List of municipalities in British Columbia

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Map of Canada with Ontario highlighted in red
Location of British Columbia in Canada

British Columbia is the third-most populous province in Canada with 4,400,057 residents as of 2011 and is the second-largest in land area[a] at approximately 922,500 km2 (356,200 sq mi).[2] British Columbia's 162 municipalities cover only 11% of the province's land mass yet are home to 89% of its population. A municipality is a local government incorporated by the province allowing a community to govern itself and to provide and regulate local services. These services typically include, but are not limited to, the provision of drinking water, sewers, roads, fire protection, street lights, garbage/recycling collection, land use planning, building inspection, and parks.

Within their limited jurisdictions, municipalities are autonomous, responsible and accountable to their citizens, to the province and their future residents in the case for the unpopulated Jumbo Glacier Mountain Resort Municipality.[3] Their powers and responsibilities are regulated through the Local Government Act of British Columbia,[4] the Community Charter, and, in the case of Vancouver, the Vancouver Charter. They have the power of a natural person, the power to expropriate, and the power to establish and enforce bylaws. They are able to raise funds through property taxes and user fees, and borrow a limited amount through the Municipal Finance Authority of British Columbia to pay for capital costs.[5]

Municipalities are governed by a mayor and council who are democratically elected on the third Saturday of November every three years, or appointed by the province such as the council for Jumbo Glacier.[3] The most recent municipal election occurred on November 15, 2014; the next one will take place on November 18, 2017. Each municipality is a member of a regional district to which their councils elect representatives. The board of directors of the regional district is used as a forum to discuss regional issues.[5]

To become a municipality, a community, with the assistance of the provincial Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development, defines its borders and holds a referendum on the issue. In the case of Jumbo Glacier, a request to incorporate the unpopulated municipality was submitted by the Regional District of East Kootenay.[3] If successful the Cabinet of British Columbia issues a letters patent incorporating the community. Part 2 of the Local Government Act sets out a classification scheme that gives each new municipality a designation. If the population is less than 2,500 people the new municipality is designated a village, if between 2,500 and 5,000 a town, and if greater than 5,000 a city. If the new municipality has an area greater than 800 hectares (2,000 acres) and an average population density of less than 5 persons per hectare then is it designated a district municipality. The municipality must request change in designation but is not compelled to do so, despite population growth or loss - Greenwood has retained its city status, for example, rather than relinquishing it as other boomtowns of its era have done. There is no longer any legal difference between the designations.[5]

Municipal status types[edit]

Cities[edit]

A city is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a city by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if its population is greater than 5,000 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[6]

British Columbia has 49 cities[7] that had a cumulative population of 2,926,102 and an average population of 59,716 in the 2011 Census.[8] British Columbia's largest and smallest cities are Vancouver and Greenwood with populations of 603,502 and 708 respectively.[8]

The first community to incorporate as a city was New Westminster on July 16, 1860, while the most recent community to incorporate as a city was Abbotsford on December 12, 1995.[7]

District municipalities[edit]

A district municipality is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a district municipality by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if the area is greater than 800 ha (2,000 acres) and has a population density of less than 5 people per hectare, and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[6]

British Columbia has 51 district municipalities[7][9] that had a cumulative population of 777,017 and an average population of 15,236 in the 2011 Census.[8] British Columbia's largest and smallest district municipalities are Saanich and Wells with populations of 109,752 and 245 respectively.[8]

Of British Columbia's current 51 district municipalities, the first to incorporate as a district municipality was North Cowichan on June 18, 1873, while the most recent community to incorporate as a district municipality was the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality (NRRM) on February 6, 2009.[7][9] Although portrayed as a regional municipality in its official name, the NRRM is actually classified as a district municipality.[9]

Indian government districts[edit]

The lone Indian government district was granted by the federal Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act and provincial Sechelt Indian Government District Enabling Act to the Sechelt Indian Government District which governs the Sechelt Indian Band lands consisting of 33 former Indian reserves.[10][11][12]

Island municipalities[edit]

If the community wishing to incorporate is located within a trust area under the Island Trust Act, it must incorporate as an island municipality.[13] A single island municipality designation has been granted to Bowen Island.

Mountain resort municipalities[edit]

A mountain resort municipality designation is granted by the Minister of Community, Sport and Cultural Development through the Local Government Act if there exists alpine ski lift operations, year-round recreational facilities, and commercial overnight accommodations. There are two mountain resort municipalities in British Columbia: Sun Peaks and Jumbo Glacier.

Resort municipalities[edit]

A single resort municipality designation has been granted to Whistler by the Resort Municipality of Whistler Act.[14]

Towns[edit]

A town is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a town by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if its population is greater than 2,500 but not greater than 5,000 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[6]

British Columbia has 14 towns[7] that had a cumulative population of 87,514 and an average population of 6,251 in the 2011 Census.[8] British Columbia's largest and smallest towns are Comox and Port McNeill with populations of 13,627 and 2,505 respectively.[8]

Of British Columbia's current 14 towns, the first to incorporate as a town was Ladysmith on June 3, 1904, while the most recent community to incorporate as a town was View Royal on December 5, 1988.[7]

Villages[edit]

A village is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian Province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a village by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if its population is not greater than 2,500 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[6]

British Columbia has 42 villages[7] that had a cumulative population of 44,962 and an average population of 1,070 in the 2011 Census.[8] British Columbia's largest and smallest villages are Cumberland and Zeballos with populations of 3,398 and 125 respectively.[8]

Of British Columbia's current 42 villages, the first to incorporate as a village was Kaslo on August 14, 1893, while the most recent community to incorporate as a village was Queen Charlotte on December 5, 2005.[7]

List of municipalities[edit]

 Skyline of Vancouver
Skyline of Vancouver
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 Skyline of Burnaby
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 Skyline of Richmond
Skyline of Richmond
 Skyline of Abbotsford
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 Coquitlam Town Centre
Coquitlam Town Centre
 Kelowna Skyline
Kelowna Skyline
Name Corporate name[7] Status[7] Regional
district
[7]
Incorp. date
(current status)[7]
Pop.
(2011)[8]
Pop.
(2006)[8]
Change
(%)[8]
Area
(km²)[8]
Pop.
density[8]
Abbotsford[b] Abbotsford, City of City Fraser Valley December 12, 1995 133,497 124,258 7.4 375.55 355.5
Armstrong Armstrong, City of City North Okanagan March 31, 1913 4,815 4,241 13.5 5.19 928.0
Burnaby Burnaby, City of City Greater Vancouver September 22, 1892 223,218 202,799 10.1 90.61 2,463.5
Campbell River Campbell River, City of City Strathcona June 24, 1947 31,186 29,572 5.5 143.12 217.9
Castlegar Castlegar, City of City Central Kootenay January 1, 1974 7,816 7,259 7.7 19.58 399.3
Chilliwack Chilliwack, City of City Fraser Valley April 26, 1873 77,936 69,217 12.6 261.50 298.0
Colwood Colwood, City of City Capital June 24, 1985 16,093 14,687 9.6 17.66 911.2
Coquitlam Coquitlam, City of City Greater Vancouver July 25, 1891 126,840[15] 114,565 10.7 122.30 1,037.1
Courtenay Courtenay, The Corporation of the City of City Comox Valley January 1, 1915 24,099 22,021 9.4 29.38 820.2
Cranbrook Cranbrook, The Corporation of the City of City East Kootenay November 1, 1905 19,319 18,329 5.4 31.95 604.7
Dawson Creek Dawson Creek, The Corporation of the City of City Peace River May 26, 1936 11,583 10,994 5.4 24.37 475.4
Duncan[c] Duncan, The Corporation of the City of City Cowichan Valley March 4, 1912 4,932 4,986 −1.1 2.07 2,381.7
Enderby Enderby, The Corporation of the City of City North Okanagan March 1, 1905 2,932 2,828 3.7 4.26 687.7
Fernie Fernie, The Corporation of the City of City East Kootenay July 28, 1904 4,448 4,217 5.5 14.83 299.8
Fort St. John Fort St. John, City of City Peace River December 31, 1947 18,609 17,402 6.9 22.69 820.2
Grand Forks Grand Forks, The Corporation of the City of City Kootenay Boundary April 15, 1897 3,985 4,036 −1.3 10.43 382.0
Greenwood[d] Greenwood, The Corporation of the City of City Kootenay Boundary July 12, 1897 708 625 13.3 2.42 292.7
Kamloops Kamloops, City of City Thompson-Nicola October 17, 1967 85,678 80,376 6.6 299.23 286.3
Kelowna[e] Kelowna, City of City Central Okanagan May 4, 1905 117,312 107,035 9.6 211.82 553.8
Kimberley Kimberley, City of City East Kootenay March 29, 1944 6,652 6,139 8.4 60.62 109.7
Langford Langford, City of City Capital December 8, 1992 29,228 22,459 30.1 39.94 731.9
Langley Langley, City of City Greater Vancouver March 15, 1955 25,081 23,606 6.2 10.22 2,454.6
Maple Ridge Maple Ridge, City of City Greater Vancouver September 12, 2014[16] 76,052 68,949 10.3 266.78 285.1
Merritt Merritt, City of City Thompson-Nicola April 1, 1911 7,113 6,998 1.6 24.82 286.6
Nanaimo Nanaimo, City of City Nanaimo December 24, 1874 83,810 78,692 6.5 91.30 918.0
Nelson Nelson, The Corporation of the City of City Central Kootenay March 18, 1897 10,230 9,258 10.5 11.93 857.7
New Westminster[f] New Westminster, The Corporation of the City of City Greater Vancouver July 16, 1860 65,976 58,549 12.7 15.63 4,222.2
North Vancouver North Vancouver, The Corporation of the City of City Greater Vancouver August 10, 1891 48,196 45,165 6.7 11.83 4,073.8
Parksville Parksville, City of City Nanaimo June 19, 1945 11,977 10,993 9.0 14.44 829.6
Penticton Penticton, The Corporation of the City of City Okanagan-Similkameen January 1, 1909 32,877 31,909 3.0 42.10 780.9
Pitt Meadows Pitt Meadows, City of City Greater Vancouver April 25, 1914 17,736 15,623 13.5 86.51 205.0
Port Alberni Port Alberni, City of City Alberni-Clayoquot October 28, 1967 17,743 17,548 1.1 19.76 897.9
Port Coquitlam Port Coquitlam, The Corporation of the City of City Greater Vancouver March 7, 1913 55,958[15] 52,687 6.2 29.17 1,918.3
Port Moody Port Moody, City of City Greater Vancouver March 11, 1913 32,975 27,512 19.9 25.89 1,273.8
Powell River Powell River, The Corporation of the City of City Powell River October 15, 1955 13,165 12,957 1.6 28.91 455.3
Prince George Prince George, City of City Fraser-Fort George March 6, 1915 71,974 70,981 1.4 318.26 226.1
Prince Rupert Prince Rupert, City of City Skeena-Queen Charlotte March 10, 1910 12,508 12,815 −2.4 54.93 227.7
Quesnel Quesnel, City of City Cariboo March 21, 1928 10,007 9,326 7.3 35.38 282.8
Revelstoke Revelstoke, City of City Columbia Shuswap March 1, 1899 7,139 7,230 −1.3 40.76 175.1
Richmond Richmond, City of City Greater Vancouver November 10, 1879 190,473 174,461 9.2 129.27 1,473.5
Rossland Rossland, The Corporation of the City of City Kootenay Boundary March 18, 1897 3,556 3,278 8.5 59.79 59.5
Salmon Arm Salmon Arm, City of City Columbia Shuswap May 15, 1905 17,464 16,012 9.1 155.28 112.5
Surrey Surrey, City of City Greater Vancouver November 10, 1879 468,251 394,976 18.6 316.41 1,479.9
Terrace Terrace, City of City Kitimat-Stikine December 31, 1927 11,486 11,320 1.5 57.36 200.3
Trail Trail, City of City Kootenay Boundary June 14, 1901 7,681 7,237 6.1 34.93 219.9
Vancouver[g] Vancouver, City of City Greater Vancouver April 6, 1886 603,502 578,041 4.4 114.97 5,249.1
Vernon Vernon, The Corporation of the City of City North Okanagan December 30, 1892 38,150 35,979 6.0 95.76 398.4
Victoria[h] Victoria, The Corporation of the City of City Capital August 2, 1862 80,017 78,057 2.5 19.47 4,109.4
White Rock White Rock, The Corporation of the City of City Greater Vancouver April 15, 1957 19,339 18,755 3.1 5.13 3,773.5
Williams Lake Williams Lake, City of City Cariboo March 15, 1929 10,832 10,744 0.8 33.13 327.0
100 Mile House 100 Mile House, District of District municipality Cariboo July 27, 1965 1,886 1,885 0.1 53.29 35.4
Barriere Barriere, District of District municipality Thompson-Nicola December 4, 2007 1,773 1,432 23.8 10.77 164.7
Central Saanich Central Saanich, The Corporation of the District of District municipality Capital December 12, 1950 15,936 15,745 1.2 41.33 385.6
Chetwynd Chetwynd, District of District municipality Peace River September 25, 1962 2,635 2,633 0.1 63.04 41.8
Clearwater Clearwater, District of District municipality Thompson-Nicola December 3, 2007 2,331 2,225 4.8 55.68 41.9
Coldstream Coldstream, The Corporation of the District of District municipality North Okanagan December 21, 1906 10,314 9,471 8.9 66.28 155.6
Delta Delta, The Corporation of District municipality Greater Vancouver November 10, 1879 99,863 96,635 3.3 180.11 554.4
Elkford Elkford, District of District municipality East Kootenay July 16, 1971 2,523 2,463 2.4 108.42 23.3
Esquimalt Esquimalt, Corporation of the Township of District municipality Capital September 1, 1912 16,209 16,840 −3.7 7.08 2,290.1
Fort St. James Fort St. James, District of District municipality Bulkley-Nechako December 19, 1952 1,691 1,350 25.3 23.47 72.0
Highlands Highlands, District of District municipality Capital December 7, 1993 2,120 1,903 11.4 38.05 55.7
Hope Hope, District of District municipality Fraser Valley April 6, 1929 5,969 6,185 −3.5 41.14 145.1
Houston Houston, District of District municipality Bulkley-Nechako March 4, 1957 3,147 3,163 −0.5 72.94 43.1
Hudson's Hope Hudson's Hope, District of District municipality Peace River November 16, 1965 970 1,012 −4.2 827.36 1.2
Invermere Invermere, District of District municipality East Kootenay May 22, 1951 2,955 3,002 −1.6 10.73 275.3
Kent Kent, The Corporation of the District of District municipality Fraser Valley January 1, 1895 5,664 4,738 19.5 168.39 33.6
Kitimat Kitimat, District of District municipality Kitimat-Stikine March 31, 1953 8,335 8,987 −7.3 240.01 34.7
Lake Country Lake Country, District of District municipality Central Okanagan May 2, 1995 11,708 9,606 21.9 122.19 95.8
Langley Langley, The Corporation of the Township of District municipality Greater Vancouver April 26, 1873 104,177 93,726 11.2 308.03 338.2
Lantzville Lantzville, District of District municipality Nanaimo June 25, 2003 3,601 3,661 −1.6 27.66 130.2
Lillooet Lillooet, District of District municipality Squamish-Lillooet December 31, 1946 2,321[15] 2,324 −0.1 27.51 84.4
Logan Lake Logan Lake, District of District municipality Thompson-Nicola November 10, 1970 2,073 2,162 −4.1 325.33 6.4
Mackenzie Mackenzie, District of District municipality Fraser-Fort George May 19, 1966 3,507 4,539 −22.7 155.41 22.6
Metchosin Metchosin, District of District municipality Capital December 3, 1984 4,803 4,795 0.2 71.09 67.6
Mission Mission, District of District municipality Fraser Valley June 2, 1892 36,426 34,505 5.6 225.70 161.4
New Hazelton New Hazelton, District of District municipality Kitimat-Stikine December 15, 1980 666 627 6.2 24.36 27.3
North Cowichan North Cowichan, The Corporation of the District of District municipality Cowichan Valley June 18, 1873 28,807 27,557 4.5 195.54 147.3
North Saanich North Saanich, District of District municipality Capital August 19, 1965 11,089 10,823 2.5 37.25 297.7
North Vancouver North Vancouver, The Corporation of the District of District municipality Greater Vancouver May 13, 1907 84,412 82,562 2.2 160.76 525.1
Northern Rockies[9] Northern Rockies Regional Municipality District municipality Northern Rockies February 6, 2009 5,290[15] 5,702 −7.2 85,014.52 0.1
Oak Bay Oak Bay, The Corporation of the District of District municipality Capital July 2, 1906 18,015 17,908 0.6 10.53 1,710.3
Peachland Peachland, The Corporation of the District of District municipality Central Okanagan January 1, 1909 5,200 4,883 6.5 15.75 330.2
Port Edward Port Edward, District of District municipality Skeena-Queen Charlotte June 29, 1966 544 577 −5.7 168.01 3.2
Port Hardy Port Hardy, District of District municipality Mount Waddington May 5, 1966 4,008 3,822 4.9 38.73 103.5
Saanich Saanich, The Corporation of the District of District municipality Capital March 1, 1906 109,752 108,265 1.4 103.78 1,057.6
Sechelt Sechelt, District of District municipality Sunshine Coast February 15, 1956 9,291 8,454 9.9 39.01 238.2
Sicamous Sicamous, District of District municipality Columbia Shuswap December 4, 1989 2,441 2,676 −8.8 12.71 192.0
Sooke Sooke, District of District municipality Capital December 7, 1999 11,435 9,699 17.9 56.72 201.6
Spallumcheen Spallumcheen, The Corporation of the Township of District municipality North Okanagan July 21, 1892 5,055 4,960 1.9 255.77 19.8
Sparwood Sparwood, District of District municipality East Kootenay October 6, 1964 3,667 3,618 1.4 191.01 19.2
Squamish Squamish, District of District municipality Squamish-Lillooet May 18, 1948 17,158 14,949 14.8 104.88 163.6
Stewart Stewart, District of District municipality Kitimat-Stikine May 16, 1930 494 496 −0.4 552.08 0.9
Summerland Summerland, The Corporation of the District of District municipality Okanagan-Similkameen December 21, 1906 11,280 10,828 4.2 74.06 152.3
Taylor Taylor, District of District municipality Peace River August 23, 1958 1,373 1,384 −0.8 17.09 80.4
Tofino Tofino, District of District municipality Alberni-Clayoquot February 5, 1932 1,876 1,655 13.4 10.53 178.2
Tumbler Ridge[i] Tumbler Ridge, District of District municipality Peace River April 9, 1981 2,710 2,454 10.4 1,558.97 1.7
Ucluelet Ucluelet, District of District municipality Alberni-Clayoquot February 26, 1952 1,627 1,487 9.4 6.81 238.9
Vanderhoof Vanderhoof, District of District municipality Bulkley-Nechako January 22, 1926 4,480 4,064 10.2 54.83 81.7
Wells[j] Wells, District of District municipality Cariboo June 29, 1998 245 236 3.8 158.28 1.5
West Kelowna West Kelowna, District of District municipality Central Okanagan December 6, 2007 30,892 27,214 13.5 123.51 250.1
West Vancouver West Vancouver, The Corporation of the District of District municipality Greater Vancouver March 15, 1912 42,694 42,131 1.3 87.26 489.3
Sechelt Indian Government District Sechelt Indian Government, District Indian government district Powell River and Sunshine Coast March 17, 1988 819 844 −3.0 11.04 74.2
Bowen Island Bowen Island, Municipality Island municipality Greater Vancouver December 4, 1999 3,402 3,362 1.2 50.14 67.9
Jumbo Glacier Jumbo Glacier Mountain Resort Municipality[19] Mountain resort municipality East Kootenay February 19, 2013[3]
Sun Peaks Sun Peaks Mountain Resort Municipality[20] Mountain resort municipality Thompson-Nicola June 3, 2010 371 426 −12.9 40.86 9.1
Whistler Whistler, Resort Municipality of Resort municipality Squamish-Lillooet September 6, 1975 9,824 9,248 6.2 240.40 40.9
Comox Comox, Town of Town Comox Valley January 14, 1946 13,627 12,385 10.0 16.74 814.3
Creston Creston, Town of Town Central Kootenay May 14, 1924 5,306 4,826 9.9 8.47 626.8
Gibsons Gibsons, Town of Town Sunshine Coast March 4, 1929 4,437 4,182 6.1 4.29 1,033.4
Golden Golden, Town of Town Columbia Shuswap June 26, 1957 3,701 3,811 −2.9 11.41 324.4
Ladysmith Ladysmith, Town of Town Cowichan Valley June 3, 1904 7,921 7,538 5.1 11.99 660.6
Lake Cowichan Lake Cowichan, Town of Town Cowichan Valley August 19, 1944 2,974 3,012 −1.3 8.05 369.6
Oliver Oliver, Town of Town Okanagan-Similkameen December 31, 1945 4,824 4,395 9.8 5.50 877.1
Osoyoos Osoyoos, Town of Town Okanagan-Similkameen January 14, 1946 4,845 4,752 2.0 8.56 566.3
Port McNeill Port McNeill, Town of Town Mount Waddington February 18, 1966 2,505 2,623 −4.5 13.77 181.9
Princeton Princeton, Town of Town Okanagan-Similkameen September 11, 1951 2,724 2,780 −2.0 10.47 260.2
Qualicum Beach Qualicum Beach, Town of Town Nanaimo May 5, 1942 8,687 8,502 2.2 17.98 483.2
Sidney Sidney, Town of Town Capital September 30, 1952 11,178 11,315 −1.2 5.12 2,183.6
Smithers Smithers, Town of Town Bulkley-Nechako October 6, 1921 5,404 5,217 3.6 15.27 353.8
View Royal View Royal, Town of Town Capital December 5, 1988 9,381 8,768 7.0 14.36 653.3
Alert Bay Alert Bay, The Corporation of the Village of Village Mount Waddington January 14, 1946 445 456 −2.4 1.73 257.3
Anmore Anmore, Village of Village Greater Vancouver December 7, 1987 2,092 1,785 17.2 28.24 74.1
Ashcroft Ashcroft, The Corporation of the Village of Village Thompson-Nicola June 27, 1952 1,628 1,664 −2.2 50.90 32.0
Belcarra Belcarra, Village of Village Greater Vancouver August 22, 1979 644 676 −4.7 5.50 117.1
Burns Lake Burns Lake, The Corporation of the Village of Village Bulkley-Nechako December 6, 1923 2,029 2,107 −3.7 6.59 307.7
Cache Creek Cache Creek, Village of Village Thompson-Nicola November 28, 1967 1,040 1,037 0.3 10.25 101.5
Canal Flats Canal Flats, Village of Village East Kootenay June 29, 2004 715 700 2.1 10.86 65.8
Chase Chase, Village of Village Thompson-Nicola April 22, 1969 2,495 2,409 3.6 3.77 662.5
Clinton Clinton, Village of Village Thompson-Nicola July 16, 1963 636 598 6.4 7.89 80.6
Cumberland Cumberland, The Corporation of the Village of Village Comox Valley January 1, 1898 3,398 2,762 23.0 29.00 117.2
Fraser Lake Fraser Lake, Village of Village Bulkley-Nechako September 27, 1966 1,167 1,113 4.9 4.07 286.9
Fruitvale Fruitvale, The Corporation of the Village of Village Kootenay Boundary November 4, 1952 2,016 1,952 3.3 2.71 745.3
