Yangtze River bridges and tunnels

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The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river. They form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. The "Long River" bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze.

Until the completion of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge in 1957, there were no crossings across the main stretch of the Yangtze known as Changjiang, a distance of 2,884 km (1,792 mi) from Yibin to the river mouth in Shanghai. Over 75 bridges and six tunnels have been built, the overwhelming majority constructed since 1990. They reflect a broad array of bridge designs and, in many cases, represent significant achievements in modern bridge engineering. Several rank among the world's longest suspension, cable-stayed and arch bridges as well as some of the highest and tallest bridges.

Bridge spans were more common further upriver along the Jinsha and Tongtian sections where the Yangtze is much narrower, although many more bridges are being added. The oldest bridge over the Yangtze, the Jinlong, a simple suspension bridge in Lijiang, Yunnan, was first built in 1880.

Map of the Yangtze River Basin, showing the location of Shanghai, Jiujiang, Wuhan, Yueyang, Yichang, the Three Gorges Dam, Chongqing, Yibin, Panzhihua and Yushu along the river.

History[edit]

The opening of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge on October 15, 1957.

The Yangtze River forms a major geographic barrier dividing northern and southern China. For millennia, travelers crossed the Yangtze by ferry. In the first half of the 20th century, rail passengers from Beijing to Guangzhou and Shanghai had to disembark, respectively, at Hanyang and Pukou, and cross the river by steam ferry before resuming journeys by train.

The first bridge to cross the Changjiang section of the river, the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, was built from 1955 to 1957. The dual-use road-rail bridge was a major infrastructural project in the early years of thePeople's Republic of China and was completed built with Soviet assistance. The second bridge was a single-track railway bridge built in Chongqing in 1959. The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge, also a road-rail bridge, was the first bridge to cross the lower reaches of the Yangtze. It was built after the Sino-Soviet split, from 1960 to 1968, and did not receive foreign assistance. The Zhicheng Road-Rail Bridge followed in 1971 and then the Chongqing Road Bridge in 1977. Only one bridge was completed in the 1980s, at Luzhou in 1982. Bridge-building resumed in the 1990s and accelerated in the first decade of the 21st century. The Jiujiang Bridge of 1992 was the first crossing for Jiangxi Province. The Tongling Bridge of 1995 was the first bridge to serve Anhui Province.

By 2005, there were over 50 bridges and one tunnel across the Yangtze River between Yibin and Shanghai. These include some of the longest suspension and cable-stayed bridges in the world on the Yangtze Delta: Jiangyin Bridge of 1999 (1,385 m (4,544 ft)), Runyang Bridge of 2005 (1,490 m (4,890 ft)), and Fourth Nanjing Bridge of 2012 (1,418 m (4,652 ft)) are all among the ten longest suspension bridges in the world. The Sutong Bridge of 2008 (1,088 m (3,570 ft)), Edong Bridge of 2010 (926 m (3,038 ft)) and Jiujiang Fuyin Bridge of 2013 (818 m (2,684 ft)) and Jingyue Bridge (816 m (2,677 ft)) all have cable-stayed bridge spans that rank among the top ten in the world. The Chaotianmen Bridge of 2009 (552 m (1,811 ft)) is the longest arch bridge in the world. The Wushan Bridge of 2005 (460 m (1,510 ft)) also ranks in the top ten. The Sutong, Jingyue, Zhongxian Expressway, and Jiujiang Fuyin Bridges rank among the ten tallest in the world.

The rapid pace of bridge construction has continued. As of October 2014, urban Chongqing has 17 bridges, Wuhan has seven bridges and three tunnels across the Yangtze, and Nanjing has five bridges and two tunnels. About a dozen other bridges are now under construction.

In the upper reaches of the Yangtze above Yibin, the Jinsha (Gold Sands), Tongtian, and Tuotuo sections of the river are narrower and bridges are more numerous. As of October 2014, Yibin had 10 bridges across the Jinsha and Panzhihua had 16.

Many of the bridges over the Jinsha in Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet are simple suspension bridges that can only support travelers on foot and pack animals. The oldest of these, the Jinlong Bridge in Lijiang, dates to 1880.

List of existing bridges and tunnels[edit]

From Shanghai to Yibin: Changjiang[edit]

For 2,884 km (1,792 mi) from the river's mouth at Shanghai up to the confluence with the Min River at Yibin, the Yangtze River is known in Chinese as the Changjiang or the Long River.

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Main Span Type Carries Coordinates
Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel and Bridge.jpg Chongming, Changxing
[note 1]
Shanghai 2009 9,997 m (32,799 ft) 730 m (2,400 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G40 sign with name.png
6-lane
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel south entrance.JPG Changxing, Pudong
[note 2]
2009 8,950 m (29,360 ft) - tunnel
Chongqi Bridge
Qidong,
Chongming
[note 3]
Jiangsu,
Shanghai
2011 7,150 m (23,460 ft) 185 m (607 ft) box girder
Sutong Bridge Sutong Bridge.jpg Nantong, Changshu Jiangsu 2008 2,088 m (6,850 ft) 1,088 m (3,570 ft) Cable-stayed China Expwy G15 sign with name.svg
6-lane
31°47′22″N 121°00′08″E / 31.7894°N 121.0022°E / 31.7894; 121.0022 (Sutong Bridge)
Jiangyin Bridge Jiangyin Yangtze River bridge-2.jpeg Jingjiang, Jiangyin 1999 3,071 m (10,075 ft) 1,385 m (4,544 ft) suspension China Expwy G2 sign with name.svg
6-lane
31°56′57″N 120°16′03″E / 31.9492°N 120.2674°E / 31.9492; 120.2674 (Jiangyin Bridge)
Taizhou Bridge TaizhouBridgeView.jpg Taizhou, Yangzhong 2012 2,940 m (9,650 ft) 1,080 m (3,540 ft) suspension Jiangsu Expwy S35 sign with name.svg 32°14′48″N 119°52′36″E / 32.2466°N 119.8767°E / 32.2466; 119.8767 (Taizhou Bridge)
Runyang North Bridge Runyang North Bridge.jpg Yangzhou, Shiye Island 2005 756.8 m (2,483 ft) 406 m (1,332 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G4011 sign with name.svg
6-lane
Runyang South Bridge Runyan Bridge 1.jpg Shiye Island, Zhenjiang 2,430 m (7,970 ft) 1,490 m (4,890 ft) suspension 32°12′26″N 119°21′49″E / 32.2072°N 119.3637°E / 32.2072; 119.3637 (Runyang Bridge)
Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPG Nanjing 2012 5,437 m (17,838 ft) 1,418 m (4,652 ft) suspension China Expwy G2501 sign no name.svg 32°10′41″N 118°56′24″E / 32.1780°N 118.9401°E / 32.1780; 118.9401 (Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPG 2001 2,938 m (9,639 ft) 628 m (2,060 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G36 sign with name.svg
6-lane
32°09′45″N 118°50′10″E / 32.1626°N 118.8362°E / 32.1626; 118.8362 (Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge02.jpg 1968 1,577 m (5,174 ft) 160 m (520 ft) beam Kokudou 104(China).svg
4-lane
Jinghu R.R.
2-track
32°06′55″N 118°44′20″E / 32.1153°N 118.7389°E / 32.1153; 118.7389 (Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Nanjing Yangtze Tunnel 南京江心洲长江隧道.jpg 2009 3,837 m (12,589 ft) - tunnel 6-lane highway 31°58′14″N 118°38′28″E / 31.9706°N 118.6411°E / 31.9706; 118.6411 (Nanjing Yangtze Tunnel)
Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge NJ 3rd Bridge-edit.jpg 2005 4,744 m (15,564 ft) 648 m (2,126 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G42 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G2501 sign no name.svg
6-lane
31°58′14″N 118°38′28″E / 31.9706°N 118.6411°E / 31.9706; 118.6411 (Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Nanjing Metro Line 10 Tunnel BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svgNanjing Metro logo.svg 2014 3,345 m (10,974 ft) - tunnel Line 10
Dashengguan Bridge The Dashengguan railway bridge1.jpg 2010 1,615 m (5,299 ft) 336 m (1,102 ft) arch Jinghu HSR
Huhanrong PDL
Nanjing Metro
6-track
31°57′35″N 118°37′52″E / 31.9598°N 118.6310°E / 31.9598; 118.6310 (Dashengguan Bridge)
Ma'anshan Bridge Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge East Channel.JPG Ma'anshan Anhui 2013 11,000 m (36,000 ft) 1,080 m (3,540 ft) suspension Hefei-Changshu Expwy
Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge Park near the bridge, Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge1.jpg Wuhu 2000 2,193 m (7,195 ft) 312 m (1,024 ft) Cable-stayed China Expwy G5011 sign with name.svg
Railway
31°23′16″N 118°20′07″E / 31.3878°N 118.3353°E / 31.3878; 118.3353 (Tongling Bridge)
Tongling Bridge Tongling Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Tongling 1995 1,152 m (3,780 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G3 sign with name.svg
4-lane
30°51′22″N 117°43′36″E / 30.8560°N 117.7268°E / 30.8560; 117.7268 (Tongling Bridge)
Anqing Bridge Bridge on the Yangtze River in Anqing Anhui China-2.jpg Anqing 2005 1,040 m (3,410 ft) 510 m (1,670 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg 30°29′57″N 117°04′17″E / 30.4991°N 117.0714°E / 30.4991; 117.0714 (Anqing Bridge)
Jiujiang Bridge JiuJiang Bridge.jpg Huangmei, Jiujiang Hubei,
Jiangxi
1992 1,806 m (5,925 ft) 576 m (1,890 ft) Combined truss and arch Kokudou 105(China).svg
Jingjiu R.R.
29°45′01″N 116°00′49″E / 29.7502°N 116.0136°E / 29.7502; 116.0136 (Jiujiang Bridge)
Jiujiang Expressway Bridge Second Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2013 8,462 m (27,762 ft)[1] 818 m (2,684 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G70 sign with name.svg 29°43′20″N 115°54′30″E / 29.722306°N 115.908444°E / 29.722306; 115.908444 (Jiujiang Expressway Bridge)
Huangshi Bridge Huangshi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Huangshi Hubei
eastern
1995 1,060 m (3,480 ft) 245 m (804 ft) beam Shoudou 201(China).svg 30°15′04″N 115°04′19″E / 30.2512°N 115.07201°E / 30.2512; 115.07201 (Huangshi Bridge)
Edong Bridge Edong Bridge.jpg Huanggang 2010 1,486 m (4,875 ft) 926 m (3,038 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G45 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg
30°15′39″N 115°04′28″E / 30.2607°N 115.0744°E / 30.2607; 115.0744 (Edong Bridge)
Ehuang Bridge Ehuang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Huanggang, Ezhou 2002 1,290 m (4,230 ft) 480 m (1,570 ft) cable-stayed China Highway G106.png 30°24′44″N 114°55′09″E / 30.4121°N 114.9193°E / 30.4121; 114.9193 (Ehuang Bridge)
Huanggang Yangtze River Bridge 2014 1,215 m (3,986 ft) 567 m (1,860 ft) cable-stayed Hubei Expwy S38 sign no name.svg
Wuhuang ICR
30°29′53″N 114°50′03″E / 30.4981°N 114.8342°E / 30.4981; 114.8342 (Huanggang Bridge)
Yangluo Bridge Yangluo Bridge - Wuhan's 5th bridge over the Yangtze River-edit.jpg Wuhan 2007 2,735 m (8,973 ft) 1,280 m (4,200 ft) suspension China Expwy G70 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G4201 sign no name.svg
6-lane
30°37′27″N 114°33′28″E / 30.6242°N 114.5578°E / 30.6242; 114.5578 (Yangluo Bridge)
Tianxingzhou Bridge Tianxingzhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2009 4,657 m (15,279 ft) 504 m (1,654 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane Wuhan Third Ring Road
Wuguang HSR & Huhanrong Railway
4-track
30°39′25″N 114°24′18″E / 30.6569°N 114.4050°E / 30.6569; 114.4050 (Tianxingzhou Bridge)
Erqi Bridge Erqi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2011 2,922 m (9,587 ft) 616 m (2,021 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Second Ring Road
8-lane
30°37′39″N 114°20′31″E / 30.6276°N 114.3420°E / 30.6276; 114.3420 (Erqi Bridge)
Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge.jpg 1995 1,080 m (3,540 ft) 400 m (1,300 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Inner Ring Road 30°36′18″N 114°19′12″E / 30.6051°N 114.32012°E / 30.6051; 114.32012 (Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge)
Wuhan Yangtze River Tunnel Wuhan Changjiang Tunnel.jpeg 2008 3,630 m (11,910 ft) N/A tunnel 4-lane highway 30°34′45″N 114°18′26″E / 30.5792°N 114.3072°E / 30.5792; 114.3072 (Wuhan Yangtze River Tunnel)
Wuhan Metro Line 2 Tunnel Wuhan metro line 2 train.png 2012 3,098 m (10,164 ft) N/A tunnel Wuhan Metro Logo.svg Wuhan m 2 jms.png
Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge-1.jpg 1957 1,670 m (5,480 ft) 128 m (420 ft) truss China Highway G107.png
4-lane
Jingguang R.R.
30°32′59″N 114°17′18″E / 30.5497°N 114.2882°E / 30.5497; 114.2882 (Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge)
Wuhan Metro Line 4 Tunnel BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg 2014 2,994 m (9,823 ft) (left tube)
3,003 m (9,852 ft)(right tube)
- tunnel Wuhan Metro Logo.svg Wuhan m 4 jms.png
Baishazhou Bridge Yangtze River, Baishazhou Bridge over the river near Wuhan-edit.jpg 2000 3,589 m (11,775 ft) 618 m (2,028 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Third Ring Road 30°29′05″N 114°14′44″E / 30.4846°N 114.2455°E / 30.4846; 114.2455 (Baishazhou Bridge)
Junshan Bridge Junshan Bridge-2.jpg 2001 2,847 m (9,341 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G4 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G4201 sign no name.svg
30°22′27″N 114°08′25″E / 30.374028°N 114.140278°E / 30.374028; 114.140278 (Junshan Bridge)
Jingyue Bridge China Yangtze Bridge.jpg Jianli, Yueyang Hubei,
Hunan
2010 5,400 m (17,700 ft) 816 m (2,677 ft) cable-stayed Hubei Expwy S49 sign no name.svg
6-lane
29°32′40″N 113°13′21″E / 29.54434°N 113.222433°E / 29.54434; 113.222433 (Jingyue Bridge)
Jingzhou Bridge Jingzhou-Changjiang daqio.JPG Jingzhou Hubei
western
2002 4,177 m (13,704 ft) 500 m (1,600 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G55 sign with name.png
4-lane
30°18′32″N 112°12′59″E / 30.308837°N 112.21628°E / 30.308837; 112.21628 (Jingzhou Bridge)
Zhicheng Bridge Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Zhicheng 1971 1,280 m (4,200 ft) 160 m (520 ft) truss Shoudou 225(China).svg
Jiaoliu R.R.
30°17′10″N 111°31′35″E / 30.286086°N 111.526442°E / 30.286086; 111.526442 (Zhicheng Bridge)
Yichang Bridge Yichang Yangtze Highway Bridge.JPG Yichang 2001 1,187 m (3,894 ft) 960 m (3,150 ft) suspension China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg
Kokudou 318(China).svg
30°34′11″N 111°23′30″E / 30.569601°N 111.391536°E / 30.569601; 111.391536 (Yichang Bridge)
Yichang Railway Bridge Yiwan Railway Yangtze River Bridge-1.jpg 2008 2,446 m (8,025 ft) 275 m (902 ft) (x2) Truss and arch Yiwan R.R.
2-track
30°39′21″N 111°19′32″E / 30.655944°N 111.325583°E / 30.655944; 111.325583 (Yichang Railway Bridge)
Yiling Bridge YilingThreeTwrBrCenter.jpg 2001 936 m (3,071 ft) 348 m (1,142 ft) (x2) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 30°41′03″N 111°17′22″E / 30.684131°N 111.289515°E / 30.684131; 111.289515 (Yiling Bridge)
Gezhouba Dam GezhoudaDam-03.JPG 1988 2,606.5 m (8,552 ft) - dam roadway over the dam 30°44′23″N 111°16′20″E / 30.739722°N 111.272222°E / 30.739722; 111.272222 (Gezhouba Dam)
Xiling Bridge Xiling Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 1996 1,119 m (3,671 ft) 900 m (3,000 ft) suspension 4-lane highway 30°49′43″N 111°02′47″E / 30.8285°N 111.0465°E / 30.8285; 111.0465 (Xiling Bridge)
Three Gorges Dam Three Gorges Dam, Yangtze River, China.jpg 2003 2,335 m (7,661 ft) - dam pathway over the dam 30°50′N 111°01′E / 30.83°N 111.01°E / 30.83; 111.01 (Three Gorges Dam)
Badong Bridge BadongBridge.JPG Badong 2004 728 m (2,388 ft) 388 m (1,273 ft) cable-stayed Kokudou 209(China).svg 31°02′55″N 110°19′42″E / 31.048556°N 110.328472°E / 31.048556; 110.328472 (Badong Bridge)
Wushan Yangtze River Bridge YangtzeRiverBridge.jpg Wushan County Chongqing 2005 612 m (2,008 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) arch Road 31°03′47″N 109°54′08″E / 31.063056°N 109.902111°E / 31.063056; 109.902111 (Wushan Yangtze River Bridge)
Fengjie Bridge Fengjie Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Fengjie 2005 893 m (2,930 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed Road
S201
31°01′13″N 109°28′51″E / 31.020306°N 109.480944°E / 31.020306; 109.480944 (Fengjie Bridge)
Yunyang Yangtze River Bridge Yunyang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Yunyang 2005 1,272 m (4,173 ft) 318 m (1,043 ft) cable-stayed Road 30°54′56″N 108°42′42″E / 30.9155°N 108.71175°E / 30.9155; 108.71175 (Yunyang Bridge)
Second Wanzhou Bridge Second Wanzhou Yangtze Bridge.JPG Wanzhou 2004 1,216 m (3,990 ft) 580 m (1,900 ft) suspension 4-lane highway 30°49′33″N 108°24′17″E / 30.825889°N 108.404778°E / 30.825889; 108.404778 (Second Wanzhou Bridge)
Wanzhou Railway Bridge Wanzhou Yangtze River Railway Bridge1.JPG 2005 1,106 m (3,629 ft) 360 m (1,180 ft) arch Yiwan Railway
2-track
30°46′11″N 108°25′00″E / 30.769778°N 108.416528°E / 30.769778; 108.416528 (Wanzhou Railway Bridge)
Wanxian Bridge Wanxian Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 1997 864 m (2,835 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) arch Kokudou 306(China).svg 30°45′35″N 108°25′09″E / 30.759611°N 108.419278°E / 30.759611; 108.419278 (Wanzhou Bridge)
Zhongxian Yangtze River Bridge Zhong County Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Zhong County 2001 1,200 m (3,900 ft) 560 m (1,840 ft) suspension 4-lane S302 30°18′07″N 108°02′57″E / 30.301833°N 108.049111°E / 30.301833; 108.049111 (Zhong County Bridge)
Zhongxian Huyu Expressway Bridge Zhongxian Changjiang Bridge.JPG 2009 2,145 m (7,037 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg 30°13′55″N 108°00′21″E / 30.231944°N 108.005833°E / 30.231944; 108.005833 (Zhong County Expressway Bridge)
Fengdu Bridge Fengdu Bridge-1.jpg Fengdu 1997 620 m (2,030 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) suspension S103 29°51′20″N 107°40′11″E / 29.855417°N 107.669722°E / 29.855417; 107.669722 (Fengdu Bridge)
Hanjiatuo Bridge Tan Yujiatuo Bridge-1.jpg Fuling 2012 1,137 m (3,730 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed Yuli Railway 29°46′04″N 107°25′02″E / 29.767694°N 107.417278°E / 29.767694; 107.417278 (Hanjiatuo Bridge)
Shibangou Bridge 02 ChangJiang 07 GhostTownToChongQing 2011 06 18 005.jpg 2009 975 m (3,199 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane Fuling Ring Rd 29°43′50″N 107°24′21″E / 29.730694°N 107.405944°E / 29.730694; 107.405944 (Shibangou Bridge)
Fuling Yangtze River Bridge Fuling Yangtze Bridge, Chongqing. Fuling.jpg 1997 631 m (2,070 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) cable-stayed Kokudou 319(China).svg
4-lane
29°44′11″N 107°20′49″E / 29.7365°N 107.346806°E / 29.7365; 107.346806 (Fuling Yangtze River Bridge)
Lidu Bridge Lidu Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2007 822 m (2,697 ft) 398 m (1,306 ft) cable-stayed Road 29°43′37″N 107°17′36″E / 29.727028°N 107.293472°E / 29.727028; 107.293472 (Lidu Bridge)
Qingcaobei Bridge
青草背长江大桥
Qingcaobei Yangtze River Bridge.jpg 2013 1,146 m (3,760 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) suspension Fuling Ring Rd.
Changshou Bridge Changshou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Changshou District 2009 1,160 m (3,810 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 29°48′59″N 107°03′25″E / 29.816444°N 107.057028°E / 29.816444; 107.057028 (Changshou Bridge)
Changshou Railway Bridge Changshou Yangtze River Railroad Bridge.JPG 2005 898.3 m (2,947 ft) 192 m (630 ft) truss Yuhuai R.R.
2-track
29°46′22″N 106°59′30″E / 29.772796°N 106.991546°E / 29.772796; 106.991546 (Changshou Railway Bridge)
Yuzui Yangtze River Bridge Yuzui Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Nan'an District 2009 1,440 m (4,720 ft) 616 m (2,021 ft) suspension China Expwy G5001-CQRE sign with name.png
6-lane
29°36′41″N 106°46′21″E / 29.611306°N 106.772556°E / 29.611306; 106.772556 (Yuzui Bridge)
Dafosi Bridge Chongqing bridge, Dafosi Yangtze River Bridge.jpg 2001 1,176 m (3,858 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G65 sign with name.png
6-lane
29°36′24″N 106°34′58″E / 29.606667°N 106.582639°E / 29.606667; 106.582639 (Dafosi Bridge)
Chaotianmen Bridge Chaotianmen Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Yubei District, Nan'an District 2009 4,880 m (16,010 ft) 552 m (1,811 ft) arch 6-lane highway
2-track light rail
29°35′20″N 106°34′38″E / 29.588871°N 106.57721°E / 29.588871; 106.57721 (Chaotianmen Bridge)
Dongshuimen Bridge Dongshuimen Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Yuzhong District, Nan'an District 2014 1,124 m (3,688 ft) 445 m (1,460 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway
Line 6
29°33′39″N 106°35′13″E / 29.5608°N 106.5869°E / 29.5608; 106.5869 (Dongshuimen Bridge)
Shibanpo Bridge Shibanpo Bridge2.jpg 1977 1,103 m (3,619 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) box girder 8-lane highway 29°32′44″N 106°33′36″E / 29.545556°N 106.559889°E / 29.545556; 106.559889 (Shibanpo Bridge)
