|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2013)|
|Native name: Pulau Tioman|
|Location||South China Sea|
|Area||136 km2 (53 sq mi)|
|Coastline||245 km (152.2 mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,038 m (3,406 ft)|
|Highest point||Gunung Kajang|
|Population||432 (as of 2008 Census)|
|Ethnic groups||Malay, Chinese|
Tioman Island (Malay language: Pulau Tioman) is a small island located 32 km off the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia in the state of Pahang, and is some 39 km long and 12 km wide. It has eight main villages, the largest and most populous being Kampung Tekek in the north. The densely forested island is sparsely inhabited, and is surrounded by numerous coral reefs, making it a popular scuba diving spot. There are also a lot of resorts and chalets around the island which has duty-free status.
Pulau Tioman is a part of Rompin district of Pahang, although it is geographically closer to Johor, and is accessed via ferry service from the Johorean coastal town of Mersing. Within Tioman Island there are four kampungs: Salang, Tekek, Juara and Air Batang. The telephone numbers in Tioman start with 09-413, 09-419, 09-582, 09-583 and 09-584.
Apart from its diverse marine life, the inland rainforest area was protected in 1972 as the Pulau Tioman Wildlife Reserve. However, a large part of the original reserve was sacrificed for agricultural and touristic development in 1984; the remaining area is approximately 8,296 ha (20,500 acres). There are several protected species of mammals on the island, including the binturong, long-tailed macaque, slow loris, black giant squirrel, red giant flying squirrel, mouse deer, brush-tailed porcupine, and common palm civet, from a total of 45 species of mammals and 138 species of birds, including the majestic frigatebird. Moreover, Tioman has species that are endemic to its shores. The Tioman walking catfish Clarias batu can be seen on rainforest walks. Kajang slender litter frog is only known from Mount Kajang.
Tioman has been used for thousands of years by fishermen as an important navigation point and a source of fresh water and wood. During the past thousand years, it has played host to Chinese, Arab, and European trading ships, and often porcelain shards can be found on beaches around the island.
In more recent history, Tioman played host to both the British and the Japanese during the Second World War, and the waters around the island are littered with war remains (including HMS Repulse and HMS Prince of Wales).
Tioman island does not allow buildings to have more than 3 stories.
- Tioman Airport
- Panuba Bay
- Tekek Village
- Minang Cove - The only cove of Tioman Island
- Asah Waterfall
- Bagus Place Retreat- The most Eco-Friendly area on Tioman Island
- Juara Turtle Project- volunteer Sea Turtle and Environmental Conservation
- Golden City - part of Salang village
- Air Batang also known as ABC
According to legend, Tioman Island is the resting place of a beautiful dragon princess. Whilst flying to visit her prince in Singapore, this beautiful maiden stopped to seek solace in the crystal-clear waters of the South China Sea. Enraptured by the charms of the place, she decided to discontinue her journey. By taking the form of an island, she pledged to offer shelter and comfort to passing travelers.
Tioman Island lends its name to the state constituency of Tioman, comprising the island and part of the Rompin district including the town of Kuala Rompin. Its representative to the State Legislative Assembly is YB Mohd. Johari from Barisan Nasional. Its representative to the Malaysian Parliament is former MOSTI Minister Dr Jamaluddin Jarjis, also from Barisan Nasional.
Non Government Organization
- Juara Turtle Project- volunteer sea turtle and environmental conservation
project aware (beach cleaning) : Tioman Mydive Centre
Radio and Television
Community radio within Tioman:
- FM 90.0
- FM 103.2 (Airport radio)
- FM 104.0 (Tioman community radio)
- FM 104.1
From Malaysian mainland:
- FM 90.7 (TraXX FM) - owned by Radio Televisyen Malaysia
- FM 91.9 (Pahang FM) - owned by Radio Televisyen Malaysia
- FM 100.5 (News Network)
- FM 103.5
- TV1 - Channel 50 (Temporarily unavailable)
- TV2 - Channel 53 (Temporarily unavailable) - Currently broadcasting on Channel 11
- TV3 - Channel 32
- 8TV - Channel 7
- TV9 - Channel 9
- TV Alhijrah - Channel 40
- TV5 - Channel 5
- Tioman Island travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Tourism Malaysia - Tioman Island
- The Biodiversity of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia (Supplement 6 of the Raffles Bulletin of Zoology)
- "Pulau Tioman". Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Abdul, Jasmi (1999). "An Introduction to Pulau Tioman". The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology (National University of Singapore). Supplement No. 6: 3–4.
- "Jungle trekking in Tioman". Tioman Ferry Tickets, Singapore. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Stuart, S.N. (2006). "Leptolalax kajangensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 18 October 2013.