University of Michigan School of Dentistry
|University of Michigan School of Dentistry|
|Dean||Laurie K. McCauley, DDS, MS, PhD|
|410 (110 full-time, 300 part-time)|
|Students||646 (104 B.S., 81 M.S., 428 D.D.S., 16 Ph.D)|
|Location||Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States|
The University of Michigan School of Dentistry is the dental school of the University of Michigan, located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Established in 1875, the School of Dentistry engages in oral and craniofacial health care education, research, patient care and community service.
The University of Michigan was the first state university in the world and the second university in the United States to offer education in dentistry. (Harvard was the first). The University of Michigan was also the first to provide graduate-level dentistry education. Four of its faculty members have been elected president of the American Dental Association.
The student body consists of 646 students. The School has:
- The undergraduate Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Dental Hygiene program, which has 104 students;
- The Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) program, which has 444 students; and
- 81 Master of Science (M.S.) students and 16 Ph.D students.
There are 110 full-time faculty and 300 part-time faculty. The average class size is 105 for the D.D.S. program and 30 for the B.S. dental hygiene program.
Fields of study at the School of Dentistry include dental hygiene, oral health, biomaterials, endodontics, computerized dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, and restorative dentistry.
Among the student organizations at the School of Dentistry are the Alpha Omega Fraternity, American Association of Women Dentists, the American Student Dental Association, the Christian Medical/Dental Society, Dental LGBA, Delta Sigma Delta, Hispanic Dental Association, Muslim Student Dental Association, Society of the American Indian Dentist, Student Council, Student National Dental Association, Student Research Group (SRG), Jonathan Taft Society, UM Asian Dental Student Organization, and Xi Psi Phi.
The first dean of the School of Dentistry was Dr. Jonathan Taft, who was dean from the school's founding in 1875 until his retirement in 1903. Taft developed the four-year model of dental education, which later became standard in American dental schools.
The School of Dentistry was established as the College of Dental Surgery by the University of Michigan Board of Regents, following an appropriation by the Michigan Legislature of $3,000 for that purpose. The school's first class consisted of 20 students taught by three faculty members. The first women graduated from the school in 1880. In 1980, the school became the first dental school to provide graduate dental education.
In 1910, Russell W. Bunting, later dean of the school, began his research into the causes and prevention of dental caries (cavities). In 1921, the school established its dental hygiene program and conferred its first Master of Science degree, and the following year, the school became the first to offer graduate-degree training in orthodontics. In 1927, the school adopted its current name.
In 1938, the School of Dentistry developed the first graduate program in dental public health in the United States under the leadership of Professor Kenneth A. Easlick. In 1945, the School worked with city officials in Grand Rapids, Michigan to establish a water fluoridation program, one of the first in the United States.
In 1957, plans for a new dental building attached to the Kellogg Building were released. Construction began in 1966 on the project; at the time, the building contract of $17.3 million was the largest in university history. The new building on North University Avenue was dedicated in 1971.
In 1965, researchers from the School of Dentistry made their first trip to Egypt to study the orthodontics of ancient Egypt and Nubia. In 1976, researchers from the school discovered the 3,000-year-old mummy of Tiye, a Great Royal Wife to the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III; the mummy's identity was confirmed by tests at the School of Dentistry.
In 1967, the school established the Dental Research Institute, one of five nationwide funded by the National Institute of Dental Research. In 1972, the school established its summer dental community outreach clinics in Adrian and Stockbridge, Michigan; the program expanded to the Traverse City area in the following year.
In 1998, renovations to the Kellogg Building began. On 1999, the school awarded its first two doctoral degrees in oral health sciences. In 2000, the school became the first in the nation to host the "Scientific Frontiers in Clinical Dentistry" program, with more than 1,500 dentists from across the country attending. The same year, the school announced five new community partnerships to provide oral health care services to the underserved across Michigan.
In 2008, following a 13-day trial in Detroit, a federal jury awarded a former School of Dentistry student, Alissa Zwick, $1.72 million in damages from the university, agreeing that Zwick had been expelled from the Dental School without cause in 2005, in violation of her rights to due process. The court also ordered the university to pay Zwick $320,990 in legal fees. While the university's appeal was pending, Zwick and the university agreed to a $1 million out-of-court settlement.
The following people have served as deans of the School of Dentistry:
- 1875-1903: Jonathan Taft
- 1903-1906: Cyrenus G. Darling (acting)
- 1907: Willoughby D. Miller
- 1907-1916: Nelville Hoff
- 1916-1934: Marcus L. Ward
- 1934-1935: Chalmers John Lyons
- 1935-1950: Russell W. Bunting
- 1950-1962: Paul H. Jeserich
- 1962-1981: William R. Mann
- 1981-1982: Robert E. Doerr (acting)
- 1982-1987: Richard L. Christiansen
- 1987-1989: William Kotowicz (acting)
- 1989-1995: J. Bernard Machen
- 1995-2002: William Kotowicz
- 2003-2013: Peter Polverini
- 2013-present Laurie K. McCauley
- History of the University of Michigan School of Dentistry.
- School of Dentistry celebrates 125th anniversary and renovated facilities, University of Michigan.
- Sindecuse Museum of Dentistry, 'University of Michigan School of Dentistry.
- Search DDS/DMD Programs, American Dental Association.
- Search Dental Assisting, Hygiene and Lab Technology Programs, American Dental Association.
- How to Apply - DDS, University of Michigan School of Dentistry.
- Taft Honorary Dental Society, University of Michigan School of Dentistry.
- Lindy Stevens, Expelled dental student awarded $1.7 million in lawsuit against 'U' (December 2, 2008), Michigan Daily; Veronica Menaldi, University will pay legal fees of former dental student (March 17, 2009), Michigan Daily; Kyle Swanson, 'U' settles case with former Dental School student (November 1, 2009), Michigan Daily; 'U' to pay $1 million in lawsuit levied by former dental student, Associated Press.
- University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan.