Tsawwassen

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Tsawwassen is located in Vancouver
Tsawwassen
Location of Tsawwassen in the Greater Vancouver Regional District
Tsawwassen's BC Ferry terminal.

Tsawwassen (/təˈwɑːsən/; from North Straits Salish: [səˈwɑːsən] or [tsəˈwɑːsən], meaning "facing the ocean") is a suburban, mostly residential community located on a peninsula in the southwestern corner of the Corporation of Delta, British Columbia, Canada. Tsawwassen provides the only road access to the community of Point Roberts, Washington via 56th Street. It is also the location of BC Ferries' Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal, built in 1959 to provide foot-passenger and motor vehicle access from the Lower Mainland to the southern part of Vancouver Island and the Southern Gulf Islands. Because Tsawwassen touches a shallow bank, the ferry terminal is built at the southwestern end of a 3 km-long causeway that juts out into the Strait of Georgia. The ferry dock and causeway are part of Highway 17, and the ferry terminal is the largest in North America.[citation needed] Boundary Bay Airport, one of the busiest general aviation airports in Canada,[citation needed] is located ten minutes away. The Roberts Bank Superport is also located near Tsawwassen.

A large, mostly undeveloped but agricultural part of northwest Tsawwassen is designated as the Tsawwassen Indian Reserve, where members of the Tsawwassen First Nation have a Coast Salish ancestry. This land is bounded by the Strait of Georgia on the west, the 2600 block to the north, the 4800 block to the east, and the 1200 block to the south. A condominium development (Tsatsu Shores), the Tsawwassen First Nation Reserve longhouse, a church, cemetery, and several entertainment facilities - the Splashdown Waterslide Park, F440 Grand Prix Race Track, and Parkcanada RV Park - are located on the land, along with the residential Stahaken subdivision of Tsawwassen, leased to Delta in 1989 to use for 99 years. At this time, the province's largest mall is being built on these lands, and managed by the First Nations.

Tsawwassen had a population of 20,933 in the 2006 census.[1] '

Location[edit]

Roberts Bank Superport, off of Tsawwassen's western shore.

Tsawwassen is situated on the northern end of a peninsula flanked by the Strait of Georgia to the west and Boundary Bay to the east. Boundary Bay is an important stopover for migratory birds on what is known as the Pacific Flyway. Tsawwassen has recreational access to Boundary Bay at Centennial Park, and there is an extensive bike/foot path running along the edge of the Bay, known as the Dyke.

The southern boundary of Tsawwassen is the border with the United States, following the 49th parallel of north latitude. To the north, Tsawwassen's nearest neighbour is the town of Ladner, which is also part of the Corporation of Delta. Together, Ladner and Tsawwassen make up the area known as South Delta. Ladner is the site of the Delta Municipal Hall. Both the police station and hospital serve Ladner and Tsawwassen.

Tsawwassen's lowest altitude is just below sea level, and its highest is at 70 metres at the Point Roberts border near 56th street.

History[edit]

Tsawwassen is home to the Tsawwassen First Nation, a Coast Salish people, who may have lived in the area for over 4,200 years, the age of the oldest archeological site found on English Bluff. Eight different prehistoric villages have been unearthed around Tsawwassen.

The first group of Europeans to see Tsawwassen was the expedition of Spanish explorer Jose Maria Narvaez Gervete in 1791. Narvaez named the Point Roberts peninsula Isla de Zepeda and wrote that "there is an incredible quantity of rich salmon and numerous Indians... They speak an entirely different language."[2]

The history of Tsawwassen, and the municipality of Delta, is on display at the Delta Museum and Archives, in the original city hall building, on Delta Street in Ladner Village.

Transportation[edit]

Tsawwassen is divided up into a grid with streets running north/south and east/west. Running east/west are the avenues, numbered with 1st Avenue closest to the Canadian/American border. Running north/south, the streets are numbered following the grid laid out for the municipality of Delta. This grid is part of the greater street grid set out by the British Royal Engineers in the 19th century.

The main arterial street in Tsawwassen is 56th Street, which connects Highway 17A with the exclave of Point Roberts, in Washington, USA (upon which it becomes Tyee Drive). It runs through the main commercial area. This border crossing is the westernmost border crossing on the 49th parallel between Canada and the USA.

In 2007, a contest was held to rename 56th Street. Suggested names include "Sunshine Drive" and "Tsawwassen Boulevard". While there is no projected time at which such a renaming may occur, the street will also retain the name of "56th Street", so as not to confuse non-locals.

Tsawwassen is serviced by buses from TransLink. Buses serve the main bus loop at the South Delta Recreation Centre, where many terminate at Bridgeport Station in Richmond.

Tsawwassen is also served by the Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal, which is served by BC Ferries. The ferries go to the following destinations:

Route Destination
Route 1 Swartz Bay,
Victoria
Route 9 Southern Gulf Islands
Route 30 Duke Point,
Nanaimo

Holidays & events[edit]

Since 2001, Tsawwassen has played an integral part of the Tour de Delta, a bike race that happens over a weekend in July. The racing weekend culminates in a race from North Delta, through Ladner, and then finally to Tsawwassen, where the men and women do various laps around Tsawwassen's perimeter until finishing in either Diefenbaker or Winskill Park. This race is growing in popularity and coverage with every year.

For many years, people selling their cars parked and displayed them in the east parking lot of Town Centre Mall on Sunday mornings and afternoons, where they can be seen by people passing through on the way to Point Roberts. For several years, the mall has charged a small fee and provided signage and a large designated area in which to display the cars. Dozens of cars and hundreds of shoppers now come from all over the Lower Mainland each Sunday.

In keeping with its reputation as the sunniest spot in the Greater Vancouver Region, every year on the August long weekend (for B.C. Day), Tsawwassen hosts the Sun Festival, which usually includes a parade, a variety of live music events and activities, such as children's games, food tents, and sporting events. There is often a specific theme to each year's event, and people are encouraged to dress the part.

Neighbourhoods and communities[edit]

On the southeast corner of the peninsula is the community of Boundary Bay also known as Boundary Beach, which originated in the 1890s as a seaside summer community for wealthy Vancouverites. Some of the original cottages still stand, many as renovated and updated homes, as well as modern contemporary single family homes and waterfront architectural residences. To the south, "The Bay" as it is referred to by residents, borders on the neighbourhood of Maple Beach in Point Roberts, WA. A Canada/US customs checkpoint joined the two communities (at the foot of 67th Street) until it was closed in the 1970s. Currently, Boundary Bay Road provides the only access route.

Other areas within Tsawwassen which have names but are not necessarily distinct communities include:

  • Beach Grove, which is situated on the edge of Boundary Bay, further north from the community of Boundary Bay. It is located on the east side of 56th Street, between 12th and 17A Avenue.
  • The Highlands, which is the area just to the northwest of Downtown Tsawwassen, behind the Town Centre Mall and situated around Highland Park.
  • Pebble Hill, which is the area surrounding Diefenbaker Park and Pebble Hill Park.
  • Tsawwassen Heights, a small area located on English Bluff Road, south of 1st Ave. Two totem poles stand on either side of the road here as its official gateway.
  • The Terrace, a terraced subdivision located between 56th Street, the Tsawwassen Nature Reserve, and the American border.
  • English Bluff, which refers to the area along English Bluff Road, where many of the most expensive homes in the community enjoy commanding ocean views.
  • Stahaken, which refers to a large area of houses built on land belonging to the Tsawwassen First Nations Tribe. This land is leased to the Town of Tsawwassen on a hundred year basis; the current lease expires in 2089.
  • The Village; adjacent to Stahaken, it is a wealthy subdivision built on the west side of English Bluff Road, overlooking the Strait of Georgia. Another totem pole stands at its entrance at Wesley Drive.
  • Tsatsu Shores, a large apartment complex beneath English Bluff, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean. This is also built on land leased from the Tsawwassen First Nations Tribe.
  • Imperial Village, a large subdivision located east of 52nd Street at 16th Avenue.
  • Forest-by-the-Bay, which refers to a housing development off 56th Street and 6th Avenue beside Tsawwassen's only cemetery.
  • Boundary Bay, a quiet beach-side community situated on Boundary Bay between Boundary Bay Regional Park and the US border.

Schools[edit]

Public schools in Tsawwassen are part of School District 37 Delta. Tsawwassen has only one public high school, South Delta Secondary School (SDSS), formerly South Delta Senior Secondary.

