List of municipalities in British Columbia
British Columbia is the third-most populous province in Canada with 4,400,057 residents as of 2011 and is the second-largest in land area[a] at approximately 922,500 km2 (356,200 sq mi). British Columbia's 162 municipalities cover only 11% of the province's land mass yet are home to 89% of its population. A municipality is a local government incorporated by the province allowing a community to govern itself and to provide and regulate local services. These services typically include, but are not limited to, the provision of drinking water, sewers, roads, fire protection, street lights, garbage/recycling collection, land use planning, building inspection, and parks.
Within their limited jurisdictions, municipalities are autonomous, responsible and accountable to their citizens, to the province and their future residents in the case for the unpopulated Jumbo Glacier Mountain Resort Municipality. Their powers and responsibilities are regulated through the Local Government Act of British Columbia, the Community Charter, and, in the case of Vancouver, the Vancouver Charter. They have the power of a natural person, the power to expropriate, and the power to establish and enforce bylaws. They are able to raise funds through property taxes and user fees, and borrow a limited amount through the Municipal Finance Authority of British Columbia to pay for capital costs.
Municipalities are governed by a mayor and council who are democratically elected on the third Saturday of November every three years, or appointed by the province such as the council for Jumbo Glacier. The most recent municipal election occurred on November 15, 2014; the next one will take place on November 18, 2017. Each municipality is a member of a regional district to which their councils elect representatives. The board of directors of the regional district is used as a forum to discuss regional issues.
To become a municipality, a community, with the assistance of the provincial Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development, defines its borders and holds a referendum on the issue. In the case of Jumbo Glacier, a request to incorporate the unpopulated municipality was submitted by the Regional District of East Kootenay. If successful the Cabinet of British Columbia issues a letters patent incorporating the community. Part 2 of the Local Government Act sets out a classification scheme that gives each new municipality a designation. If the population is less than 2,500 people the new municipality is designated a village, if between 2,500 and 5,000 a town, and if greater than 5,000 a city. If the new municipality has an area greater than 800 hectares (2,000 acres) and an average population density of less than 5 persons per hectare then is it designated a district municipality. The municipality must request change in designation but is not compelled to do so, despite population growth or loss - Greenwood has retained its city status, for example, rather than relinquishing it as other boomtowns of its era have done. There is no longer any legal difference between the designations.
- 1 Municipal status types
- 2 List of municipalities
- 3 Former municipalities
- 4 See also
- 5 External links
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
Municipal status types
A city is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a city by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if its population is greater than 5,000 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.
British Columbia has 49 cities that had a cumulative population of 2,926,102 and an average population of 59,716 in the 2011 Census. British Columbia's largest and smallest cities are Vancouver and Greenwood with populations of 603,502 and 708 respectively.
A district municipality is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a district municipality by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if the area is greater than 800 ha (2,000 acres) and has a population density of less than 5 people per hectare, and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.
British Columbia has 51 district municipalities that had a cumulative population of 777,017 and an average population of 15,236 in the 2011 Census. British Columbia's largest and smallest district municipalities are Saanich and Wells with populations of 109,752 and 245 respectively.
Of British Columbia's current 51 district municipalities, the first to incorporate as a district municipality was North Cowichan on June 18, 1873, while the most recent community to incorporate as a district municipality was the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality (NRRM) on February 6, 2009. Although portrayed as a regional municipality in its official name, the NRRM is actually classified as a district municipality.
Indian government districts
The lone Indian government district was granted by the federal Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act and provincial Sechelt Indian Government District Enabling Act to the Sechelt Indian Government District which governs the Sechelt Indian Band lands consisting of 33 former Indian reserves.
If the community wishing to incorporate is located within a trust area under the Island Trust Act, it must incorporate as an island municipality. A single island municipality designation has been granted to Bowen Island.
Mountain resort municipalities
A mountain resort municipality designation is granted by the Minister of Community, Sport and Cultural Development through the Local Government Act if there exists alpine ski lift operations, year-round recreational facilities, and commercial overnight accommodations. There are two mountain resort municipalities in British Columbia: Sun Peaks and Jumbo Glacier.
A town is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a town by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if its population is greater than 2,500 but not greater than 5,000 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.
British Columbia has 14 towns that had a cumulative population of 87,514 and an average population of 6,251 in the 2011 Census. British Columbia's largest and smallest towns are Comox and Port McNeill with populations of 13,627 and 2,505 respectively. Of British Columbia's current 14 towns, the first to incorporate as a town was Ladysmith on June 3, 1904, while the most recent community to incorporate as a town was View Royal on December 5, 1988.
A village is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a village by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if its population is not greater than 2,500 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.
British Columbia has 42 villages that had a cumulative population of 44,962 and an average population of 1,070 in the 2011 Census. British Columbia's largest and smallest villages are Cumberland and Zeballos with populations of 3,398 and 125 respectively. Of British Columbia's current 42 villages, the first to incorporate as a village was Kaslo on August 14, 1893, while the most recent community to incorporate as a village was Queen Charlotte on December 5, 2005.
List of municipalities
|Abbotsford[b]||Abbotsford, City of||City||Fraser Valley||December 12, 1995||133,497||124,258||7.4||375.55||355.5|
|Armstrong||Armstrong, City of||City||North Okanagan||March 31, 1913||4,815||4,241||13.5||5.19||928.0|
|Burnaby||Burnaby, City of||City||Greater Vancouver||September 22, 1892||223,218||202,799||10.1||90.61||2,463.5|
|Campbell River||Campbell River, City of||City||Strathcona||June 24, 1947||31,186||29,572||5.5||143.12||217.9|
|Castlegar||Castlegar, City of||City||Central Kootenay||January 1, 1974||7,816||7,259||7.7||19.58||399.3|
|Chilliwack||Chilliwack, City of||City||Fraser Valley||April 26, 1873||77,936||69,217||12.6||261.50||298.0|
|Colwood||Colwood, City of||City||Capital||June 24, 1985||16,093||14,687||9.6||17.66||911.2|
|Coquitlam||Coquitlam, City of||City||Greater Vancouver||July 25, 1891||126,840||114,565||10.7||122.30||1,037.1|
|Courtenay||Courtenay, The Corporation of the City of||City||Comox Valley||January 1, 1915||24,099||22,021||9.4||29.38||820.2|
|Cranbrook||Cranbrook, The Corporation of the City of||City||East Kootenay||November 1, 1905||19,319||18,329||5.4||31.95||604.7|
|Dawson Creek||Dawson Creek, The Corporation of the City of||City||Peace River||May 26, 1936||11,583||10,994||5.4||24.37||475.4|
|Duncan[c]||Duncan, The Corporation of the City of||City||Cowichan Valley||March 4, 1912||4,932||4,986||−1.1||2.07||2,381.7|
|Enderby||Enderby, The Corporation of the City of||City||North Okanagan||March 1, 1905||2,932||2,828||3.7||4.26||687.7|
|Fernie||Fernie, The Corporation of the City of||City||East Kootenay||July 28, 1904||4,448||4,217||5.5||14.83||299.8|
|Fort St. John||Fort St. John, City of||City||Peace River||December 31, 1947||18,609||17,402||6.9||22.69||820.2|
|Grand Forks||Grand Forks, The Corporation of the City of||City||Kootenay Boundary||April 15, 1897||3,985||4,036||−1.3||10.43||382.0|
|Greenwood[d]||Greenwood, The Corporation of the City of||City||Kootenay Boundary||July 12, 1897||708||625||13.3||2.42||292.7|
|Kamloops||Kamloops, City of||City||Thompson-Nicola||October 17, 1967||85,678||80,376||6.6||299.23||286.3|
|Kelowna[e]||Kelowna, City of||City||Central Okanagan||May 4, 1905||117,312||107,035||9.6||211.82||553.8|
|Kimberley||Kimberley, City of||City||East Kootenay||March 29, 1944||6,652||6,139||8.4||60.62||109.7|
|Langford||Langford, City of||City||Capital||December 8, 1992||29,228||22,459||30.1||39.94||731.9|
|Langley||Langley, City of||City||Greater Vancouver||March 15, 1955||25,081||23,606||6.2||10.22||2,454.6|
