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Teriyaki (kanji: 照り焼き; hiragana: てりやき) is a cooking technique used in Japanese cuisine in which foods are broiled or grilled while being basted in a marinade based on soy sauce, mirin, and sugar.
Fish – yellowtail, marlin, skipjack tuna, salmon, trout, and mackerel – is mainly used in Japan, while meat – chicken, pork, lamb and beef – is more often used in the West. Other ingredients sometimes used in Japan include squid, hamburger steak and meatball.
The word teriyaki derives from the noun teri (照り), which refers to a shine or luster given by the sugar content in the teri, and yaki (焼き), which refers to the cooking method of grilling or broiling. Traditionally the meat is dipped in or brushed with sauce several times during cooking.
The teri is traditionally made by mixing and heating soy sauce, sake or mirin, and sugar or honey. The sauce is boiled and reduced to the desired thickness, then used to marinate meat which is then grilled or broiled. Sometimes ginger is added, and the final dish may be garnished with green onions.
Teriyaki sauce 
In North America, any dish made with a teriyaki-like sauce (often even those using foreign alternatives to sake), or with added ingredients such as sesame or garlic (uncommon in traditional Japanese cuisine), is described as teriyaki. Uncanned pineapple juice is sometimes used as it not only provides sweetness but also bromelain enzymes that help tenderize the meat. Grilling meat first and pouring the sauce on afterward is another non-traditional method of cooking teriyaki. Teriyaki sauce is sometimes put on chicken wings or used as a dipping sauce.
Teriyaki burger 
Teriyaki burger (テリヤキバーガー) refers to a variety of hamburger created by Japanese chain Mos Burger in 1973. According to the recipe, the teri is poured into the bread in limited quantities and coupled with lettuce, endowing it with its strong, yet sweetish, flavor. Since the late 1980s, McDonald's in Hong Kong has offered a Teriyaki sandwich dubbed the Shogun Burger, where the teriyaki sauce is a coating on the burger patty. In Japanese McDonald's restaurants it is known as the Teriyaki Burger. From 2007, Burger King has offered a hamburger called the Whopper Teriyaki in Japan only. Subway restaurants in Japan and several other countries also offer Teriyaki sandwiches.
Teriyaki burgers are also a drive-in, restaurant and school cafeteria item in Hawaii (where it is commonly called a "teri-burger"). This Hawaiian dish dates back to at least the mid-1960s, and is served on a Hawaiian roll with lettuce and tomato but no condiments.
Teriyaki burgers are also served in Carl's Jr.'s with grilled pineapple, Swiss cheese, teriyaki sauce, lettuce, tomato, onion and mayo. Beef, chicken and turkey options are also available. A teriyaki burger entitled "Banzai Burger" is served at Red Robin's that is very similar to Carl's Jr.'s.
- ^ Hosking, Richard (1995). A Dictionary of Japanese Food. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-2042-2.
- ^ Kikkoman Corp. website
- ^ "McDonald's Shogun Burger". mcdonalds.com.hk. 24 September, 2007. Retrieved 28 October, 2012.