There are five public elementary schools in Tsawwassen. These are Cliff Drive, Pebble Hill, South Park, English Bluff, and Beach Grove. A sixth school, Boundary Beach (Grades K-3), closed in June 2009. There is also a small French programme cadre school, Ecole Du Bois-Joli, for students with French language spoken at home.

Boundary Bay Elementary School, formerly located on 56th Street south of 12th Avenue, served grades K-7. With usually one class per grade, it was a small school, and shared a principal with Boundary Beach Elementary School. Grades 3-7 students from Boundary Beach were bussed daily to attend the school. The school was closed in the early 1990s, and the land sold. It is now a residential development. There was also a middle school called Tsawwassen Junior Secondary (TJS), but low enrolment led to its closure in 1994. This land was also sold by the school district and re-developed into a housing subdivision.

Private schools in the Tsawwassen area include Southpointe Academy, a private K-12 school; Delta Christian school in Ladner, a Christian private school offering grades K-8; and Sacred Heart Elementary in Ladner, a Catholic school offering Grades K-7.

Parks[edit]

Tsawwassen contains many community and regional parks; Boundary Bay Regional Park (home to Centennial Beach) is run by the GVRD. The following parks are maintained by Delta Parks & Recreation, an arm of the municipal government:

  • Diefenbaker Park - located at the intersection of 56th Street and 1st Avenue, named after former Canadian prime minister John Diefenbaker. One of the largest parks in the area, it has many features - open spaces and large hills, a waterfall, dock, and pond, a very large forest, playgrounds, restrooms, and many gardens. The steep grade from the surrounding streets into the centre of the park makes it especially popular during Tsawwassen's rare snow falls, for sledding and tobogganing. In Summer 2011, the Rotary WaterWorks Playground was built. This water playground was created with environmentally friendly materials. The WaterWorks project was a collaborative partnership of the Corporation of Delta and the Rotary Club of Tsawwassen. The concept draws on the history of the site, a former gravel mining operation that, at one time, supplied much of the gravel for the development of Tsawwassen.
  • Pebble Hill Park - located west of 52nd Street between 2A Avenue and Milsom Wynd. This park features large fields used for sports (baseball and soccer), tennis courts built atop a pair of water reservoirs, and many forest trails.
  • Fred Gingell Park - Tsawwassen's newest park, located on English Bluff Road just south of 3rd Avenue. It is named after the former MLA who represented South Delta in BC's legislative assembly. Built on a BC Hydro right-of-way, this park sits on the top of a high bluff overlooking the Strait of Georgia, the ferry terminal, and Vancouver Island. An observation deck is built on this bluff, and a stairway and trail have been built down the bluff to Tsawwassen Beach below. It is the first (and only) public access to the beach, creating controversy as semi-private beach access contributed a great deal to the area's property values.
  • Winskill Park - located at 56th Street and 9th Avenue, named after the land's donor and one of the first families to live in Tsawwassen. This is Tsawwassen's all-purpose sports park, featuring numerous baseball diamonds, soccer fields, and field hockey fields. A fenced artificial-turf outdoor soccer field is currently (as of May 2007) in construction. Also features a walking trail, disc golf course, restrooms, youth centre, playground, and the Winskill Aquatic Centre.
  • Dennison Park - located across from the high school at the corner of 53rd Street and 7A Avenue. This park used to feature an outdoor pool, but is now primarily used as a sports park for the high school football team. Also used for soccer and baseball. A forest grows on the northern half of the park.
  • Village Park - a very small community park located on Wesley Drive at Skana Drive. Mostly green space, but also features a playground.
  • Brandrith Park - another sports park, adjacent to Cliff Drive Elementary school, at the corner of 12th Avenue and Winskill Drive. The focus here is primarily on its baseball diamond, but a soccer field and tennis courts are present as well. A forest can be found to the rear of the park; a large playground can be found at the adjacent schoolyard.
  • Highland Park - mostly open green space with a light forest, located at the corner of 55th Street and 13A Avenue, in the heart of downtown Tsawwassen.
  • Grauer Park - another heavily used park, located at 56th Street and 18th Avenue. Greenspace here is minimal. The park is best known as home to the South Delta Rec Centre (featuring an ice rink, curling rink, and gymnasium). The Kiwanis Longhouse (once the South Delta library) is in this park, and is now an art gallery. Also featured here is parking for the Tsawwassen Park and Ride, the Tsawwassen Skate Park, and a lacrosse box.
  • Jackson Way Park - a grassy greenspace, found at the southern end of Jackson Way.
  • Beach Grove Park - mostly forest, found at the corner of Braid Road and 17A Avenue, adjacent to Beach Grove Elementary school. This park once featured a giant checker board and checker pieces visitors could play with. Also features tennis courts.
  • Imperial Park - an open field underneath the BC Hydro right-of-way in Imperial Village, at the corner of Spyglass Crescent and Silverado Place. Features a baseball diamond, playground, and a decent hill used for sledding/tobogganing in the winter.
  • Beach Grove Mini-Park - a very small community park on Beach Grove Court, featuring a small playground.
  • View Crescent Park - a very small greenspace joining the southeast corner of View Crescent with the north end of Hunter Road, located behind a commercial complex in downtown Tsawwassen.

