Wayne State University
|Wayne State University|
|Motto||"Industry, Intelligence, Integrity"|
|Campus||203 acres (0.82 km2), Urban|
|Colors||Green and Gold|
Wayne State University (WSU) is a public research university located in Detroit, Michigan, United States, in the city's Midtown Cultural Center Historic District and Wayne State University Buildings Historic District. Founded in 1868, WSU consists of 13 schools and colleges offering 370 programs to nearly 29,000 graduate and undergraduate students. It is currently Michigan's third-largest university and one of the 50 largest universities in the United States.
The WSU main campus encompasses 203 acres (822,000 m²) linking more than 100 education and research buildings in the heart of Detroit. It also has five extension centers in the metro Detroit area providing access to a limited selection of courses. The institution is a notable engine in metro Detroit's educational, cultural and economic landscape, as manifested through efforts such as its thriving research and technology park and hosting of the Detroit Windsor International Film Festival.
The first component of the modern Wayne State University was established in 1868 as the Detroit Medical College, now the School of Medicine. In 1881, the Detroit Normal Training School was established, now the College of Education. Old Main Hall was built in 1896 as Central High School, which later began adding college classes in 1913. Those classes evolved into the Detroit Junior College in 1917, the College of the City of Detroit in 1923 and now WSU's College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
In 1919, David L. Mackenzie — who served a dual role as Principal of Detroit Central High School and Detroit Junior College — was officially appointed first dean of the college that he had originated in 1917. With Mackenzie at the helm, Detroit Junior College grew to become the third-largest institution of higher learning in Michigan. The college was granted four-year degree status in 1923, becoming the College of the City of Detroit. Mackenzie continued as dean until his death in 1926.
In 1920, the Merrill-Palmer Institute for Child Development was founded. It is presently known as the Merrill-Palmer Skillman Institute.
In 1927, the Detroit Board of Education dedicated its newest high school to the memory of Mackenzie. The three-story structure still stands on the city's west side at 9275 Wyoming Avenue; Mackenzie High School closed its doors in June 2007.
In 1933, the Detroit Board of Education organized the six colleges it ran — liberal arts, medical, education, pharmacy, engineering and a graduate school — into one university. In January 1934, that institution was officially named Wayne University, taking its name from the county in which it is located.
Wayne University continued to grow, adding the School of Social Work in 1935, the Law School in 1927 and the School of Business Administration in 1946. Wayne University was renamed Wayne State University in 1956 and the institution became a constitutionally established university by a popularly adopted amendment to the Michigan Constitution in 1959.
The Wayne State University Board of Governors created the Institute of Gerontology in 1965 in response to a State of Michigan mandate. The primary mission in that era was to engage in research, education and service in the field of aging.
Wayne State University continued growing with the additions of the College of Lifelong Learning in 1973, and the School of Fine and Performing Arts and the College of Urban, Labor and Metropolitan Affairs in 1985.
The university libraries have grown to include eight libraries, the School of Library and Information Science, and the Office for University General Education.
Over the last few years, WSU has been aggressive in constructing new buildings, including the Multidisciplinary Biomedical Research Building (MBRB), a 207,000-square-foot facility that will encourage interdisciplinary work across a range of scientific areas with the goal of translating new discoveries to improve human health and society. More than 500 researchers, staff and principal investigators will work out of the building, which is scheduled to be fully operational in early 2015.
As of January 18, 2011, the university elected Allan Gilmour as the 11th president. Gilmour has announced that he will step down in mid-2013. A search committee has been appointed to determine his successor.
Wayne State's campus is located in the heart of Detroit's Cultural Center Historic District, home of renowned museums, galleries and theatres. The main campus encompasses 203 acres (0.82 km2) of landscaped walkways and gathering spots linking over 100 education and research buildings. The campus is urban and features many architecturally interesting buildings. Notable examples include Helen DeRoy Hall, the Education Building, the Maccabees Building, Old Main, McGregor Memorial Conference Center, Chatsworth Tower Apartments, and the Hilberry Theater. Many of these buildings were designed by notable architects such as Albert Kahn and Minoru Yamasaki.
The Cass Corridor is one of the university's most notable surroundings, with a venerable history and culture that has left an imprint on many WSU alumni. Many notable events have taken place on or near the campus as a result of its unique location. Artists that got their start here include Chuck & Joni Mitchell, Alice Cooper, The White Stripes, The Detroit Cobras, MC5, The Stooges, Savage Grace, Ted Nugent and Grand Funk Railroad. The Red Hot Chili Peppers recorded their Freaky Styley album in this area, which was also home to Creem magazine — the first rock journal, and the first to use the terms "punk rock" and "heavy metal"and give recognition to the likes of David Bowie, Iggy Pop, The Smiths and others. The now-razed Tartar Field was home to WABX's free Sunday concerts in the late 1960s and early 1970s featuring many of these musicians.
With more than four million volumes, the Wayne State University Library System houses the 75th largest collection in the United States, according to the American Library Association. Wayne State's eight libraries all offer full wireless connection, reference and research support, interlibrary loan, circulation and course reserve services, document delivery, and library and information literacy programs. The libraries provide a range of study environments, from silent to interactive. The system ranks among the nation's top libraries according to the Association for Research Libraries.
- Shiffman Medical Library houses the university's medical collections and is the School of Medicine's sole library.
- Arthur Neef Law Library, located on the north section of the main campus, houses the university's law collections and is the Law School's sole library.
- Science and Engineering Library, located at Gullen Mall's south end, contains information resources supporting the physical and natural sciences, mathematics, engineering, nursing, nutrition, and food science. The library's holdings also include maps, government documents, several special collections and one of Southeastern Michigan's largest technical journal collections.
- Purdy/Kresge Library is located near the center of main campus and serves as the primary research library for the social sciences, humanities, arts, education and business disciplines. It contains print and electronic resources to meet the research and instructional needs of faculty, graduate students and upper-level undergraduates. It also houses the university's main government documents collection and the offices of the university's Media Services Department.
- David Adamany Undergraduate Library (UGL), located on the center of Gullen Mall, has over 700 computer workstations providing students with access to electronic resources. Its book and magazine collection is intended to support the learning needs of 1,000 and 2,000 level undergraduate courses. The UGL houses the university libraries'collection of approximately 8,000 videos, DVDs, laser discs and audiotapes. The UGL provides students with information on careers, computers and student survival skills. The Undergraduate Library is open 24 hours for students and faculty.
- The Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs is located on the easternmost portion of Wayne's main campus, on Cass Ave. This smaller library houses predominantly historical archives.
- Wayne State University also has libraries at its Macomb and Oakland extensions centers in Clinton Township and Farmington Hills.
The university provides housing in the form of apartments and residence halls. All buildings are equipped with connection to the university computer system, wireless Internet, laundry rooms and a 24-hour help desk.
Current university-owned apartment buildings include University Tower, Chatsworth Tower and Helen L. DeRoy Apartments. The Sherbrooke Apartments were closed in September 2008. The Forest Apartments were closed after the 2004-2005 school year and have since been demolished. The Chatsworth Annex apartments were demolished and replaced with greenspace and volleyball courts after the 2004-2005 school year.
In the hopes of bringing more residents to campus, Wayne State opened two dormitory-style residence halls in 2002: Yousif B. Ghafari Hall (formerly North Hall) and 2003 Leon H. Atchison Hall (formerly South Hall). This was the first time since the closing of the Newberry Joy Dorms in 1987 that the university offered dorm living. In 2005, the university opened The Towers Residential Suites, a residence hall open to undergraduate and graduate students. The Towers Café is the largest on-campus dining facility and is supplemented by Warrior Dining, located in Ghafari hall.
- Ghafari and Atchison Halls provide housing for freshmen and upper students only. Halls feature double-occupancy rooms, fully furnished with private baths. Study rooms and social lounges, all equipped with wireless high-speed Internet, are found on each floor.
- The Towers Residential Suites, serving all students, is an 11-story tower with views as far as the Ambassador Bridge. The majority of rooms are suite style, containing four bedrooms attached to a shared living space. There are also studio rooms available. Within the building is a café-style dining hall, a pharmacy and multiple fitness rooms.
- Chatsworth Tower Apartments are available to graduate students, professional students and students with families,and located inside a nine-story historic landmark built in 1929. This structure features large studio and one-bedroom apartments with ornate woodwork.
- Helen L. DeRoy Apartments is a 15-story building built in 1972. The apartments contain a total of 258 studio, one- and two-bedroom units offering residence to graduate students, professional students and students with families. Units are equipped with wireless Internet access, cable television access (monthly fee required), central air, a refrigerator and stove.