Caiyuanba Bridge Caiyuanba Bridge, Chongqing-1.jpg 2007 1,866 m (6,122 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) arch 6-lane highway
 Line 3 
2-track
29°32′36″N 106°32′53″E / 29.543222°N 106.547944°E / 29.543222; 106.547944 (Caiyuanba Bridge)
E'gongyan Bridge E'gongyan Bridge.jpg Jiulongpo District, Nan'an District 2000 1,022 m (3,353 ft) 600 m (2,000 ft) suspension 6 lane highway 29°31′24″N 106°31′41″E / 29.52325°N 106.528056°E / 29.52325; 106.528056 (E'gongyan Bridge)
Lijiatuo Bridge Lijiatuo Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 1995 1,288 m (4,226 ft) 444 m (1,457 ft) cable-stayed Highway 29°28′46″N 106°31′42″E / 29.479472°N 106.528444°E / 29.479472; 106.528444 (Lijiatuo Bridge)
Masangxi Bridge Masangxi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Dadukou District, Ba'nan District 2001 1,104 m (3,622 ft) 360 m (1,180 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G75 sign with name.png
6-lane
29°27′28″N 106°29′39″E / 29.457667°N 106.494194°E / 29.457667; 106.494194 (Masangxi Bridge)
Yudong Bridge Yudong Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2008 1,541 m (5,056 ft) 260 m (850 ft) beam 6-lane highway
2-track light rail
29°24′09″N 106°29′48″E / 29.402556°N 106.496611°E / 29.402556; 106.496611 (Yudong Bridge)
Baishatuo Railway Bridge Baishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge.JPG Dadukou District, Jiangjin District 1960 825 m (2,707 ft) 80 m (260 ft) truss 2-track Chuanqian R.R.
[note 4]
29°21′13″N 106°25′31″E / 29.353714°N 106.425267°E / 29.353714; 106.425267 (Baishatuo Railway Bridge)
Diwei Bridge Diwei Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2004 734 m (2,408 ft) 345 m (1,132 ft) cable-stayed 2-lane road 29°20′41″N 106°24′17″E / 29.344667°N 106.404722°E / 29.344667; 106.404722 (Diwei Bridge)
Guanyinyan Bridge Guanyinyan Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Jiulongpo District, Jiangjin District 2009 1,199 m (3,934 ft) 436 m (1,430 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G93 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G5001 sign no name.svg
6-lane
29°15′48″N 106°19′16″E / 29.263444°N 106.321222°E / 29.263444; 106.321222 (Guanyinyan Bridge)
Dingshan Bridge 2013 897 m (2,943 ft) 464 m (1,522 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane road 29°16′29″N 106°17′14″E / 29.274743°N 106.287242°E / 29.274743; 106.287242 (Dingshan Bridge)
Jiangjin Bridge
江津长江大桥
Jiangjin Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Jiangjin District 1997 1,360 m (4,460 ft) 240 m (790 ft) beam S107 29°15′50″N 106°15′09″E / 29.263806°N 106.252528°E / 29.263806; 106.252528 (Jiangjin Bridge)
Bosideng Bridge Bosideng Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Hejiang County Sichuan 2012 841 m (2,759 ft) 530 m (1,740 ft) arch China Expwy G93 sign with name.svg 28°53′32″N 105°52′47″E / 28.892182°N 105.879717°E / 28.892182; 105.879717 (Bosideng Bridge)
Hejiang Bridge Hejiang Bridge.JPG 2012 1,715 m (5,627 ft) 410 m (1,350 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G93 sign with name.svg 28°50′42″N 105°47′57″E / 28.84491°N 105.7992°E / 28.84491; 105.7992 (Hejiang Bridge)
Huangyi Bridge
黄舣长江大桥
Huangyi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Luzhou 2012 1,223 m (4,012 ft) 520 m (1,710 ft) cable-stayed road 28°53′43″N 105°32′53″E / 28.895259°N 105.548094°E / 28.895259; 105.548094 (Huangyi Bridge)
Taian Bridge
泸州泰安长江大桥
Taian Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2008 1,573 m (5,161 ft) 270 m (890 ft) cable-stayed Road 28°52′42″N 105°31′34″E / 28.878326°N 105.526116°E / 28.878326; 105.526116 (Taian Bridge)
Qiancao Bridge
茜草长江大桥
Qiancao Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2012 1,189 m (3,901 ft) 248 m (814 ft) extradosed Road 28°53′17″N 105°27′20″E / 28.888139°N 105.455556°E / 28.888139; 105.455556 (Qiancao Bridge)
Luzhou Bridge
泸州长江大桥
Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 1982 1,252 m (4,108 ft) 170 m (560 ft) beam Kokudou 321(China).svg 28°52′07″N 105°26′27″E / 28.868494°N 105.440806°E / 28.868494; 105.440806 (Luzhou Bridge)
Luzhou Railway Bridge
泸州铁路长江大桥
Luzhou Yangtze River Railway Bridge.JPG 2002 602 m (1,975 ft) 144 m (472 ft) beam Longchang-Huangtong R.R.
1-track
28°46′22″N 105°21′17″E / 28.772813°N 105.35476°E / 28.772813; 105.35476 (Luzhou Railway Bridge)
Second Luzhou Bridge
泸州长江二桥
Second Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2003 1,408 m (4,619 ft) 253 m (830 ft) beam China Expwy G76 sign with name.svg
4-lane
28°45′54″N 105°20′12″E / 28.764941°N 105.336644°E / 28.764941; 105.336644 (Second Luzhou Bridge)
Jiang'an Bridge
江安长江大桥
Jiang'an County 2008 1,093 m (3,586 ft) 252 m (827 ft) beam Road 28°43′46″N 105°04′58″E / 28.729526°N 105.082659°E / 28.729526; 105.082659 (Jiang'an Bridge)
Nanxi Bridge Nanxi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Yibin 2012 1,295 m (4,249 ft) 820 m (2,690 ft) suspension China Expwy G93 sign with name.svg 28°47′N 104°57′E / 28.78°N 104.95°E / 28.78; 104.95 (Nanxi Yangtze Bridge)
Yibin Yangtze Bridge
宜宾长江大桥 [2]
Yibin Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2008 931 m (3,054 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 28°46′04″N 104°39′14″E / 28.76781°N 104.65386°E / 28.76781; 104.65386 (Yibin Yangtze Bridge)