Gold River Gold River, Village of Village Strathcona August 26, 1965 1,267 1,362 −7.0 10.78 117.5
Granisle[k] Granisle, Village of Village Bulkley-Nechako June 29, 1971 303 364 −16.8 41.86 7.2
Harrison Hot Springs Harrison Hot Springs, Village of Village Fraser Valley May 27, 1949 1,468 1,573 −6.7 5.57 263.5
Hazelton Hazelton, The Corporation of the Village of Village Kitimat-Stikine February 15, 1956 270 293 −7.8 2.80 96.5
Kaslo Kaslo, Village of Village Central Kootenay August 14, 1893 1,026 1,072 −4.3 2.48 413.6
Keremeos Keremeos, The Corporation of the Village of Village Okanagan-Similkameen October 30, 1956 1,330 1,289 3.2 2.09 635.4
Lions Bay Lions Bay, Village of Village Greater Vancouver December 17, 1970 1,318 1,328 −0.8 2.53 520.2
Lumby Lumby, The Corporation of the Village of Village North Okanagan December 20, 1955 1,731 1,634 5.9 5.74 301.6
Lytton Lytton, The Corporation of the Village of Village Thompson-Nicola May 3, 1945 228 235 −3.0 6.54 34.8
Masset Masset, Village of Village Skeena-Queen Charlotte May 11, 1961 884 940 −6.0 20.61 42.9
McBride McBride, The Corporation of the Village of Village Fraser-Fort George April 7, 1932 586 660 −11.2 4.64 126.4
Midway Midway, Village of Village Kootenay Boundary May 25, 1967 674 621 8.5 12.24 55.0
Montrose Montrose, The Corporation of the Village of Village Kootenay Boundary June 22, 1956 1,030 1,012 1.8 1.46 704.6
Nakusp Nakusp, Village of Village Central Kootenay November 24, 1964 1,569 1,524 3.0 8.05 194.8
New Denver New Denver, The Corporation of the Village of Village Central Kootenay January 12, 1929 504 512 −1.6 0.87 579.6
Pemberton Pemberton, Village of Village Squamish-Lillooet July 20, 1956 2,369 2,192 8.1 10.89 217.5
Port Alice Port Alice, Village of Village Mount Waddington June 16, 1965 805 821 −1.9 7.04 114.4
Port Clements Port Clements, Village of Village Skeena-Queen Charlotte December 31, 1975 378 440 −14.1 13.04 29.0
Pouce Coupe Pouce Coupe, The Corporation of the Village of Village Peace River January 6, 1932 738 739 −0.1 2.06 358.5
Queen Charlotte Queen Charlotte, Village of Village Skeena-Queen Charlotte December 5, 2005 944 948 −0.4 35.62 26.5
Radium Hot Springs Radium Hot Springs, Village of Village East Kootenay December 10, 1990 777 735 5.7 6.34 122.5
Salmo Salmo, The Corporation of the Village of Village Central Kootenay October 30, 1946 1,139 1,007 13.1 2.44 466.2
Sayward Sayward, Village of Village Strathcona June 27, 1968 317 341 −7.0 4.51 70.3
Silverton Silverton, The Corporation of the Village of Village Central Kootenay May 6, 1930 195 185 5.4 0.35 550.5
Slocan Slocan, Village of Village Central Kootenay June 1, 1901 296 314 −5.7 0.78 381.7
Tahsis Tahsis, Village of Village Strathcona June 17, 1970 316 366 −13.7 5.26 60.0
Telkwa Telkwa, The Corporation of the Village of Village Bulkley-Nechako July 18, 1952 1,350 1,295 4.2 7.04 191.9
Valemount Valemount, Village of Village Fraser-Fort George December 13, 1962 1,020 1,018 0.2 5.17 197.4
Warfield Warfield, The Corporation of the Village of Village Kootenay Boundary December 8, 1952 1,700 1,729 −1.7 1.89 900.7
Zeballos Zeballos, The Corporation of the Village of Village Strathcona June 27, 1952 125 189 −33.9 1.56 80.3
Total cities 3,002,154 2,757,703 8.9 3,939.64 762.0
Total district municipalities 777,017 743,030 4.6 92,425.88 8.4
Total Indian government districts 819 844 −3.0 11.04 74.2
Total island municipalities 3,402 3,362 1.2 50.14 67.9
Total mountain resort municipalities 371 426 −12.9 40.86 9.1
Total resort municipalities 9,824 9,248 6.2 240.4 40.9
Total towns 87,514 84,106 4.1 151.98 575.8
Total villages 44,962 43,997 2.2 393.76 114.2
Total all municipalities 3,926,063 3,642,716 7.8 97,253.70 40.4
Province of British Columbia 4,400,057 4,113,487 7.0 922,509.29 4.8

