Yangtze River bridges and tunnels

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The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze.

Pontoon bridges have been used by militaries for two thousand years on the Yangtze, but until the completion of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge in 1957, there were no permanent bridges along the main stretch of the river known as Chang Jiang (the "Long River"), from Yibin to the river mouth in Shanghai, a distance of 2,884 km (1,792 mi). Since then, over 75 bridges and six tunnels have been built over this stretch, the overwhelming majority since 1990. They reflect a broad array of bridge designs and, in many cases, represent significant achievements in modern bridge engineering. Several rank among the world's longest suspension, cable-stayed, arch bridges and truss as well as some of the highest and tallest bridges.

Upriver from Yibin, bridge spans are more common along the Jinsha and Tongtian sections where the Yangtze is much narrower, although numerous new bridges are being added. The oldest bridge still in use is the Jinlong, a simple suspension bridge over the Jinsha section of the river in Lijiang, Yunnan that was originally built in 1880 and rebuilt in the 1936.[1]

Map of the Yangtze River Basin, showing the location of Shanghai, Jiujiang, Wuhan, Yueyang, Yichang, the Three Gorges Dam, Chongqing, Yibin, Panzhihua and Yushu along the river.
A high-speed train ride on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway across the Dashengguan Bridge

History[edit]

The opening of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge on October 15, 1957.

The Yangtze River forms a major geographic barrier dividing northern and southern China. For millennia, travelers crossed the Yangtze by ferry. In the first half of the 20th century, rail passengers from Beijing to Guangzhou and Shanghai had to disembark, respectively, at Hanyang and Pukou, and cross the river by steam ferry before resuming journeys by train.

Bridges in Antiquity[edit]

Pontoon bridges[edit]

The earliest pontoon bridge over the Yangtze was the Jiangguan Pontoon Bridge built in AD 35 by Gongsun Shu, the ruler of Sichuan, in the war with the Han Emperor Liu Xiu.[2][3] Gongsun Shu built the pontoon across a narrow part of the river between Jingmen and Yichang in (modern Hubei Province) to block the Han Emperor's navy from sailing upriver into Sichuan.[3] The pontoon was burned in battle and Liu Xiu went on to capture Sichuan.[3]

A modern pontoon bridge over the Gan River, a Yangtze tributary in Jiangxi.

In 570, the Northern Zhou general Chen Teng built a crude suspension bridge across the Xiling Gorge using thick rope and reeds to carry food and provisions for his troops on the south bank. The bridge was cut apart by boats lined with sharp knives sent down river by the Chen general Zhang Shaoda.[4]

During the Tang Dynasty, a pontoon bridge was built in Sangouzhen in the Qutang Gorge in 619.[2][4]

In 974, during the Song Emperor Zhao Kuangyin's conquest of the Southern Tang, a pontoon over 1,000 meters long linked together by bamboo chains was erected in just three days at Caishiji (Ma'anshan, Anhui Province) and enabled the Song Army to advance swiftly across the river and capture Nanjing, the Southern Tang capital.[2][3]

The Taiping rebels made extensive use of pontoons on the Yangtze in their campaign against the Qing Dynasty in the Yangtze Basin.[3] In December 30, 1852, they built two pontoons nearly 3,000 meters long in a fortnight's time at Baishazhou and Yingwuzhou in Wuhan to move troops from Hanyang on the north bank to the Wuchang on the south bank.[3] The Taipings tied together small boats into twos and threes and steered these preassembled pieces simultaneously into the river, and used iron anchors to set the pontoons instead of chains. They added leather-covered walls to the bridges and added towers and firing positions.[3]

Pontoon bridges have not been a feasible long-term solution to cross river transport because they block boat traffic on the Yangtze, a major conduit for travelers and cargo between the coast and the Chinese interior.

Iron chain bridges[edit]

Dating back to 3rd century, militaries of antiquity have stretched iron chains across the Yangtze in the Three Gorges to block invading armies. Notable examples include the iron chain defense of the Wu Kingdom in the Xiling Gorge against the Jin Dynasty in 280, the Former Shu's chain across Kuimen in the Qutang Gorge against the Jingnan in 925, and Song general Xu Zongwu's seven-link chain at the same location against the Mongols in 1264.[4]

The Iron Rainbow (Tiehong) Bridge is a contemporary of the Jinlong Bridge over the Chongjiang River, a Yangtze tributary near the Great Bend in Shigu Town, Yulong Naxi Autonomous County, Lijiang, Yunnan.[5]

The first documented iron chain bridge across the river was built in the 7th century by the Tibetan Empire over the Jinsha. The Shenchuan Iron Bridge, a simple suspension bridge, stood at what is today Tacun of Weixi Lisu Autonomous County in the Dêqên Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of northwestern Yunnan Province, and was probably built to help the Tibetan military advance against the Kingdom of Nanzhao during its invasions between 682 and 704.[6] The Tibetans stationed a frontier command office in the town called the Shenchuan Iron Bridge jiedushi.[6] The bridge facilitated trade between the two countries until 794 when the Nanzhao realigned with the Tang Dynasty and destroyed the bridge in a war with the Tibetan Empire.[6][7]

The oldest bridge still in use on the Yangtze is the Jinlong Bridge in Lijiang, a simple iron chain suspension bridge first built during the Qing Dynasty from 1876 to 1880.[8] It was destroyed in a flood in 1935 and rebuilt the following year.[8] The bridge was named a National Historical Site in 2006.[8]

Iron chain bridges are more durable than pontoon bridges and allow for your-round use, although when the river level is high during the flood season, boards on the bridge deck must be removed.[9]

Modern bridges[edit]

Chang Jiang section[edit]

The first permanent bridge to cross the Chang Jiang section of the river was the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, built from 1955 to 1957. The dual-use road-rail bridge was a major infrastructural project in the early years of the People's Republic and was completed with Soviet assistance. The second bridge was a single-track railway bridge built in Chongqing in 1959. The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge, also a road-rail bridge, was the first bridge to cross the lower reaches of the Yangtze. It was built from 1960 to 1968, after the Sino-Soviet split, and did not receive foreign assistance. The Zhicheng Road-Rail Bridge followed in 1971.

Only two bridges opened in the 1980s, the Chongqing Shibanpo Road Bridge in 1980 and the Luzhou Road Bridge in 1982. Both were in the upper reaches of Changjiang in Sichuan Province, to which Chongqing Municipality belonged at the time.

Bridge-building resumed in the 1990s and accelerated in the first decade of the 21st century. Jiangxi Province had its first bridge in 1993 with the opening of the Jiujiang Bridge. The first bridge in Anhui Province, the Tongling Bridge, opened in 1995. Six of the 11 bridges built in the 1990s and half of the 40 bridge crossings added in the 2000s were built in Chongqing Municipality, which became a directly-controlled municipality in 1997 to facilitate the construction of the Three Gorges and experienced a building boom.

By 2005, there were over 50 bridges across the Yangtze River between Yibin and Shanghai. The rapid pace of bridge construction has continued. The first tunnel under the Yangtze opened in Wuhan in 2008.

As of December 2014, urban Chongqing has 18 bridges, Wuhan has eight bridges and three tunnels, and Nanjing has five bridges and two tunnels. About a dozen other bridges are now under construction.

The Yangluo Bridge, which opened in 2007, is one of eight bridges across the Yangtze River in Wuhan, and is tied with the Golden Gate Bridge as the 12th longest suspension bridge in the world.

Upstream sections[edit]

The Jihong Bridge over the Jinsha River just upstream from the Tiger Leaping Gorge in Lijiang, Yunnan.

In the upper reaches of the Yangtze above Yibin, the Jinsha (Gold Sands), Tongtian, and Tuotuo sections of the river are narrower and bridges are more numerous. As of December 2014, Yibin had 10 bridges across the Jinsha and Panzhihua had 16.

The Taku Jinsha River Bridge under construction in Lijiang, is set be become the highest bridge in the world with a bridge deck that is 512 m (1,680 ft) above the surface of the river.[10]

Bridge strain[edit]

A weigh station for the Songyuan Bridge along the Jinsha River in Yunnan

With the advent of economic growth around the country and widespread use of heavy freight trucks, bridges along the Yangtze have been bearing greater load, leading to greater strain on older bridge structures. The Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge was originally designed to carry trucks weighing up to 30 t (33 short tons).[11] In 2008, the tonnage limit was raised to 55 t (61 short tons).[11] In November 2011, a crack was discovered in the bridge's steel structure and forced the authorities to close the bridge to freight traffic.[12] In February 2012, the tonnage limit was lowered to 20 t (22 short tons).[11] Truck traffic had to be re-routed to neighboring provinces. In 2012, a frack was discovered in one girder of the Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge, leading to bridge closure and emergency repairs.[13]

Longest and tallest bridges[edit]

Bridges over the Yangtze including some of the longest and tallest bridges in the world.

