Ávila (Congress of Deputies constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ávila
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Ávila).png
Location of Ávila within Spain
Province Ávila
Autonomous community Castile and León
Population 164,925 (2016)
Electorate 139,218 (2016)
Major settlements Ávila
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 3
Member(s)
  •      PP (2)
  •      PSOE (1)

Ávila is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects three deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Ávila. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Electoral system[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of their political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 percent and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][7]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Ávila 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
3
1st 1979
3
2nd 1982
1 1 1
3rd 1986
1 1 1
4th 1989
1 1 1
5th 1993
1 2
6th 1996
1 2
7th 2000
1 2
8th 2004
1 2
9th 2008
1 2
10th 2011
1 2
11th 2015
1 2
12th 2016
1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 50,931 51.49 +5.35 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 19,277 19.49 –0.36 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 14,096 14.25 –1.41 0 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo)1 12,527 12.66 –2.88 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 610 0.62 +0.11 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 357 0.36 –0.53 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 261 0.26 +0.03 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 141 0.14 +0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 717 0.72 –0.01
Total 98,917 3 ±0
Valid votes 98,917 98.81 +0.01
Invalid votes 1,189 1.19 –0.01
Votes cast / turnout 100,106 71.91 –1.86
Abstentions 39,112 28.09 +1.86
Registered voters 139,218
Sources[8]

2015 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 47,072 46.14 –15.76 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 20,254 19.85 –3.06 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 15,971 15.66 New 0 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 11,951 11.71 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 3,905 3.83 –0.70 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 908 0.89 –6.86 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 519 0.51 +0.25 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 330 0.32 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 238 0.23 +0.01 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 125 0.12 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 744 0.73 –0.43
Total 102,017 3 ±0
Valid votes 102,017 98.80 +0.18
Invalid votes 1,234 1.20 –0.18
Votes cast / turnout 103,251 73.77 –1.60
Abstentions 36,704 26.23 +1.60
Registered voters 139,955
Sources[9]

2011 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 65,600 61.90 +3.32 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 24,278 22.91 –12.14 1 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 8,217 7.75 +6.33 0 ±0
United Left of Castile and León: Plural Left (IUCyL) 4,803 4.53 +1.93 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 725 0.68 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 275 0.26 +0.18 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 233 0.22 +0.15 0 ±0
Republicans (RPS) 200 0.19 New 0 ±0
Hartos.org (Hartos.org) 174 0.16 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 105 0.10 +0.03 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 83 0.08 +0.05 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 50 0.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,233 1.16 +0.15
Total 105,976 3 ±0
Valid votes 105,976 98.62 –0.54
Invalid votes 1,481 1.38 +0.54
Votes cast / turnout 107,457 75.37 –5.07
Abstentions 35,121 24.63 +5.07
Registered voters 142,578
Sources[10]

2008 general election[edit]

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 67,274 58.58 –0.96 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 40,249 35.05 +1.03 1 ±0
United Left–Alternative (IU) 2,987 2.60 –0.57 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,628 1.42 New 0 ±0
Commoners' Land (TC) 194 0.17 –0.30 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 134 0.12 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 126 0.11 New 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 125 0.11 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 110 0.10 New 0 ±0
The Greens of Europe (LVdE) 97 0.08 New 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 94 0.08 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 86 0.07 New 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 77 0.07 –0.05 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 76 0.07 +0.01 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Castilian People (PCPC–PCPE) 74 0.06 +0.01 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 69 0.06 +0.03 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Centre (CDEs) 52 0.05 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 52 0.05 –0.05 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 50 0.04 ±0.00 0 ±0
Engine and Sports Alternative (AMD) 37 0.03 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 32 0.03 –0.05 0 ±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 24 0.02 New 0 ±0
Spanish Front (Frente) 14 0.01 New 0 ±0
Carlist Traditionalist Communion (CTC) 9 0.01 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 9 0.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,156 1.01 –0.75
Total 114,835 3 ±0
Valid votes 114,835 99.16 +0.15
Invalid votes 971 0.84 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 115,806 80.44 +0.58
Abstentions 28,161 19.56 –0.58
Registered voters 143,967
Sources[11]

2004 general election[edit]

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 67,622 59.54 –5.77 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 38,640 34.02 +7.36 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 3,598 3.17 –1.60 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 532 0.47 +0.12 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 327 0.29 –0.01 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 134 0.12 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 113 0.10 –0.02 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 97 0.09 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 87 0.08 New 0 ±0
Romantic Mutual Support Party (PMAR) 77 0.07 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 71 0.06 –0.12 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 66 0.06 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Castilian People (PCPC–PCPE) 59 0.05 New 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 56 0.05 –0.05 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 46 0.04 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 31 0.03 New 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 29 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,997 1.76 +0.04
Total 113,582 3 ±0
Valid votes 113,582 99.01 +0.13
Invalid votes 1,130 0.99 –0.13
Votes cast / turnout 114,712 79.86 +5.17
Abstentions 28,929 20.14 –5.17
Registered voters 143,641
Sources[12]

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 70,058 65.31 +6.61 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 28,596 26.66 –3.78 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 5,117 4.77 –2.92 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 372 0.35 +0.23 0 ±0
Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS) 327 0.30 –1.24 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 262 0.24 +0.07 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 210 0.20 New 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 193 0.18 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 132 0.12 –0.01 0 ±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 107 0.10 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 Platform (ES2000) 62 0.06 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,842 1.72 +0.72
Total 107,278 3 ±0
Valid votes 107,278 98.88 –0.43
Invalid votes 1,213 1.12 +0.43
Votes cast / turnout 108,491 74.69 –6.46
Abstentions 36,759 25.31 +6.46
Registered voters 145,250
Sources[13]

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 68,503 58.70 +8.51 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 35,527 30.44 –0.03 1 ±0
United Left of Castile and León (IUCL) 8,977 7.69 +2.24 0 ±0
Centrist Union (UC) 1,793 1.54 –10.23 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 196 0.17 +0.05 0 ±0
Authentic Spanish Phalanx (FEA) 163 0.14 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 147 0.13 +0.10 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 136 0.12 +0.03 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Party (PRT) 95 0.08 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,171 1.00 +0.22
Total 116,708 3 ±0
Valid votes 116,708 99.31 +0.21
Invalid votes 805 0.69 –0.21
Votes cast / turnout 117,513 81.15 +1.19
Abstentions 27,298 18.85 –1.19
Registered voters 144,811
Sources[14]

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 57,324 50.19 +17.41 2 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 34,806 30.47 +2.71 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 13,444 11.77 –19.77 0 –1
United Left of Castile and León (IU) 6,227 5.45 +0.48 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 654 0.57 –0.47 0 ±0
The Ecologists (LE) 283 0.25 –0.20 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos GroupEuropean Democratic Alliance (ARM–ADE) 181 0.16 –0.47 0 ±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 136 0.12 New 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 103 0.09 New 0 ±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 51 0.04 New 0 ±0
Coalition for a New Socialist Party (CNPS)1 50 0.04 –0.06 0 ±0
Party of El Bierzo (PB) 41 0.04 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 37 0.03 –0.03 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 894 0.78 +0.16
Total 114,213 3 ±0
Valid votes 114,213 99.10 +0.84
Invalid votes 1,035 0.90 –0.84
Votes cast / turnout 115,248 79.96 +2.99
Abstentions 28,879 20.04 –2.99
Registered voters 144,127
Sources[15]

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP)1 35,757 32.78 +3.32 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 34,402 31.54 –9.76 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 30,282 27.76 +3.20 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 4,815 4.41 +2.40 0 ±0
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 1,139 1.04 New 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 682 0.63 New 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 487 0.45 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 216 0.20 –0.19 0 ±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC)2 156 0.14 –0.37 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 149 0.14 –0.06 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 146 0.13 New 0 ±0
Alliance for the Republic (AxR)3 110 0.10 –0.06 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 70 0.06 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 676 0.62 +0.16
Total 109,087 3 ±0
Valid votes 109,087 98.26 +0.55
Invalid votes 1,935 1.74 –0.55
Votes cast / turnout 111,022 76.97 +0.25
Abstentions 33,225 23.03 –0.25
Registered voters 144,247
Sources[16]

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 45,283 41.30 +18.90 1 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 32,295 29.46 –3.86 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 26,927 24.56 –6.02 1 ±0
United Left (IU)2 2,202 2.01 +0.27 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 572 0.52 New 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 558 0.51 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 432 0.39 –0.13 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 284 0.26 +0.15 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 222 0.20 New 0 ±0
Republican Popular Unity (UPR)3 187 0.17 –0.10 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 176 0.16 New 0 ±0
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 502 0.46 –0.04
Total 109,640 3 ±0
Valid votes 109,640 97.71 –0.20
Invalid votes 2,566 2.29 +0.20
Votes cast / turnout 112,206 76.72 –5.51
Abstentions 34,040 23.28 +5.51
Registered voters 146,246
Sources[17]

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 37,193 33.32 +26.45 1 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 34,142 30.58 +10.60 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 25,000 22.40 New 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 11,218 10.05 –55.76 0 –3
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 1,947 1.74 –1.86 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 581 0.52 New 0 ±0
New Force (FN)2 414 0.37 –1.20 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (Marxist–Leninist) (PCE (m–l)) 300 0.27 New 0 ±0
Communist Unity Candidacy (CUC)3 153 0.14 –0.13 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 127 0.11 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) 0 0.00 –0.12 0 ±0
Communist League–Internationalist Socialist Workers' Coalition (LC (COSI)) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Communist Movement of Castile and León (MC–CL) 0 0.00 –0.42 0 ±0
Blank ballots 557 0.50 +0.01
Total 111,632 3 ±0
Valid votes 111,632 97.91 –0.92
Invalid votes 2,384 2.09 +0.92
Votes cast / turnout 114,016 82.23 +11.77
Abstentions 24,639 17.77 –11.77
Registered voters 138,655
Sources[18]

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 67,001 65.81 –2.34 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 20,341 19.98 +4.04 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 6,995 6.87 +0.09 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 3,661 3.60 +1.31 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 1,599 1.57 +0.49 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 429 0.42 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)4 278 0.27 –0.08 0 ±0
Workers' Communist Party (PCT) 271 0.27 New 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE) 265 0.26 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (Authentic) (FE–JONS(A)) 232 0.23 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) 125 0.12 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 109 0.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 499 0.49 +0.26
Total 101,805 3 ±0
Valid votes 101,805 98.83 –0.26
Invalid votes 1,202 1.17 +0.26
Votes cast / turnout 103,007 70.46 –10.53
Abstentions 43,176 29.54 +10.53
Registered voters 146,183
Sources[19]

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 71,650 68.15 n/a 3 n/a
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 14,984 14.25 n/a 0 n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 7,123 6.78 n/a 0 n/a
Federation of Christian Democracy (FPDID) 4,872 4.63 n/a 0 n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,406 2.29 n/a 0 n/a
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 1,777 1.69 n/a 0 n/a
New Force (FN) 1,132 1.08 n/a 0 n/a
Socialist Movement (MS) 584 0.56 n/a 0 n/a
Workers' Electoral Group (AET) 366 0.35 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 240 0.23 n/a
Total 105,134 3 n/a
Valid votes 105,134 99.09 n/a
Invalid votes 963 0.91 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 106,097 80.99 n/a
Abstentions 24,901 19.01 n/a
Registered voters 130,998
Sources[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of 4 January 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, 29 December 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  4. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  5. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 2016. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  9. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  10. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  11. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2008. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  12. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2004. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  13. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2000. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1996. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  15. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1993. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1989. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  17. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1986. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1982. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  19. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1979. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  20. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. Ávila". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 

Coordinates: 40°35′N 5°00′W / 40.583°N 5.000°W / 40.583; -5.000