|Maple Ridge||Maple Ridge, City of||City||Greater Vancouver||September 12, 2014||76,052||68,949||10.3||266.78||285.1|
|Merritt||Merritt, City of||City||Thompson-Nicola||April 1, 1911||7,113||6,998||1.6||24.82||286.6|
|Nanaimo||Nanaimo, City of||City||Nanaimo||December 24, 1874||83,810||78,692||6.5||91.30||918.0|
|Nelson||Nelson, The Corporation of the City of||City||Central Kootenay||March 18, 1897||10,230||9,258||10.5||11.93||857.7|
|New Westminster[f]||New Westminster, The Corporation of the City of||City||Greater Vancouver||July 16, 1860||65,976||58,549||12.7||15.63||4,222.2|
|North Vancouver||North Vancouver, The Corporation of the City of||City||Greater Vancouver||August 10, 1891||48,196||45,165||6.7||11.83||4,073.8|
|Parksville||Parksville, City of||City||Nanaimo||June 19, 1945||11,977||10,993||9.0||14.44||829.6|
|Penticton||Penticton, The Corporation of the City of||City||Okanagan-Similkameen||January 1, 1909||32,877||31,909||3.0||42.10||780.9|
|Pitt Meadows||Pitt Meadows, City of||City||Greater Vancouver||April 25, 1914||17,736||15,623||13.5||86.51||205.0|
|Port Alberni||Port Alberni, City of||City||Alberni-Clayoquot||October 28, 1967||17,743||17,548||1.1||19.76||897.9|
|Port Coquitlam||Port Coquitlam, The Corporation of the City of||City||Greater Vancouver||March 7, 1913||55,958||52,687||6.2||29.17||1,918.3|
|Port Moody||Port Moody, City of||City||Greater Vancouver||March 11, 1913||32,975||27,512||19.9||25.89||1,273.8|
|Powell River||Powell River, The Corporation of the City of||City||Powell River||October 15, 1955||13,165||12,957||1.6||28.91||455.3|
|Prince George||Prince George, City of||City||Fraser-Fort George||March 6, 1915||71,974||70,981||1.4||318.26||226.1|
|Prince Rupert||Prince Rupert, City of||City||Skeena-Queen Charlotte||March 10, 1910||12,508||12,815||−2.4||54.93||227.7|
|Quesnel||Quesnel, City of||City||Cariboo||March 21, 1928||10,007||9,326||7.3||35.38||282.8|
|Revelstoke||Revelstoke, City of||City||Columbia Shuswap||March 1, 1899||7,139||7,230||−1.3||40.76||175.1|
|Richmond||Richmond, City of||City||Greater Vancouver||November 10, 1879||190,473||174,461||9.2||129.27||1,473.5|
|Rossland||Rossland, The Corporation of the City of||City||Kootenay Boundary||March 18, 1897||3,556||3,278||8.5||59.79||59.5|
|Salmon Arm||Salmon Arm, City of||City||Columbia Shuswap||May 15, 1905||17,464||16,012||9.1||155.28||112.5|
|Surrey||Surrey, City of||City||Greater Vancouver||November 10, 1879||468,251||394,976||18.6||316.41||1,479.9|
|Terrace||Terrace, City of||City||Kitimat-Stikine||December 31, 1927||11,486||11,320||1.5||57.36||200.3|
|Trail||Trail, City of||City||Kootenay Boundary||June 14, 1901||7,681||7,237||6.1||34.93||219.9|
|Vancouver[g]||Vancouver, City of||City||Greater Vancouver||April 6, 1886||603,502||578,041||4.4||114.97||5,249.1|
|Vernon||Vernon, The Corporation of the City of||City||North Okanagan||December 30, 1892||38,150||35,979||6.0||95.76||398.4|
|Victoria[h]||Victoria, The Corporation of the City of||City||Capital||August 2, 1862||80,017||78,057||2.5||19.47||4,109.4|
|White Rock||White Rock, The Corporation of the City of||City||Greater Vancouver||April 15, 1957||19,339||18,755||3.1||5.13||3,773.5|
|Williams Lake||Williams Lake, City of||City||Cariboo||March 15, 1929||10,832||10,744||0.8||33.13||327.0|
|100 Mile House||100 Mile House, District of||District municipality||Cariboo||July 27, 1965||1,886||1,885||0.1||53.29||35.4|
|Barriere||Barriere, District of||District municipality||Thompson-Nicola||December 4, 2007||1,773||1,432||23.8||10.77||164.7|
|Central Saanich||Central Saanich, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||Capital||December 12, 1950||15,936||15,745||1.2||41.33||385.6|