Longest span timeline[edit]

Year Bridge City Province Longest span Type
1957 First Wuhan Bridge Wuhan Hubei 128 m (420 ft) truss
1968 First Nanjing Bridge Nanjing Jiangsu 160 m (520 ft) truss
1971 Zhicheng Bridge Zhicheng Jiangsu 160 m (520 ft) truss
1980 Shibanpo Bridge Chongqing Sichuan 174 m (571 ft) beam
1993 Jiujiang Bridge Jiujiang Jiangxi 216 m (709 ft) truss & arch
1995 Lijiatuo Bridge Jiulongpo District
Nan'an District
Chongqing 444 m (1,457 ft) cable-stayed
1996 Xiling Bridge Yichang Hubei 900 m (3,000 ft) suspension
1999 Jiangyin Bridge Jingjiang, Jiangyin Jiangsu 1,385 m (4,544 ft) suspension
2005 Runyang South Bridge Shiye Island, Zhenjiang Jiangsu 1,490 m (4,890 ft) suspension

List of existing bridges and tunnels[edit]

From Shanghai to Yibin: Chang Jiang[edit]

For 2,884 km (1,792 mi) from the river's mouth at Shanghai up to the confluence with the Min River at Yibin, the Yangtze River is known in Chinese as the Chang Jiang or the Long River.

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Longest Span Type Carries Coordinates
Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge
[note 1]
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel and Bridge.jpg Chongming, Changxing Shanghai 2009 9,997 m (32,799 ft) 730 m (2,400 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G40 sign with name.png
6-lane
31°26′06″N 121°44′39″E / 31.435°N 121.7442°E / 31.435; 121.7442 (Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge)
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel
[note 1]
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel south entrance.JPG Changxing, Pudong 2009 8,950 m (29,360 ft) - tunnel 31°19′33″N 121°41′40″E / 31.3258°N 121.6944°E / 31.3258; 121.6944 (Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel)
Chongqi Bridge
[note 1]
Qidong,
Chongming
Jiangsu,
Shanghai
2011 7,150 m (23,460 ft) 185 m (607 ft) box girder 31°41′45″N 121°39′59″E / 31.6957°N 121.6663°E / 31.6957; 121.6663 (Chongming–Qidong Yangtze River Bridge)
Sutong Bridge Sutong Bridge.jpg Nantong, Changshu Jiangsu 2008 2,088 m (6,850 ft) 1,088 m (3,570 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G15 sign with name.svg
6-lane
31°47′22″N 121°00′08″E / 31.7894°N 121.0022°E / 31.7894; 121.0022 (Sutong Yangtze River Bridge)
Jiangyin Bridge Jiangyin Yangtze River bridge-2.jpeg Jingjiang, Jiangyin 1999 3,071 m (10,075 ft) 1,385 m (4,544 ft) suspension China Expwy G2 sign with name.svg
6-lane
31°56′57″N 120°16′03″E / 31.9492°N 120.2674°E / 31.9492; 120.2674 (Jiangyin Yangtze River Bridge)
Taizhou Bridge Complex
[note 2]
建设中的泰州长江大桥20120314.jpg Taizhou, Yangzhong 2012 2,160 m (7,090 ft) 1,080 m (3,540 ft) suspension Jiangsu Expwy S35 sign with name.svg 32°14′48″N 119°52′36″E / 32.2466°N 119.8767°E / 32.2466; 119.8767 (Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Yangzhong, Zhenjiang 965 m (3,166 ft) 125 m (410 ft) box girder
Runyang Bridge Complex
[note 3]
Runyang North Bridge.jpg Yangzhou, Shiye Island
(Nouth Bridge)
2005 756.8 m (2,483 ft) 406 m (1,332 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G4011 sign with name.svg
6-lane
32°12′26″N 119°21′49″E / 32.2072°N 119.3637°E / 32.2072; 119.3637 (Runyang Yangtze River Bridge)
Runyan Bridge 1.jpg Shiye Island, Zhenjiang
(South Bridge)
2,430 m (7,970 ft) 1,490 m (4,890 ft) suspension
Fourth Nanjing Bridge Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPG Nanjing 2012 5,437 m (17,838 ft) 1,418 m (4,652 ft) suspension China Expwy G2501 sign no name.svg 32°10′41″N 118°56′24″E / 32.1780°N 118.9401°E / 32.1780; 118.9401 (Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Second Nanjing Bridge Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPG 2001 2,938 m (9,639 ft) 628 m (2,060 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G36 sign with name.svg
6-lane
32°09′45″N 118°50′10″E / 32.1626°N 118.8362°E / 32.1626; 118.8362 (Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge02.jpg 1968 1,577 m (5,174 ft) 160 m (520 ft) truss Kokudou 104(China).svg
4-lane
Jinghu R.R.
2-track
32°06′55″N 118°44′20″E / 32.1153°N 118.7389°E / 32.1153; 118.7389 (Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel 南京江心洲长江隧道.jpg 2009 3,837 m (12,589 ft) - tunnel 6-lane highway 31°58′14″N 118°38′28″E / 31.9706°N 118.6411°E / 31.9706; 118.6411 (Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel)
Third Nanjing Bridge NJ 3rd Bridge-edit.jpg 2005 4,744 m (15,564 ft) 648 m (2,126 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G42 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G2501 sign no name.svg
6-lane
31°58′14″N 118°38′28″E / 31.9706°N 118.6411°E / 31.9706; 118.6411 (Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Nanjing Metro Line 10 Tunnel BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svgNanjing Metro logo.svg 2014 3,345 m (10,974 ft) - tunnel Line 10
Dashengguan Bridge The Dashengguan railway bridge1.jpg 2010 1,615 m (5,299 ft) 336 m (1,102 ft) arch Jinghu HSR
Huhanrong PDL
Nanjing Metro
6-track
31°57′35″N 118°37′52″E / 31.9598°N 118.6310°E / 31.9598; 118.6310 (Dashengguan Yangtze River Bridge)
Ma'anshan Bridge Complex
[note 4]
MaanshanBridgeView.jpg Ma'anshan Anhui 2013 11,209 m (36,775 ft) 1,080 m (3,540 ft)x2 suspension Anhui Expwy S24 sign no name.svg
6-lane
31°36′36″N 118°23′32″E / 31.6101°N 118.3921°E / 31.6101; 118.3921 (Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge)
Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge East Channel.JPG 260 m (850 ft)x2 cable-stayed
Wuhu Bridge Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Wuhu 2000 2,193 m (7,195 ft) 312 m (1,024 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G5011 sign with name.svg
Railway
31°23′16″N 118°20′07″E / 31.3878°N 118.3353°E / 31.3878; 118.3353 (Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge)
Tongling Bridge Tongling Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Tongling 1995 1,152 m (3,780 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G3 sign with name.svg
4-lane
30°51′22″N 117°43′36″E / 30.8560°N 117.7268°E / 30.8560; 117.7268 (Tongling Yangtze River Bridge)
Anqing Bridge Bridge on the Yangtze River in Anqing Anhui China-2.jpg Anqing 2004 1,040 m (3,410 ft) 510 m (1,670 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg 30°29′57″N 117°04′17″E / 30.4991°N 117.0714°E / 30.4991; 117.0714 (Anqing Yangtze River Bridge)
Jiujiang Bridge 九江琵琶亭远眺长江大桥.JPG Huangmei, Jiujiang Hubei,
Jiangxi
1993 1,806 m (5,925 ft) 216 m (709 ft) combined truss and arch Kokudou 105(China).svg
Jingjiu R.R.
29°45′01″N 116°00′49″E / 29.7502°N 116.0136°E / 29.7502; 116.0136 (Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge)
Jiujiang Expressway Bridge Second Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2013 1,405 m (4,610 ft) 818 m (2,684 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G70 sign with name.svg 29°43′20″N 115°54′30″E / 29.722306°N 115.908444°E / 29.722306; 115.908444 (Jiujiang Yangtze River Expressway Bridge)
Huangshi Bridge Huangshi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Huangshi Hubei
eastern
1995 1,060 m (3,480 ft) 245 m (804 ft) beam Shoudou 201(China).svg 30°15′04″N 115°04′19″E / 30.2512°N 115.07201°E / 30.2512; 115.07201 (Huangshi Yangtze River Bridge)
Edong Bridge Edong Bridge.jpg Huanggang 2010 1,486 m (4,875 ft) 926 m (3,038 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G45 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg
30°15′39″N 115°04′28″E / 30.2607°N 115.0744°E / 30.2607; 115.0744 (Edong Yangtze River Bridge)
Ehuang Bridge Ehuang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Huanggang, Ezhou 2002 1,290 m (4,230 ft) 480 m (1,570 ft) cable-stayed China Highway G106.png 30°24′44″N 114°55′09″E / 30.4121°N 114.9193°E / 30.4121; 114.9193 (Ehuang Yangtze River Bridge)
Huanggang Bridge Huanggang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2014 1,215 m (3,986 ft) 567 m (1,860 ft) cable-stayed Hubei Expwy S38 sign no name.svg
Wuhuang ICR
30°29′53″N 114°50′03″E / 30.4981°N 114.8342°E / 30.4981; 114.8342 (Huanggang Yangtze River Bridge)
Yangluo Bridge WuhanYangluoYangtzeBridgePanorama.jpg Wuhan 2007 2,735 m (8,973 ft) 1,280 m (4,200 ft) suspension China Expwy G70 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G4201 sign no name.svg
6-lane
30°37′27″N 114°33′28″E / 30.6242°N 114.5578°E / 30.6242; 114.5578 (Yangluo Yangtze River Bridge)
Tianxingzhou Bridge Tianxing-pontego super Wuhan Yangzi-Rivero-2.jpg 2009 4,657 m (15,279 ft) 504 m (1,654 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane Wuhan Third Ring Road
Wuguang HSR & Huhanrong Railway
4-track
30°39′25″N 114°24′18″E / 30.6569°N 114.4050°E / 30.6569; 114.4050 (Tianxingzhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Erqi Bridge Erqi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2011 2,922 m (9,587 ft) 616 m (2,021 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Second Ring Road
8-lane
30°37′39″N 114°20′31″E / 30.6276°N 114.3420°E / 30.6276; 114.3420 (Erqi Yangtze River Bridge)
Second Wuhan Bridge Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge.jpg 1995 1,080 m (3,540 ft) 400 m (1,300 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Inner Ring Road 30°36′18″N 114°19′12″E / 30.6051°N 114.32012°E / 30.6051; 114.32012 (Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge)
Wuhan Yangtze River Tunnel Wuhan Changjiang Tunnel.jpeg 2008 3,630 m (11,910 ft) N/A tunnel 4-lane highway 30°34′45″N 114°18′26″E / 30.5792°N 114.3072°E / 30.5792; 114.3072 (Wuhan Yangtze River Tunnel)
Wuhan Metro Line 2 Tunnel Wuhan metro line 2 train.png 2012 3,098 m (10,164 ft) N/A tunnel Wuhan Metro Logo.svg Wuhan m 2 jms.png
Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge-1.jpg 1957 1,670 m (5,480 ft) 128 m (420 ft) truss China Highway G107.png
4-lane
Jingguang R.R.
30°32′59″N 114°17′18″E / 30.5497°N 114.2882°E / 30.5497; 114.2882 (Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge)
Wuhan Metro Line 4 Tunnel BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg 2014 2,994 m (9,823 ft) (left tube)
3,003 m (9,852 ft)(right tube)
- tunnel Wuhan Metro Logo.svg Wuhan m 4 jms.png
Yingwuzhou Bridge Yingwuzhou Bridge.JPG 2014 2,300 m (7,500 ft) 850 m (2,790 ft) suspension Road 30°31′51″N 114°16′46″E / 30.5308°N 114.2794°E / 30.5308; 114.2794 (Yingwuzhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Baishazhou Bridge Yangtze River, Baishazhou Bridge over the river near Wuhan-edit.jpg 2000 3,589 m (11,775 ft) 618 m (2,028 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Third Ring Road 30°29′05″N 114°14′44″E / 30.4846°N 114.2455°E / 30.4846; 114.2455 (Baishazhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Junshan Bridge Junshan Bridge-2.jpg 2001 2,847 m (9,341 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G4 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G4201 sign no name.svg
30°22′27″N 114°08′25″E / 30.374028°N 114.140278°E / 30.374028; 114.140278 (Junshan Yangtze River Bridge)
Jingyue Bridge China Yangtze Bridge.jpg Jianli, Yueyang Hubei,
Hunan
2010 5,400 m (17,700 ft) 816 m (2,677 ft) cable-stayed Hubei Expwy S49 sign no name.svg
6-lane
29°32′40″N 113°13′21″E / 29.54434°N 113.222433°E / 29.54434; 113.222433 (Jingyue Yangtze River Bridge)
Jingzhou Bridge Jingzhou-Changjiang daqio.JPG Jingzhou Hubei
western
2002 4,177 m (13,704 ft) 500 m (1,600 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G55 sign with name.png
4-lane
30°18′32″N 112°12′59″E / 30.308837°N 112.21628°E / 30.308837; 112.21628 (Jingzhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Zhicheng Bridge Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Zhicheng 1971 1,742.3 m (5,716 ft) 160 m (520 ft) truss Shoudou 225(China).svg
Jiaoliu R.R.
30°17′10″N 111°31′35″E / 30.286086°N 111.526442°E / 30.286086; 111.526442 (Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge)
Yichang Bridge Yichang Yangtze Highway Bridge.JPG Yichang 2001 1,187 m (3,894 ft) 960 m (3,150 ft) suspension China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg
Kokudou 318(China).svg
30°34′11″N 111°23′30″E / 30.569601°N 111.391536°E / 30.569601; 111.391536 (Yichang Yangtze River Highway Bridge)
Yichang Railway Bridge Yiwan Railway Yangtze River Bridge-1.jpg 2008 2,446 m (8,025 ft) 275 m (902 ft) (x2) truss and arch Yiwan R.R.
2-track
30°39′21″N 111°19′32″E / 30.655944°N 111.325583°E / 30.655944; 111.325583 (Yichang Yangtze River Railway Bridge)
Yiling Bridge Yiling Bridge-2.JPG 2001 936 m (3,071 ft) 348 m (1,142 ft) (x2) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 30°41′03″N 111°17′22″E / 30.684131°N 111.289515°E / 30.684131; 111.289515 (Yiling Yangtze River Bridge)
