|New Haven/Hartford, Connecticut
|City of license||New Haven, Connecticut|
|Branding||Channel 8 (general)
News 8 (newscasts)
|Slogan||Who's got your back? News 8|
|Channels||Digital: 10 (VHF)
Virtual: 8 (PSIP)
8.2 Bounce TV
(WTNH Broadcasting, LLC)
|First air date||June 15, 1948|
|Call letters' meaning||Television for New Haven|
|Former callsigns||WNHC-TV (1948–1971)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
6 (VHF, 1948–1953)
8 (VHF, 1953–2009)
|Former affiliations||DuMont (1948–1956)
NBC (secondary, 1949–1955)
|Transmitter power||20.5 kW|
|Height||342 metres (1,122 feet)|
|Public license information:||Profile
WTNH, virtual channel 8, is an ABC-affiliated television station located in New Haven, Connecticut. The station is owned by Media General, as part of a duopoly with the MyNetworkTV-affiliate WCTX (channel 59). The two stations share studios on Elm Street in downtown New Haven, and WTNH broadcasts from a transmitter located in Hamden, Connecticut.
WTNH first went on the air on June 15, 1948, as WNHC-TV, originally broadcasting on channel 6. The station was founded by the Elm City Broadcasting Corporation, the owners of WNHC radio (1340 AM, now WYBC; and 99.1 FM, now WPLR). The station is Connecticut's oldest television outlet and the second-oldest in the New England region (WBZ-TV in Boston signed on less than a week earlier).
WNHC-TV was originally an affiliate of the DuMont Television Network, and claims to have been the first full-time station of that short-lived network. The station broadcast from WNHC radio's building on Chapel Street in downtown New Haven, but with no studio facilities of its own. Without means to produce local programming, WNHC-TV simply rebroadcast the signal of DuMont's New York City flagship, WABD (now WNYW). In October 1948 the station added CBS programming to its schedule, and additional secondary affiliations with NBC and ABC followed a year later. The station was the first station in the country to use videotape for local programming and one of the first to broadcast in color.
When the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)'s Sixth Report and Order ended the four-year freeze on television construction permit awards in 1952, it also reorganized channel allocations to alleviate interference issues. As a result, WNHC-TV changed frequencies and moved to channel 8 in December 1953. The next year, the FCC combined New Haven and Hartford into a single market. WNHC-TV shared some CBS programming with New Britain's WKNB-TV (channel 30, now WVIT) until 1955, since WKNB's signal was not strong enough to cover New Haven at the time.
In 1956, the WNHC stations were bought by Triangle Publications of Philadelphia. Also that same year, WNHC-TV lost its CBS affiliation when that network purchased WGTH-TV in Hartford (channel 18, later WHCT and now WUVN). This left channel 8 as a sole ABC affiliate, although it shared network programming with WATR-TV (channel 20, now WCCT-TV) in nearby Waterbury until 1966.
Until the original WTIC-TV (channel 3, now WFSB) signed on from Hartford in September 1957, WNHC-TV was the only station on the VHF dial in Connecticut. Many viewers northeast of Hartford used outdoor antennas to get spotty reception of CBS and NBC programs from Boston, and those southwest of Hartford with outdoor TV antennas got equally spotty reception from their respective New York flagship stations. By contrast, most of Connecticut got a clear picture and pitch-perfect sound from channel 8.
Triangle was forced to sell its broadcast outlets in 1970 after then-Pennsylvania Governor Milton J. Shapp complained the company had used its Pennsylvania stations in a smear campaign against him. The WNHC stations were among the first batch to be sold, going to Capital Cities Communications, along with sister stations in Philadelphia and Fresno, California in a deal finalized in 1971. However, Capital Cities could not keep the radio stations because of the FCC's then-restrictions on ownership, resulting in WNHC-AM-FM being spun off to separate third parties. WNHC-TV changed its call letters to the current WTNH-TV in April 1971, not long after Capital Cities officially took over (the station dropped the -TV suffix from its calls in 1985, but continued to call itself "WTNH-TV" on-air well into the 1990s).
Capital Cities bought ABC in 1986 in a deal that stunned the broadcast industry. But the merged company was unable to keep WTNH due to a significant signal overlap with ABC's flagship station, WABC-TV in New York City. Like the other major stations in Connecticut, WTNH's city-grade signal reaches Fairfield County, which is part of the New York City market. It also provides at least grade B coverage to most of Long Island. At the time, the FCC normally did not allow common ownership of two stations with overlapping coverage areas, and would not even consider granting a waiver for a city-grade overlap (the FCC began allowing common ownership of two stations with overlapping coverage areas in 2000). As a result, WTNH was spun off to Cook Inlet Television Partners, a subsidiary of Cook Inlet Region, Inc., an Alaska Native Regional Corporation. During the mid-1980s, the syndicated Sally Jessy Raphael talk show originated from the WTNH studios in New Haven, until the show moved to New York City.
Cook Inlet sold WTNH to LIN Television in 1994. When a new UHF independent station in New Haven, WTVU (channel 59, now WCTX) signed on in 1995, WTNH began operating the station through a local marketing agreement (LMA). In 2001, LIN TV bought WCTX outright. On May 18, 2007, the company announced that it was exploring strategic alternatives that could have resulted in the sale of the company. On March 21, 2014, Media General announced that it would purchase LIN Media and its stations, including WTNH and WCTX, in a $1.6 billion merger. The merger was completed on December 19.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|8.1||720p||16:9||WTNH-DT||Main WTNH programming / ABC|
|8.3||WTNHSD||Standard-definition simulcast of 8.1|
WTNH shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 8, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 10, using PSIP to display WTNH's virtual channel as 8 on digital television receivers.
Cable and satellite availability
During the 1970s and 1980s through CATV, WTNH once had carriage in portions of northeastern New Jersey in Bergen County and much of Long Island east of New York City.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2012)|
WTNH presently broadcasts 37 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 6 hours on weekdays and 3 1/2 hours each on Saturdays and Sundays). In addition to its main studios, WTNH operates a New London Bureau in The New London Day newsroom on Eugene O'Neill Drive and a Hartford Bureau on Columbus Boulevard. Along with regional NOAA National Weather Service radar data, the station operates its own weather radar near its transmitter site in Hamden. Together, these two sources are called "SkyMax Doppler Network". This can be seen via live video with audio from the National Weather Service on WTNH's website.
For over a quarter century, the station used the Action News format made famous at former Philadelphia sister station WFIL-TV (now WPVI-TV), even using the same "Move Closer to Your World" music and graphics packages as WPVI. It rebranded to the NewsChannel title in 1996. For most of the last half-century, WTNH has been a distant runner-up in the market to dominant WFSB. However, in recent times, it has had to fend off a spirited challenge from WVIT. The two stations have spent the last decade trading the runner-up spot.
Historically, WTNH's ratings for news and local programming are far higher in Nielsen's "Metro B" area (New Haven County) than "Metro A" (Hartford County). However, this trend does not hold true for network programming. Of all the stations in Connecticut with news operations, WTNH provides the most coverage of Fairfield County and the Long Island Sound shoreline. On weekdays, there is also a focus on traffic reports on I-95/Connecticut Turnpike and CT 15/Merritt Parkway to serve commuters heading towards New York City.
Since 2000, WTNH has been producing a nightly prime time newscast at 10 on WBNE/WCTX. It has competed right from the start with WTIC-TV's 10 p.m. broadcast, which established itself as a viewer favorite since it debuted in 1989. As of the February 2008 ratings period, WTIC's weeknight newscast is actually the most watched 10 or broadcast in the market even gathering more viewership than the 11 p.m. newscasts on Connecticut's Big Three stations. In 2005, WCTX began simulcasting the second hour of WTNH's weekday morning show (at 6) followed by a third hour from 7 to 8 a.m. that was seen exclusively on WCTX, except for simulcast Good Morning America cut-ins on WTNH. The second hour was eventually dropped for an unknown reason. The 7 a.m. hour received competition on March 3, 2008 when WTIC launched its own weekday morning show.
Its weekday noon newscast was originally an hour long, but was reduced to 30 minutes on February 23, 2009 when a new lifestyle/entertainment magazine show known as Connecticut Style was added at 12:30 p.m. On April 26, 2010, WTNH re-branded from News Channel 8 to News 8. In addition, WTNH began broadcasting its newscasts in 16:9 widescreen enhanced definition, with WCTX's newscasts and Connecticut Style being included in the upgrade. On October 4, 2010, WTNH became the third station in the market to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition. WCTX's newscasts also made the transition, while Connecticut Style made the transition in 2011.
- "WDEL, WNHC get television permits." Broadcasting - Telecasting. September 1, 1947, pg. 16.
- "WNHC-TV programs to start this week." Broadcasting - Telecasting, June 14, 1948, pg. 58.
- Ingram, Clarke (1999). "Channel Three: Stations". DuMont Television Network Historical Website. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "TV finds a haven." Broadcasting - Telecasting, September 20, 1948, pp. 42-47.  
- "WNHC-TV is new CBS-TV affiliate." Broadcasting - Telecasting, October 11, 1948, pg. 22.
- "WNHC-TV takes NBC." Broadcasting - Telecasting, February 14, 1949, pg. 32.
- "WNHC-TV adds ABC." Broadcasting - Telecasting, May 23, 1949, pg. 46.
- "TV coverage; RTMA predicts expansion." Broadcasting - Telecasting, May 19, 1952, pg. 78.
- "WNHC-TV switches from six to eight." Broadcasting - Telecasting. January 4, 1954, pg. 62.
- "Triangle makes 4th purchase in year, buys WNHC-AM-FM-TV for $5.4 million." Broadcasting - Telecasting, May 28, 1956, pg. 82.
- "Capcities buys 9 Triangle outlets." Broadcasting, February 16, 1970, pg. 9.
- "Last minute clearance for Capcities." Broadcasting, March 1, 1971, pp. 19-20.  
- "WNHC-AM-FM sold." Broadcasting, April 6, 1970, pp. 9-10.  
- "Capcities + ABC." Broadcasting, March 25, 1985, pp. 31-32.  
- "The other side of the CCC/ABC deal: $1 billion in spin-offs." Broadcasting, April 1, 1985, pp. 43-44.  
- "FCC approval of CapCities/ABC deal likely." Broadcasting, March 25, 1985, pp. 33-34.  
- "ABC/CCC sells four TV's for $485 million; Detroit, Tampa to Scripps Howard." Broadcasting, July 29, 1985, pg. 30.
- LIN TV Corp. Exploring Strategic Alternatives, LIN TV, May 18, 2007
- Harrison, Crayton (March 21, 2014). "Media General To Buy LIN For $1.6 Billion". Hartford Courant. Bloomberg News. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
- Media General Completes Merger With LIN Media, Press Release, Media General, Retrieved 19 December, 2014
- RabbitEars TV Query for WTNH
- List of Digital Full-Power Stations