Company, for the Indian Railways, was designed by Bureau BBR, Switzerland, and checked by Leonard Andrea and Partners, Germany.[23][24] Construction on the bridge began in 1991 and lasted till 1997. It was commissioned for passenger traffic in March 1997 and became fully operational for running trains by the Indian Railways from 2003.
Road Cum Railway Bridge
This Rail Cum Road Bridge is longest of its kind in Asia and second longest in the world. Its total length 4.732 km (4732 mts).Finished in 1972 and inaugurated by the then President of India, Fakruddin Ali Ahmed, its total construction cost is 630 million in those days. Locally it is called Kovvur bridge by people of Rajahmundry, as it connects Rajahmundry city with Kovvur town. Its also the most important connecting point of Agriculturally Rich East and west Godavari Districts.
Old Godavari Bridge
The construction of the bridge commenced on November 11, 1897 and opened for traffic on August 30, 1900. The Bridge was named after Sir Arthur Elibank Havelock, the then Governor of Madras. Frederick Thomas Granville Walton served as the Engineer-in-chief assisted by executive engineers R.A. Delanougerede, F.D. Couchman, J.E.Eaglesome.[3]. It has 56 spans each of 45.7 metres (150 ft) and is 2,754 metres (9,035 ft) long. Having served its full life span of 100 years, it was decommissioned in 1997, and Godavari Arch Bridge was built as a replacement for the bridge.

Places and attractions[edit]

Kadiyam Nursery

Kadiyam is a beautiful and major flower nursery centre in Andhra Pradesh. There are about 600 nurseries in this village and more than 25,000 were gaining employment directly or indirectly due to them

Chitrangi Palace

This is a palace and the royal residence named after Chitrangi, the second wife of king Raja Raja Narendhra.

Kambala Park

This is the only choultry in the country where death ceremonies used to take place. It was constructed by Mr. Kambham Narasinga Rao Pantulu, during 1845–1850 with his own resources. It is believed that The Government had thought about converting the Khambala Tank into a stadium but, had to rethink, when the public opposed the idea and had approved of converting it into boating club and amusement park.

River Bay Resort River Bay Resort is located in Rajahmundry (Andhra Pradesh, India). Situated near the river Godavari surrounded by the countryside and suited for leisure as well as business travelers. Location:River Bay Resort is located in Rajahmundry

Aalaya Nritya Kalavanam (The Temple Dance Park)

Aalaya Nritya Kalavanam (The Temple Dance Park), Rajahmundry

Aalaya Nritya Kalavanam is the park which ‘Enlighten the Temple Dance Tradition’. The main object behind the construction of this valuable monument is ‘Repropagation of Alaya Nritya’ to the next generation. It represents 1000 Years history of Temple Dances. The idea behind construction of this park is to develop Rajahmundry as a pilgrim Centre. The area of Temple Dance Park campus is total 2000 Yards.
Freedom Fighters Park

The Sreepada Krishna Moorty Sastry Gare Park

Park

Sri Kandukuri Veeresalingam House

The house in which Yugapurusha Sri Kandukuri Veersalingam was born on 16-04-1848 has been declared as an Ancient Monument by the State Archaeology Dept. and is being maintained as a Research Library. The house was constructed by his grandfather. Sri Veersalingam, One can find his personal belongings here.

Tombs of Sri Kandukuri Veeresalingam & Smt. Kandukuri Rajyalakshmi

Tombs

Damerla Rama Rao Art Gallery

Named after the renowned painter Damerla Rama Rao who was born on March 8, 1897 at Rajahmundry to Physician Dr. Damerla Venkata Rama Rao and Lakshmi Devi and who was intensely inclined towards the art of painting and sketching since childhood. He along with his father went to Sisil N. Burns, who was the Dean of arts in Mumbai School of Arts in 1916 to show his sketches to the Dean who in turn was surprised and impressed resulting in his admission directly into the third year of fine arts course. The Damera Rama Rao Art Gallery Timings are from 10:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. except Fridays and public holidays.

Gowthami Library

A huge library, The Gowtami Grandhalayam is a combination of Vasuraya Grandhalayam (established by Vasudeva Subbarayadu) and Ratnakavi Grandhalayam (established by Kokkonda Venkatratnam). Later many small libraries came into being and were finally merged into this big Library. It was named in 1898 and was registered in 1920. One can find rare books and manuscripts which time and again are being referred by the research scholars. It has a collection of about 60,000 books on various subjects in different languages are here. The Gowthami Library Timings are from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. except Thudays and public holidays.

