District of Columbia's at-large congressional district

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District of Columbia's At-large congressional district
DC01 109.gif
Current Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton (D)
Area 61 mi²
Distribution 100.0% urban, 0.0% rural
Population (2011 est.) 601,723
Median income $63,124
Ethnicity 39.9% White, 50.1% Black, 3.6% Asian, 9.5362% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 4.0% other
Occupation 16.3 (2000)% blue collar, 72.5 (2000)% white collar, 11.2 (2000)% gray collar
Cook PVI D+41[1][2]

The District of Columbia's At-large congressional district is a congressional district based entirely of the District of Columbia. According to the U.S. Constitution, only states may be represented in the Congress of the United States. The District of Columbia is not a U.S. state and therefore has no voting representation. Instead, constituents in the district elect a non-voting delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives. Unlike residents of U.S. territories, who also elect non-voting delegates to the Congress, D.C. residents pay federal income tax, which in the view of many residents subjects them to "taxation without representation".

Despite lacking full voting privileges on the floor of the House of Representatives, delegates are voting members in U.S. Congressional committees and they lobby their congressional colleagues regarding the District's interests. While the office was initially created during the Reconstruction Era by the Radical Republicans, Norton P. Chipman (R) briefly held the seat for less than two terms before the office was eliminated completely. The seat was re-created almost a century later, shortly before the 1970 elections; Walter E. Fauntroy (D) won the 1971 special election the following March. In January 2007, the House of Representatives adopted H.Res. 78, which permits delegates to cast non-binding floor votes when the House of Representatives was operating in the Committee of the Whole, a procedure that last existed from 1993-1995.

The district is currently represented by Democrat Eleanor Holmes Norton.

Delegates to the United States House of Representatives[edit]

Delegate Party Years Electoral history
District created: March 4, 1871
Vacant March 4, 1871 –
April 21, 1871
Norton P. Chipman - Brady-Handy.jpg Norton P. Chipman Republican April 21, 1871 –
March 3, 1875
Seat eliminated
Seat eliminated March 4, 1875
Seat recreated September 22, 1970
Vacant September 22, 1970 –
March 23, 1971
Walter Fauntroy.jpg Walter E. Fauntroy Democratic March 23, 1971 –
January 3, 1991
Won special election
Retired to run for Mayor of Washington, D.C.
Eleanorholmesnorton.jpg Eleanor Holmes Norton Democratic January 3, 1991 –
Present
First elected 1990

Recent election Results[edit]

1971[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Special Election (March 23, 1971)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy 68,166 58.44%
Republican John A. Nevius 29,249 25.08%
D.C. Statehood Green Julius Hobson 15,427 13.23%
Independent Frank Kameny 1,888 1.62%
Independent Douglas Moore 1,301 1.12%
Socialist Workers James E. Harris 431 0.37%
No party Write-ins 173 0.15%
Totals 116,635 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

1972[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1972)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy (inc.) 95,300 60.64%
Republican William Chin-Lee 39,487 25.12%
D.C. Statehood Green Charles I. Cassell 18,730 11.92%
Independent David H. Dabney 2,514 1.60%
Socialist Workers Herman Fagg 1,133 0.72%
Totals 157,164 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1974[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1974)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy (inc.) 66,337 63.78%
Independent James G. Banks 21,874 21.03%
Republican William R. Phillips 9,166 8.81%
D.C. Statehood Green Anton V. Wood 3,039 2.92%
Independent Susan Pennington 1,813 1.74%
Independent David H. Dabney 1,539 1.48%
No party Write-ins 246 0.24%
Totals 104,014 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1976[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1976)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy (inc.) 12,149 77.18%
Republican Daniel L. Hall 1,566 9.95%
D.C. Statehood Green Louis S. Aronica 1,076 6.84%
Socialist Workers Charlotte J. Reavis 499 3.17%
American Labor Susan Pennington 377 2.39%
No party Write-ins 75 0.48%
Totals 15,742 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1978[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1978)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy (inc.) 76,557 79.59%
Republican Jackson R. Champion 11,677 12.02%
D.C. Statehood Green Gregory Rowe 3,886 4.04%
Socialist Workers Charlotte J. Reavis 1,649 1.71%
American Labor Cloid John Green 1,064 1.10%
No party Write-ins 1,473 1.53%
Totals 96,306 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1980[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1980)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy (inc.) 111,631 74.44%
Republican Robert J. Roehr 21,021 14.02%
D.C. Statehood Green Josephine D. Butler 14,325 9.55%
No party Write-ins 2,979 1.99%
Totals 149,956 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1982[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1982)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy (inc.) 93,422 83.01%
Republican John West 17,242 15.32%
No party Write-ins 1,879 1.67%
Totals 112,543 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1984[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1984)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy (inc.) 154,583 95.56%
No party Write-ins 7,188 4.44%
Totals 161,771 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1986[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1986)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy (inc.) 101,604 80.09%
Republican Mary L. H. King 17,643 13.91%
D.C. Statehood Green Julie McCall 6,122 4.83%
No party Write-ins 1,486 1.17%
Totals 126,855 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1988[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1988)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Walter E. Fauntroy (inc.) 121,817 71.27%
Republican Ron Evans 22,936 13.42%
D.C. Statehood Green Alvin C. Frost 13,802 8.07%
Independent David H. Dabney 10,449 6.11%
No party Write-ins 1,929 1.13%
Totals 170,933 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1990[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1990)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton 98,442 61.67%
Republican Harry M. Singleton 41,999 26.31%
Independent George X. Cure 8,156 5.11%
D.C. Statehood Green Leon Frederick Hunt 4,027 2.52%
Independent David H. Dabney 3,334 2.09%
No party Write-ins 3,669 2.30%
Totals 159,627 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1992[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1992)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 166,808 84.78%
Republican Susan Emerson 20,108 10.22%
D.C. Statehood Green Susan Griffin 7,253 3.69%
Socialist Workers Sam Manuel 1,840 0.94%
No party Write-ins 745 0.38%
Totals 196,754 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1994[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1994)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 154,988 89.25%
Republican Donald A. Saltz 13,828 7.96%
D.C. Statehood Green Rasco P. Braswell 2,824 1.63%
Socialist Workers Bradley Downs 1,476 0.85%
No party Write-ins 548 0.32%
Totals 173,664 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1996[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1996)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 134,996 90.00%
Republican Sprague Simonds 11,306 7.54%
Independent Faith 2,119 1.41%
Socialist Workers Sam Manuel 1,146 0.76%
No party Write-ins 431 0.29%
Totals 149,998 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1998[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (1998)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 122,228 89.64%
Republican Edward Henry Wolterbeek 8,610 6.31%
D.C. Statehood Green Pat Kidd 2,323 1.70%
Independent Natale "Lino" Stracuzzi 1,647 1.21%
Socialist Workers Mary Martin 1,087 0.80%
No party Write-ins 464 0.34%
Totals 136,359 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2000[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (2000)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 158,824 90.43%
Republican Edward Henry Wolterbeek 10,258 5.84%
Libertarian Robert D. Kampia 4,594 2.62%
Socialist Workers Sam Manuel 1,419 0.81%
No party Write-ins 536 0.31%
Totals 175,631 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2002[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 119,268 93.01%
Independent Pat Kidd 7,733 6.03%
No party Write-ins 1,232 0.96%
Totals 128,233 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2004[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 202,027 91.33%
Republican Michael Andrew Monroe 18,296 8.27%
No party Write-ins 890 0.40%
Totals 221,213 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2006[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 111,726 97.34%
No party Write-ins 3,051 2.66%
Totals 114,777 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2008[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 228,376 92.28%
D.C. Statehood Green Maude Hills 16,693 6.75%
No party Write-ins 2,402 0.97%
Totals 247,471 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2010[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 117,990 88.94%
Republican Missy Reilly Smith 8,109 6.11%
D.C. Statehood Green Rick Tingling-Clemmons 4,413 3.33%
No party Write-ins 2,144 1.61%
Totals 132,656 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2012[edit]

D.C. At Large Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eleanor Holmes Norton (inc.) 246,664 88.54%
Libertarian Bruce Majors 16,524 5.93%
D.C. Statehood Green Natale "Lino" Stracuzzi 13,243 4.75%
No party Write-ins 2,132 0.78%
Totals 278,563 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". Partisan Voting Index. The Cook Political Report. October 11, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-17. 
  2. ^ Barone, Michael; McCutcheon, Chuck (2013). The Almanac of American Politics 2014. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 358–. ISBN 978-0-226-10544-4.  Copyright National Journal.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 38°54′15″N 77°01′02″W / 38.90417°N 77.01722°W / 38.90417; -77.01722