Tweed New Haven Regional Airport
|Tweed New Haven Airport|
|IATA: HVN – ICAO: KHVN – FAA LID: HVN|
|Owner||City of New Haven|
|Operator||Tweed New Haven Airport Authority|
|Serves||New Haven, Connecticut|
|Elevation AMSL||12 ft / 4 m|
|Sources: airport website and FAA|
Tweed New Haven Airport (IATA: HVN, ICAO: KHVN, FAA LID: HVN) is a public airport three miles southeast of downtown New Haven, in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. The airport is partly in City of New Haven, which owns the airport, and partly in the East Haven. It was formerly called Tweed New Haven Regional Airport.
Tweed is one of two airports in Connecticut with air carrier service, the other being Bradley International Airport (BDL) in Windsor Locks. United Airlines is also listed as an air carrier serving New Haven, using the airport code ZVE for New Haven; however, United does not serve Tweed. Instead, ZVE designates flights to and from Newark Airport (EWR) linking to New Haven via Amtrak train service direct from Newark Airport to Union Station in downtown New Haven. US Airways is the only carrier that offers service at the airport.
This airport is in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which called it a primary commercial service airport (more than 10,000 enplanements per year). Federal Aviation Administration records say the airport had 33,988 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 33,000 in 2009 and 35,854 in 2010.
Tweed was dedicated on August 29, 1931, as the New Haven Municipal Airport. It was renamed Tweed in 1961 in honor of John H. Tweed, its first airport manager. Air service was provided by American Airlines beginning in the 1930s, and later by Allegheny Airlines.
1970s and 1980s
In the 1970s and 1980s the "major carriers" left New Haven; regional or "commuter" airlines filled the gaps. Fixed Base Operator "New Haven Airways" started scheduled flights and became New Haven's home town airline, NewAir. The airline had flights to New York's JFK and LaGuardia Airports, Philadelphia, Baltimore/Washington International, and Washington National Airports, on Twin Otters, EMB-110s, and Shorts-360s.
Competing was Groton/New London based Pilgrim Airlines, also operating flights to New York/JFK and LaGuardia, as well as Boston, using Twin Otters and F-27 aircraft. By the mid-1980s the two airlines merged, and then was purchased by Hartford based Business Express Airlines, which was initially flying only from Brainard Airport to Boston and Philadelphia.
In 1987 Hyannis MA based Provincetown-Boston Airlines (PBA), a commuter airline for Peoplexpress Airlines and then Continental Airlines, began service at New Haven. PBA operated flights from Tweed to Continental's hub at Newark International Airport, as well as Hyannis and Nantucket MA, on EMB-110s.
US Air Express also flew to Philadelphia and Washington DC.
In the 1990s jet flights were added from New Haven to Chicago-O'Hare, initially on Air Wisconsin's BAE-146s as a "United Express". Soon after, United replaced Air Wisconsin with its own 737s; United flights were short-lived. Continental Express service continued, and was upgraded to Beech-1900 and ATR-42 aircraft; while Business Express flights upgraded to Saab-340 and Beech-1900s.
By the late 1990s Business Express service ended, as it put its Saab-340s out of service, after is acquisition by AMR Corporation. Continental Express service ended in the 1990s, then came back, and then left again by the late 1990s.
The airport was also served by Comair, a Delta Connection carrier that flew to Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky International Airport. This ended in January 2006.
Pan Am Clipper Connection, which was operated by Boston-Maine Airways, began non-stop service to Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, Hanscom Field, and Pease International Airport on March 8, 2007 using 19 seat Jetstream 31 aircraft. Service ended on 30 July 2007.
This left US Air Express as the only airline at Tweed.
United Airlines also connects to New Haven's Union Station in downtown New Haven via Amtrak train to/from Newark (EWR); the airport code for New Haven in this case is ZVE, but United does fly to Tweed.
Tweed Airport is popular with private aircraft and companies providing flights for tourists who want to view the Connecticut shoreline from the air. During events at Yale University, the general aviation ramp is often crowded with private jets - during the 1997 commencement, the corporate jets of Coca Cola and Procter & Gamble were parked nose to nose on the tarmac. The airport also gets heavy use during the annual New Haven Open at Yale tennis tournament.
Today the airport is operated by AvPorts of Teterboro, New Jersey, under contract by the Tweed-New Haven Airport Authority.
Public transit to the airport is available on Connecticut Transit's "G" route.