Notes

  1. ^ The Shanghai Yangtze Bridge connects only the Changxing and Chongming Islands. This bridge, together with the Chongming-Qidong Bridge to the north and the Shanghai Yangtze Tunnel to the south, forms one crossing near the river's mouth.
  2. ^ The Shanghai Yangtze Tunnel only connects Pudong on the south bank of the river with Changxing Island. This tunnel, together with the Chongming-Qidong and Shanghai Yangtze Bridges to the nouth, forms one crossing near the river's mouth.
  3. ^ The Chongming-Qidong Bridge connects only the Qidong on the north bank of the Yangtze and Chongming Island. This bridge, together with the Shanghai's Yangtze River Bridge and Tunnel to the south, forms one crossing near the river's mouth.
  4. ^ The bridge's second track was added in 1978.

From Yibin to Yushu: The Jinsha[edit]

For 2,308 km (1,434 mi), from the confluence with the Min River at Yibin in Sichuan up to the confluence with the Batang River at Yushu in Qinghai, the Yangtze is known as the Jinsha or Gold Sands River.

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Main Span Type Carries Coordinates
Yibin Rongzhou Bridge
宜宾戎州大桥
Jingsaojiang Rongzhou bridge in Yibin.jpg Yibin Sichuan
eastern
2004 505 m (1,657 ft) 260 m (850 ft) arch road 28°46′00″N 104°38′19″E / 28.7667°N 104.6386°E / 28.7667; 104.6386 (Yibin Rongzhou Bridge)
Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge
宜宾小南门大桥
Jinshajiang Xiao-Nan-Men Bridge.jpg 1990 387 m (1,270 ft) 260 m (850 ft) arch road 28°45′50″N 104°37′30″E / 28.7639°N 104.625°E / 28.7639; 104.625 (Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge)
Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge 宜宾金沙江铁路大桥 1968 400 m (1,300 ft) 176 m (577 ft) beam Yigong R.R. 28°45′33″N 104°37′02″E / 28.7592°N 104.6172°E / 28.7592; 104.6172 (Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge)
Yibin Zhongba Bridge
宜宾中坝大桥
Zhongba Bridge over the Jingsha River in Yibin.jpg 2003 427 m (1,401 ft) 252 m (827 ft) cable-stayed road 28°45′21″N 104°36′39″E / 28.7558°N 104.6108°E / 28.7558; 104.6108 (Yibin Zhongba Bridge)
Yibin Tianchi Bridge 宜宾天池大桥 2011 653 m (2,142 ft) 220 m (720 ft) beam road 28°42′25″N 104°34′36″E / 28.7069°N 104.5766°E / 28.7069; 104.5766 (Yibin Tianchi Bridge)
Yibin Mamingxi Bridge 马鸣溪大桥 1979 245 m (804 ft) 150 m (490 ft) deck arch Shoudou 206(China).svg 28°42′04″N 104°33′24″E / 28.7011°N 104.5567°E / 28.7011; 104.5567 (Yibin Mamingxi Bridge)
Yishui Expressway Bridge
宜水高速公路金沙江大桥
Jinsha River Super Large Bridge-1.jpg 2005 1,712 m (5,617 ft) 249 m (817 ft) beam China Expwy G85 sign with name.svg 28°41′20″N 104°31′24″E / 28.6889°N 104.5233°E / 28.6889; 104.5233 (Yishui Expressway Bridge)
Shuifu Bridge 水富大桥 Yibin,
Zhaotong
Sichuan
Yunnan
1958 truss Neikun R.R. 28°41′51″N 104°25′16″E / 28.6975°N 104.4211°E / 28.6975; 104.4211 (Shuifu Bridge)
Xiangjiaba Bridge 向家坝金沙江大桥 2007 443 m (1,453 ft) 170 m (560 ft) box girder road 28°38′25″N 104°24′34″E / 28.6402°N 104.4094°E / 28.6402; 104.4094 (Xiangjiaba Bridge)
G213 Jinsha River Bridge 213国道金沙江大桥 2001 310 m (1,020 ft) 150 m (490 ft) arch road 28°39′45″N 103°52′12″E / 28.6625°N 103.87°E / 28.6625; 103.87 (G213 Jinsha River Bridge)
Xiluodu Bridge 溪洛渡大桥 Liangshan,
Zhaotong
2005 box girder road 28°14′30″N 103°40′31″E / 28.2417°N 103.6753°E / 28.2417; 103.6753 (Xiluodu Bridge)
Tongyang Bridge 通阳大桥 2008 arch Shoudou 208(China).svg 27°31′54″N 103°11′59″E / 27.5317°N 103.1997°E / 27.5317; 103.1997 (Tongyang Bridge)
Hulukou Bridge 葫芦口大桥 1998 160 m (520 ft) arch 26°57′52″N 102°53′24″E / 26.9644°N 102.89°E / 26.9644; 102.89 (Hulukou Bridge)
Jiaopingdu Bridge 皎平渡大桥 Liangshan,
Kunming
1991 144 m (472 ft) cable-stayed Shoudou 213(China).svg 26°17′34″N 102°22′59″E / 26.2928°N 102.3831°E / 26.2928; 102.3831 (Jiaopingdu Bridge)
G5 Expressway Bridge
西攀高速公路金沙江大桥
Xipan Bridge Jinshajiang.jpg Panzhihua Sichuan
southern
2008 637 m (2,090 ft) 324 m (1,063 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G5 sign with name.svg 26°34′22″N 101°51′07″E / 26.5728°N 101.8519°E / 26.5728; 101.8519 (Xipan Expressway Bridge)
Chengkun Railway Bridge 成昆铁路金沙江大桥 1970 390 m (1,280 ft) 192 m (630 ft) beam Chengkun R.R. 26°34′53″N 101°50′11″E / 26.5814°N 101.8364°E / 26.5814; 101.8364 (Chengkun Railway Bridge)
Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge 丽攀高速公路青龙山大桥 2014 862 m (2,828 ft) 230 m (750 ft) box girder China Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg 26°36′15″N 101°47′42″E / 26.6042°N 101.795°E / 26.6042; 101.795 (Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge)
Luoguo Bridge
倮果大桥
Luoguo Bridge.jpg 1995 208 m (682 ft) 160 m (520 ft) arch Shoudou 214(China).svg 26°36′04″N 101°47′39″E / 26.6011°N 101.7942°E / 26.6011; 101.7942 (Luoguo Bridge)
New Midi Bridge 新密地大桥 2011
2013
[note 1]
296 m (971 ft) 182 m (597 ft) arch road 26°34′33″N 102°44′59″E / 26.5758°N 102.7497°E / 26.5758; 102.7497 (New Midi Bridge)
Midi Bridge
密地大桥
俯瞰密地桥.jpg
1969
2014
[note 2]
284 m (932 ft) 181 m (594 ft) arch road 26°34′33″N 102°44′59″E / 26.5758°N 102.7497°E / 26.5758; 102.7497 (Midi Bridge)
Bingcaogang Bridge
炳草岗大桥
Bingcaogang Bridge - view from Panzhihua Park.jpg
2001 516.3 m (1,694 ft) 200 m (660 ft) cable-stayed road 26°34′32″N 102°42′14″E / 26.5756°N 102.7038°E / 26.5756; 102.7038 (Bingcaogang Bridge)
New Dukou Bridge
新渡口大桥
New Dukou Bridge.jpg
2005 385.88 m (1,266.0 ft) 170 m (560 ft) arch Shoudou 310(China).svg 26°33′25″N 101°41′49″E / 26.557°N 101.697°E / 26.557; 101.697 (New Dukou Bridge)
Hehuachi Bridge
荷花池大桥
Hehuachi Bridge.jpg
1976 252.2 m (827 ft) 110 m (360 ft) arch road 26°34′07″N 101°39′46″E / 26.5686°N 101.6627°E / 26.5686; 101.6627 (Hehuachi Bridge)
Hehuachi Railway Bridge 荷花池铁路桥 1995 beam railway 26°35′08″N 101°39′16″E / 26.5856°N 101.6544°E / 26.5856; 101.6544 (Hehuachi Railway Bridge)
