12 Monkeys (TV series)
by David Peoples
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||4|
|No. of episodes||47 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||40–48 minutes|
|Distributor||NBCUniversal Television Distribution|
|Picture format||1080i (HDTV)|
|Audio format||5.1 (Surround)|
|Original release||January 16, 2015– July 6, 2018|
12 Monkeys is an American television series on Syfy created by Terry Matalas and Travis Fickett. It is a science fiction mystery drama with a time traveling plot loosely based on the 1995 film of the same name, which was written by David and Janet Peoples and directed by Terry Gilliam, itself being inspired by Chris Marker's 1962 short film La Jetée; the series credits both Peoples and Marker for their original works.
In the series, Aaron Stanford and Amanda Schull star as James Cole and Dr. Cassandra "Cassie" Railly in their efforts to take advantage of time travel to stop the destructive plans of the enigmatic organization "Army of the 12 Monkeys". Kirk Acevedo and Noah Bean also star in the first season. In the second season, Bean makes a guest appearance, and Todd Stashwick, Emily Hampshire and Barbara Sukowa are promoted from recurring guests to regulars. In the fourth season, Acevedo moves from starring to recurring guest star. Stanford, Schull and Hampshire play reimagined versions of characters respectively portrayed by Bruce Willis, Madeleine Stowe and Brad Pitt in the 1995 film.
Natalie Chaidez was the showrunner of 12 Monkeys during its first season, assisting Matalas and Fickett. For the second season she stepped down to the role of consultant, and Matalas and Fickett became showrunners. In the third and fourth season Fickett became a consultant, and Matalas was the sole showrunner. The series was produced by Atlas Entertainment, which also made the 1995 film, and Universal Cable Productions. Charles Roven, producer of the original, is one of the executive producers. 12 Monkeys premiered on January 16, 2015, with a 13-episode first season.
In March 2017, the series was renewed for a fourth and final season consisting of 11 episodes, which aired over four consecutive weeks in three blocks of three hours each, with a concluding two-hour finale. The fourth season was broadcast between June 15 and July 6, 2018.
- 1 Plot
- 2 Cast and characters
- 3 Production
- 4 Reception
- 5 Release
- 6 Awards and nominations
- 7 References
- 8 External links
In the year 2043, scavenger James Cole (Aaron Stanford) has been recruited by a team of "Project Splinter" scientists led by physicist Katarina Jones (Barbara Sukowa), to travel back in time to the year 2015, and stop the release of a deadly virus by the enigmatic organization known as the "Army of the 12 Monkeys". In Cole's original timeline, the virus caused a plague that resulted in the death of seven billion humans in the year 2017, and its on-going mutations will mean the eventual end of the human race. In the 2015 timeline, Cole will meet and enlist the help of brilliant virologist Dr. Cassandra "Cassie" Railly (Amanda Schull); the two are brought together because a recording mentioning Cole, that Cassie made after the viral outbreak, is uncovered by Jones in the future timeline, prompting her to select Cole for the mission. Cole will also encounter a seemingly unstable math genius named Jennifer Goines (Emily Hampshire), whose father Cole has been tasked to kill, Cassie's ex-boyfriend Aaron Marker (Noah Bean), and the dangerous high-ranking members of the Army of the 12 Monkeys, "Pallid Man" (Tom Noonan) and Olivia (Alisen Down). In the future timeline, Cole will also have to deal with his best friend José Ramse (Kirk Acevedo), and a man named Theodore Deacon (Todd Stashwick), who leads a brutal pack of scavengers from which Cole and Ramse fled. Meanwhile, Cole and Cassie will try to unveil the identity and whereabouts of the mysterious leader of the Army of the 12 Monkeys, who is only known as "The Witness" and who is always one step ahead of them.