|Chetwynd||Chetwynd, District of||District municipality||Peace River||September 25, 1962||2,635||2,633||0.1||63.04||41.8|
|Clearwater||Clearwater, District of||District municipality||Thompson-Nicola||December 3, 2007||2,331||2,225||4.8||55.68||41.9|
|Coldstream||Coldstream, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||North Okanagan||December 21, 1906||10,314||9,471||8.9||66.28||155.6|
|Delta||Delta, The Corporation of||District municipality||Greater Vancouver||November 10, 1879||99,863||96,635||3.3||180.11||554.4|
|Elkford||Elkford, District of||District municipality||East Kootenay||July 16, 1971||2,523||2,463||2.4||108.42||23.3|
|Esquimalt||Esquimalt, Corporation of the Township of||District municipality||Capital||September 1, 1912||16,209||16,840||−3.7||7.08||2,290.1|
|Fort St. James||Fort St. James, District of||District municipality||Bulkley-Nechako||December 19, 1952||1,691||1,350||25.3||23.47||72.0|
|Highlands||Highlands, District of||District municipality||Capital||December 7, 1993||2,120||1,903||11.4||38.05||55.7|
|Hope||Hope, District of||District municipality||Fraser Valley||April 6, 1929||5,969||6,185||−3.5||41.14||145.1|
|Houston||Houston, District of||District municipality||Bulkley-Nechako||March 4, 1957||3,147||3,163||−0.5||72.94||43.1|
|Hudson's Hope||Hudson's Hope, District of||District municipality||Peace River||November 16, 1965||970||1,012||−4.2||827.36||1.2|
|Invermere||Invermere, District of||District municipality||East Kootenay||May 22, 1951||2,955||3,002||−1.6||10.73||275.3|
|Kent||Kent, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||Fraser Valley||January 1, 1895||5,664||4,738||19.5||168.39||33.6|
|Kitimat||Kitimat, District of||District municipality||Kitimat-Stikine||March 31, 1953||8,335||8,987||−7.3||240.01||34.7|
|Lake Country||Lake Country, District of||District municipality||Central Okanagan||May 2, 1995||11,708||9,606||21.9||122.19||95.8|
|Langley||Langley, The Corporation of the Township of||District municipality||Greater Vancouver||April 26, 1873||104,177||93,726||11.2||308.03||338.2|
|Lantzville||Lantzville, District of||District municipality||Nanaimo||June 25, 2003||3,601||3,661||−1.6||27.66||130.2|
|Lillooet||Lillooet, District of||District municipality||Squamish-Lillooet||December 31, 1946||2,321||2,324||−0.1||27.51||84.4|
|Logan Lake||Logan Lake, District of||District municipality||Thompson-Nicola||November 10, 1970||2,073||2,162||−4.1||325.33||6.4|
|Mackenzie||Mackenzie, District of||District municipality||Fraser-Fort George||May 19, 1966||3,507||4,539||−22.7||155.41||22.6|
|Metchosin||Metchosin, District of||District municipality||Capital||December 3, 1984||4,803||4,795||0.2||71.09||67.6|
|Mission||Mission, District of||District municipality||Fraser Valley||June 2, 1892||36,426||34,505||5.6||225.70||161.4|
|New Hazelton||New Hazelton, District of||District municipality||Kitimat-Stikine||December 15, 1980||666||627||6.2||24.36||27.3|
|North Cowichan||North Cowichan, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||Cowichan Valley||June 18, 1873||28,807||27,557||4.5||195.54||147.3|
|North Saanich||North Saanich, District of||District municipality||Capital||August 19, 1965||11,089||10,823||2.5||37.25||297.7|
|North Vancouver||North Vancouver, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||Greater Vancouver||May 13, 1907||84,412||82,562||2.2||160.76||525.1|
|Northern Rockies||Northern Rockies Regional Municipality||District municipality||Northern Rockies||February 6, 2009||5,290||5,702||−7.2||85,014.52||0.1|
|Oak Bay||Oak Bay, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||Capital||July 2, 1906||18,015||17,908||0.6||10.53||1,710.3|