Xiling Bridge Xiling Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 1996 1,119 m (3,671 ft) 900 m (3,000 ft) suspension 4-lane highway 30°49′43″N 111°02′47″E / 30.8285°N 111.0465°E / 30.8285; 111.0465 (Xiling Yangtze River Bridge)
Badong Bridge BadongBridge.JPG Badong 2004 728 m (2,388 ft) 388 m (1,273 ft) cable-stayed Kokudou 209(China).svg 31°02′55″N 110°19′42″E / 31.048556°N 110.328472°E / 31.048556; 110.328472 (Badong Yangtze River Bridge)
Wushan Bridge YangtzeRiverBridge.jpg Wushan County Chongqing 2005 612 m (2,008 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) arch Road 31°03′47″N 109°54′08″E / 31.063056°N 109.902111°E / 31.063056; 109.902111 (Wushan Yangtze River Bridge)
Fengjie Bridge Fengjie Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Fengjie 2005 893 m (2,930 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed Road
S201
31°01′13″N 109°28′51″E / 31.020306°N 109.480944°E / 31.020306; 109.480944 (Fengjie Yangtze River Bridge)
Yunyang Bridge Yunyang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Yunyang 2005 637 m (2,090 ft) 318 m (1,043 ft) cable-stayed Road 30°54′56″N 108°42′42″E / 30.9155°N 108.71175°E / 30.9155; 108.71175 (Yunyang Yangtze River Bridge)
Second Wanzhou Bridge Second Wanzhou Yangtze Bridge.JPG Wanzhou 2004 1,153.86 m (3,786 ft) 580 m (1,900 ft) suspension 4-lane highway 30°49′33″N 108°24′17″E / 30.825889°N 108.404778°E / 30.825889; 108.404778 (Second Wanzhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Wanzhou Railway Bridge Wanzhou Yangtze River Railway Bridge1.JPG 2005 1,106 m (3,629 ft) 360 m (1,180 ft) arch Yiwan Railway
2-track
30°46′11″N 108°25′00″E / 30.769778°N 108.416528°E / 30.769778; 108.416528 (Wanzhou Railway Bridge)
Wanxian Bridge Wanxian Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 1997 864 m (2,835 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) arch Kokudou 306(China).svg 30°45′35″N 108°25′09″E / 30.759611°N 108.419278°E / 30.759611; 108.419278 (Wanzhou Bridge)
Zhongxian Yangtze River Bridge Zhong County Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Zhong County 2001 1,200 m (3,900 ft) 560 m (1,840 ft) suspension 4-lane S302 30°18′07″N 108°02′57″E / 30.301833°N 108.049111°E / 30.301833; 108.049111 (Zhong County Bridge)
Zhongxian Huyu Expressway Bridge Zhongxian Changjiang Bridge.JPG 2009 2,145 m (7,037 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G50 sign with name.svg 30°13′55″N 108°00′21″E / 30.231944°N 108.005833°E / 30.231944; 108.005833 (Zhong County Expressway Bridge)
Fengdu Bridge Fengdu Bridge-1.jpg Fengdu 1997 620 m (2,030 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) suspension S103 29°51′20″N 107°40′11″E / 29.855417°N 107.669722°E / 29.855417; 107.669722 (Fengdu Yangtze River Bridge)
Hanjiatuo Bridge Tan Yujiatuo Bridge-1.jpg Fuling 2012 1,137 m (3,730 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed Yuli Railway 29°46′04″N 107°25′02″E / 29.767694°N 107.417278°E / 29.767694; 107.417278 (Hanjiatuo Bridge)
Shibangou Bridge 02 ChangJiang 07 GhostTownToChongQing 2011 06 18 005.jpg 2009 975 m (3,199 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane Fuling Ring Rd 29°43′50″N 107°24′21″E / 29.730694°N 107.405944°E / 29.730694; 107.405944 (Shibangou Bridge)
Fuling Yangtze River Bridge Fuling Yangtze Bridge, Chongqing. Fuling.jpg 1997 631 m (2,070 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) cable-stayed Kokudou 319(China).svg
4-lane
29°44′11″N 107°20′49″E / 29.7365°N 107.346806°E / 29.7365; 107.346806 (Fuling Yangtze River Bridge)
Lidu Bridge Lidu Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2007 822 m (2,697 ft) 398 m (1,306 ft) cable-stayed Road 29°43′37″N 107°17′36″E / 29.727028°N 107.293472°E / 29.727028; 107.293472 (Lidu Bridge)
Qingcaobei Bridge
青草背长江大桥
Qingcaobei Yangtze River Bridge.jpg 2013 1,146 m (3,760 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) suspension Fuling Ring Rd.
Changshou Bridge Changshou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Changshou District 2009 1,160 m (3,810 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 29°48′59″N 107°03′25″E / 29.816444°N 107.057028°E / 29.816444; 107.057028 (Changshou Bridge)
Changshou Railway Bridge Changshou Yangtze River Railroad Bridge.JPG 2005 898.3 m (2,947 ft) 192 m (630 ft) truss Yuhuai R.R.
2-track
29°46′22″N 106°59′30″E / 29.772796°N 106.991546°E / 29.772796; 106.991546 (Changshou Railway Bridge)
Yuzui Yangtze River Bridge Yuzui Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Nan'an District 2009 1,440 m (4,720 ft) 616 m (2,021 ft) suspension China Expwy G5001-CQRE sign with name.png
6-lane
29°36′41″N 106°46′21″E / 29.611306°N 106.772556°E / 29.611306; 106.772556 (Yuzui Bridge)
Dafosi Bridge Chongqing bridge, Dafosi Yangtze River Bridge.jpg 2001 1,176 m (3,858 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G65 sign with name.png
6-lane
29°36′24″N 106°34′58″E / 29.606667°N 106.582639°E / 29.606667; 106.582639 (Dafosi Bridge)
Chaotianmen Bridge Chaotianmen Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Yubei District, Nan'an District 2009 4,880 m (16,010 ft) 552 m (1,811 ft) arch 6-lane highway
2-track light rail
29°35′20″N 106°34′38″E / 29.588871°N 106.57721°E / 29.588871; 106.57721 (Chaotianmen Bridge)
Dongshuimen Bridge Dongshuimen Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Yuzhong District, Nan'an District 2014 1,124 m (3,688 ft) 445 m (1,460 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway
Line 6
29°33′39″N 106°35′13″E / 29.5608°N 106.5869°E / 29.5608; 106.5869 (Dongshuimen Bridge)
Shibanpo Bridge Shibanpo Bridge2.jpg 1980 1,103 m (3,619 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) box girder 8-lane highway 29°32′44″N 106°33′36″E / 29.545556°N 106.559889°E / 29.545556; 106.559889 (Shibanpo Bridge)
Caiyuanba Bridge Caiyuanba Bridge, Chongqing-1.jpg 2007 1,866 m (6,122 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) arch 6-lane highway
 Line 3 
2-track
29°32′36″N 106°32′53″E / 29.543222°N 106.547944°E / 29.543222; 106.547944 (Caiyuanba Bridge)
E'gongyan Bridge E'gongyan Bridge.jpg Jiulongpo District, Nan'an District 2000 1,022 m (3,353 ft) 600 m (2,000 ft) suspension 6 lane highway 29°31′24″N 106°31′41″E / 29.52325°N 106.528056°E / 29.52325; 106.528056 (E'gongyan Bridge)
Lijiatuo Bridge Lijiatuo Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 1995 1,288 m (4,226 ft) 444 m (1,457 ft) cable-stayed Highway 29°28′46″N 106°31′42″E / 29.479472°N 106.528444°E / 29.479472; 106.528444 (Lijiatuo Bridge)
Masangxi Bridge Masangxi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Dadukou District, Ba'nan District 2001 1,104 m (3,622 ft) 360 m (1,180 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G75 sign with name.png
6-lane
29°27′28″N 106°29′39″E / 29.457667°N 106.494194°E / 29.457667; 106.494194 (Masangxi Bridge)
Yudong Bridge Yudong Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2008 1,541 m (5,056 ft) 260 m (850 ft) beam 6-lane highway
2-track light rail
29°24′09″N 106°29′48″E / 29.402556°N 106.496611°E / 29.402556; 106.496611 (Yudong Yangtze River Bridge)
Baishatuo Railway Bridge Baishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge.JPG Dadukou District, Jiangjin District 1960 825 m (2,707 ft) 80 m (260 ft) truss 2-track Chuanqian R.R.
[note 5]
29°21′13″N 106°25′31″E / 29.353714°N 106.425267°E / 29.353714; 106.425267 (Baishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge)
Diwei Bridge Diwei Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2004 734 m (2,408 ft) 345 m (1,132 ft) cable-stayed 2-lane road 29°20′41″N 106°24′17″E / 29.344667°N 106.404722°E / 29.344667; 106.404722 (Diwei Bridge)
Guanyinyan Bridge Guanyinyan Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Jiulongpo District, Jiangjin District 2009 1,199 m (3,934 ft) 436 m (1,430 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G93 sign with name.svg
China Expwy G5001 sign no name.svg
6-lane
29°15′48″N 106°19′16″E / 29.263444°N 106.321222°E / 29.263444; 106.321222 (Guanyinyan Bridge)
Dingshan Bridge Yingbin Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2013 897 m (2,943 ft) 464 m (1,522 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane road 29°16′29″N 106°17′14″E / 29.274743°N 106.287242°E / 29.274743; 106.287242 (Dingshan Bridge)
Jiangjin Bridge
江津长江大桥
Jiangjin Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Jiangjin District 1997 1,360 m (4,460 ft) 240 m (790 ft) beam Shoudou 107(China).svg|29°15′50″N 106°15′09″E / 29.263806°N 106.252528°E / 29.263806; 106.252528 (Jiangjin Bridge)
Chongqing Yongchuan Bridge 重庆永川长江大桥 Jiangjin District,
Yongchuan District
2014[14] 1,685 m (5,528 ft) 608 m (1,995 ft) cable-stayed Chongqing Third Ring Rd. 29°02′30″N 105°53′18″E / 29.041667°N 105.888333°E / 29.041667; 105.888333 (Chongqing Yongchuan Yangtze River Bridge)
Bosideng Bridge Bosideng Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Hejiang County Sichuan 2012 841 m (2,759 ft) 530 m (1,740 ft) arch China Expwy G93 sign with name.svg 28°53′32″N 105°52′47″E / 28.892182°N 105.879717°E / 28.892182; 105.879717 (Bosideng Bridge)
Second Hejiang Bridge Hejiang Bridge.JPG 2012 1,695 m (5,561 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G93 sign with name.svg 28°50′42″N 105°47′57″E / 28.84491°N 105.7992°E / 28.84491; 105.7992 (Hejiang Bridge)
Huangyi Bridge
黄舣长江大桥
Huangyi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Luzhou 2012 1,223 m (4,012 ft) 520 m (1,710 ft) cable-stayed Sichuan Expwy S4 sign no name.svg 28°53′43″N 105°32′53″E / 28.895259°N 105.548094°E / 28.895259; 105.548094 (Huangyi Bridge)
Taian Bridge
泸州泰安长江大桥
Taian Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2008 1,573 m (5,161 ft) 270 m (890 ft) cable-stayed Road 28°52′42″N 105°31′34″E / 28.878326°N 105.526116°E / 28.878326; 105.526116 (Taian Bridge)
Qiancao Bridge
茜草长江大桥
Qiancao Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2012 1,189 m (3,901 ft) 248 m (814 ft) extradosed Road 28°53′17″N 105°27′20″E / 28.888139°N 105.455556°E / 28.888139; 105.455556 (Qiancao Bridge)
Luzhou Bridge
泸州长江大桥
Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 1982 1,252 m (4,108 ft) 170 m (560 ft) beam Kokudou 321(China).svg 28°52′07″N 105°26′27″E / 28.868494°N 105.440806°E / 28.868494; 105.440806 (Luzhou Bridge)
Luzhou Railway Bridge
泸州铁路长江大桥
Luzhou Yangtze River Railway Bridge.JPG 2002 602 m (1,975 ft) 144 m (472 ft) beam Longchang-Huangtong R.R.
1-track
28°46′22″N 105°21′17″E / 28.772813°N 105.35476°E / 28.772813; 105.35476 (Luzhou Railway Bridge)
Second Luzhou Bridge
泸州长江二桥
Second Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2003 1,408 m (4,619 ft) 253 m (830 ft) beam China Expwy G76 sign with name.svg
4-lane
28°45′54″N 105°20′12″E / 28.764941°N 105.336644°E / 28.764941; 105.336644 (Second Luzhou Bridge)
Jiang'an Bridge
江安长江大桥
Jiang'an County 2008 1,093 m (3,586 ft) 252 m (827 ft) beam Road 28°43′46″N 105°04′58″E / 28.729526°N 105.082659°E / 28.729526; 105.082659 (Jiang'an Bridge)
Nanxi Bridge Nanxi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG Yibin 2012 1,295 m (4,249 ft) 820 m (2,690 ft) suspension China Expwy G93 sign with name.svg 28°47′N 104°57′E / 28.78°N 104.95°E / 28.78; 104.95 (Nanxi Yangtze Bridge)
Yibin Yangtze Bridge
宜宾长江大桥 [15]
Yibin Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 2008 928.73 m (3,047.0 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 28°46′04″N 104°39′14″E / 28.76781°N 104.65386°E / 28.76781; 104.65386 (Yibin Yangtze Bridge)