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||13||January 16, 2015||April 10, 2015|
|2||13||April 18, 2016||July 18, 2016|
|3||10||May 19, 2017||May 21, 2017|
|4||11||June 15, 2018||July 6, 2018|
Cast and characters
- Aaron Stanford as James Cole, a scavenger who travels back in time to stop the plague and redeem himself from his troubled past
- Amanda Schull as Dr. Cassandra "Cassie" Railly, a virologist who leaves a message about the origins of the plague that scientists recover in the future
- Kirk Acevedo as José Ramse (seasons 1–3; recurring season 4), Cole's best friend
- Noah Bean as Aaron Marker (season 1; guest season 2), Cassie's ex-boyfriend and political insider
- Todd Stashwick as Theodore Deacon (season 2–4; recurring season 1), leader of a brutal group of survivors called the West VII
- Emily Hampshire as Jennifer Goines (season 2–4; recurring season 1), daughter of Leland Goines and a math genius, who meets Cole in a psych ward
- Barbara Sukowa as Dr. Katarina Jones (née Werner) (season 2–4; recurring season 1), the inventor and operator of the time machine
- Tom Noonan as the man commonly referred as "Tall Man" by the characters, and "Pallid Man" by the writers, who is the villainous face of the Army of the 12 Monkeys
- Romina D'Ugo as Max (season 1; co-star season 4), a scavenger from the West VII group, and former lover of Cole
- Demore Barnes as Marcus Whitley, one of the few remaining soldiers of the U.S. military.
- Ramon de Ocampo as Oliver Peters (seasons 1–2), Markridge Group's medical researcher
- Alisen Down as Olivia Kirschner, also known as "Striking Woman" outside the show, a high-ranking member of the Army of the 12 Monkeys
- Amy Sloan as Elena (season 1), mother of Ramse's son
- Andrew Gillies as Dr. Julian Adler (seasons 2–4; co-star season 1), a Project Splinter scientist
- Michael Hogan as Dr. Vance Eckland (season 2), a charismatic and intelligent scientist from the future
- Scottie Thompson as the unnamed woman referred by the writers as "Mantis" (season 2–4) a calculating and menacing time traveler, and mother of the Tall Man and Olivia
- Jay Karnes as Robert Gale (season 2–4), a savvy 1940s FBI agent who believes a series of grisly murders may have something to do with Cole, whom he suspects might not be from this time
- Brooke Williams as Hannah Jones, also known as "Zeit" (season 2–4), Katarina and Elliot Jones' biological daughter and the primary motivator for Jones to invent time travel to undo her death.
- Murray Furrow as Dr. Lasky (seasons 3–4; co-star seasons 1–2), a Project Splinter scientist
- Hannah Waddingham as Magdalena (season 3), a member of the Army of the 12 Monkeys charged with protecting The Witness and who has been dubbed "both ruthless and expedient" in her methods
- Faran Tahir as Mallick (season 3–4), an imposing and devout enforcer of the Army of the 12 Monkeys who resides in Titan
- James Callis as Athan Cole (season 3; co-star season 4), Cole and Railly's son, who has been raised by the Army of the 12 Monkeys to become their leader known as The Witness
- Julian Richings as an advisor to Olivia (season 4)
- Abigail Hardingham as Emma (season 4), also known as Marion Woods, Olivia's daughter
Terry Matalas and Travis Fickett, who had written together for the series Nikita and Terra Nova, wrote an original spec script television pilot with a time travelling plot, named Splinter. Eventually, the script found its way to Atlas Entertainment's offices, who had produced the 12 Monkeys movie and had been wanting to create a TV series based on it for some time. After some deliberation, Matalas and Fickett came to an agreement with Atlas Entertainment to transform Splinter into a 12 Monkeys adaptation. According to Matalas, aside of the overall structure of the plot being an attempt to stop a man from doing something in the past, the concept of the same watch from different points in time, the terminology used for traveling through time ("splintering"), and the female lead character named "Cassie", most of the Splinter pilot was changed.
On July 22, 2013, The Hollywood Reporter first revealed that Syfy was developing a 12 Monkeys television adaptation, in the form of a 90-minute backdoor pilot that would lead to a straight-to-series order, similarly to what the Battlestar Galactica miniseries did. The pitch for the pilot, which would be written by Matalas and Picket, was submitted to Syfy by Atlas Entertainment's Charles Roven and Richard Suckle; Roven was one of the producers of the original film. Jon Cassar was reported as being on board to direct. The following month, it was reported that Syfy decided to green-light an hour-long pilot, which would be executive produced by Roven and Suckle, with production set to begin in November. Due to the series being labeled as "cast contingent", production could not move forward until the roles of Cole and Goines were cast. On April 4, 2014, Syfy green-lit the first season, consisting of 13 episodes, including the pilot filmed in 2013. The pilot was directed and executive produced by Jeffrey Reiner; Matalas and Ficket, who wrote it, were announced to co-executive produce the season, while Natalie Chaidez would serve as showrunner. Chaidez credited her experience writing for the first season of Heroes and the two seasons of Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles, two science fiction series with time traveling plots, as valuable to understanding how to make 12 Monkeys work. Matalas presented the series as a "complete reimagining" of the film and not just a remake, citing Looper as an inspiration for the time travel visual effects. In fact, as Matalas explained, the story of the film was adapted into the first act of the pilot, and from there on, the series follows an original storyline, although it continues to homage both the film and La Jetée. Madeleine Stowe, who played the equivalent of Amanda Schull's character in the film, narrated the opening of the season 2 premiere and made an appearance in its finale. Two major differences compared to the movie are that this version of time travel allows for changes in the past to affect the future, and that the "Army of the 12 Monkeys" is a real organization rather than a red herring.
The series creators plotted three seasons in advance, although they noted that the show could go on for longer than that. During the second season they said they need four seasons to tell the complete story. The ending of the series has been known to them since the beginning. Matalas said about it: "We have a definitive target in place. It's very emotional and it's going to make everyone cry." Chaidez said the ending is designed to "circle back".
The series premiered on January 16, 2015, and was renewed for a second season on March 12, 2015, which premiered on April 18, 2016. Matalas and Fickett, who had opted for Chaidez to showrun the first season because of her bigger experience working on TV, replaced her during the second season, after her departure to showrun her own TV series, Hunters. Chaidez instead was credited as a consultant for the season. The third season was announced on June 29, 2016, and premiered on May 19, 2017, with the first episode being the directorial debut for Matalas. Fickett left his position as executive producer and was credited as consultant, leaving Matalas the sole showrunner for the season. Nevertheless, Fickett provided the story and helped write the screenplay for the season's fourth episode, "Brothers". In a change over how the previous seasons were released, Syfy aired the entire third season over three consecutive nights. A fourth and final season was announced on March 16, 2017. It consisted of 11 episodes, which premiered on June 15, 2018, and concluded on July 6, 2018.
The pilot for 12 Monkeys was filmed in Detroit. Starting with the second episode, the bulk of principal photography for the series took place in Toronto, both on location and at the Cinespace Film Studios, where they constructed sets like the room with the time machine.
Additional filming for the first season took place in the Republic of Macedonia, standing in for Chechnya, and the Dominican Republic, masquerading as Haiti. During the second season, production filmed for roughly 10 days in Budapest. Filming in Prague took place for about three weeks for the third season. The reason for moving to Europe was to benefit from the different flair and to use the older architecture for 1950s stand-ins. Production returned to Prague for the fourth season. Standing sets used in the series were changed constantly to reflect both older and newer versions of the locales and also alterations to the locations that resulted from the characters' trips through time.
Todd McMullen served as director of photography for the pilot, but once the series was ordered to series, David Greene replaced him. After shooting the first five episodes, Greene asked the producers if it would be possible to bring in an additional cinematographer so that they could alternate. Tico Poulakakis was brought in and filmed three episodes for the first season. In the second season, Greene and Poulakakis were joined by Boris Mojsovski, who became Greene's main alternate until the end of the series. To get more shooting days out of the production's schedule, two camera units shot in parallel resulting in episodes featuring work done by both Greene and Mojsovski. Mojsovski said about his close collaboration with Greene: "David and I were constantly working in unison. I'd prelight his sets and he'd prelight mine; I'd shoot one-third of his episode, and he'd shoot one-third of mine. We got so good at that, today we don't know who shot what!"
Stylistically, for the scenes set in the bleak future timeline, the production team decided to use a palette of constant blue and green tones, as well as smoke and atmosphere, to differentiate it from the ones set in the present timeline. The present timeline often used a wider range of colors. Green decided to ignore the visual style of the original film, as he felt the series told a different story than it had. Instead, Greene's biggest stylistic influence while establishing the show's look in the first season was the film Children of Men, which he referenced for the look of the future timeline.
Filming for the show was done digitally in 1080p. For the first season, the cinematographers used the Arri Alexa Classic EV camera. Beginning with the second season, they transitioned to using the Alexa Mini. Lenses used for the first two seasons were Cooke 5/i and S4, and Leica Summilux-C later. Green mentioned using Panavision Primo lenses as well. In the third season, the MoVi camera stabilizer was used, and for a scene where Cole encounters his future self, the motion control Technodolly.
The American Society of Cinematographers has recognized the artistry and craftsmanship behind the show's cinematography by awarding it once and nominating it another two times, in categories relating to "Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography". The Canadian Society of Cinematographers similarly recognized it with one award and one nomination in the category of "TV Series Cinematography".
For the first season of 12 Monkeys, visual effects for the series were provided by Stargate Studios. Typical effects work included the "splintering" time travel effect, matte paintings of the decayed future timeline, and enhancing the stage sets. Starting with the second season, Folks VFX took over. According to Sebastien Bergeron, founder and VFX supervisor at Folks VFX, an episode of 12 Monkeys has 60–75 effects shots on average, but any given episode could have as low as 30 or as high as 100–125 shots. Bergeron said the bulk of their work was creating "unseen environments", but other instances of their output included "environment work, big futuristic cities, a time-traveling city, twinning of characters when they meet themselves in the past, destruction, explosions, all sorts of FX and particles – pretty much everything. There are also situations when we freeze the time, and then one character walks in the shot."
Trevor Rabin and his longtime assistant Paul Linford composed the series' music for its first two seasons. Varèse Sarabande released the composers' score for the first season, consisting of 23 tracks, digitally and on CD, on July 31, 2015. Rabin called it "a hybrid score of ethnic sounds, orchestra, and electronic, with a strong theme base". The original film's theme music – an arrangement of Astor Piazzolla's Suite Punta del Este made by Paul Buckmaster – can be heard during the ninth episode of the second season, "Hyena".
Rabin and Linford did not return for the remaining seasons of the show. Instead, the music for the first few episodes of the third season was composed by Bryce Jacobs. Stephen Barton composed additional music for those episodes and took over as composer for the remaining episodes of the season, and the next. Barton's score for season 3 was released by Varèse Sarabande on December 15, 2017, on CD – and later digitally – and consists of 27 tracks.
Critical reaction to the first season of 12 Monkeys was mixed to positive. Rotten Tomatoes, a review aggregator website, reported a 62% critical approval rating with an average rating of 5.98/10 based on 34 reviews. The website's critical consensus reads, "The nonsensical time travel in 12 Monkeys makes it less watchable than its original source material, but the high quality execution and cool characters are top-notch." On Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, the season was assigned a score of 57 out of 100, based on 25 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Christine Seghers rated the first season 8.8/10 and wrote in her review for IGN: "What started as a simple 'let's go back and fix this' story soon blossomed into a deep philosophical mediation on the concept of predestination versus free will. If you wanted it. The show is also an awful lot of fun." The critical reception of the later episodes of the first season was more positive than the initial reception. The final episode of the season, Arms of Mine, received rave reviews, including a 9.4/10 rating from IGN and a 4.5/5 rating from Den of Geek. The twelfth episode of the season, called Paradox, also received rave reviews, including a 9.3/10 rating from IGN and a A- rating from The AV Club.
The second season was received positively. Rotten Tomatoes indexed 8 reviews and reported an 88% critical approval rating with an average rating of 8.0/10. Seghers, rating the season 9.0/10, wrote for IGN: "In its outstanding sophomore season, 12 Monkeys became bigger, bolder and more beautifully baffling, reaffirming its status as one of the best sci-fi shows on television today." Metacritic indexed one positive review. The episodes Lullaby and Memory of Tomorrow are generally considered to be the best episodes of the second season. Lullaby has a 9.4/10 rating from IGN and a perfect 5/5 rating from Den of Geek. Memory of Tomorrow has a 9.6/10 rating from IGN and a 4.5/5 rating from Den of Geek.
Before the 12 Monkeys series premiere, Terry Gilliam, director of the original film, expressed his reservations about the concept: "It doesn't have anything to do with me and no-one has contacted me. It's a very dumb idea. ... If it was going to be any good it would have to be written by David and Janet Peoples, who wrote the film, otherwise it would just be another version of Time Bandits." In another interview, Gilliam sounded apprehensive regarding whether Chris Marker – the author of La Jetée, the featurette that inspired Gilliam's film – would approve of the series: "I think that they've got just another time travel series. Of course, Chris Marker is dead, so he doesn't have to see it, what La Jetée spawned." However, according to Matalas, both the Peoples and Marker read the pilot and gave the series creators their blessing and support to move forward with it. The Peoples and Marker are credited in the opening and closing credits of each episode for their respective original works. Madeleine Stowe, lead actress of the original film, became supportive of the filmmakers after watching the pilot, appreciating the differences between her character and Amanda Schull's interpretation. She was later cast in a pivotal role in the second season.
Universal Pictures Home Entertainment released the first season of the series on DVD and Blu-ray on January 19, 2016. On February 11, 2016, Syfy and Hulu announced that the latter will have the exclusive streaming rights for the first season's episodes, after they are made available on February 24.
Universal made available the second season of the show on DVD and Blu-ray on January 17, 2017. The third season was released in Australia by Via Vision Entertainment on May 23, 2018. Universal is set to release the third and fourth seasons on Blu-ray on August 14, 2018.
Awards and nominations
|2015||Golden Maple Awards||Newcomer of the Year in a TV Series Broadcast in the U.S.||Emily Hampshire||Won|||
|Saturn Awards||Best Syndicated/Cable Television Series||12 Monkeys||Nominated|||
|American Society of Cinematographers Awards||Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Episode of a Regular Series||David Greene
(for "Mentally Divergent")
|2016||Golden Maple Awards||Best Actress in a TV Series Broadcast in the U.S.||Emily Hampshire||Nominated|||
|Canadian Society of Cinematographers Awards||TV Series Cinematography||David Greene
(for "Divine Move")
|2017||TV Series Cinematography||Boris Mojsovski
|2018||American Society of Cinematographers Awards||Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Regular Series for Commercial Television||Boris Mojsovski
- "The 'Post'apocalyptic Sound of Syfy's 12 Monkeys - Sound & Picture". soundandpicture.com. February 6, 2015. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
- Gross, Ed. "12 Monkeys: everything you need to know for Season 2". empireonline.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- Abrams, Natalie (July 11, 2015). "Comic Con 2015: 12 Monkeys lands Battlestar Galactica vet in season 2". EW. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Iannucci, Rebecca (March 13, 2015). "TVLine Items: Syfy's Newest Monkey, Diddy Does black-ish and More". TVLine. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- Seghers, Christine (June 13, 2016). "12 Monkeys: "Hyena" Review". ign.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "After". syfy.com. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
- Goldman, Eric (April 11, 2015). "12 Monkeys Executive Producer on Season 1's Finale and What to Expect in Season 2". ign.com. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
- The Deadline Team (August 5, 2014). "Avan Jogia To Topline Spike TV's 'Tut' Event Series; Romina D'Ugo Joins Syfy's '12 Monkeys'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
- "Syfy's 12 Monkeys Adds Rookie Blue Vet, Originals Alum and Two Others". TVLine.
- "'12 Monkeys' Season 2: Can the Time Travelers Actually Challenge Fate?". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- Petski, Denise (August 3, 2015). "Tanc Sade Joins Showtime Pilot 'Roadies'; Scottie Thompson In Syfy's '12 Monkeys'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Abrams, Natalie (August 10, 2015). "12 Monkeys lands Downton Abbey, The Shield alums for season 2". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
- Lutes, Alicia (December 14, 2016). "12 MONKEYS CASTS GAME OF THRONES AND STAR TREK ACTORS (EXCLUSIVE)". Nerdist.
- Abrams, Natalie (December 8, 2016). "12 Monkeys adds Battlestar Galactica star in season 3 – exclusive". Entertainment Weekly.
- "8 Secrets About 12 Monkeys Season 3 Every Fan Should Know". denofgeek.com. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
- "12 Monkeys Season 4 Recap & Review: Diving Into the First 3 Enticing Episodes". postapocalypticmedia.com. June 15, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
- "12 MONKEYS: Natalie Chaidez Talks about What It Takes to Be a Successful Showrunner". collider.com. April 3, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- 13, j! says: April; Am, 2015 at 5:04 (April 11, 2015). "Aaron Stanford, Travis Fickett, and Terry Matalas Talk 12 Monkeys [Exclusive]". tvgoodness.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Anders, Charlie Jane. "What The 12 Monkeys Showrunner Learned From Writing For Terminator: SCC". gizmodo.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Otero, Henry A. (February 20, 2015). "12 Monkeys Creator Teases The Red Forest, Talks Causality Loops & More". tvfanatic.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Barr, Merrill. "NYCC Exclusive: '12 Monkeys' Executive Producer Terry Matalas On Season 2 And Show's Roots". forbes.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "The Power of a Paradox: A Lesson About Time Travel from SyFy's 12 Monkeys (Part I)". signaltonoisemag.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "'12 Monkeys' Adaptation Near Series Order at Syfy (Exclusive)". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "'12 Monkeys' Adaptation Gets Pilot Order at Syfy". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "SyFy orders '12 Monkeys' pilot". ew.com. August 26, 2013. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Syfy Greenlights 12 Episodes of '12 Monkeys' (Updated)". zap2it.com. April 4, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- Ng, Philiana (July 14, 2014). "'12 Monkeys' Producer on Syfy Series: 'It's a Complete Reimagining'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
- "'12 Monkeys' TV Show: Worth The Watch?". huffingtonpost.ca. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "'12 Monkeys' taps Madeleine Stowe for special season 2 role — exclusive". ew.com. February 25, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "EXCLUSIVE: Producers Travis Fickett and Terry Matalas on Time Travel, Gender Swapping, and Syfy's 12 MONKEYS - Nerdist". nerdist.com. January 17, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "12 MONKEYS Interview: Creators Terry Matalas & Travis Fickett and Showrunner Natalie Chaidez". collider.com. January 23, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "'12 Monkeys' Showrunner Terry Matalas Talks Season 3, Fate, and Ratings". inverse.com. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- News, Headlines & Global (October 9, 2015). "'12 Monkeys' SPOILERS: Cole to Die in Series Finale?". hngn.com. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "Syfy's 12 Monkeys Ending Will Circle Back to the Pilot". slashfilm.com. January 17, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "12 Monkeys TV Show Will Premiere This January on Syfy". movieweb.com. October 10, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- Roots, Kimberly; Roots, Kimberly (March 12, 2015). "12 Monkeys Renewed for Season 2". tvline.com. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- Assassin. "12 Monkeys - Season 2 - Premiere Date Announced + First Look Promotional Photos *Updated*". spoilertv.com. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "'12 Monkeys' renewed for season 3 — exclusive". ew.com. June 29, 2016. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "'12 Monkeys' Renewed for Fourth and Final Season". ew.com. March 16, 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
- Petski, Denise; Petski, Denise (October 19, 2016). "'12 Monkeys': Christopher Lloyd To Guest Star In Season 3 Of Syfy Series". deadline.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- Macklem, Lisa. "12 Monkeys - Mother & Guardians & Enemies & Brothers - Advance Preview - "Four Episodes for the Price of One!"". spoilertv.com. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
- Weiss, Josh (January 13, 2018). "12 Monkeys will go back to the Middle Ages for Season 4". Syfy. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
- Mitchell, Bea (May 8, 2018). "12 Monkeys' final season lands an air date". Syfy. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- "Sci-fi pilot '12 Monkeys' filming in Detroit, will get $1.5M in state incentives". crainsdetroit.com. December 10, 2013. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "12 MONKEYS showrunners give the scoop on Season 1 - exclusive interview". assignmentx.com. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- nurun.com. "U.S. television show shooting in Sarnia". Sarnia Observer. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Syfy's 12 Monkeys to shoot in Toronto". playbackonline.ca. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Toronto-shot 12 Monkeys renewed for season three". playbackonline.ca. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- Hofmann, Anke. "Hinter den Kulissen von "12 Monkeys" 2.0". goldenekamera.de (in German). Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Touring Toronto: On Location With Syfy's '12 Monkeys'". yahoo.com. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Touring Toronto: On Location With Syfy's '12 Monkeys'". yahoo.com. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
- "MINA Breaking News - US TV Series films Three Episodes in Macedonia". macedoniaonline.eu. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
- "12 MONKEYS Cast Teases Season 2 Surprises - Nerdist". nerdist.com. October 20, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "12 MONKEYS: Terry Matalas talks Season 2 - exclusive interview". assignmentx.com. June 14, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- Goldman, Eric (May 17, 2017). "12 Monkeys Cast and EP Talk Season 3's New Eras and New Binge-Ready Schedule". ign.com. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
- "12 Monkeys: Time Independent - The American Society of Cinematographers". ascmag.com. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
- "'12 Monkeys' Time Travels to 2015: The Science Fiction Tale Is Reimagined as a Syfy Series". creativeplanetnetwork.com. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
- "The ASC -- American Cinematographer: ASC TV Series Nominees:". theasc.com. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
- "CSC Awards 2016". www.csc.ca. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
- "CSC Awards 2017". www.csc.ca. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
- "Folks VFX offers 12 facts about "12 Monkeys" – Life in 3D – AREA by Autodesk". Area by Autodesk. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- Burlingame, Jon (June 23, 2015). "Trevor Rabin's Rousing Scores a Testament to Life After Yes". variety.com. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- "12 Monkeys: Music From Syfy Original Television Series". July 31, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2017 – via Amazon.