Xinzhuang Bridge 新庄大桥 1972 323.7 m (1,062 ft) 146 m (479 ft) arch Shoudou 310(China).svg 26°35′08″N 101°39′17″E / 26.5855°N 101.6546°E / 26.5855; 101.6546 (Xinzhuang Bridge)
Dashuijing Bridge 丽攀高速公路大水井大桥 2014 475 m (1,558 ft) 230 m (750 ft) box girder China Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg 26°35′25″N 101°37′12″E / 26.5903°N 101.62°E / 26.5903; 101.62 (Dashuijing Bridge)
Fala Bridge 法拉大桥 2005 233.74 m (766.9 ft) 190 m (620 ft) box girder road 26°35′15″N 101°36′01″E / 26.5876°N 101.6002°E / 26.5876; 101.6002 (Fala Bridge)
Baoding Bridge 宝鼎大桥 1982 392 m (1,286 ft) 170 m (560 ft) box girder road 26°35′48″N 101°34′16″E / 26.5966°N 101.5711°E / 26.5966; 101.5711 (Baoding Bridge)
Zhuangshang Bridge 庄上金沙江特大桥 2014 370 m (1,210 ft) 180 m (590 ft) box girder China Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg 26°35′33″N 101°29′53″E / 26.5925°N 101.4981°E / 26.5925; 101.4981 (Zhuangshang Bridge)
Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge 观音岩大桥 2005 114 m (374 ft) arch road 26°31′53″N 101°26′49″E / 26.5314°N 101.4470°E / 26.5314; 101.4470 (Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge)
New Jinjiang Bridge 新金江大桥 Lijiang Yunnan
2012 325 m (1,066 ft) box girder Shoudou 220(China).svg 26°11′03″N 100°35′37″E / 26.1842°N 100.5936°E / 26.1842; 100.5936 (New Jinjiang Bridge)
Second Zhongjiang Bridge 中江二桥 Dali 250 m (820 ft) 170 m (560 ft) suspension road 26°28′59″N 100°25′09″E / 26.4831°N 100.4192°E / 26.4831; 100.4192 (Second Zhongjiang Bridge)
Zhongjiang Bridge 中江大桥 2005 suspension road 26°29′45″N 100°24′45″E / 26.4958°N 100.4125°E / 26.4958; 100.4125 (Zhongjiang Bridge)
Longkai Bridge 龙开口大桥 box girder road 26°43′06″N 100°23′29″E / 26.7183°N 100.3914°E / 26.7183; 100.3914 (Longkai Bridge)
Jinlong Bridge 金龙桥 Lijiang 1880 116 m (381 ft) 90 m (300 ft) simple suspension foot traffic 26°46′58″N 100°23′09″E / 26.7828°N 100.3858°E / 26.7828; 100.3858 (Jinlong Bridge)
Jin'an Bridge 金安桥 1982 186 m (610 ft)[3] 110 m (360 ft)[3] arch Shoudou 308(China).svg 26°47′47″N 100°25′47″E / 26.7964°N 100.4297°E / 26.7964; 100.4297 (Jin'an Bridge)
New Jin'an Bridge 新金安桥 arch road 26°47′55″N 100°26′24″E / 26.7986°N 100.44°E / 26.7986; 100.44 (New Jin'an Bridge)
New Shudi Bridge 新树底大桥 2003
[3]
179.6 m (589 ft)[3] 120 m (390 ft)[3] box girder Shoudou 991(China).svg 27°00′23″N 100°26′16″E / 27.0064°N 100.4378°E / 27.0064; 100.4378 (New Shudi Bridge)
Ahai Bridge 阿海大桥 270 m (890 ft) arch road 27°20′06″N 100°30′24″E / 27.335°N 100.5067°E / 27.335; 100.5067 (Ahai Bridge)
Fengke Bridge 奉科大桥 216 m (709 ft) 150 m (490 ft) box girder road 27°36′15″N 100°26′37″E / 27.6042°N 100.4436°E / 27.6042; 100.4436 (Fengke Bridge)
Liyuan Bridge 梨园大桥 Dêqên,
Lijiang
arch road 27°41′13″N 100°17′23″E / 27.6869°N 100.2897°E / 27.6869; 100.2897 (Liyuan Bridge)
Jihong Bridge 继红桥 1971 150 m (490 ft) 75 m (246 ft) arch road 27°07′53″N 100°03′19″E / 27.1314°N 100.0552°E / 27.1314; 100.0552 (Jihong Bridge)
suspension road 27°03′04″N 100°04′38″E / 27.0511°N 100.0772°E / 27.0511; 100.0772
Songyuan Bridge 松园大桥 1996 170 m (560 ft) arch Kokudou 214(China).svg 27°00′18″N 100°04′17″E / 27.005°N 100.0714°E / 27.005; 100.0714 (Songyuan Bridge)
suspension road 27°09′10″N 99°49′28″E / 27.1528°N 99.8244°E / 27.1528; 99.8244
Qizong Bridge 其宗大桥 Dêqên 1989 cable-stayed Shoudou 226(China).svg 27°44′33″N 99°31′43″E / 27.7425°N 99.5286°E / 27.7425; 99.5286 (Qizong Bridge)
Xinhe Bridge 新贺龙桥 Garzê,
Dêqên
Sichuan,
Yunnan
arch Kokudou 214(China).svg 28°10′16″N 99°23′22″E / 28.1711°N 99.3894°E / 28.1711; 99.3894 (Xinhe Bridge)
Quzong Bridge 曲宗大桥 arch road 28°21′10″N 99°13′47″E / 28.3528°N 99.2297°E / 28.3528; 99.2297 (Quzong Bridge)
suspension road 28°29′06″N 99°11′14″E / 28.485°N 99.1872°E / 28.485; 99.1872
Yinduba Bridge 因都坝大桥 2009 90 m (300 ft) arch road 28°36′22″N 99°09′59″E / 28.6061°N 99.1664°E / 28.6061; 99.1664 (Yinduba Bridge)
simple suspension foot path 28°44′47″N 99°07′37″E / 28.7464°N 99.1269°E / 28.7464; 99.1269
simple suspension foot path 28°53′23″N 99°07′03″E / 28.8897°N 99.1175°E / 28.8897; 99.1175
suspension road 29°13′44″N 99°06′55″E / 29.2288°N 99.1153°E / 29.2288; 99.1153
Garzê,
Chamdo
Sichuan,
Tibet
suspension road 29°18′14″N 99°03′56″E / 29.3039°N 99.0656°E / 29.3039; 99.0656
suspension road 29°21′01″N 99°03′59″E / 29.3503°N 99.0664°E / 29.3503; 99.0664
suspension foot path 29°29′02″N 99°03′29″E / 29.4839°N 99.0581°E / 29.4839; 99.0581
New Zhubalong Bridge 新竹巴龙金沙江大桥 beam Kokudou 318(China).svg 29°46′11″N 99°00′35″E / 29.7697°N 99.0097°E / 29.7697; 99.0097 (New Zhubalong Bridge)
Old Zhubalong Bridge 老竹巴龙金沙江大桥 1964 beam foot path
[note 3]
29°46′29″N 99°00′39″E / 29.7747°N 99.0108°E / 29.7747; 99.0108 (Old Zhubalong Bridge)
suspension foot path 29°56′10″N 99°03′38″E / 29.9361°N 99.0606°E / 29.9361; 99.0606
suspension foot path 30°05′05″N 99°02′35″E / 30.0847°N 99.0431°E / 30.0847; 99.0431
simple suspension foot path 30°33′27″N 99°55′49″E / 30.5576°N 99.9304°E / 30.5576; 99.9304
simple suspension foot path 30°44′39″N 99°57′39″E / 30.7442°N 99.9608°E / 30.7442; 99.9608
simple suspension foot path 31°19′11″N 98°49′07″E / 31.3198°N 98.8186°E / 31.3198; 98.8186
simple suspension foot path 31°26′08″N 98°50′23″E / 31.4356°N 98.8398°E / 31.4356; 98.8398
New Gangtuo Bridge 新岗托大桥 beam Kokudou 317(China).svg 31°37′26″N 98°35′35″E / 31.6240°N 98.5931°E / 31.6240; 98.5931 (New Gangtuo Bridge)
Gangtuo Bridge 岗托大桥 1974 140 m (460 ft) 70 m (230 ft) arch road 31°37′32″N 98°35′26″E / 31.6256°N 98.5906°E / 31.6256; 98.5906 (Gangtuo Bridge)
suspension foot path 31°41′32″N 98°33′26″E / 31.6921°N 98.5571°E / 31.6921; 98.5571
Dengmanusangba Bridge 邓玛奴桑巴桥 1988 150 m (490 ft) suspension road 32°27′37″N 97°59′47″E / 32.4603°N 97.9963°E / 32.4603; 97.9963 (Dengmanusangba Bridge)
Garzê,
Yushu
Sichuan,
Qinghai
suspension road 32°38′02″N 97°32′24″E / 32.6339°N 97.5399°E / 32.6339; 97.5399

