Wallington, London

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Wallington
Holy Trinity church, Wallington - geograph.org.uk - 1221264.jpg
Holy Trinity Church, Wallington
Wallington is located in Greater London
Wallington
Wallington
 Wallington shown within Greater London
Population 19,300 
OS grid reference TQ294645
London borough Sutton
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WALLINGTON
Postcode district SM6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Carshalton and Wallington
London Assembly Croydon and Sutton
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°21′53″N 0°08′25″W / 51.3647°N 0.1403°W / 51.3647; -0.1403

Wallington is a town in the London Borough of Sutton situated 10.3 miles (16.6 km) south south-west of Charing Cross. Prior to the merger of the Municipal Borough of Beddington and Wallington into the London Borough of Sutton, it was part of the county of Surrey. Wallington is a post town in the SM postcode area, and although now part of Greater London, the former postal county was Surrey.

The town is a grammar school stronghold, being home to three of the borough's five grammar schools. The London Borough of Sutton is a top performing borough for education in the country, and Wallington's schools make a significant contribution to this.

History[edit]

The name "Wallington" derives from the Anglo Saxon "Waletone", meaning "village of the Britons". Wallington appears in Domesday Book of 1086 and was held by William the Conqueror. Its domesday assets were: 11 hides. It had 2 mills worth £1 10s 0d, 11 ploughs, 8 acres (32,000 m2) of meadow. It rendered £10.[1] The historic village was situated somewhat to the north of the current town centre around what is now Wallington Bridge over the River Wandle.

At the time of the Domesday book there were two mill ponds. The mill buildings have long been demolished, but the mill pond survives as The Grange boating lake. In the 1860s one Alfred Smee, surgeon to the Bank of England, constructed an elaborate garden on the north side of the Mill Pond, and wrote an illustrated book called "My Garden" in 1872.[2]

What was then called "Carshalton" railway station was opened in 1847 in the open fields to the south of Wallington because the owner of Carshalton Park objected to it being built near to Carshalton village. This acted as a spur to the development of the area and in the 1860s Nathaniel Bridges created a prestigious housing estate of gothic revival villas (architect E. L. Brock). To provide a church for the estate, Bridges sponsored the construction of Holy Trinity, and Wallington became a separate parish in 1867. The area around Holy Trinity Church is known as Wallington Old Town. In particular Clifton Road, Belmont Road and Park Road exhibit some imposing Victorian and Edwardian villas. This southward development continued towards Woodcote and by the time of the First World War the section of Woodcote Road to the south of the station had become the new High Street.

Wallington High School for Girls was established in 1888 by a collective of nuns.

Wallington Methodist Church

Wallington Methodist Church was built in 1908 on a site in Beddington Gardens in the town centre.

Since 1902 the town has maintained the tradition of an annual crowning of the Wallington May Queen. The event begins with a procession through the town. Girls join the group at the age of three as "fairies", before graduating to "attendants to the May Queen" a year later. They then go on to become crown bearers before taking on the role of banner bearer. The girls then act as "princes", and become eligible to be a May Queen at the age of nine.[3]

The Municipal Borough of Beddington and Wallington was incorporated in 1936 from the former Beddington and Wallington Urban District. A town hall (architect Robert Atkinson) and public library were built in Wallington town centre in the 1930s, as was the fire station in Belmont Road.

Wallington County Grammar School (for boys) was opened on London Road, close to Beddington Park in 1927.

Guy Portelli's 1999 sculpture "English Lavender" in Wallington town centre.

Wallington was an important centre for the production of lavender oil until about the time of the First World War. Lavender and herb growing were very prominent in the area in Victorian times and much earlier, and extensive fields of lavender were to be seen in the Carshalton, Beddington and Wallington areas. Lavender growing was a very prosperous part of the local agriculture hereabouts in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In Wallington the area to the north of the station was chiefly used. The scale of the operation can be understood from the fact that the Daily News in 1914 was able to state that at nearby Carshalton Beeches “In every direction the low hill sides of the farm beyond Beeches Halt are swept with the bloomy pastel tint of the lavender flowers”. The importance of lavender is remembered and commemorated in a number of ways, for example:

  • There is a large sculpture at the junction of Woodcote Road and Stafford Road representing a lavender plant. Created by sculptor, Guy Portelli, it was installed in 1999 when the new Sainsbury's store was built.
  • The Christmas lights also represent lavender plants.
  • One of the local lavender farmers - John Jakson of Little Woodcote Farm - lent his name to a public house in Woodcote Road.
  • Local Scouts use lavender as the logo for the Sutton area on their shoulder badge.


Wallington and Beddington War Memorial

Many of Wallington's young men served and lost their lives in the First World War, and in 1922 a memorial was unveiled on Wallington Green by General Edmund Elles to commemorate the fallen. The memorial was altered in 1949 to include the names of the locals who died in the Second World War.

The memorial is in the form of a Portland stone obelisk on a plinth, with a cross and a sunburst motif. On the sides are bronze plaques bearing the names of the fallen. It stands on blue Staffordshire engineering bricks and York stone. In 2005 it was discovered that the memorial was being attacked by moss, and English Heritage paid for its restoration.[4]

The inscription reads:

Today[edit]

Orchard Hill College, Wallington. Previously Wallington Town Hall
Wallington Library

Since 2007, Wallington has enjoyed something of a mini boom with several new retailers being attracted to the town, including Tesco Express and Caffè Nero. These are in addition to high street names already represented, such as Sainsbury's, Boots, W.H. Smith, Dorothy Perkins and Pizza Express. In addition, many major banks, estate agencies and building societies are represented in the town.

This boom may have been fuelled in part by the recent construction of two separate, major luxury flats developments just across the main road from the railway station, which were completed circa 2010 and 2013 respectively. More town centre flats are being developed in Shotfield Road, for completion in early 2015.

A farmers' market is held on the second Saturday of each month. This is usually located outside the old town hall, but occasionally in the car park at Shotfield.

Sutton Community Farm, the only one of its kind in London, is located in Wallington. A not-for-profit social enterprise, it occupies a 7.5 acre small-holding of a type originally given to ex-servicemen following the First World War.[5]

There is good-sized public library in the centre of Wallington in the "Shotfield" district; it has an outside terrace where coffee is served. Shotfield is also where the former Town Hall, and now a college, is located. In 1980 it was taken over and converted into a Crown Court. The building ceased to be a Court in April 1999, and was later converted to its current use.

The town saw the opening of a small independent cinema in May 2014 at the Brook Cafe and Bar.[6][7]

The Shotfield area of the town centre gained a modern new health centre in 2012, replacing smaller existing facilities on the site.

Open space[edit]

Boating lake, Beddington Park

Parks in the Wallington area include Mellows Park, Beddington Park and the Grange Gardens.

The latter two, through which the River Wandle flows, lie in the north-east of the area, on the border with neighbouring Beddington. Beddington Park is nearly 100 acres in size and is maintained by the London Borough of Sutton. It was originally part of the Deer Park attached to Carew Manor, a grand country house built in the Tudor period, which stands to this day. It comprises a large area of open grassland with small clumps of trees, with an area of more formal gardens near the Grange restaurant, as well as a lake and pond. The main lake in the south west of the park was originally a mill pond. There are many paths and a number of ornamental bridges, which cross the stream which feeds the lake: this is part of the River Wandle, and the park is on the Wandle Trail. Part of the park is managed as a wildlife site.

Transport[edit]

Wallington is well served by rail, bus and coach connections, and it is possible to reach London's two major airports - Heathrow and Gatwick - in less than an hour by car, or a little longer by public transport.

Rail[edit]

Off peak Services operate from Wallington to Victoria via West Croydon, London Bridge (changing at Norwood Junction) and to Sutton and beyond. Journey time to Victoria is approximately 35 minutes. There are also London Overground services from West Croydon to Wapping and Shoreditch.

There are a number of fast, morning peak-time London Bridge via Wallington services. This stops at Waddon, West Croydon and Norwood Junction and then runs non-stop to London Bridge - taking just under half an hour to reach the City. There are several direct return services in the evening peak.

Bus[edit]

A variety of bus services are available from Wallington. For accurate information to find exactly each stop check the Transport for London website as it will lead to you to all the changes going on and how to re-route. This will give you a rough guideline to the buses available in the local area.

Guy Portelli's 1999 sculpture celebrating local lavender
  • 127 - to Purley, Carshalton, Mitcham, Tooting Broadway
  • 151 - to Carshalton, St Helier, Sutton, Cheam, Worcester Park
  • 154 - to Croydon, Carshalton, Sutton, Morden
  • 157 - to Crystal Palace, Croydon, Morden
  • 407 - to Caterham, Purley, Croydon, Sutton
  • 410 - to Crystal Palace, Norwood, Croydon, Beddington
  • 455 - to Beddington, Waddon, Croydon, Purley
  • 463 - to Coulsdon, Beddington, Mitcham
  • 612 - to Wallington County Grammar School
  • S4 - to Roundshaw, Sutton, St Helier
  • X26 - to Croydon, Carshalton, Sutton, Kingston, Heathrow.
  • 627 - to Wallington High School for Girls

All services listed above go through Wallington town centre, except for the 407 and X26 which pass through Wallington Green.

The N213 night bus, linked Sutton with Croydon via Carshalton and Wallington, and was withdrawn in 2005, but local petitions are agitating for it to come back.

Coach[edit]

National Express services 025 from London Victoria to Gatwick Airport and Brighton, and 027 from Victoria to Chichester also serve Wallington.


Famous residents and inhabitants.[edit]

Jeff Beck in 1973

Sport and leisure[edit]

Wallington has a Non-League football club Crescent Rovers F.C. who play at the Wallington Sports & Social Club. The town has four gold post boxes commemorating local resident David Weir's four gold medals at the 2012 Summer Paralympics.

Education[edit]

Wallington County Grammar School

Primary education

Secondary education

All three secondary schools are highly rated grammar schools, with one (Wilson's School) the highest achieving state school - including all state grammars - in Britain. See the London Borough of Sutton article for further details of education in the borough.

References[edit]

External links[edit]