|Peachland||Peachland, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||Central Okanagan||January 1, 1909||5,200||4,883||6.5||15.75||330.2|
|Port Edward||Port Edward, District of||District municipality||Skeena-Queen Charlotte||June 29, 1966||544||577||−5.7||168.01||3.2|
|Port Hardy||Port Hardy, District of||District municipality||Mount Waddington||May 5, 1966||4,008||3,822||4.9||38.73||103.5|
|Saanich||Saanich, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||Capital||March 1, 1906||109,752||108,265||1.4||103.78||1,057.6|
|Sechelt||Sechelt, District of||District municipality||Sunshine Coast||February 15, 1956||9,291||8,454||9.9||39.01||238.2|
|Sicamous||Sicamous, District of||District municipality||Columbia Shuswap||December 4, 1989||2,441||2,676||−8.8||12.71||192.0|
|Sooke||Sooke, District of||District municipality||Capital||December 7, 1999||11,435||9,699||17.9||56.72||201.6|
|Spallumcheen||Spallumcheen, The Corporation of the Township of||District municipality||North Okanagan||July 21, 1892||5,055||4,960||1.9||255.77||19.8|
|Sparwood||Sparwood, District of||District municipality||East Kootenay||October 6, 1964||3,667||3,618||1.4||191.01||19.2|
|Squamish||Squamish, District of||District municipality||Squamish-Lillooet||May 18, 1948||17,158||14,949||14.8||104.88||163.6|
|Stewart||Stewart, District of||District municipality||Kitimat-Stikine||May 16, 1930||494||496||−0.4||552.08||0.9|
|Summerland||Summerland, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||Okanagan-Similkameen||December 21, 1906||11,280||10,828||4.2||74.06||152.3|
|Taylor||Taylor, District of||District municipality||Peace River||August 23, 1958||1,373||1,384||−0.8||17.09||80.4|
|Tofino||Tofino, District of||District municipality||Alberni-Clayoquot||February 5, 1932||1,876||1,655||13.4||10.53||178.2|
|Tumbler Ridge[i]||Tumbler Ridge, District of||District municipality||Peace River||April 9, 1981||2,710||2,454||10.4||1,558.97||1.7|
|Ucluelet||Ucluelet, District of||District municipality||Alberni-Clayoquot||February 26, 1952||1,627||1,487||9.4||6.81||238.9|
|Vanderhoof||Vanderhoof, District of||District municipality||Bulkley-Nechako||January 22, 1926||4,480||4,064||10.2||54.83||81.7|
|Wells[j]||Wells, District of||District municipality||Cariboo||June 29, 1998||245||236||3.8||158.28||1.5|
|West Kelowna||West Kelowna, District of||District municipality||Central Okanagan||December 6, 2007||30,892||27,214||13.5||123.51||250.1|
|West Vancouver||West Vancouver, The Corporation of the District of||District municipality||Greater Vancouver||March 15, 1912||42,694||42,131||1.3||87.26||489.3|
|Sechelt Indian Government District||Sechelt Indian Government, District||Indian government district||Powell River and Sunshine Coast||March 17, 1988||819||844||−3.0||11.04||74.2|
|Bowen Island||Bowen Island, Municipality||Island municipality||Greater Vancouver||December 4, 1999||3,402||3,362||1.2||50.14||67.9|
|Jumbo Glacier||Jumbo Glacier Mountain Resort Municipality||Mountain resort municipality||East Kootenay||February 19, 2013|
|Sun Peaks||Sun Peaks Mountain Resort Municipality||Mountain resort municipality||Thompson-Nicola||June 3, 2010||371||426||−12.9||40.86||9.1|
|Whistler||Whistler, Resort Municipality of||Resort municipality||Squamish-Lillooet||September 6, 1975||9,824||9,248||6.2||240.40||40.9|
|Comox||Comox, Town of||Town||Comox Valley||January 14, 1946||13,627||12,385||10.0||16.74||814.3|
|Creston||Creston, Town of||Town||Central Kootenay||May 14, 1924||5,306||4,826||9.9||8.47||626.8|
|Gibsons||Gibsons, Town of||Town||Sunshine Coast||March 4, 1929||4,437||4,182||6.1||4.29||1,033.4|
|Golden||Golden, Town of||Town||Columbia Shuswap||June 26, 1957||3,701||3,811||−2.9||11.41||324.4|