- The 300-unit University Tower complex opened in 1995 and offers one-, two-, and three-bedroom apartments, as well as family units to juniors, seniors, graduates and professional students. Each apartment is wired for access to the university's computer network. The first floor offers wireless Internet access, a study lounge, large laundry facility and a childcare center. Wayne State's WDET radio station is also located on the first floor.
The university allows families with children to live in some units including Chatsworth Tower, DeRoy and University Tower. Residents are zoned to Detroit Public Schools. Zoned schools for all three apartments include DPS Foundation for Early Learners @ Edmonson (K-8), and King High School (9-12).
Satellite campuses 
- Harper Woods Center School, Harper Woods
- Macomb Educational Center, Clinton Township
- University Center at Macomb Community College, Clinton Township
- Advanced Technology Education Center, Warren
- Oakland Center, Farmington Hills
Academic profile 
Wayne State's comprehensive academic offerings are divided among 13 schools and colleges: the School of Business Administration; the College of Education; the College of Engineering; the College of Fine, Performing, and Communication Arts; the Graduate School; the Law School; the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences; the College of Library and Information Science; the School of Medicine; the College of Nursing; the Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences; the Irvin D. Reid Honors College; and the School of Social Work. Fall 2012 enrollment for the University was 28,938 students. WSU also has the third-largest international enrollment in Michigan, with more than 1,600 international students from 70 countries. With more than 1,600 students, Wayne State University School of Medicine is the largest single-campus medical school, and the third-largest overall, in the United States. The School of Medicine was the first in the country to implement a comprehensive radiology curriculum intertwined throughout the four-year M.D. course as an extension of the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity Study.
Wayne State University is Michigan's only urban research university and is renowned particularly for its contributions in the sciences. Wayne State University is classified as a Research Intensive University (Very High research activity), or RU/VH, by the Carnegie Foundation, the same classification as the University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, Michigan State University, Harvard, and Stanford. Wayne State is a constitutionally autonomous educational institution in the state of Michigan, along with Michigan and Michigan State.
According to the 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities, Wayne State University ranked in the 301-400 range worldwide, placing in the same tier as Clemson University, Georgetown University, Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis, Syracuse University and Wake Forest University, among others.
Washington Monthly 2012 National Universities rank Wayne State University - 95 in the U.S.
Times Higher Education of UK 2012-13 rank Wayne State University - 301-350 in North America.
Colleges and Schools 
Wayne State offers more than 370 undergraduate, post-graduate, specialist and certificate programs in 13 schools and colleges.
Professional Schools 
- Law School
Located in the nation's 11th largest metropolitan area, the Wayne State University Law School is one of only two public law schools in the state of Michigan. Wayne's law students pass the Michigan Bar on their first attempt at a higher percentage rate than alumni of other Michigan law schools.
- Medical School
Dating back to 1868, Wayne State's School of Medicine is the university's oldest college. The only medical school in Detroit, WSU's School of Medicine is the nation's largest single-campus medical school. In addition to the over 1,600 medical students, the School of Medicine educates about 400 students annually in its master's and Ph.D. programs in 14 areas of study.
- Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
With roots dating back to 1891, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences is one of the nation's oldest schools of pharmacy. In 2002, the school relocated to its present-day location in the heart of Wayne State University's medical campus near the DMC (Detroit Medical Center). The new home cost $64.3 million, of which $48.2 million was state-appropriated, with the remainder coming from private donations, $5 million of which came from Eugene Applebaum, a 1960 alumnus and founder of Arbor Drugs. In 2002, the Board of Governors voted to name the school in his honor.
Academics and rankings 
|U.S. News & World Report||NR|
Several of Wayne State's individual programs are well regarded:
- The School of Medicine has been ranked 22nd among the nation's 125 medical schools, according to the National Science Foundation, while its physics and physical science programs ranked in the top 50 nationwide.
- The Department of Chemistry was recently ranked among the top 100 chemistry departments in the world.
- The Department of Physics and Astronomy  was ranked among the top 200 physics departments in the world.
- The Law School has been ranked in the top 110 programs in the U.S. News Law School Rankings.
- The School of Social Work has been ranked 37th in social work in the U.S. News Grad School Health Programs Rankings, though its ranking fluctuates.
- The School of Library and Information Science is ranked in the top 20 programs in the country. In 2007, the College of Nursing's doctoral program was ranked fifth in the country.
- The Irvin D. Reid Honors college named in honor of the university's ninth president, affords students the opportunity to become immersed in the Detroit community, participate in service learning and perform meaningful undergraduate research.
- The Wayne State University School of Business Administration is annually listed as an outstanding business school, according to The Princeton Review, which ranks the top Master of Business Administration (MBA) programs. The 2012 Best Graduate Schools publication from U.S. News & World Report ranks the part-time MBA as one of the top in the country and one of only two ranked part-time programs in the state of Michigan, along with the University of Michigan - Ann Arbor. Additionally, the business school offers an optional online MBA program which has been consistently ranked in the top 40 online MBA programs nationwide by GetEducated.com. The business school is accredited by The Association to Advance Collegiate School of Business (AACSB), which represents the highest standard of achievement for business schools.
At $259 million spent annually on research expenditures, Wayne State ranks among the nation's top universities for research according to the National Science Foundation. Additionally, Wayne State is among only 2.3 percent of the nation's universities with an RU/VH (Research Universities, Very high research activity) classification from the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.
Wayne State University has a strong commitment to making higher education affordable. In the 2012 academic year, the university awarded $357 million in financial aid. Even while WSU maintains its status as one of only three universities in the state ranked in the top research category of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, tuition at Wayne State remains among the lowest of Michigan's 15 public universities.
Fall 2012 tuition for in-state lower division students (59.99 credits or less) was $298.25 per hour, while in-state upper division students (60.00 credits or more) pay $351.55.
Student life 
Programs abroad 
Wayne State offers over 30 study-abroad programs, some as short as two months in length with others lasting an entire year. As of 2013, students have their pick from numerous countries including Belize, Brazil, Canada, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, England, France, Germany, Ghana, Liberia, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Mexico, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain and South Africa. Programs offer studies in art, business, computer science, education, engineering, environmental studies, health care, linguistics, the social sciences, theater and more.
The university is governed by a Board of Governors that consists of eight members elected by Michigan voters for eight-year terms. Board of Governor members serve without compensation. The board also elects a university president to serve as the chief executive officer of the university's administration. The student body government is headed by a Student Senate (formerly the Student Council). Some colleges of the university have their own Student Senate, which reports back to the main Student Senate. The School of Law has its own Student Board of Governors.
Public Safety 
The campus is protected by the Wayne State University Department of Public Safety. There are over 50 commissioned officers and 15 uniformed civilian cadets serving Wayne State and the surrounding area. All Wayne State Police Officers are certified Michigan peace officers and sworn Detroit police officers. The department prides itself on a response time of 90 seconds or less to on-campus emergencies. The department consists of bike officers, a canine officer, patrol officers, investigators, communications controllers, records personnel and other support staff. The headquarters is located at 6050 Cass Ave. The Department of Public Safety has been in existence since 1968. The department sponsors several programs throughout campus such as the RAD (Rape Aggression Defense), sells low-cost bike locks and steering wheel "clubs," and sends out monthly emails to keep the university updated on the department's activities.
- The official student newspaper is The South End.
- The university also hosts the public radio station WDET.
- The alumni association publishes Wayne State magazine.
Wayne State University Alumni Association 
Created in 1935 and providing support to the more than 240,000 alumni throughout the world, Wayne's alumni association provides a strong loyalty and support system to graduates of the university through sponsoring events such as career booths and job fairs.
Greek Life 
- Theta Tau
- Sigma Pi
- Pi Kappa Alpha
- Alpha Sigma Phi
- Lambda Theta Phi
- Delta Epsilon Psi
- Sigma Lambda Beta 
- Kappa Psi - Mu Omicron Pi Chapter 
- Alpha Epsilon Phi , Phi Sigma Chapter
- Alpha Gamma Delta , Alpha Pi Chapter
- Delta Zeta
- Kappa Delta
- Delta Phi Omega 
- Sigma Lambda Gamma 
National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC) 
- Alpha Kappa Alpha
- Delta Sigma Theta
- Sigma Gamma Rho
- Kappa Alpha Psi
- Alpha Phi Alpha
- Omega Psi Phi
- Iota Phi Theta
- Zeta Phi Beta
- Phi Beta Sigma
Wayne State University is near many Detroit institutions, including the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, the Detroit Symphony Orchestra/Orchestra Hall, Comerica Park, Ford Field, Joe Louis Arena, the Detroit Historical Museum, the Michigan Science Center, the Detroit Film Theatre, the Fox Theatre, the Fisher Theatre, the Gem Theatre and the Detroit Opera House.