Aryabhatta Science & Technology Society

The Museum was established on 20-11-2006 in Andhra Pradesh Housing Board Colony, Rajahmundry, East Godavari District in the accommodation of 8 rooms in the 1st and 2nd floors of the building. In 3rd floor there is 36 feet long concrete model of Aeroplane structure. The main items and subjects in the Museum galleries are human anatomy, physical sciences, life sciences, snakes and reptiles kept in formalin liquid, historical monuments, some models of multi purpose projects, models of different dinosaurs, art models, one big dead turtle etc., At present the museum is attracting the visitors of all types, students, general public, educationists and thinkers etc.

Rallabandi Subbarao Archaeological Museum

Established in the year 1967, The Rallabandi Subbarao Government Museum is famous for its cultural storage. The Museum Timings are from 10:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. except Fridays and public holidays. Entree Fize : 3/- 1/-

Sir Arthur Cotton Museum

Sir Arthur Cotton Museum was constructed here in 1998. This museum was constructed in memory of Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton, a British irrigation engineer. Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton also known as "Cotton Dora", who constructed the Dowleswaram Barrage is revered in the Godavari Districts for his efforts in transforming River Godavari from a threatening and deadly natural force into a tame and fertile water resource. Sir Cotton is popularly known as the 'Delta Architect' of the Godavari District because of his pioneering works in irrigation engineering through his construction of the anicut system. The Museum narrates the construction of present Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage constructed with the advance engineering skill. It is the only civil engineering museum in the state. It contains many pictures describing the working of the dam and display of the tools used during the construction.

House of Sir Arthur Cotton

Cotton House

P.V. Narasimha Rao Park

Gowthami Nandanavanam (Gowthami Park)

Library

Municipal Dheer Park

Maredumilli

Forest

Tourists can also plan a visit to Pattiseema and Papi Hills that are the popular picnic spots in Rajahmundry. These sites have waterfalls and thick forests that attract visitors in large number. Besides this, Papi Hills is thronged by tourists as boat rides are offered through the narrowest width of river Godavari.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.article.seoindiaconsultant.com/article.php?id=72828
  2. ^ Rajahmundry was established by Ammaraja Vishnuvardhana, the first (919–934 AD). Some people believe in this theory as Vishnuvardhana had the title "Rajamahendra". His predecessor Ammaraja Vijayaditya, the second (945–970 AD) had Rajaraja Narendra (1022–1061 AD) had the same title "Rajamahendra". Details of City Ruled by:
    • Raja Raja Narendra's (1020–1061 AD):
    • Kakatiya Rule (1323 AD)
    • Reddy's & Gajapathi's rule (1353–1448 AD)
    • Vijayanagar Rule
    • Nizam Rule
    • Anglo French - British Rule (- 1758 AD)
    "1000+ Years History (Since 919 AD)". History of Rajahmundry. Rajahmundry.net. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  3. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/article3805452.ece
  4. ^ http://railenquiry.in/forum/scr-south-central-railways-news/first-mfc-of-indian-railways-at-rajahmundry/
  5. ^ http://www.iidcindia.co.in/.../RfQAdvertisement,Rajahmundry.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2008/01/01/stories/2008010159590500.htm
  7. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2006/06/16/stories/2006061618340300.htm
  8. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/big-bazaar-to-go-to-smaller-cities/418559/
  9. ^ http://www.lepl.in/icon-rjy.html
  10. ^ http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/2/Rajahmundry.html
  11. ^ Ajoy K Baksi. "Rajahmundry Traps: Deccan traps" (PDF). The Rajahmundry Traps, Andhra Pradesh: Evaluation of their petrogenesis relative to the Deccan Traps. Indian Academy of Science. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  12. ^ Average literacy rate of Rajahmundry city is 84.28 percent of which male and female literacy was 88.14 and 80.54 percent.
  13. ^ http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-and-economy/logistics/article3429120.ece
  14. ^ http://apgodavaripushkar.nic.in
  15. ^ "Iskcon Jagad Guru Bhaktivedanta Srila Prabhupada Chanting Books Lectures Quotes Lilamrita Photos". Iskconrajahmundry.com. Retrieved 2012-07-30. 
  16. ^ Letters from Madras, during the years 1836-1839, by a Lady (London, 1843).
  17. ^ Tanguturi Suryakumari
  18. ^ "Friday Review Hyderabad / Tribute : Twinkle toes and a magical voice". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2012-06-16. 
  19. ^ Harpe, Bill (2005-05-18). "Surya Kumari". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ [2]
  22. ^ Mahananda
  23. ^ "Godavari Bridge". Structurae. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  24. ^ Sinha, A. K. (2000). "Technical Paper on Design Aspects of the Third Railway Bridge Across Godavari at Rajahmundry". In Dayaratnam, P. Cable Stayed, Supported, and Suspension Bridges. Hyderabad, India: Universities Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-81-7371-271-5. 

External links[edit]