Tokyo 6th district

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Tokyo 6th district is a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan (national legislature). It is located in Tokyo, and consists of major parts of the City of Setagaya, one of Tokyo's 23 special wards. With 2.18 times as many voters as Tokushima's 1st district, it had the lowest electoral weight throughout Japan in the election of 2005.[1] In 2007 the Supreme Court dismissed a claim that the election in this and other Tokyo districts was unconstitutional and thus invalid.[2] As of September 2012, 486,353 eligible voters were registered in the district, giving them the third lowest electoral weight in the country.[3]

Before the electoral reform of 1994, Setagaya was part of Tokyo 3rd district, a three-member single non-transferable vote (SNTV) constituency. The post-reform single-member constituencies were used in the 1996 election for the first time.

Since its creation, the urban district had been dominated by opposition candidates until the landslide "postal privatization" election of 2005 when Liberal Democratic candidate Takao Ochi was able to defeat Democratic incumbent Yōko Komiyama by a slim margin. Komiyama was reelected via the Tokyo proportional representation block and ran again in Tokyo 6th district in the election of 2009. In 2012, Ochi received only less than a third of the vote but retook the district as the opposition to the LDP splintered. After Democratic representative Kōki Ishii had been stabbed to death in 2002 by a rightwing activist,[4][5] a by-election was held on April 27, 2003.

List of Representatives[edit]

Representative Party Dates Notes
Tetsundo Iwakuni NFP 1996–2000
Kōki Ishii DPJ 2000–2002
Yōko Komiyama DPJ 2003–2005 Re-elected in the Tokyo PR block
Takao Ochi LDP 2005–2009 Failed re-election in the Tokyo block
Yōko Komiyama DPJ 2009–2012 Failed re-election in the Tokyo block
Takao Ochi LDP 2012– Incumbent

Election results[edit]

2012[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDP (Kōmeitō) Takao Ochi 98,112 32.9
DPJ (PNP) Yōko Komiyama 70,126 23.5
JRP Tomofumi Hanawa 52,734 17.7
YP Takayuki Ochiai 52,325 17.6
JCP Naoki Satō 24,725 8.3
2009[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
DPJ Yōko Komiyama 174,367.916
LDP Takao Ochi 102,944.000
JCP Naoki Satō 27,105.000
Happiness Realization Party Yōko Nakaoka 4,986.083
Turnout 316,412 65.67
2005[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDP Takao Ochi 136,750 45.21
DPJ Yōko Komiyama 130,283 43.07
JCP Miyoko Tanaka 28,252 9.34
Turnout 302,484 65.03
2003[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
DPJ Yōko Komiyama 131,715 50.71
LDP Takao Ochi 78,650 30.28
SDP Nobuto Hosaka 23,320 8.98
JCP Miyoko Tanaka 18,625 7.17
Turnout 259,727 56.54
2003 by-election[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
DPJ Yōko Komiyama 99,600 53.59
LDP Takao Ochi 57,783 31.09
JCP Miyoko Tanaka 20,486 11.02
Turnout 185,842 40.63
2000[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
DPJ Kōki Ishii 93,919 36.16
LDP Takao Ochi 55,821 21.49
SDP Nobuto Hosaka 38,167 14.70
Liberal Party Yoshio Suzuki 30,914 12.28
JCP Osamu Minase[12] 26,130 10.38
Liberal League Rieko Saitō 6,765 2,69
Turnout 251,716 58.26
1996[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
NFP Tetsundo Iwakuni 82,106 34.46
LDP Takao Ochi 62,518 26.24
DPJ Kōki Ishii 52,014 21.83
JCP Osamu Minase[14] 29,636 12.39
SDP Hiroshi Ōmura[15] 10,384 4.36
Independent Masaharu Kitazato[16] 1,590 0.67
Turnout 238,248

References[edit]