The campus is located near the oldest operating bowling alley in the United States. This bowling alley, The Garden Bowl, is a place where both the students and locals engage in bowling, alcohol and music.
The school's intercollegiate athletic program was established in 1917 by Director of Athletics David L. Holmes. Revered by his athletes, Holmes initially coached all sports. His track teams were nationally known into the 1950s; in his first 10 years, he produced two Olympians from the school's Victorian-era gym. Although he had major ambitions for Wayne and scheduled such teams as Notre Dame and Penn State in the 1920s, the lack of facilities and money for athletics kept the program small.
A student poll selected the name of "Tartars" for the school's teams in 1927. In 1999, the university changed the name to the "Warriors," due to the general feeling that the Tartar name was dated and most people were not familiar with the name's historical significance. Wayne State competes in men's baseball, basketball, cross country, fencing, football, golf, swimming and tennis, and women's basketball, cross country, fencing, softball, swimming, tennis, volleyball, and rugby.
Wayne State previously competed in men's and women's NCAA Division I ice hockey as a member of College Hockey America (CHA). The university dropped their men's program at the end of the 2007-08 season, followed in 2011 by ending the women's hockey program.
- 1975: Men's Fencing - NCAA
- 1979: Men's Fencing - NCAA
- 1980: Men's Fencing - NCAA
- 1982: Men's Fencing - NCAA
- 1982: Women's Fencing - NCAA
- 1983: Men's Fencing - NCAA
- 1984: Men's Fencing - NCAA
- 1985: Men's Fencing - NCAA
- 1988: Women's Fencing - NCAA
- 1989: Women's Fencing - NCAA
- 2012: Women's Swimming and Diving - NCAA
Although Wayne State plays Division II in fencing, the NCAA combines all three divisions for its National Championship tournaments.
Notable graduates 
Future development 
As of February 2013, the following construction projects are under way at Wayne State University.
- Multidisciplinary Biomedical Research Building (MBRB)
Wayne State’s largest-ever construction project, the approximately 200,000-square-foot MBRB will encourage interdisciplinary work across a range of scientific areas with the goal of translating new discoveries to improve human health and society. More than 500 researchers, staff and principal investigators will work out of the building, which will feature wet and dry laboratories, faculty and common areas, and clinical space. Estimates show that the building, scheduled to be fully operational in early 2015, will result in about $40 million in new annual earnings in Michigan. The project also includes the reconstruction of Cass Avenue's Dalgleish Cadillac building, a historic Detroit structure designed by renowned architect Albert Kahn.
- McGregor Reflecting Pool
This project renovated and restored the reflecting pool adjacent to the McGregor Memorial Conference Center to its original design, with current design and construction technologies. Significant repairs were made to the existing concrete systems, plumbing and mechanical components were replaced, and new lighting was added to enhance the reflecting pool at night. Landscaping within the sculpture court includes new white marble aggregate precast pavers for the islands, which were embellished with exotic planting materials to mimic the original design. Existing boulders and art work were reinstalled in their original positions following restoration.
- Advanced Technology Education Center
Located adjacent to Macomb Community College (MCC) in Warren, Mich., the 40,000-square-foot Advanced Technology Education Center (ATEC) will offer Macomb County students the opportunity to attain four-year degrees in marketable academic programs such as engineering, computer science, business, advanced manufacturing and other disciplines while providing collaborative opportunities with the area’s business community. Wayne State will also have an opportunity to create an electric-vehicle technologies center of excellence, where WSU and MCC faculty can engage in research, program development and delivery of electric and automotive battery technologies. The $12 million project will also include renovation of an existing on-site structure.
Further reading 
- Hanawalt, Leslie. (1968.) A Place of Light: the History of Wayne State University. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
- Aschenbrenner, Evelyn. (2009.) A History of Wayne State University in Photographs. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, ISBN 0-8143-3282-X, 9780814332825.
See also 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Wayne State University|
- Architecture of metropolitan Detroit
- Cadillac Place
- Culture of Detroit
- Fisher Building
- Henry Ford Hospital
- New Center
- University-Cultural Center Multiple Resource Area
- Wayne State University Buildings
- The Institute of Gerontology
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