Pekan

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For the carnivorous mammal, see Fisher (animal).
Pekan
ڤكن
District of Malaysia
Location of Pekan  ڤكن
Country  Malaysia
State Flag of Pahang.svg Pahang Darul Makmur
Seat Pekan
Government
 • District officer Dato' Mohd Fadzli Bin Mohd Kenali
Area
 • Total 3,805 km2 (1,469 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 60,000
 • Density 16/km2 (41/sq mi)

Located on the banks of the Pahang River 50 km south of Kuantan and 280km from Kuala Lumpur, Pekan is the Royal Town of the Malaysian state of Pahang Darul Makmur. Its name comes from a flower, the Bunga Pekan. Pekan is also the name of the district the town is situated in, and a parliamentary constituency in its own right. It is the home of the state's royal family headed by Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzamo Shah.[1] It is also the hometown of the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdul Razak Hussein,[2] and the current Prime Minister of Malaysia, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak. Najib is also Pekan's current Member of Parliament.

The Masjid Abdullah, a landmark in Pekan which dates from the 1920s, and the newer Masjid Abu Bakar is near the Sultan Abu Bakar Museum. The stretch by the river bank from the Abu Bakar Royal Mosque heading towards the Sultan Abu Bakar Museum is Pekan's Heritage Route. As you walk towards the Town from the Sultan Abu Bakar Museum, you can visualize the busy river in the olden days transporting people and goods into this Royal Town.

History[edit]

According to the old folk, the Bunga Pekan flower grows wild at the banks of Pahang River. The river at the Pekan town (near Mengkasar village) is also called Pekan River, however there is no source for the claim that Pekan got its name from this river. Other sources say the name "Pekan" came from the word "Pekan Sehari" (the word "Sehari" was eventually omitted).[citation needed] For easier pronunciation, the locals simply called it "Pekan" and the name is still used. (Pekan Sehari or Sunday Market still exists until today)

Pekan town is said to have existed since the 17th century, but no exact date has been verified. Several Arab and Chinese writers mentioned Pekan.[citation needed]

The villagers at Kampong Mengkasar, about one kilometer from Pekan in the direction of Kuantan, are said to be direct descendants of Tok Tuan from Makassar in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Among the well-known figures, Tun Abdul Razak was recognized as having a Sulawesi heritage.

Federal Parliament and State Assembly Seats[edit]


Pekan district representative in the Federal Parliament (Dewan Rakyat)

Parliament Seat Name Member of Parliament Party
P85 Pekan Najib Tun Razak BN


List of Pekan district representatives in the State Legislative Assembly (Dewan Undangan Negeri)

Parliament State Seat Name State Assemblyman Party
P85 N20 Pulau Manis Khairuddin Mahmud BN
P85 N21 Peramu Jaya Ibrahim Awang Mahmud BN
P85 N22 Bebar Ishak Muhamad BN
P85 N23 Chini Abu Bakar Harun BN

Subdistricts[edit]

Pekan has 11 mukim or subdistricts.

  • Bebar (176,400 Ha)
  • Penyor (73,600 Ha)
  • Lepar (47,100 Ha)
  • Pulau Manis (22,000 Ha)
  • Pekan (17,300 Ha) (Capital)
  • Temai (12,700 Ha)
  • Ganchong (11,4000 Ha)
  • Langgar (9,600 Ha)
  • Kuala Pahang (3,900 Ha)
  • Pahang Tua (3,900 Ha)
  • Pulau Rusa (2,600 Ha)

Transportation[edit]

From Kuantan, Pekan is accessible by 3 routes, namely Tanjung Lumpur Highway (Federal Route 183) which runs through Tanjung Lumpur, Penor and Ceruk Paloh, Jalan Pekan (Federal Route 3 and AH18) and also through Gambang, Pahang by Tun Razak Highway (Federal Route 12). From Kuala Lumpur, one may travel to Pekan by the East Coast Expressway, exiting at the Gambang Interchange to the Tun Razak Highway. From Johor, a scenic coastal road passes through Kuala Rompin. Alternatively, the Tun Razak Highway can be taken, which links Segamat and Kuantan.

Places of interest[edit]

Sultan Abu Bakar Museum[edit]

The museum displays many artifacts which are important in the state's history and the local Malay culture. The museum was officially opened by Sultan Ahmad Shah in October 1976. It is located in the former residence of the British Resident, which was built in 1929. It was acquired by the Sultan of Pahang in 1948 and was renamed Kota Beram Palace. In 1965, the Sultan moved his residence to a new palace (the Abu Bakar Palace), where the current Royal Palace is situated.

The museum was officially opened to the public in October 1976, in conjunction with the birthday celebrations of the Sultan of Pahang. The first Chairman of the museum was the late YBhg. Dato' Haji Mohd Mokhtar bin Haji Daud and the first Director/Curator was YBhg. Dato' Mohamed Mokhtar bin Haji Abu Bakar. The museum expanded its collections of artifacts very actively during this era up to 1997. The locals eagerly surrendered and provided as gifts certain unique artifacts to the museum. One example of these is a keris (a type of Malay dagger) which was found by a young man in a river about 20 km from the town of Pekan. This particular keris drew a lot of attention, coupled with strange stories of its mystical prowess. The keris is still on display at the museum.

The museum has dedicated galleries focusing on water transportation, personal belongings of the late Sultan Abu Bakar and the late Tengku Ampuan Pahang Tengku Afzan.

As of October 2008, the museum has been undergoing renovations. Visitors are advised to call the museum first for more information.