|Ladysmith||Ladysmith, Town of||Town||Cowichan Valley||June 3, 1904||7,921||7,538||5.1||11.99||660.6|
|Lake Cowichan||Lake Cowichan, Town of||Town||Cowichan Valley||August 19, 1944||2,974||3,012||−1.3||8.05||369.6|
|Oliver||Oliver, Town of||Town||Okanagan-Similkameen||December 31, 1945||4,824||4,395||9.8||5.50||877.1|
|Osoyoos||Osoyoos, Town of||Town||Okanagan-Similkameen||January 14, 1946||4,845||4,752||2.0||8.56||566.3|
|Port McNeill||Port McNeill, Town of||Town||Mount Waddington||February 18, 1966||2,505||2,623||−4.5||13.77||181.9|
|Princeton||Princeton, Town of||Town||Okanagan-Similkameen||September 11, 1951||2,724||2,780||−2.0||10.47||260.2|
|Qualicum Beach||Qualicum Beach, Town of||Town||Nanaimo||May 5, 1942||8,687||8,502||2.2||17.98||483.2|
|Sidney||Sidney, Town of||Town||Capital||September 30, 1952||11,178||11,315||−1.2||5.12||2,183.6|
|Smithers||Smithers, Town of||Town||Bulkley-Nechako||October 6, 1921||5,404||5,217||3.6||15.27||353.8|
|View Royal||View Royal, Town of||Town||Capital||December 5, 1988||9,381||8,768||7.0||14.36||653.3|
|Alert Bay||Alert Bay, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Mount Waddington||January 14, 1946||445||456||−2.4||1.73||257.3|
|Anmore||Anmore, Village of||Village||Greater Vancouver||December 7, 1987||2,092||1,785||17.2||28.24||74.1|
|Ashcroft||Ashcroft, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Thompson-Nicola||June 27, 1952||1,628||1,664||−2.2||50.90||32.0|
|Belcarra||Belcarra, Village of||Village||Greater Vancouver||August 22, 1979||644||676||−4.7||5.50||117.1|
|Burns Lake||Burns Lake, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Bulkley-Nechako||December 6, 1923||2,029||2,107||−3.7||6.59||307.7|
|Cache Creek||Cache Creek, Village of||Village||Thompson-Nicola||November 28, 1967||1,040||1,037||0.3||10.25||101.5|
|Canal Flats||Canal Flats, Village of||Village||East Kootenay||June 29, 2004||715||700||2.1||10.86||65.8|
|Chase||Chase, Village of||Village||Thompson-Nicola||April 22, 1969||2,495||2,409||3.6||3.77||662.5|
|Clinton||Clinton, Village of||Village||Thompson-Nicola||July 16, 1963||636||598||6.4||7.89||80.6|
|Cumberland||Cumberland, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Comox Valley||January 1, 1898||3,398||2,762||23.0||29.00||117.2|
|Fraser Lake||Fraser Lake, Village of||Village||Bulkley-Nechako||September 27, 1966||1,167||1,113||4.9||4.07||286.9|
|Fruitvale||Fruitvale, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Kootenay Boundary||November 4, 1952||2,016||1,952||3.3||2.71||745.3|
|Gold River||Gold River, Village of||Village||Strathcona||August 26, 1965||1,267||1,362||−7.0||10.78||117.5|
|Granisle[k]||Granisle, Village of||Village||Bulkley-Nechako||June 29, 1971||303||364||−16.8||41.86||7.2|
|Harrison Hot Springs||Harrison Hot Springs, Village of||Village||Fraser Valley||May 27, 1949||1,468||1,573||−6.7||5.57||263.5|
|Hazelton||Hazelton, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Kitimat-Stikine||February 15, 1956||270||293||−7.8||2.80||96.5|
|Kaslo||Kaslo, Village of||Village||Central Kootenay||August 14, 1893||1,026||1,072||−4.3||2.48||413.6|
|Keremeos||Keremeos, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Okanagan-Similkameen||October 30, 1956||1,330||1,289||3.2||2.09||635.4|
|Lions Bay||Lions Bay, Village of||Village||Greater Vancouver||December 17, 1970||1,318||1,328||−0.8||2.53||520.2|
|Lumby||Lumby, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||North Okanagan||December 20, 1955||1,731||1,634||5.9||5.74||301.6|
|Lytton||Lytton, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Thompson-Nicola||May 3, 1945||228||235||−3.0||6.54||34.8|
|Masset||Masset, Village of||Village||Skeena-Queen Charlotte||May 11, 1961||884||940||−6.0||20.61||42.9|
