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Daughters of Ægir and Rán.jpg
Ægir and his daughters brew ale in a large pot
Grouping Legendary creature
Sub grouping Jötunn
Similar creatures Giant
Parents Fornjótr
Mythology Norse
Habitat Sea

In Norse mythology, Ægir (Old Norse "sea")[1] is a sea jötunn associated with the ocean. He is also known for being a friend of the gods and hosting elaborate parties for them.

He is the namesake for the exoplanet previously known as Epsilon Eridani b.

Ægir's servants are Fimafeng (killed by Loki) and Eldir.


The Nafnaþulur attached to the Prose Edda list Ægir as a giant.[2] Richard Cleasby and Guðbrandur Vigfússon saw his name as pre-Norse, derived from an ancient Indo-European root.[3]


Both Hversu Noregr byggðist and Snorri Sturluson in Skáldskaparmál state that Ægir is the same as the sea-giant Hlér, who lives on the Hlésey ("Hlér island", modern Danish Læsø), and this is borne out by kennings.[4][5] Snorri uses his visiting the Æsir as the frame of that section of the Prose Edda.

In Lokasenna, Ægir hosts a party for the gods where he provides the ale brewed in an enormous pot or cauldron provided by Thor and Týr. The story of their obtaining the pot from the giant Hymir is told in Hymiskviða.

The prose introduction to Lokasenna and Snorri's list of kennings state that Ægir is also known as Gymir, who is Gerðr's father, but this is evidently an erroneous interpretation of kennings in which different giant-names are used interchangeably.[6]


Ægir, ruler of the ocean.jpg

According to Fundinn Noregr, Ægir is a son of the giant Fornjótr, the king of "Gotlandi, Kænlandi and Finnlandi", and brother of Logi ("fire") and Kári ("wind").[7]

Ægir's wife is Rán. She is mother of the Nine Daughters of Ægir:

  • Bára (or Dröfn, "wave")
  • Blóðughadda ("the one with blood-red hair – the color of the waves after a naval battle")
  • Bylgja ("to billow" or "big wave")
  • Dúfa ("the pitching wave")
  • Hefring ("the surging wave")
  • Himinglæva ("the wave that reflects the light of the sky")
  • Hrönn ("the grasping wave")
  • Kólga ("the chilling wave")
  • Unnr (or Uðr, "wave")

Ægir is the grandfather of Heimdallr.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lindow (2001:47).
  2. ^ Faulkes (1987:156)
  3. ^ Cleasby, Vigfússon (1957:758).
  4. ^ Simek (1993:151).
  5. ^ de Vries (1956:251).
  6. ^ Simek (1993:126).
  7. ^ Lindow (2001:48).