The following parks aren't officially recognized by the municipality, but still exist within Tsawwassen's boundaries:

  • Wildwood Crescent Mini-Park
  • Woodland Park
  • Tsawwassen Nature Reserve

Telecommunications[edit]

Tsawwassen, like the whole of the Municipality of Delta, is serviced by Delta Cable for TV and cable internet services.

As in all of British Columbia, telephone services are run primarily by Telus; the area codes serving Tsawwassen are 604 and 778 - though the latter is primarily used for cell phones. The CO Code servicing Tsawwassen for years has been 943, but as the population expanded, a new number, 948, was introduced in the early 1990s. Phone calls within Tsawwassen or the entire 604/778 region must adhere to the process of 10-digit dialing.

Business[edit]

Tsawwassen is home to the largest shopping centre in South Delta (Tsawwassen Town Centre Mall). Other businesses in Tsawwassen are Safeway, Tim Hortons/ Cold Stone Creamery, McDonalds, White Spot, Thrifty Foods, Shoppers Drug Mart, Dairy Queen, Jsu Design, Indian Restaurant called Connaught Place Restaurant, Mario's Kitchen, John Michael Menswear, two Starbucks and many more.[3] On April 29, 2009, the Tsawwassen Town Center mall experienced a fire, closing a large percentage of the mall, as a result of complications involving a roofing contract. Anonymous management in the complex claims the delays in reconstruction of the damaged areas are due to asbestos insulation.

Climate[edit]

Tsawwassen is known to receive only one third of the rainfall that the rest of Metro Vancouver does, which is why it has been commonly referred to as "Sunny Tsawwassen". Because of the high expectations of Tsawwassen residents there are many palm trees along the streets and on properties.

Climate data for Delta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
(59)
18
(64)
17
(63)
27
(81)
33
(91)
30
(86)
32.5
(90.5)
32.2
(90)
30.5
(86.9)
24.5
(76.1)
18
(64)
15
(59)
33
(91)
Average high °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
7.9
(46.2)
10.5
(50.9)
13.5
(56.3)
17.2
(63)
19.9
(67.8)
22.5
(72.5)
22.4
(72.3)
19
(66)
13.8
(56.8)
8.7
(47.7)
6
(43)
13.9
(57)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
1
(34)
2.6
(36.7)
4.2
(39.6)
7.2
(45)
9.9
(49.8)
11.4
(52.5)
11.4
(52.5)
8.6
(47.5)
5
(41)
2
(36)
0.2
(32.4)
5.3
(41.5)
Record low °C (°F) −15
(5)
−13
(9)
−7.2
(19)
−3
(27)
1.1
(34)
0.6
(33.1)
5
(41)
2.8
(37)
−2
(28)
−8
(18)
−15
(5)
−16.1
(3)
−16.1
(3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 114.9
(4.524)
110.4
(4.346)
92.8
(3.654)
69.5
(2.736)
56.8
(2.236)
45.4
(1.787)
34.4
(1.354)
32.7
(1.287)
57
(2.24)
93.3
(3.673)
157.3
(6.193)
143.5
(5.65)
1,008.1
(39.689)
Source: Environment Canada[4]

References in popular culture[edit]

In film[edit]

Due to being part of the Greater Vancouver area, which is the third-largest film and television production centre in North America after New York and Los Angeles, Tsawwassen has also appeared in numerous high-profile movies and television shows over the years. These include:

Shooting location for films[edit]

  • Shoot to Kill (1988)
  • Bill and Ted's Bogus Journey (1991) - the indoor section of the Town Centre Mall was used for this film.
  • The X-Files (1993–2002) - various episodes had portions filmed in Tsawwassen.
  • Jumanji (1995) - all of the sequences shot at "Sir Saves-A-Lot" were filmed at an unused supermarket space (Super-Valu) in at the Delta Fair Mall, which used to be located at the southwest corner of 56th Street and 12th Avenue. This has since been demolished and replaced with the new Safeway and Bayside Village shopping centre. An intersection near Diefenbaker Park was used for a scene of an animal stampede.
  • Da Vinci's Inquest (CBC, 1998) Various locations
  • Smallville (2001–present) - various episodes were filmed in Tsawwassen, as well as just outside of Tsawwassen on Deltaport Way near the Deltaport container port.
  • Insomnia (2002) - the sequences filmed in the lodge in which Al Pacino was sleeping were actually filmed in an unused space previously occupied by the restaurants Timothy's, the Manor, and others. It is located at the northeast corner of 12th Avenue and 55th Street; it is now the location of Century Holdings, a real estate agency.
  • X-Men: The Last Stand (2006) - the location of Jean Grey's childhood home is located in the subdivision of Imperial Village, on Golf Club Drive.
  • Snakes on a Plane (2006) - the location of the illegal snake-dealer's greenhouse/barn is shot on the Tsawwassen/Ladner boundary near Deltaport Way and Arthur Drive.
  • Are We Done Yet? (2007) - a portion was filmed on Pacific Drive near Wesley Drive.
  • The Sandlot 3 (2007) Filming in Dennison Park
  • Kickin' It Old Skool (2007) - an outdoor scene was shot in the Thrifty Foods parking lot (off 12th Avenue), and several indoor scenes were shot at the Tsawwassen Town Centre Mall (56th Street and 12th Avenue) and the Pacific Rim Performing Arts Studios in Century Square (56th Street and 18th Avenue).
  • Juno (2007) - the scenes where Juno pulls over on the side of the road in tears were filmed along Deltaport Way near the 46A Street farm overpass; the "Summer" title screen is filmed at Diefenbaker Park.
  • Battlestar Galactica - The final scene of the midseason finale, Revelations showed the remnants of a seaside city devastated by a nuclear war. It was shot on the Boundary Bay side of Tsawwassen, at Centennial Beach.
  • "Hellcats" (2011) - Pharmacy scene took place at Wellspring Health.

Setting for films[edit]

  • Scorn (2000) - a Canadian made-for-TV movie that aired on CBC, was a movie that prominently focused on Darren Huenemann, and his actions that would eventually lead to what would become a very high-profile murder that happened in Tsawwassen in the early 1990s.

In music[edit]

In The News[edit]

  • 1989 - Tsawwassen residents, furious with the proposed development of the agricultural Southlands, became a part of the longest public hearing in Canadian history in order to defeat it. Their attempts to "SAY NO TO TDL" were successful. However, a new development proposal has been on the table since 2008.
  • October 5, 1990 - Darren Huenemann's mother and grandmother were murdered in their Tsawwassen home by Huenemann and two friends from Saanich in an attempt to inherit their fortunes. Huenemann and one of the accomplices are currently serving time for this crime; one of the friends from Saanich who physically carried out the murder was released on parole in the early 2000s.
  • August 19, 2009 - Tsawwassen became a focal point in the manhunt of suspected killer Ryan Jenkins, as he escaped across the Canadian/American border between Tsawwassen and Point Roberts. Jenkins has been accused of the murder of Jasmine Fiore.

Famous Residents/Former Residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Corporation of Delta. "Residential Growth". 
  2. ^ Nature Guides BC. "Tracing Our Past by Anne Murray". 
  3. ^ "Shop Tsawwassen". Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 23 March 2010

External Sites[edit]

Coordinates: 49°00′37″N 123°04′07″W / 49.01028°N 123.06861°W / 49.01028; -123.06861 (Tsawwassen)