Ávila (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Ávila
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Ávila).png
Location of Ávila within Spain
Province Ávila
Autonomous community Castile and León
Population 164,925 (2016)
Electorate 139,218 (2016)
Major settlements Ávila
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 3

Ávila is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects three deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Ávila is currently set at three. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Ávila 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
3
1st 1979
3
2nd 1982
1 1 1
3rd 1986
1 1 1
4th 1989
1 1 1
5th 1993
1 2
6th 1996
1 2
7th 2000
1 2
8th 2004
1 2
9th 2008
1 2
10th 2011
1 2
11th 2015
1 2
12th 2016
1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 50,931 51.49 +5.35 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 19,277 19.49 –0.36 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 14,096 14.25 –1.41 0 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo)1 12,527 12.66 –2.88 0 ±0
Blank ballots 717 0.72 –0.01
Total 98,917 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 98,917 98.81 +0.01
Invalid votes 1,189 1.19 –0.01
Votes cast / turnout 100,106 71.91 –1.86
Abstentions 39,112 28.09 +1.86
Registered voters 139,218
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 47,072 46.14 –15.76 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 20,254 19.85 –3.06 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 15,971 15.66 New 0 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 11,951 11.71 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 3,905 3.83 –0.70 0 ±0
Blank ballots 744 0.73 –0.43
Total 102,017 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 102,017 98.80 +0.18
Invalid votes 1,234 1.20 –0.18
Votes cast / turnout 103,251 73.77 –1.60
Abstentions 36,704 26.23 +1.60
Registered voters 139,955
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 65,600 61.90 +3.32 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 24,278 22.91 –12.14 1 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 8,217 7.75 +6.33 0 ±0
United Left of Castile and León: Plural Left (IUCL) 4,803 4.53 +1.93 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,233 1.16 +0.15
Total 105,976 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 105,976 98.62 –0.54
Invalid votes 1,481 1.38 +0.54
Votes cast / turnout 107,457 75.37 –5.07
Abstentions 35,121 24.63 +5.07
Registered voters 142,578
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 67,274 58.58 –0.96 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 40,249 35.05 +1.03 1 ±0
United Left–Alternative (IU) 2,987 2.60 –0.57 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,628 1.42 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,156 1.01 –0.75
Total 114,835 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 114,835 99.16 +0.15
Invalid votes 971 0.84 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 115,806 80.44 +0.58
Abstentions 28,161 19.56 –0.58
Registered voters 143,967
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 67,622 59.54 –5.77 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 38,640 34.02 +7.36 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 3,598 3.17 –1.60 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,997 1.76 +0.04
Total 113,582 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 113,582 99.01 +0.13
Invalid votes 1,130 0.99 –0.13
Votes cast / turnout 114,712 79.86 +5.17
Abstentions 28,929 20.14 –5.17
Registered voters 143,641
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 70,058 65.31 +6.61 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 28,596 26.66 –3.78 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 5,117 4.77 –2.92 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,842 1.72 +0.72
Total 107,278 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 107,278 98.88 –0.43
Invalid votes 1,213 1.12 +0.43
Votes cast / turnout 108,491 74.69 –6.46
Abstentions 36,759 25.31 +6.46
Registered voters 145,250
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 68,503 58.70 +8.51 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 35,527 30.44 –0.03 1 ±0
United Left of Castile and León (IU–CL) 8,977 7.69 +2.24 0 ±0
Centrist Union (UC) 1,793 1.54 –10.23 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,171 1.00 +0.22
Total 116,708 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 116,708 99.31 +0.21
Invalid votes 805 0.69 –0.21
Votes cast / turnout 117,513 81.15 +1.19
Abstentions 27,298 18.85 –1.19
Registered voters 144,811
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 57,324 50.19 +17.41 2 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 34,806 30.47 +2.71 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 13,444 11.77 –19.77 0 –1
United Left of Castile and León (IU) 6,227 5.45 +0.48 0 ±0
Blank ballots 894 0.78 +0.16
Total 114,213 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 114,213 99.10 +0.84
Invalid votes 1,035 0.90 –0.84
Votes cast / turnout 115,248 79.96 +2.99
Abstentions 28,879 20.04 –2.99
Registered voters 144,127
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP)1 35,757 32.78 +3.32 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 34,402 31.54 –9.76 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 30,282 27.76 +3.20 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 4,815 4.41 +2.40 0 ±0
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 1,139 1.04 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 676 0.62 +0.16
Total 109,087 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 109,087 98.26 +0.55
Invalid votes 1,935 1.74 –0.55
Votes cast / turnout 111,022 76.97 +0.25
Abstentions 33,225 23.03 –0.25
Registered voters 144,247
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 45,283 41.30 +18.90 1 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 32,295 29.46 –3.86 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 26,927 24.56 –6.02 1 ±0
United Left (IU)2 2,202 2.01 +0.27 0 ±0
Blank ballots 502 0.46 –0.04
Total 109,640 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 109,640 97.71 –0.20
Invalid votes 2,566 2.29 +0.20
Votes cast / turnout 112,206 76.72 –5.51
Abstentions 34,040 23.28 +5.51
Registered voters 146,246
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 37,193 33.32 +26.45 1 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 34,142 30.58 +10.60 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 25,000 22.40 New 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 11,218 10.05 –55.76 0 –3
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 1,947 1.74 –1.86 0 ±0
Blank ballots 557 0.50 +0.01
Total 111,632 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 111,632 97.91 –0.92
Invalid votes 2,384 2.09 +0.92
Votes cast / turnout 114,016 82.23 +11.77
Abstentions 24,639 17.77 –11.77
Registered voters 138,655
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 67,001 65.81 –2.34 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 20,341 19.98 +4.04 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 6,995 6.87 +0.09 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 3,661 3.60 +1.31 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 1,599 1.57 +0.49 0 ±0
Blank ballots 499 0.49 +0.26
Total 101,805 100.00 3 ±0
Valid votes 101,805 98.83 –0.26
Invalid votes 1,202 1.17 +0.26
Votes cast / turnout 103,007 70.46 –10.53
Abstentions 43,176 29.54 +10.53
Registered voters 146,183
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Ávila
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 71,650 68.15 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 14,984 14.25 0
People's Alliance (AP) 7,123 6.78 0
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 4,872 4.63 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,406 2.29 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 1,777 1.69 0
New Force (FN) 1,132 1.08 0
Blank ballots 240 0.23
Total 105,134 100.00 3
Valid votes 105,134 99.09
Invalid votes 963 0.91
Votes cast / turnout 106,097 80.99
Abstentions 24,901 19.01
Registered voters 130,998
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 40°35′N 5°00′W / 40.583°N 5.000°W / 40.583; -5.000