Notes

  1. ^ The upstream span of the New Midi Bridge opened in 2011 and the downstream span opened in 2013
  2. ^ The Midi Bridge closed in 2014.
  3. ^ The Old Zhubalong Bridge has been closed to vehicular traffic.

Yushu: The Tongtian[edit]

For 813 km (505 mi), from the merger of the Tuotuo and Dangqu Rivers to the confluence with the Batang River at Yushu, the Yangtze is known as the Tongtian River.

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Main Span Type Carries Coordinates
G214 Tongtian River Bridge 214国道通天河大桥 Chindu County,
Yushu County
Qinghai
(Yushu)
2003 beam Kokudou 214(China).svg 33°00′24″N 97°14′52″E / 33.0068°N 97.2479°E / 33.0068; 97.2479 (G214 Tongtian River Bridge)
Qingkang Highway Tongtian River Bridge 青康公路通天河大桥 1963 150 m (490 ft) 50 m (160 ft) arch road 33°00′28″N 97°14′47″E / 33.0077°N 97.2464°E / 33.0077; 97.2464 (Qingkang Highway Tongtian River Bridge)
Zhongda Tongtian River Suspension Bridge 仲达通天河索桥 simple suspension footpath 33°14′59″N 97°00′43″E / 33.2497°N 97.01184°E / 33.2497; 97.01184 (Zhongda Tongtian River Suspension Bridge)
Zhongda Tongtian River Bridge 仲达通天河大桥 2012 beam road 33°15′54″N 97°00′59″E / 33.2649°N 97.0163°E / 33.2649; 97.0163 (Zhongda Tongtian River Bridge)
beam road 33°20′20″N 96°58′41″E / 33.3390°N 96.9780°E / 33.3390; 96.9780
simple suspension road 33°19′45″N 96°52′23″E / 33.3293°N 96.8730°E / 33.3293; 96.8730
suspension road 33°19′14″N 96°49′25″E / 33.3205°N 96.8236°E / 33.3205; 96.8236
suspension road 33°33′14″N 96°37′18″E / 33.5538°N 96.6218°E / 33.5538; 96.6218
suspension footpath 33°35′48″N 96°35′28″E / 33.5968°N 96.591°E / 33.5968; 96.591
Qumarlêb County,
Zhidoi County
suspension road 33°44′18″N 96°14′17″E / 33.7383°N 96.2381°E / 33.7383; 96.2381
Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge 曲麻莱通天河大桥 2012
[note 1]
600 m (2,000 ft) 100 m (330 ft) rigid frame bridge Shoudou 308(China).svg 34°02′10″N 95°49′32″E / 34.0361°N 95.8255°E / 34.0361; 95.8255 (Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge)

Notes

  1. ^ The Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge, a rigid frame bridge that built in 2012, replaced a beam bridge built in 1989.

The Tuotuo[edit]

The Tuotuo River, considered the official headstream of the Yangtze, flows 358 km (222 mi) from the glaciers of the Gelaindong massif in the Tanggula Mountains of southwestern Qinghai to the confluence with the Dangqu River to form the Tongtian River.

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Main Span Type Carries Coordinates
G109 Tuotuo River Bridge 109国道沱沱河大桥 Tanggula Town
(Golmud)
Qinghai
(Haixi)
1958
[note 1]
beam Kokudou 109(China).svg 34°13′09″N 92°26′37″E / 34.2193°N 92.4435°E / 34.2193; 92.4435 (G109 Tuotuo River Bridge)
Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge 青藏铁路长江源特大桥 2006
[note 2]
1,389.6 m (4,559 ft) beam Qinghai–Tibet R.R. 34°13′19″N 92°26′09″E / 34.222°N 92.4358°E / 34.222; 92.4358 (Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge)

Notes

  1. ^ The G109 Tuotuo River Bridge, first built in 1958, was rebuilt in 1987 and 2002.
  2. ^ The Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge was completed in 2002 and opened to rail traffic in 2006.


Bridges and tunnels under construction[edit]

A partial list of bridges currently under construction.

Name Location Expected opening Total length Main span Type Carries
Shanghai-Nantong Bridge Nantong & Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 2015 2,300 m (7,500 ft) 1,092 m (3,583 ft) cable-stayed Jiangsu Expwy S19 sign no name.svg
Hutong R.R.
Nanjing Metro Line 3 Tunnel Nanjing, Jiangsu 2015 3,100 m (10,200 ft) - tunnel Nanjing Metro Line 3
Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel Nanjing, Jiangsu 2015 7,368 m (24,173 ft) - tunnel road
Second Wuhu Bridge
芜湖长江二桥
Wuhu, Anhui 2017 1,622 m (5,322 ft) 806 m (2,644 ft) cable-stayed Anhui Expwy S11 sign no name.svg
Second Tongling Bridge
铜陵长江二桥
Tongling, Anhui 2014 16,719 m (54,852 ft) 630 m (2,070 ft) cable-stayed Anhui Expwy S32 sign no name.svg
Hefu H.S.R.
Anqing Railway Bridge Anqing, Anhui 2019 2,997 m (9,833 ft) 580 m (1,900 ft) cable-stayed Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway
Wangdong Bridge
望东长江公路大桥
Wangjiang and Dongzhi, Anqing 2015 4,035 m (13,238 ft) 638 m (2,093 ft) cable-stayed Road
Yingwuzhou Bridge Wuhan, Hubei 2014 2,300 m (7,500 ft) 850 m (2,790 ft) suspension Road
Yangsigang Bridge
杨泗港长江大桥
Wuhan, Hubei 2017 4,318 m (14,167 ft) 1,700 m (5,600 ft) suspension Road
Dunkou Bridge
沌口长江大桥
Wuhan, Hubei 2018 3,287 m (10,784 ft) 760 m (2,490 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan 4th Ring Rd.
Gongan Bridge
公安长江大桥
Jingzhou, Hubei 2018 2,015.9 m (6,614 ft) 518 m (1,699 ft) cable-stayed Shashi-Gongan Hwy
Jingzhou-Yueyang R.R.
Miaozui Bridge
庙嘴长江大桥
Yichang, Hubei 2015 3,234.7 m (10,613 ft) 838 m (2,749 ft) suspension
cable-stayed
[note 1]
road
Fuma Bridge
驸马长江大桥
Wanzhou, Chongqing 2014 2,003 m (6,572 ft) 1,050 m (3,440 ft) suspension China Expwy G5012 sign no name.svg
Second Fengdu Bridge
重庆丰都长江二桥
Fengdu, Chongqing 2014 2,140 m (7,020 ft) 680 m (2,230 ft) cable-stayed road
Cuntan Bridge
寸滩长江大桥
Jiangbei, Chongqing 2016 1,600 m (5,200 ft) 880 m (2,890 ft) suspension road
Chongqing Yongchuan Bridge
重庆永川长江大桥
Yongchuan, Chongqing ??? 1,685 m (5,528 ft) 608 m (1,995 ft) cable-stayed Highway (3rd Ring Rd.)
Jiangjin Jijiang Bridge
江津几江长江大桥
Jiangjin, Chongqing 2013 2,037 m (6,683 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane Highway

Notes

  1. ^ The Miaozui Yangtze River Bridge, which spans across the right and left streams of the river and an island in the river, is comprised of several bridge sections including a longer suspension bridge with a main span of 838 m (2,749 ft) and a shorter cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 210 m (690 ft).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]