- "Varese Sarabande Records To Release 12 Monkeys - Original Television Soundtrack". top40-charts.com. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- Otero, Henry A. (June 13, 2016). "12 Monkeys Season 2 Episode 9 Review: Hyena". tvfanatic.com. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- says, Matt. "Bryce Jacobs to Score '12 Monkeys' Season 3 - Film Music Reporter". filmmusicreporter.com. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- "Terry Matalas on Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
- "'12 Monkeys' Season 3 Soundtrack Announced - Film Music Reporter". filmmusicreporter.com. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
- "12 Monkeys Season Three: Music From The Syfy Original Series". December 15, 2017. Retrieved July 2, 2018 – via Amazon.
- "12 Monkeys Season 4: Exclusive Track Foreshadows Epic Ending". denofgeek.com. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
- "12 Monkeys". Retrieved July 2, 2018 – via Amazon.
- "12 Monkeys: Season 1 - Rotten Tomatoes". rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "12 Monkeys (2015)". metacritic.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "12 Monkeys: Season 1 Review". IGN. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- Seghers, Christine (2015-04-10). "12 Monkeys: "Arms of Mine" Review". IGN. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- "12 Monkeys Season Finale Review: Arms of Mine". Den of Geek. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- Seghers, Christine (2015-04-03). "12 Monkeys: "Paradox" Review". IGN. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- "TV Reviews – 12 Monkeys – Season 1". TV Club. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- "12 Monkeys: Season 2 - Rotten Tomatoes". rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- Seghers, Christine (August 4, 2016). "12 Monkeys: Season 2 Review". ign.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- 12 Monkeys (2015), retrieved April 29, 2018
- Seghers, Christine (2016-06-06). "12 Monkeys: "Lullaby" Review". IGN. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- "12 Monkeys: Lullaby Review". Den of Geek. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- Seghers, Christine (2016-07-18). "12 Monkeys: "Memory of Tomorrow" Review". IGN. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- "12 Monkeys Season 2 Finale Review". Den of Geek. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- 12 Monkeys: Season 3 - Rotten Tomatoes, retrieved April 29, 2018
- 12 Monkeys (2015), retrieved April 29, 2018
- "12 Monkeys: Season 4 - Rotten Tomatoes". rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- "12 Monkeys (2015)". metacritic.com. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
- "12 Monkeys TV show "A very dumb idea" says Terry Gilliam". scifinow.co.uk. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Terry Gilliam Talks The Zero Theorem, Television, And Radiohead". denofgeek.com. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
- "Exclusive Q&A with 12 Monkeys TV Series Co-Executive Producer Terry Matalas - Daily Dead". dailydead.com. February 2, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Entertainment Geekly: 'The City on the Edge of Forever and why '12 Monkeys' works". ew.com. April 10, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "'12 Monkeys' Showrunner Terry Matalas on Season 2 and Cassie & Cole's Relationship". collider.com. July 15, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "'12 Monkeys' taps Madeleine Stowe for special season 2 role — exclusive". ew.com. February 25, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Syfy Sets UK Premiere Date For '12 Monkeys'". TVWise. December 29, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
- Entertainment, Universal Pictures Home. "From Universal Pictures Home Entertainment: 12 Monkeys: Season One". prnewswire.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "Hulu Acquires Exclusive Streaming Rights to Syfy's 12 MONKEYS in New Deal with NBCUniversal – Hulu Press Site". www.hulu.com. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
- "12 Monkeys DVD news: Announcement for Season 2 - TVShowsOnDVD.com". tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "12 Monkeys: Season Three Blu-ray". blu-ray.com. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
- "Universal: 12 Monkeys Seasons Three and Four Coming to Blu-ray in August". blu-ray.com. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
- "Brandon Jay McLaren, Amanda Crew Win Golden Maple Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
- "2015 Saturn Awards: 'Captain America: Winter Soldier,' 'Walking Dead' lead nominees". EW.com. March 4, 2015. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
- "The ASC -- Past ASC Awards". www.theasc.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
- "Golden Maple Awards Nominees Unveiled". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 8, 2017.