锡林浩特市 · ᠰᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Xilinhaote City Center
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Prefecture-level city||Xilin Gol|
|Incorporated (County-level city)||1983.10.10|
|• County-level city||14,785 km2 (5,709 sq mi)|
|• Urban||34 km2 (13 sq mi)|
|Elevation||997 m (3,271 ft)|
|• County-level city||245,886|
|• Density||17/km2 (43/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||蒙H|
Xilinhot (Mongolian: Шилийн хот, , Shili-yin hota; simplified Chinese: 锡林浩特; traditional Chinese: 錫林浩特; pinyin: Xīlínhàotè) is a county-level city which serves as the seat of government for the Xilin Gol league in Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It has a jurisdiction area of 14,785 square kilometres (5,709 sq mi), and a population of 245,886, with 149,000 being in the Xilinhot urban area.
Originally, Xinlihot was named Beizi Temple (bèi zǐ miào 贝子庙), since Emperor Qianlong built a Lama temple which was called Beizi Temple here in 1743. Nowadays, the temple is one of the largest temples on the Xilin Gol grassland. In 1953, the county was renamed Xilinhot while in 1956 it was renamed Abahanaer Banner. In 1983, it was approved to set up as a county-level city by the state council, and finally renamed Xilinhot.
Xilinhot experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with long, very dry, and bitter winters and short, hot summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −18.8 °C (−1.8 °F) in January to 21.2 °C (70.2 °F) in July, with an annual mean of 2.60 °C (36.7 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 59% in July to 73% in February, sunshine is abundant year-round, the city receives 2,970 hours of sunshine per year; due to the aridity, the diurnal temperature variation frequently approaches and exceeds 15 °C (27 °F). A majority of the 287 millimetres (11.3 in) of annual rainfall occurs in July and August alone.
|Climate data for Xilinhot (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−12.1
|Average low °C (°F)||−23.9
|Precipitation mm (inches)||2.2
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.1||3.8||4.5||3.9||5.9||10.9||14.0||11.6||6.7||4.7||4.2||4.3||78.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||205.0||213.7||262.1||271.6||298.2||287.5||276.9||273.3||254.5||239.7||199.7||187.8||2,970|
|Percent possible sunshine||72||73||72||68||66||63||59||63||68||70||69||68||67|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
In Xilinhot is a market of significance, where cattle is of particular importance.
Xilinhot is a big center for energy. They have both a massive coal mine on the edge of town and wind generating farms located nearby. We were told by the engineers located on-site that there were currently 200 individual turbines now, with another 200 to be built in the coming year. The current set of 200 turbines are operated by 7 different energy companies.
Culture and Tourism
The historic centre includes an artistic temple. The Naadam Festival, a Mongolian feast, is celebrated here every year. Naadam is a gathering of the Mongolian people for wrestling, horse trading, costume contests, horse racing, etc. It's their summer festival and is generally very colorful with costumes and colorful yurts set up to serve food and sell trinkets and supplies.
Mongolian culture is very prominent with pictures, tapestries and monumental statues of Genghis Khan in every home, shop and street corner.
Tourists can stay at nearby yurt resorts where there is a large yurt for dining surrounded by smaller individual yurts for sleeping. The surrounding countryside is rolling grasslands populated by Mongolians who have horses, sheep, goats and some cows. Meals consisted of mutton, beef, cabbages, and other fruit and vegetables.
Xilinhot's diet is of more emphasis on the processing of local dairy and meat production. Dairy products include horse milk yogurt, milk, tofu, milk skin as the representative, along with the beef and mutton string, hand meat, grilled lamb as the representative of the cattle and mutton.