The future of the airport has been the subject of disagreement between the City of New Haven and the Town of East Haven. New Haven has advocated airport runway expansion, which would be required to attract more commercial air service and larger planes. However, many East Haven residents have been opposed, alleging that expansion would negatively affect the mostly residential neighborhoods surrounding the airport.
In 2007 the Federal Aviation Administration and the State of Connecticut approved the addition of safety overruns to Tweed's main runway. The City of New Haven issued the wetlands and building permits for the project, but officials in East Haven voted to reject the upgrade proposal and deny permits for work on the East Haven (North) side; the Airport Authority and the City of New Haven filed a lawsuit against the Town of East Haven to allow work on the north overrun and won.
Since the lawsuit, The Airport Authority has completed the work for the $25 million safety overruns on the New Haven (south) side of the airport, as well as the East Haven (north) side.
On March 16, 2009 New Haven and East Haven announced that agreement had been reached, keeping the main runway at 5,600 feet (1,700 m), with all obstructions in the approach zones to be removed. Departures are to be capped at 30 per day, with a passenger cap of 180,000 boardings per year.
Facilities and aircraft
Tweed-New Haven Airport covers 394 acres (159 ha) at an elevation of 12 feet (4 m) above mean sea level. It has two asphalt runways: 2/20 is 5,600 by 150 feet (1,707 x 46 m) and 14/32 is 3,626 by 100 feet (1,105 x 30 m). During the 1990s, United Airlines service included Boeing 737s using the longer runway.
In the year ending March 31, 2012 the airport had 41,598 aircraft operations, average 113 per day: 89.8% general aviation, 7.6% scheduled commercial, 1.6% air taxi, and 1% military. 41 aircraft were then based at this airport: 83% single-engine, 12% multi-engine, and 5% jet.
Airlines and destinations
|US Airways Express operated by Piedmont Airlines||Philadelphia|
- On March 1, 1958 an American Airlines Convair CV-240-O with eight passengers destined for Bridgeport Airport crashed on the runway after the landing gear was retracted before the aircraft had lifted off. The plane landed on its belly and a small engine fire occurred. No injuries.
- On June 7, 1971 an Allegheny Airlines Convair 580 with 30 passengers arriving from Groton-New London Airport crashed, striking cottages 4,890 feet (1,490 m) from the runway. Twenty-eight occupants died. It was blamed on pilot error.
- On January 7, 2011, a Bombardier Dash 8-100, operating as Piedmont Airlines flight 4507 from Philadelphia International Airport to New Haven was struck by lightning over the Long Island Sound. The captain reported electrical problems and diverted safely to Long Island Macarthur Airport due to more favorable weather conditions. The aircraft had 33 passengers aboard who were then bused to New Haven.
- On August 9, 2013, a Rockwell International Turbo Commander 690B from Teterboro Airport in New Jersey crashed into two houses in an East Haven residential neighborhood while on approach to this airport. The impact and the resulting fires destroyed both houses. The incident resulted in the deaths of both people on the plane (the 54-year-old pilot Bill Henningsgaard and his 17-year-old son Maxwell) and two children in one of the homes (13-year-old Sade Brantley and her 1-year-old sister Madisyn Mitchell).
- Hartford-Brainard Airport (HFD)
- Westover Metropolitan Airport (CEF) - Previously marketed by Skybus Airlines as "Hartford (Chicopee, MA)", however due to the collapse of Skybus Airlines in April 2008, the passenger terminal is currently empty.
- Bradley International Airport (BDL)
- "Tweed New Haven Airport". official website.
- FAA Airport Master Record for HVN ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective November 15, 2012.
- "Tweed New Haven Regional Airport". official site. Archived from the original on May 4, 2012.
- "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF, 2.03 MB). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010.
- "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009.
- "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011.
- "NewAir - New Haven Airways". Airline Timetable Images. November 3, 2006. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
- "Pilgrim Airlines". AirTimes. February 8, 2009. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
- Baruzzi, Cara (July 21, 2007). "Pan Am ending flights at Tweed". New Haven Register.
- Zapana, Victor (April 23, 2008). "Tweed renovations could take off even though East Haven remains opposed". Yale Daily News. Archived from the original on April 25, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2008.
- "Pilot, Child Dead After East Haven Plane Crash". NBC Connecticut. Friday, Aug 9, 2013.
- Tweed New Haven Airport, official website
- Images of President Kennedy at Tweed New Haven Airport
- Aerial image as of April 1991 from USGS The National Map
- (PDF), effective December 12, 2013
- FAA Terminal Procedures for HVN, effective December 12, 2013
- Resources for this airport: