Yibin

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Yibin
宜宾市
Prefecture-level city
Night view of Yibin from the Nanmen Bridge (南门大桥)
Night view of Yibin from the Nanmen Bridge (南门大桥)
Location of Yibin City (jurisdiction) in Sichuan
Location of Yibin City (jurisdiction) in Sichuan
Yibin is located in China
Yibin
Yibin
Location in China
Coordinates: 28°46′N 104°37′E / 28.767°N 104.617°E / 28.767; 104.617
Country People's Republic of China
Province Sichuan
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 13,283 km2 (5,129 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,123 km2 (434 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,123 km2 (434 sq mi)
Elevation 321 m (1,053 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Urban 673,413
 • Urban density 600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Metro 673,413
 • Metro density 600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 644000
Area code(s) 0831
Licence Plate Prefix Q
Website yibin.gov.cn

Yibin (simplified Chinese: 宜宾; traditional Chinese: 宜賓; Sichuanese Pinyin: ȵi2bin1; Sichuanese pronunciation: [ɲi˨˩pin˥]; pinyin: Yíbīn; Wade–Giles: I-pin) is a prefecture-level city in the southeastern part of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China, located at the junction of the Min and Yangtze Rivers.

Its population is 4,472,001 inhabitants according to the 2010 census of whom 673,413 live in the built-up area.

History[edit]

Human habitation of Yibin dates back at least 40,000 years. Yibin was established as a county in the Han dynasty (206 BC − AD 220).

It was previously known as Suifu or Suifoo.

Geography[edit]

The Yangtze is formed at Yibin by the confluence of the Min and Jinsha Rivers.

Yibin is located in the southeast portion of Sichuan at the southern end of the Sichuan Basin, bordering Zhaotong (Yunnan) to the south, Luzhou to the east, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture and Leshan to the west, and Zigong to the north, and has a total area is 13,283 square kilometres (5,129 sq mi). The city ranges in latitude from 27° 50'−29° 16' N, and in longitude from 103° 36'−105° 20' E, stretching 153 km (95 mi) east-west and 150 km (93 mi) north-south.

As with the rest of the Sichuan Basin, Yibin has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with high humidity year-round; winters are short and mild while summers long, hot, and humid. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 7.8 °C (46.0 °F) in January to 26.6 °C (79.9 °F) in July and August; the annual mean is 17.80 °C (64.0 °F). Despite its location in the Yangtze River valley, it is still 1.5 to 2.0 °C (2.7 to 3.6 °F) cooler than Chongqing, located further downstream, in its warmest months. Frost is uncommon and the frost-free period lasts 347 days.[1] Rainfall is common year-round but is the greatest in July and August, with very little of it in the cooler months. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 10% in December and January to 42% in August, the city receives only 1,018 hours of bright sunshine annually; Yibin has one of the lowest annual sunshine totals nationally, lower than even nearby Chengdu and Chongqing. Spring (March–April) tends to be sunnier and warmer in the day than autumn (October–November).

Climate data for Yibin (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
12.5
(54.5)
17.5
(63.5)
23.2
(73.8)
26.9
(80.4)
28.9
(84)
31.2
(88.2)
31.5
(88.7)
26.5
(79.7)
21.5
(70.7)
17.0
(62.6)
11.9
(53.4)
21.6
(70.9)
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.4
(45.3)
10.9
(51.6)
15.3
(59.5)
19.0
(66.2)
21.5
(70.7)
23.4
(74.1)
23.3
(73.9)
20.1
(68.2)
16.2
(61.2)
12.0
(53.6)
7.5
(45.5)
15.2
(59.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19.6
(0.772)
26.3
(1.035)
32.7
(1.287)
60.2
(2.37)
110.5
(4.35)
161.7
(6.366)
228.7
(9.004)
188.4
(7.417)
119.5
(4.705)
64.4
(2.535)
33.3
(1.311)
17.8
(0.701)
1,063.1
(41.853)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11.2 12.5 13.2 14.1 16.3 17.1 14.7 13.4 16.3 16.6 12.0 10.5 167.9
 % humidity 85 83 79 76 76 81 82 80 83 85 84 85 81.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 32.1 39.6 78.5 116.0 116.9 107.7 147.2 169.0 81.6 53.1 45.8 30.7 1,018.2
Percent possible sunshine 10 13 21 30 28 26 35 42 22 15 14 10 23
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administrative divisions[edit]

Ethnic townships in South Sichuan: Yibin and Luzhou. Light green -Yi. Blue - miao.
Map
Yibin mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2004 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Cuiping District 翠屏区 Cuìpíng Qū 780,000 1,123 695
3 Nanxi District 南溪区 Nánxī Qū 410,000 704 582
2 Yibin County 宜宾县 Yíbīn Xiàn 980,000 3,034 323
4 Jiang'an County 江安县 Jiāng'ān Xiàn 540,000 910 593
5 Changning County 长宁县 Chángníng Xiàn 430,000 975 441
6 Gao County 高县 Gāo Xiàn 500,000 1,323 378
7 Junlian County 筠连县 Jūnlián Xiàn 390,000 1,254 311
8 Gong County 珙县 Gǒng Xiàn 420,000 1,150 365
9 Xingwen County 兴文县 Xīngwén Xiàn 440,000 1,373 320
10 Pingshan County 屏山县 Píngshān Xiàn 290,000 1,437 202
翠屏山俯瞰
View of Yibin from Cuiping Mountain

Economy[edit]

The city's industry focuses on electronics, food products, and power generation. It also produces paper, silk, and leather products. The surrounding region is rich in agricultural resources, growing rice, barley, oil seeds, sesame, and tea.

The largest employer in Yibin is Wuliangye, a company best known for Wuliangye, a brand of sorghum-based distilled spirits known as baijiu. The Wuliangye Group grew from a small company employing just 300 people in 1977 into a large company employing over 20,000 on a seven square kilometer plant. According to an August 2005 article in a securities weekly, the Wuliangye Group is 72% state owned and provides 70% of the revenues of Yibin City, a major regional center at the head of the Yangtze in southeastern Sichuan. In 2004 6,225 retired military worked for the company, out of a total work force of over 20,000. One third of top management positions are held by retired members of the military.[2] Unsuccessful efforts to diversify its business, poor transparency and a murky ownership pictures are among the company's problems today.[3] However, liquor is not the sole product of the WuLiangye Group. It also provides the specialized high-tech anti-counterfeit packaging and printing business and engineering services. Wuliangye now contributes about 60% of Yibin's GDP.

Transportation[edit]

The region's natural waterways provide transportation links with the surrounding area, and Yibin is also connected to Chongqing and Chengdu by rail and express highway. Yibin's proximity to the Yunnan and Guizhou borders also means that transportation to the provinces is available by rail and by bus.

Yibin Airport offers flights to Beijing, Shanghai, Kunming and Guangzhou.

Tourism[edit]

There are several hot springs near Yibin, plus many other tourist attractions. Such attractions include the Bamboo Sea in Changning County and the Xingwen Stone Forest. Cuiping mountain in the centre of the city provides wonderful views of Yibin. Yibin is also the confluence of the Min and Jinsha Rivers, which together form the Yangtze River.

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]