|McBride||McBride, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Fraser-Fort George||April 7, 1932||586||660||−11.2||4.64||126.4|
|Midway||Midway, Village of||Village||Kootenay Boundary||May 25, 1967||674||621||8.5||12.24||55.0|
|Montrose||Montrose, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Kootenay Boundary||June 22, 1956||1,030||1,012||1.8||1.46||704.6|
|Nakusp||Nakusp, Village of||Village||Central Kootenay||November 24, 1964||1,569||1,524||3.0||8.05||194.8|
|New Denver||New Denver, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Central Kootenay||January 12, 1929||504||512||−1.6||0.87||579.6|
|Pemberton||Pemberton, Village of||Village||Squamish-Lillooet||July 20, 1956||2,369||2,192||8.1||10.89||217.5|
|Port Alice||Port Alice, Village of||Village||Mount Waddington||June 16, 1965||805||821||−1.9||7.04||114.4|
|Port Clements||Port Clements, Village of||Village||Skeena-Queen Charlotte||December 31, 1975||378||440||−14.1||13.04||29.0|
|Pouce Coupe||Pouce Coupe, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Peace River||January 6, 1932||738||739||−0.1||2.06||358.5|
|Queen Charlotte||Queen Charlotte, Village of||Village||Skeena-Queen Charlotte||December 5, 2005||944||948||−0.4||35.62||26.5|
|Radium Hot Springs||Radium Hot Springs, Village of||Village||East Kootenay||December 10, 1990||777||735||5.7||6.34||122.5|
|Salmo||Salmo, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Central Kootenay||October 30, 1946||1,139||1,007||13.1||2.44||466.2|
|Sayward||Sayward, Village of||Village||Strathcona||June 27, 1968||317||341||−7.0||4.51||70.3|
|Silverton||Silverton, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Central Kootenay||May 6, 1930||195||185||5.4||0.35||550.5|
|Slocan||Slocan, Village of||Village||Central Kootenay||June 1, 1901||296||314||−5.7||0.78||381.7|
|Tahsis||Tahsis, Village of||Village||Strathcona||June 17, 1970||316||366||−13.7||5.26||60.0|
|Telkwa||Telkwa, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Bulkley-Nechako||July 18, 1952||1,350||1,295||4.2||7.04||191.9|
|Valemount||Valemount, Village of||Village||Fraser-Fort George||December 13, 1962||1,020||1,018||0.2||5.17||197.4|
|Warfield||Warfield, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Kootenay Boundary||December 8, 1952||1,700||1,729||−1.7||1.89||900.7|
|Zeballos||Zeballos, The Corporation of the Village of||Village||Strathcona||June 27, 1952||125||189||−33.9||1.56||80.3|
|Total district municipalities||—||—||—||—||777,017||743,030||4.6||92,425.88||8.4|
|Total Indian government districts||—||—||—||—||819||844||−3.0||11.04||74.2|
|Total island municipalities||—||—||—||—||3,402||3,362||1.2||50.14||67.9|
|Total mountain resort municipalities||—||—||—||—||371||426||−12.9||40.86||9.1|
|Total resort municipalities||—||—||—||—||9,824||9,248||6.2||240.4||40.9|
|Total all municipalities||—||—||—||—||3,926,063||3,642,716||7.8||97,253.70||40.4|
|Province of British Columbia||—||—||—||—||4,400,057||4,113,487||7.0||922,509.29||4.8|
Communities in British Columbia that once held their own municipal status include Aennofield, Alberni, Brocklehurst, Chapman Camp, Chilliwhack, Columbia, Cranberry Lake, Dewdney, Dufferin, Fort Nelson, Fraser Mills, Glenmore, Guisachan, Kinnaird, Marysville, Matsqui, Mission City, Natal, Nicomen Island, North Kamloops, Phoenix, Point Grey, Sandon, South Fort George, South Vancouver, Sumas, Tadanac, Valleyview and Westview. The majority of these former municipalities ceased to exist as a result of amalgamation with or annexation by another municipality. Others, such as Phoenix and Sandon, were dissolved from their municipal status as a result of population decline, while Dewdney dissolved due to financial reasons.