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel, connecting Pudong on the south bank of the river and Changxing Island, the Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge between Changxing and Chongming Island, and the Chongming–Qidong Yangtze River Bridge linking Chongming with Qidong on the north bank of the river, collectively form one crossing near the river's mouth.
  2. ^ The Taizhou Bridge complex crosses two branch streams of the Yangtze and the Yangzhong island in the middle of the river. The bridge over the left stream is a suspension bridge with three towers and two spans. The bridge over the right stream is a pair of box-girder bridges configured as 85+125x3+85 = 545 m (1,788 ft) and 85+125x2+85=420 m (1,380 ft)
  3. ^ Runyang Bridge complex crosses the Yangtze via Shiye Island and consists of two main bridges. The Runyang North Bridge is a suspension bridge over the north branch stream between the island and Yangzhou. The Runyang South Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over the south branch stream between the island and Zhenjiang.
  4. ^ The Ma'anshan Bridge complex crosses two branch streams of the Yangtze and the Xiaohuangzhou island in the middle of the river. The bridge over the left stream is a suspension bridge with three towers and two spans. The bridge over the right stream is a cable-stayed bridge with three towers and two spans.
  5. ^ The second track on the Baishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge was added in 1978.

From Yibin to Yushu: The Jinsha[edit]

For 2,308 km (1,434 mi), from the confluence with the Min River at Yibin in Sichuan up to the confluence with the Batang River at Yushu in Qinghai, the Yangtze is known as the Jinsha or Gold Sands River.

