Tungusic peoples are the peoples who speak Tungusic languages. They inhabit Eastern Siberia and are often contrasted with Mongols. The first European description of the Tungusic people was by the Dutch traveller Isaac Massa in 1612.
Some scholars suggest derivation from the Chinese word Donghu (東胡, "Eastern Barbarians", c.f. Tonggu 通古 = Tungusic). This "chance similarity in modern pronunciation", writes Pulleyblank, "led to the once widely held assumption that the Eastern Hu were Tungusic in language. However, there is little basis for this theory."
The largest of the Tungusic peoples are the Manchu who number around 10 million. They are originally from Manchuria, which is now Northeast China but following their conquest of China in the 17th century, they have been almost totally assimilated into the main Han Chinese population of China. This process accelerated especially during the 20th century. The non-assimilated culture and language is still present in parts of northern China.
Evenks live in the Evenk Autonomous Okrug of Russia. The Udege (Удэгейцы in Russian; ethnonym: удээ and удэхе, or udee and udehe correspondingly) are a people who live in the Primorsky Krai and Khabarovsk Krai regions, also in Russia.
Tungusic peoples are:
- Manchus (Jurchens)
- Nani people
- Oroch people
- Orok people
- Oroqen people
- Udege people
Gallery of Tungusic people and history
The Manchu people in Fuzhou in 1915
A Manchu guard
An Evenks wooden home
Nani children dancing
An Udege family
- Mile Nedeljković, Leksikon naroda sveta, Beograd, 2001.