Former municipalities[edit]

Communities in British Columbia that once held their own municipal status include Aennofield, Alberni, Brocklehurst, Chapman Camp, Chilliwhack, Columbia, Cranberry Lake, Dewdney, Dufferin, Fort Nelson, Fraser Mills, Glenmore, Guisachan, Kinnaird, Marysville, Matsqui, Mission City, Natal, Nicomen Island, North Kamloops, Phoenix, Point Grey, Sandon, South Fort George, South Vancouver, Sumas, Tadanac, Valleyview and Westview.[22][23][24][25][26][27][28] The majority of these former municipalities ceased to exist as a result of amalgamation with or annexation by another municipality.[22][23][24] Others, such as Phoenix and Sandon,[27][28] were dissolved from their municipal status as a result of population decline, while Dewdney dissolved due to financial reasons.[25]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although British Columbia is the second-largest province in land area, it is third-largest in total area after accounting for its freshwater area.[1]
  2. ^ Abbotsford is British Columbia's largest city by area and is its newest city, incorporated on December 12, 1995. It also forms part of the Abbotsford - Mission census metropolitan area (CMA).
  3. ^ Duncan is British Columbia's smallest city by area.
  4. ^ Greenwood is British Columbia's and Canada's smallest city by population.
  5. ^ The Kelowna CMA is formed around the City of Kelowna.
  6. ^ New Westminster was British Columbia's first city, incorporated July 16, 1860.
  7. ^ Vancouver is Canada's eighth-largest city and British Columbia's largest city by population. The Vancouver CMA includes the cities of Burnaby, Coquitlam, Langley, New Westminster, North Vancouver, Pitt Meadows, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody, Richmond, Surrey, Vancouver and White Rock.
  8. ^ Victoria is British Columbia's capital. The Victoria CMA includes the cities of Colwood, Langford and Victoria.
  9. ^ Incorporated in 1981, Tumbler Ridge was developed as a company town by Denison Mines, Teck Corporation and the Japanese Steel Industry in cooperation with the Government of British Columbia.[17]
  10. ^ Wells was originally founded as a company town for the Cariboo Gold Quartz Mine.[18]
  11. ^ Granisle was originally founded as a company town by Granisle Copper Ltd. prior to its incorporation in 1971.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Jumbo becomes mountain resort municipality". Government of British Columbia. November 20, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  4. ^ British Columbia Queens Printer (1996). "Local Government Act". Retrieved 2007-07-07. 
  5. ^ a b c Union of British Columbia Municipalities. "Local Government in British Columbia: A Community Effort". 2006 Edition. Retrieved 2007-07-01. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Local Government Act: Part 2 — Incorporation of Municipalities". Government of British Columbia Queen's Printer. November 12, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (British Columbia)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council (Order in Council No. 033)" (PDF). Province of British Columbia. January 29, 2009. p. 3. Retrieved September 20, 2014. The class of the municipality is a district municipality. 
  10. ^ "Statistics Relating to Regional and Municipal Governments in BC 2011". Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved June 14, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act". Minister of Justice. Retrieved September 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Sechelt Indian Government District Enabling Act". Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved September 20, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Island Trust Act". Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Resort Municipality of Whistler Act". Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved September 20, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c d "Corrections and updates". Statistics Canada. March 21, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council: Order in Council No. 513" (PDF). Province of British Columbia. September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  17. ^ "History, in a nutshell". District of Tumbler Ridge. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Wells". District of Wells. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Resume of Orders in Council: Volume 39, Number 21 (Order in Council 760)". British Columbia Queen's Printer. Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Resume of Orders in Council: Volume 37, Number 8 (Order in Council 158)". British Columbia Queen's Printer. Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Name Details: Granisle". GeoBC. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "Municipal Census Populations (1921-2011)". BC Stats. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "Name Details: Brocklehurst (Community)". GeoBC. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  24. ^ a b "Name Details: Grand Forks (City)". GeoBC. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  25. ^ a b "Profiles of Historic Sites: Dewdney Community". Mission District Historical Society, Heritage Places Branch. March 14, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Profiles of Historic Sites: Nicomen Island Community". Mission District Historical Society, Heritage Places Branch. December 6, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  27. ^ a b "Name Details: Phoenix (Abandoned Locality)". GeoBC. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  28. ^ a b "From Boom to Bust in 20 Years: Sandon's History as an Incorporated City". Sandon Museum. Retrieved June 26, 2013.