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Longest Span Type Carries Coordinates
Yibin Rongzhou Bridge
宜宾戎州大桥
Jingsaojiang Rongzhou bridge in Yibin.jpg Yibin Sichuan
eastern
2004 505 m (1,657 ft) 260 m (850 ft) arch road 28°46′00″N 104°38′19″E / 28.7667°N 104.6386°E / 28.7667; 104.6386 (Yibin Rongzhou Bridge)
Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge
宜宾小南门大桥
Jinshajiang Xiao-Nan-Men Bridge.jpg 1990 387 m (1,270 ft) 260 m (850 ft) arch road 28°45′50″N 104°37′30″E / 28.7639°N 104.625°E / 28.7639; 104.625 (Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge)
Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge 宜宾金沙江铁路大桥 1968 400 m (1,300 ft) 176 m (577 ft) beam Yigong R.R. 28°45′33″N 104°37′02″E / 28.7592°N 104.6172°E / 28.7592; 104.6172 (Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge)
Yibin Zhongba Bridge
宜宾中坝大桥
Zhongba Bridge over the Jingsha River in Yibin.jpg 2003 427 m (1,401 ft) 252 m (827 ft) cable-stayed road 28°45′21″N 104°36′39″E / 28.7558°N 104.6108°E / 28.7558; 104.6108 (Yibin Zhongba Bridge)
Yibin Tianchi Bridge 宜宾天池大桥 2011 653 m (2,142 ft) 220 m (720 ft) rigid frame road 28°42′25″N 104°34′36″E / 28.7069°N 104.5766°E / 28.7069; 104.5766 (Yibin Tianchi Bridge)
Yibin Mamingxi Bridge 马鸣溪大桥 1979 245 m (804 ft) 150 m (490 ft) deck arch Shoudou 206(China).svg 28°42′04″N 104°33′24″E / 28.7011°N 104.5567°E / 28.7011; 104.5567 (Yibin Mamingxi Bridge)
Yishui Expressway Bridge
宜水高速公路金沙江大桥
Jinsha River Super Large Bridge-1.jpg 2005 1,712 m (5,617 ft) 249 m (817 ft) rigid frame China Expwy G85 sign with name.svg 28°41′20″N 104°31′24″E / 28.6889°N 104.5233°E / 28.6889; 104.5233 (Yishui Expressway Bridge)
Shuifu Bridge 水富大桥 Yibin,
Zhaotong
Sichuan
Yunnan
1958 truss Neikun R.R. 28°41′51″N 104°25′16″E / 28.6975°N 104.4211°E / 28.6975; 104.4211 (Shuifu Bridge)
Xiangjiaba Bridge 向家坝金沙江大桥 2007 443 m (1,453 ft) 170 m (560 ft) rigid frame road 28°38′25″N 104°24′34″E / 28.6402°N 104.4094°E / 28.6402; 104.4094 (Xiangjiaba Bridge)
G213 Jinsha River Bridge 213国道金沙江大桥 2001 310 m (1,020 ft) 150 m (490 ft) arch road 28°39′45″N 103°52′12″E / 28.6625°N 103.87°E / 28.6625; 103.87 (G213 Jinsha River Bridge)
Xiluodu Bridge 溪洛渡大桥 Liangshan,
Zhaotong
2005 rigid frame road 28°14′30″N 103°40′31″E / 28.2417°N 103.6753°E / 28.2417; 103.6753 (Xiluodu Bridge)
Tongyang Bridge 通阳大桥 2008 arch Shoudou 208(China).svg 27°31′54″N 103°11′59″E / 27.5317°N 103.1997°E / 27.5317; 103.1997 (Tongyang Bridge)
Hulukou Bridge 葫芦口大桥 1998 160 m (520 ft) arch 26°57′52″N 102°53′24″E / 26.9644°N 102.89°E / 26.9644; 102.89 (Hulukou Bridge)
Jiaopingdu Bridge 皎平渡大桥 Liangshan,
Kunming
1991 144 m (472 ft) cable-stayed Shoudou 213(China).svg 26°17′34″N 102°22′59″E / 26.2928°N 102.3831°E / 26.2928; 102.3831 (Jiaopingdu Bridge)
Yuzha Bridge 鱼鲊大桥 Liangshan,
Panzhihua
Sichuan
southern
2014 398 m (1,306 ft) 180 m (590 ft) rigid frame Kokudou 108(China).svg 26°22′06″N 101°55′36″E / 26.3683°N 101.9268°E / 26.3683; 101.9268 (Yuzha Jinsha River Bridge)
G5 Expressway Bridge
西攀高速公路金沙江大桥
Xipan Bridge Jinshajiang.jpg Panzhihua 2008 637 m (2,090 ft) 324 m (1,063 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G5 sign with name.svg 26°34′22″N 101°51′07″E / 26.5728°N 101.8519°E / 26.5728; 101.8519 (Xipan Expressway Bridge)
Chengkun Railway Bridge 成昆铁路金沙江大桥 1970 390 m (1,280 ft) 192 m (630 ft) beam Chengkun R.R. 26°34′53″N 101°50′11″E / 26.5814°N 101.8364°E / 26.5814; 101.8364 (Chengkun Railway Bridge)
Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge 丽攀高速公路青龙山大桥 2014 862 m (2,828 ft) 230 m (750 ft) rigid frame China Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg 26°36′15″N 101°47′42″E / 26.6042°N 101.795°E / 26.6042; 101.795 (Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge)
Luoguo Bridge
倮果大桥
Luoguo Bridge.jpg 1995 208 m (682 ft) 160 m (520 ft) arch Shoudou 214(China).svg 26°36′04″N 101°47′39″E / 26.6011°N 101.7942°E / 26.6011; 101.7942 (Luoguo Bridge)
New Midi Bridge 新密地大桥 2011
2013
[note 1]
296 m (971 ft) 182 m (597 ft) arch road 26°34′33″N 102°44′59″E / 26.5758°N 102.7497°E / 26.5758; 102.7497 (New Midi Bridge)
Midi Bridge
密地大桥
俯瞰密地桥.jpg
1969
2014
[note 2]
284 m (932 ft) 181 m (594 ft) arch road 26°34′33″N 102°44′59″E / 26.5758°N 102.7497°E / 26.5758; 102.7497 (Midi Bridge)
Bingcaogang Bridge
炳草岗大桥
Bingcaogang Bridge - view from Dukou.jpg
2001 516.3 m (1,694 ft) 200 m (660 ft) cable-stayed road 26°34′32″N 102°42′14″E / 26.5756°N 102.7038°E / 26.5756; 102.7038 (Bingcaogang Bridge)
New Dukou Bridge
新渡口大桥
New Dukou Bridge.jpg
2005 385.88 m (1,266.0 ft) 170 m (560 ft) arch Shoudou 310(China).svg 26°33′25″N 101°41′49″E / 26.557°N 101.697°E / 26.557; 101.697 (New Dukou Bridge)
Hehuachi Bridge
荷花池大桥
Hehuachi Bridge.jpg
1976 252.2 m (827 ft) 110 m (360 ft) arch road 26°34′07″N 101°39′46″E / 26.5686°N 101.6627°E / 26.5686; 101.6627 (Hehuachi Bridge)
Hehuachi Railway Bridge 荷花池铁路桥 1995 rigid frame railway 26°35′08″N 101°39′16″E / 26.5856°N 101.6544°E / 26.5856; 101.6544 (Hehuachi Railway Bridge)
Xinzhuang Bridge 新庄大桥 1972 323.7 m (1,062 ft) 146 m (479 ft) arch Shoudou 310(China).svg 26°35′08″N 101°39′17″E / 26.5855°N 101.6546°E / 26.5855; 101.6546 (Xinzhuang Bridge)
Dashuijing Bridge 丽攀高速公路大水井大桥 2014 475 m (1,558 ft) 230 m (750 ft) rigid frame China Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg 26°35′25″N 101°37′12″E / 26.5903°N 101.62°E / 26.5903; 101.62 (Dashuijing Bridge)
Fala Bridge 法拉大桥 2005 233.74 m (766.9 ft) 190 m (620 ft) box girder road 26°35′15″N 101°36′01″E / 26.5876°N 101.6002°E / 26.5876; 101.6002 (Fala Bridge)
Baoding Bridge 宝鼎大桥 1982 392 m (1,286 ft) 170 m (560 ft) box girder road 26°35′48″N 101°34′16″E / 26.5966°N 101.5711°E / 26.5966; 101.5711 (Baoding Bridge)
Zhuangshang Bridge 庄上金沙江特大桥 2014 370 m (1,210 ft) 180 m (590 ft) rigid frame China Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg 26°35′33″N 101°29′53″E / 26.5925°N 101.4981°E / 26.5925; 101.4981 (Zhuangshang Bridge)
Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge 观音岩大桥 2005 114 m (374 ft) arch road 26°31′53″N 101°26′49″E / 26.5314°N 101.4470°E / 26.5314; 101.4470 (Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge)
New Jinjiang Bridge 新金江大桥 Lijiang Yunnan
2012 325 m (1,066 ft) rigid frame Shoudou 220(China).svg 26°11′03″N 100°35′37″E / 26.1842°N 100.5936°E / 26.1842; 100.5936 (New Jinjiang Bridge)
Second Zhongjiang Bridge 中江二桥 Dali 250 m (820 ft) 170 m (560 ft) suspension road 26°28′59″N 100°25′09″E / 26.4831°N 100.4192°E / 26.4831; 100.4192 (Second Zhongjiang Bridge)
Zhongjiang Bridge 中江大桥 2005 suspension road 26°29′45″N 100°24′45″E / 26.4958°N 100.4125°E / 26.4958; 100.4125 (Zhongjiang Bridge)
Longkaikou Bridge 龙开口大桥 rigid frame road 26°43′06″N 100°23′29″E / 26.7183°N 100.3914°E / 26.7183; 100.3914 (Longkaikou Bridge)
Jinlong Bridge 金龙桥 Lijiang 1936
[note 3]
116 m (381 ft) 90 m (300 ft) simple suspension foot traffic 26°46′58″N 100°23′09″E / 26.7828°N 100.3858°E / 26.7828; 100.3858 (Jinlong Bridge)
Jin'an Bridge 金安桥 1982 186 m (610 ft)[16] 110 m (360 ft)[16] arch Shoudou 308(China).svg 26°47′47″N 100°25′47″E / 26.7964°N 100.4297°E / 26.7964; 100.4297 (Jin'an Bridge)
New Jin'an Bridge 新金安桥 arch road 26°47′55″N 100°26′24″E / 26.7986°N 100.44°E / 26.7986; 100.44 (New Jin'an Bridge)
New Shudi Bridge 新树底大桥 2003
[16]
179.6 m (589 ft)[16] 120 m (390 ft)[16] rigid frame Shoudou 991(China).svg 27°00′23″N 100°26′16″E / 27.0064°N 100.4378°E / 27.0064; 100.4378 (New Shudi Bridge)
Ahai Bridge 阿海大桥 270 m (890 ft) arch road 27°20′06″N 100°30′24″E / 27.335°N 100.5067°E / 27.335; 100.5067 (Ahai Bridge)
Fengke Bridge 奉科大桥 216 m (709 ft) 150 m (490 ft) rigid frame road 27°36′15″N 100°26′37″E / 27.6042°N 100.4436°E / 27.6042; 100.4436 (Fengke Bridge)
Liyuan Bridge 梨园大桥 Dêqên,
Lijiang
arch road 27°41′13″N 100°17′23″E / 27.6869°N 100.2897°E / 27.6869; 100.2897 (Liyuan Bridge)
Jihong Bridge
继红桥
Yunnan China Jinsha-Jang-Bridge-at-Tiger-Leaping-Gorge-01.jpg
1971 150 m (490 ft) 75 m (246 ft) arch road 27°07′53″N 100°03′19″E / 27.1314°N 100.0552°E / 27.1314; 100.0552 (Jihong Bridge)
suspension road 27°03′04″N 100°04′38″E / 27.0511°N 100.0772°E / 27.0511; 100.0772
Songyuan Bridge 松园大桥 1996 170 m (560 ft) arch Kokudou 214(China).svg 27°00′18″N 100°04′17″E / 27.005°N 100.0714°E / 27.005; 100.0714 (Songyuan Bridge)
suspension road 27°09′10″N 99°49′28″E / 27.1528°N 99.8244°E / 27.1528; 99.8244
Qizong Bridge 其宗大桥 Dêqên 1989 cable-stayed Shoudou 226(China).svg 27°44′33″N 99°31′43″E / 27.7425°N 99.5286°E / 27.7425; 99.5286 (Qizong Bridge)
New Helong Bridge
新贺龙桥
金沙江桥.jpg
Garzê,
Dêqên
Sichuan,
Yunnan
arch Kokudou 214(China).svg 28°10′16″N 99°23′22″E / 28.1711°N 99.3894°E / 28.1711; 99.3894 (Xinhe Bridge)
Quzong Bridge 曲宗大桥 arch road 28°21′10″N 99°13′47″E / 28.3528°N 99.2297°E / 28.3528; 99.2297 (Quzong Bridge)
suspension road 28°29′06″N 99°11′14″E / 28.485°N 99.1872°E / 28.485; 99.1872
Yinduba Bridge 因都坝大桥 2009 90 m (300 ft) arch road 28°36′22″N 99°09′59″E / 28.6061°N 99.1664°E / 28.6061; 99.1664 (Yinduba Bridge)
simple suspension foot path 28°44′47″N 99°07′37″E / 28.7464°N 99.1269°E / 28.7464; 99.1269
simple suspension foot path 28°53′23″N 99°07′03″E / 28.8897°N 99.1175°E / 28.8897; 99.1175
suspension road 29°13′44″N 99°06′55″E / 29.2288°N 99.1153°E / 29.2288; 99.1153
Garzê,
Chamdo
Sichuan,
Tibet
suspension road 29°18′14″N 99°03′56″E / 29.3039°N 99.0656°E / 29.3039; 99.0656
suspension road 29°21′01″N 99°03′59″E / 29.3503°N 99.0664°E / 29.3503; 99.0664
suspension foot path 29°29′02″N 99°03′29″E / 29.4839°N 99.0581°E / 29.4839; 99.0581
New Zhubalong Bridge
新竹巴龙金沙江大桥
Upper Yangtze River divides Tibet and Sichuan.jpg
beam Kokudou 318(China).svg 29°46′11″N 99°00′35″E / 29.7697°N 99.0097°E / 29.7697; 99.0097 (New Zhubalong Bridge)
Old Zhubalong Bridge 老竹巴龙金沙江大桥 1964 beam foot path
[note 4]
29°46′29″N 99°00′39″E / 29.7747°N 99.0108°E / 29.7747; 99.0108 (Old Zhubalong Bridge)
suspension foot path 29°56′10″N 99°03′38″E / 29.9361°N 99.0606°E / 29.9361; 99.0606
suspension foot path 30°05′05″N 99°02′35″E / 30.0847°N 99.0431°E / 30.0847; 99.0431
simple suspension foot path 30°44′39″N 98°57′39″E / 30.7442°N 98.9608°E / 30.7442; 98.9608
simple suspension foot path 31°12′51″N 98°37′25″E / 31.2141°N 98.6235°E / 31.2141; 98.6235
simple suspension foot path 31°19′11″N 98°49′07″E / 31.3198°N 98.8186°E / 31.3198; 98.8186
simple suspension foot path 31°26′08″N 98°50′23″E / 31.4356°N 98.8398°E / 31.4356; 98.8398
New Gangtuo Bridge 新岗托大桥 beam Kokudou 317(China).svg 31°37′26″N 98°35′35″E / 31.6240°N 98.5931°E / 31.6240; 98.5931 (New Gangtuo Bridge)
Gangtuo Bridge 岗托大桥 1974 140 m (460 ft) 70 m (230 ft) arch road 31°37′32″N 98°35′26″E / 31.6256°N 98.5906°E / 31.6256; 98.5906 (Gangtuo Bridge)
suspension foot path 31°41′32″N 98°33′26″E / 31.6921°N 98.5571°E / 31.6921; 98.5571
Dengmanusangba Bridge 邓玛奴桑巴桥 1988 150 m (490 ft) suspension road 32°27′37″N 97°59′47″E / 32.4603°N 97.9963°E / 32.4603; 97.9963 (Dengmanusangba Bridge)
Garzê,
Yushu
Sichuan,
Qinghai
suspension road 32°38′02″N 97°32′24″E / 32.6339°N 97.5399°E / 32.6339; 97.5399

Notes

  1. ^ The upstream span of the New Midi Bridge opened in 2011 and the downstream span opened in 2013
  2. ^ The Midi Bridge closed in 2014.
  3. ^ The Jinlong Bridge was first built in 1880. It was destroyed in a flood in 1935 and rebuilt in 1936.
  4. ^ The Old Zhubalong Bridge has been closed to vehicular traffic.

Yushu: The Tongtian[edit]

For 813 km (505 mi), from the merger of the Tuotuo and Dangqu Rivers to the confluence with the Batang River at Yushu, the Yangtze is known as the Tongtian River.

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Longest Span Type Carries Coordinates
G214 Tongtian River Bridge 214国道通天河大桥 Chindu County,
Yushu County
Qinghai
(Yushu)
2003 beam Kokudou 214(China).svg 33°00′24″N 97°14′52″E / 33.0068°N 97.2479°E / 33.0068; 97.2479 (G214 Tongtian River Bridge)
Qingkang Highway Tongtian River Bridge 青康公路通天河大桥 1963 150 m (490 ft) 50 m (160 ft) arch road 33°00′28″N 97°14′47″E / 33.0077°N 97.2464°E / 33.0077; 97.2464 (Qingkang Highway Tongtian River Bridge)
Zhongda Tongtian River Suspension Bridge 仲达通天河索桥 simple suspension footpath 33°14′59″N 97°00′43″E / 33.2497°N 97.01184°E / 33.2497; 97.01184 (Zhongda Tongtian River Suspension Bridge)
Zhongda Tongtian River Bridge 仲达通天河大桥 2012 beam road 33°15′54″N 97°00′59″E / 33.2649°N 97.0163°E / 33.2649; 97.0163 (Zhongda Tongtian River Bridge)
beam road 33°20′20″N 96°58′41″E / 33.3390°N 96.9780°E / 33.3390; 96.9780
simple suspension road 33°19′45″N 96°52′23″E / 33.3293°N 96.8730°E / 33.3293; 96.8730
suspension road 33°19′14″N 96°49′25″E / 33.3205°N 96.8236°E / 33.3205; 96.8236
suspension road 33°33′14″N 96°37′18″E / 33.5538°N 96.6218°E / 33.5538; 96.6218
suspension footpath 33°35′48″N 96°35′28″E / 33.5968°N 96.591°E / 33.5968; 96.591
Qumarlêb County,
Zhidoi County
suspension road 33°44′18″N 96°14′17″E / 33.7383°N 96.2381°E / 33.7383; 96.2381
Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge 曲麻莱通天河大桥 2012
[note 1]
600 m (2,000 ft) 100 m (330 ft) rigid frame bridge Shoudou 308(China).svg 34°02′10″N 95°49′32″E / 34.0361°N 95.8255°E / 34.0361; 95.8255 (Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge)

Notes

  1. ^ The Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge, a rigid frame bridge that built in 2012, replaced a beam bridge built in 1989.

The Tuotuo[edit]

The Tuotuo River, considered the official headstream of the Yangtze, flows 358 km (222 mi) from the glaciers of the Gelaindong massif in the Tanggula Mountains of southwestern Qinghai to the confluence with the Dangqu River to form the Tongtian River.

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Longest Span Type Carries Coordinates
G109 Tuotuo River Bridge 109国道沱沱河大桥 Tanggula Town
(Golmud)
Qinghai
(Haixi)
1958
[note 1]
beam Kokudou 109(China).svg 34°13′09″N 92°26′37″E / 34.2193°N 92.4435°E / 34.2193; 92.4435 (G109 Tuotuo River Bridge)
Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge 青藏铁路长江源特大桥 2006
[note 2]
1,389.6 m (4,559 ft) beam Qinghai–Tibet R.R. 34°13′19″N 92°26′09″E / 34.222°N 92.4358°E / 34.222; 92.4358 (Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge)

Notes

  1. ^ The G109 Tuotuo River Bridge, first built in 1958, was rebuilt in 1987 and 2002.
  2. ^ The Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge was completed in 2002 and opened to rail traffic in 2006.

Bridges and tunnels under construction[edit]

Chang Jiang from Shanghai to Yibin[edit]

Name Location Expected opening Total length Longest span Type Carries Coord.
Shanghai-Nantong Bridge
沪通长江大桥
Nantong & Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 2015 2,300 m (7,500 ft) 1,092 m (3,583 ft) cable-stayed Jiangsu Expwy S19 sign no name.svg
Hutong R.R.
32°00′33″N 120°44′34″E / 32.009167°N 120.742778°E / 32.009167; 120.742778 (Shanghai-Nantong Yangtze River Bridge)
Nanjing Metro Line 3 Tunnel Nanjing, Jiangsu 2015 3,100 m (10,200 ft) - tunnel Nanjing Metro Line 3
Nanjing Yangzijiang Tunnel[17] Nanjing, Jiangsu 2015 7,368 m (24,173 ft) - tunnel road
Yijishan Bridge
弋矶山长江大桥
Wuhu, Anhui 2018 1,232 m (4,042 ft) 588 m (1,929 ft) cable-stayed Shangqiu-Hangzhou H.S.R.
road
31°21′07″N 118°20′47″E / 31.3519°N 118.3464°E / 31.3519; 118.3464 (Yijishan Yangtze River Bridge)
Second Wuhu Bridge
芜湖长江二桥
Wuhu, Anhui 2017 1,622 m (5,322 ft) 806 m (2,644 ft) cable-stayed Anhui Expwy S11 sign no name.svg 31°14′09″N 118°08′14″E / 31.235833°N 118.137222°E / 31.235833; 118.137222 (Second Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge)
Chizhou Bridge
池州长江大桥
Chizhou, Anhui 2019[18] 5,818 m (19,088 ft) 828 m (2,717 ft) cable-stayed China Expwy G3W sign with name.svg
Tongling Road-Rail Bridge
铜陵长江公铁大桥
Tongling, Anhui 2015-07-01[19] 1,290 m (4,230 ft) 630 m (2,070 ft) cable-stayed Anhui Expwy S32 sign no name.svg
Hefu H.S.R.
31°04′58″N 117°58′26″E / 31.082778°N 117.973889°E / 31.082778; 117.973889 (Tongling Yangtze River Road-Rail Bridge)
Anqing Railway Bridge Anqing, Anhui 2019 2,997 m (9,833 ft) 580 m (1,900 ft) cable-stayed Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway 30°29′57″N 117°04′17″E / 30.4991°N 117.0714°E / 30.4991; 117.0714 (Anqing Railway Yangtze River Bridge)
Wangdong Bridge
望东长江公路大桥
Wangjiang and Dongzhi, Anqing 2015 4,035 m (13,238 ft) 638 m (2,093 ft) cable-stayed Road 30°05′15″N 116°47′07″E / 30.0875°N 116.7853°E / 30.0875; 116.7853 (Wangdong Yangtze River Bridge)
Yangsigang Bridge
杨泗港长江大桥
Wuhan, Hubei 2019 4,318 m (14,167 ft) 1,700 m (5,600 ft) suspension Road[20] 30°30′24″N 114°15′24″E / 30.5067°N 114.2568°E / 30.5067; 114.2568 (Yangsigang Yangtze River Bridge)
Dunkou Bridge
沌口长江大桥
Wuhan, Hubei 2017 3,287 m (10,784 ft) 760 m (2,490 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan 4th Ring Rd.[20] 30°26′11″N 114°11′40″E / 30.436389°N 114.194444°E / 30.436389; 114.194444 (Dunkou Yangtze River Bridge)
Gongan Bridge
公安长江大桥
Jingzhou, Hubei 2018 2,015.9 m (6,614 ft) 518 m (1,699 ft) cable-stayed Shashi-Gongan Hwy
Jingzhou-Yueyang R.R.
30°04′06″N 112°19′59″E / 30.068333°N 112.333056°E / 30.068333; 112.333056 (Gongan Yangtze River Bridge),
Miaozui Bridge
庙嘴长江大桥}}
Yichang, Hubei 2015 3,234.7 m (10,613 ft) 838 m (2,749 ft) suspension
cable-stayed
[note 1]
road
Fuma Bridge
驸马长江大桥
Wanzhou, Chongqing 2017[21] 2,003 m (6,572 ft) 1,050 m (3,440 ft) suspension China Expwy G5012 sign no name.svg
Third Wanzhou Bridge
万州长江三桥
Wanzhou, Chongqing 2018 2,120 m (6,960 ft) 30 m (98 ft) cable-stayed road 30°47′14″N 108°24′11″E / 30.787222°N 108.403056°E / 30.787222; 108.403056 (Dunkou Yangtze River Bridge)
Second Fengdu Bridge
重庆丰都长江二桥
Fengdu, Chongqing 2015? 2,140 m (7,020 ft) 680 m (2,230 ft) cable-stayed road
Cuntan Bridge
寸滩长江大桥
Jiangbei, Chongqing 2016 1,600 m (5,200 ft) 880 m (2,890 ft) suspension road
New Baishatuo Bridge
新白沙沱长江大桥
Dadukou & Jiangjin, Chongqing 2017[22] 920 m (3,020 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed Chongqing–Guizhou H.S.R. 29°21′05″N 106°25′46″E / 29.351389°N 106.429444°E / 29.351389; 106.429444 (New Baishatuo Yangtze River Bridge)
Jiangjin Jijiang Bridge
江津几江长江大桥
Jiangjin, Chongqing 2016-11[23] 1,897 m (6,224 ft) 600 m (2,000 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane Highway
Hejiang Yangtze River Bridge
合江长江大桥
Hejiang, Sichuan 2020[24] 1,560 m (5,120 ft) 507 m (1,663 ft) arch road