The Chiefs' Rest House[edit]

Pekan is home to the Chiefs' Rest House. This wooden structure was completed in 1926 and is featured in the 'Lonely Planet' Travel Guide as a must-visit site in Pekan. It was originally built by the British as a guest house for the Chieftains in Pahang who visited Pekan to attend meetings and events at the Istana. Until today, the Chiefs' Rest House offers good, clean and reasonable accommodation to travellers.

Most of the furnitures adorning this building were brought over from the Istana. It is advisable to reserve your room in advance, as it can be packed during school holidays, weekends and whenever there are functions in the Istana. The Chiefs' Rest House is located along Jalan Istana Abu Bakar in Pekan. It is along the road approaching the Istana area.

Other places of interest[edit]

Other places of interest include the Royal Palace (the Sultan Abu Bakar Palace), Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Mosque, Royal Mausoleum, the Royal Pahang Polo Field nearby the Palace, the Royal Pekan Golf Club, birth house of late Tun Abdul Razak at Kampung Pulau Keladi and the Pahang Royal Silk Weaving Centre.

Nearby the Royal Pahang Polo Field is a long-established Islamic college, known as Kuliah Sultan Abu Bakar (the Sultan Abu Bakar Kulliyyah). It has produced eminent scholars all over the State of Pahang and Malaysia. Its students consistently further their studies in the esteemed Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt.

Pekan is 15 minutes from clean, sandy beaches. North on the way to Kuantan, there is Pantai Legenda (Lagenda Beach), which features a golf course. South on the way to Kuala Rompin is the Pantai Batu 16 (the 16th Mile Beach), which used to have a royal retreat complex.

A one-hour drive from Pekan is Lake Chini, a beautiful freshwater lake which is one of the largest in Malaysia. It features a resort with restaurant, jungle trekking paths and a boat station. Boat trips are available by various routes around the lake. Prices differ according to the chosen routes (duration of boat trip from 45 minutes to 3 hours). There are also Orang Asli (natives) settlements nearby providing a hands-on experience of their living culture.

Pekan is also the location of the permanent campus of Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP).

Cuisine[edit]

Pekan offers a variety of delicious food. Being a Royal Town, Pekan enjoys the best kuih-muih (Malay delicacies) which are prepared by the same people or their descendants who used to prepare the same delicacies for the palace. Breakfast menu is aplenty to choose from. One particular novelty for breakfast is the 'roti naik' (a heavenly treat. Looks similar to small buns sold in supermarkets, but with a completely different taste, especially when it is hot). This particular bread can only be found in very few places, Pekan being one of them. Other delicacies are nasi dagang, kuih bakar, ikan bakar (fresh grilled fish) and others.

Kampong Mengkasar is also well known of its Murtabak. It is a unique variant of the original Indian dish that can only be found in Pekan. The Murtabak Pekan was not started in Kampong Mengkasar, but it is available here throughout the year.[clarification needed] Other murtabak outlets in Pekan, such as the Murtabak Mawar (also known as murtabak Sultan), are only available in the month of Ramadhan.

It is believed that the original Murtabak Pekan was started by an Indian Muslim Restaurant located at the second floor of the central market known as Restoran Salam in the early 1970s. It was one of the favorite dish of the late Sultan of Pahang (Sultan Abu Bakar) for breaking fast during the month of Ramadhan. Due to the great demands, more outlets start selling murtabak all over Pekan. Murtabak has since referred as the special dish of Pekan, and one should not pass Pekan without trying and appreciate its delicious taste.

Good eating places around Pekan: 1. Kedai Awang Apam Balik - next door to Pekan wet market. 2. Kedai Kopi Hj Latif - get a taste of old school style of kopi tiam. Breakfast time is packed. Located in Pekan Lama. 3. Nasi Dagang - take a 20 minutes drive towards Kuantan. A few nasi dagang eateries at Kg Ubai. 4. Lunch dishes (to take way)- food stalls next to Tunas Manja supermarket in Pekan town. 5. Tom yam and Thai food - Restoran Rasa Mesra, Kg Mengkasar, Pekan. There are a few Thai restaurants in Peramu, across the river from Pekan town. 6. For fast food lovers, there are KFC, McDonalds and A&W in Pekan.

Prominent persons from Pekan, Pahang[edit]

1. Datuk Seri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak: The Prime Minister of Malaysia. 2.Tun Abdul Razak bin Dato' Hussein: Malaysia's 2nd Prime Minister and father to Datuk Seri Mohd Najib, the current Prime Minister of Malaysia. 3. Tun Mohd Khalil Yaakob: current Governor of Melaka, former Menteri Besar of Pahang. 4. Dato' Zakaria Hitam: national author, Budayawan Negeri Pahang. 5. Dato' Sarimah Ahmad: famous actress. 6. Tan Sri Mohd Sidek Hassan: former Chief Secretary to the Malaysian Government, current Chairman, Petronas. 7. Dato' Tengku Baharudin Shah: Federal Court Judge. 8. Dato' Hj Mohd Mokhtar Hj Daud: former Chairman, Pahang State Museum. 9. Dato' Mohamed Mokhtar Hj Abu Bakar: former Director, Pahang State Museum. 10. Dato' Abdul Rashid Abdul Rahman: former Deputy Menteri Besar of Pahang. 11. Dato' Mohd Nasir Ismail: former lecturer, Universiti Putra Malaysia and Director of Airod. 12. Tan Sri Abd Ghafar bin Mahmud: Director-General of Education, Malaysia. 13. Mohamed Sufyan Mohd Mokhtar: Head of Legal, Companies Commission of Malaysia.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 3°30′N 103°25′E / 3.500°N 103.417°E / 3.500; 103.417