- List of designated places in British Columbia
- List of Haida villages
- List of population centres in British Columbia
- Although British Columbia is the second-largest province in land area, it is third-largest in total area after accounting for its freshwater area.
- Abbotsford is British Columbia's largest city by area. It also forms part of the Abbotsford - Mission census metropolitan area (CMA).
- Duncan is British Columbia's smallest city by area.
- Greenwood is British Columbia's and Canada's smallest city by population.
- The Kelowna CMA is formed around the City of Kelowna.
- New Westminster was British Columbia's first city, incorporated July 16, 1860.
- Vancouver is Canada's eighth-largest city and British Columbia's largest city by population. The Vancouver CMA includes the cities of Burnaby, Coquitlam, Langley, New Westminster, North Vancouver, Pitt Meadows, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody, Richmond, Surrey, Vancouver and White Rock.
- Victoria is British Columbia's capital. The Victoria CMA includes the cities of Colwood, Langford and Victoria.
- Incorporated in 1981, Tumbler Ridge was developed as a company town by Denison Mines, Teck Corporation and the Japanese Steel Industry in cooperation with the Government of British Columbia.
- Wells was originally founded as a company town for the Cariboo Gold Quartz Mine.
- Granisle was originally founded as a company town by Granisle Copper Ltd. prior to its incorporation in 1971.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- "Jumbo becomes mountain resort municipality". Government of British Columbia. November 20, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- British Columbia Queens Printer (1996). "Local Government Act". Retrieved 2007-07-07.
- Union of British Columbia Municipalities. "Local Government in British Columbia: A Community Effort" (PDF). 2006 Edition. Retrieved 2007-07-01.
- "Local Government Act: Part 2 — Incorporation of Municipalities". Government of British Columbia Queen's Printer. November 12, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (British Columbia)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- "Order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council: Order in Council No. 513" (PDF). Province of British Columbia. September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
- "Order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council (Order in Council No. 033)" (PDF). Province of British Columbia. January 29, 2009. p. 3. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
The class of the municipality is a district municipality.
- "Statistics Relating to Regional and Municipal Governments in BC 2011" (PDF). Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
- "Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act" (PDF). Minister of Justice. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "Sechelt Indian Government District Enabling Act". Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "Island Trust Act". Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- "Resort Municipality of Whistler Act". Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
- "Corrections and updates". Statistics Canada. March 21, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- "Resume of Orders in Council: Volume 39, Number 21 (Order in Council 760)". British Columbia Queen's Printer. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- "Resume of Orders in Council: Volume 37, Number 8 (Order in Council 158)". British Columbia Queen's Printer. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- "Municipal Census Populations (1921-2011)". BC Stats. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Name Details: Brocklehurst (Community)". GeoBC. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- "Name Details: Grand Forks (City)". GeoBC. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- "Profiles of Historic Sites: Dewdney Community". Mission District Historical Society, Heritage Places Branch. March 14, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "Profiles of Historic Sites: Nicomen Island Community". Mission District Historical Society, Heritage Places Branch. December 6, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "Name Details: Phoenix (Abandoned Locality)". GeoBC. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- "From Boom to Bust in 20 Years: Sandon's History as an Incorporated City". Sandon Museum. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
- "History, in a nutshell". District of Tumbler Ridge. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
- "Wells". District of Wells. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
- "Name Details: Granisle". GeoBC. Retrieved July 5, 2013.