Notes

  1. ^ The Miaozui Yangtze River Bridge, which spans across the right and left streams of the river and an island in the river, is composed of several bridge sections including a longer suspension bridge with a main span of 838 m (2,749 ft) and a shorter cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 210 m (690 ft).

Upstream from Yibin: Jinsha River[edit]

Name Location Expected opening Total length Main span Type Carries Coord.
Yibin Jinsha River Road Rail Bridge
宜宾金沙江公铁大桥
Yibin, Sichuan 2017 1,874.9 m (6,151 ft) 336 m (1,102 ft) arch road
Chengdu-Guiyang H.S.R.
28°43′43″N 104°35′06″E / 28.7287°N 104.5851°E / 28.7287; 104.5851 (Yibin Jinsha River Road Rail Bridge)
Puhe Bridge
普和大桥
Yibin, Sichuan 2015 268 m (879 ft) 180 m (590 ft) rigid frame road 28°41′45″N 104°32′55″E / 28.6957°N 104.5487°E / 28.6957; 104.5487 (Puhe Jinsha River Bridge)
Suijiang Yunchuan Bridge
绥江云川金沙江特大桥
Yibin, Sichuan
Zhaotong, Yunnan
2015[25] 718 m (2,356 ft) 228 m (748 ft) box girder road 28°36′50″N 103°59′25″E / 28.6138°N 103.9903°E / 28.6138; 103.9903 (Suijiang Yunchuan Jinsha River Bridge)
New Hulukou Bridge
新葫芦口大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Zhaotong, Yunnan
2015 959 m (3,146 ft) 656 m (2,152 ft) suspension road 26°58′17″N 102°53′30″E / 26.9714°N 102.8918°E / 26.9714; 102.8918 (New Hulukou Jinsha River Bridge)
Jindong Bridge
金东大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2015 941 m (3,087 ft) 730 m (2,400 ft) suspension road 26°30′36″N 103°02′26″E / 26.5099°N 103.0406°E / 26.5099; 103.0406 (Jindong Jinsha River Bridge)
Wudongde Bridge
乌东德大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2015 213 m (699 ft) 90 m (300 ft) rigid frame road 26°21′07″N 102°35′50″E / 26.352°N 102.5971°E / 26.352; 102.5971 (Wudongde Jinsha River Bridge)
Hemenkou Bridge
河门口大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2017 522 m (1,713 ft) 240 m (790 ft) rigid frame road 26°18′27″N 102°38′04″E / 26.3074°N 102.6344°E / 26.3074; 102.6344 (Hemenkou Jinsha River Bridge)
Second Chengkun Railway Bridge
成昆二线金沙江大桥
Panzhihua, Sichuan 2020 cable-stayed Second Chengkun R.R. 26°36′13″N 101°48′50″E / 26.6037°N 101.8139°E / 26.6037; 101.8139 (Second Chengdu-Kunming Railway Jinsha River Bridge)
Taku Bridge
塔库金沙江大桥
Lijiang, Yunnan 2018 1,522 m (4,993 ft) 1,190 m (3,900 ft) suspension China Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg 26°43′22″N 100°23′20″E / 26.7229°N 100.3888°E / 26.7229; 100.3888 (Taku Jinsha River Bridge)
G214 New Tongtian River Bridge
214国道新通天河大桥
Yushu, Qinghai rigid frame road 33°00′20″N 97°14′56″E / 33.0055°N 97.249°E / 33.0055; 97.249 (G214 New Tongtian River Bridge)

Planned bridges[edit]

Name Location Expected opening Total length Main span Type Carries
Wuxue Bridge Wuxue, Hubei & Yangxin, Jiangxi 2018 4,331 m (14,209 ft) 1,328 m (4,357 ft)[26] cable-stayed Macheng-Yangxin Hwy 29°50′25″N 115°30′22″E / 29.840278°N 115.506111°E / 29.840278; 115.506111 (Wuxue Yangtze River Bridge)
Chibi Bridge Honghu & Chibi, Hubei 2018 4,557 m (14,951 ft) 720 m (2,360 ft) cable-stayed S214 29°51′09″N 113°34′42″E / 29.8525°N 113.578333°E / 29.8525; 113.578333 (Chibi Yangtze River Bridge)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese) 大理蒋公祠 2014-03-12
  2. ^ a b c (Chinese) 长江上的大桥 Xinhua 2009-07-22
  3. ^ a b c d e f g (Chinese) "浮桥" 《古代经济专题史话》
  4. ^ a b c (Chinese) 古代的索桥浮桥 《重庆晚报评论》 2013-02-18
  5. ^ (Chinese) 石鼓铁虹桥 2014-12-11
  6. ^ a b c (Chinese) 冯智, 吐蕃南诏神州铁桥, 西藏研究 1992-06-14
  7. ^ (Chinese) 茶马古道:征服世界屋脊的文化之脉 2014-12-01
  8. ^ a b c (Chinese) 杨陆, 丽江境跨江桥梁的三项"之最" 2011-02-12
  9. ^ (Chinese) 金沙江铁索桥古迹已被江水淹没(图) 2007-09-06
  10. ^ (Chinese) 华坪至丽江高速公路建设动员进场 2013-10-30
  11. ^ a b c (Chinese)江西九江长江大桥裂缝事件追踪:超限纠错缘何迟来4年 2013-02-16
  12. ^ Key Yangtze River bridge closed for repair
  13. ^ (Chinese) 桥墩现裂缝 泸州长江大桥禁行 2012-11-21
  14. ^ (Chinese) 永川至江津高速通车 半小时跑全程(图) 2014-12-26
  15. ^ YIBIN YANGTZE River Bridge
  16. ^ a b c d e (Chinese) 杨陆, "丽江境跨江桥梁的三项'之最'" 云南法制报 2011-02-12
  17. ^ (Chinese) 南京纬三路过江隧道年底通车 新华日报 2015-01-16
  18. ^ (Chinese) 池州长江大桥昨天动工 设计速度100公里/小时 2014-12-31
  19. ^ (Chinese) {{lang|cmn-Hans|铜陵长江公铁大桥六车道高速公路已建成 明年7月1日将通车 2014-12-22
  20. ^ a b (Chinese) 武汉昨开建两座长江大桥 2019年建成缓解过江压力 2014-12-04
  21. ^ (Chinese) 万利高速公路驸马长江特大桥开工建设 2013-06-21
  22. ^ (Chinese) 渝黔铁路预计2017年底建成 重庆7小时到香港 2015-01-05
  23. ^ (Chinese) 重庆江津几江长江大桥北岸主塔封顶(图) 2014-11-27
  24. ^ (Chinese) 合江长江大桥工程可行性研究报告喜获省发改委批复 2014-12-05
  25. ^ (Chinese) 绥江云川金沙江特大桥 完成投资1.3亿元 昭通日报 2015-01-05
  26. ^ (Chinese) 湖北将建武穴长江公路大桥对接瑞昌 项目已通过专家评估 2014-10-11

External links and maps[edit]