35th Infantry Division (United States)
|35th Infantry Division|
35th ID Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
|Branch||United States Army|
|Part of||Army National Guard|
|Headquarters||Fort Leavenworth, Kansas|
|Nickname(s)||"Sante Fe Division"|
|Website||35th Infantry Division|
|US infantry divisions (1939–present)|
|34th Infantry Division||36th Infantry Division|
The 35th Infantry Division (Santa Fe Division) is an infantry unit in the Army National Guard, and is currently commanded by Major General Michael Navrkal. It was officially reactivated, and Headquarters and Headquarters Company federally recognized 25 August 1984 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
- 1 Formation
- 2 Shoulder sleeve insignia
- 3 History
- 4 Current structure
- 5 In popular culture
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Shoulder sleeve insignia
The division's shoulder patch, a white Santa Fe cross on a blue disc with a green border, was originally approved for the 35th Division on 29 October 1918.
World War I
Actions during World War I
The 35th Division went to France in May 1918, and served first, a brigade at a time, in the Vosges between 30 June and 13 August. The whole division served in the Gerardmer sector, Alsace, 14 August to 1 September; Meuse-Argonne, 21 to 30 September; Sommedieu sector, 15 October to 6 November. The men of the division were ninety-two days in quiet sectors and five in active; advanced twelve and one half kilometres against resistance, captured 781 prisoners, and lost 1,067 killed and 6,216 wounded.The 35th Division had, as an officer, Captain Harry S. Truman, later President of the United States.
World War I order of battle
Units of the 35th Division included:
- Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 35th Division
- Headquarters, 69th Infantry Brigade
- 137th Infantry
- 138th Infantry
- 129th Machine Gun Battalion
- Headquarters, 70th Infantry Brigade
- 139th Infantry
- 140th Infantry
- 130th Machine Gun Battalion
- Headquarters, 60th Field Artillery Brigade
- 128th Field Artillery (75 mm)
- 129th Field Artillery (75 mm)
- 130th Field Artillery (155 mm)
- 110th Trench Mortar Battery
- 128th Machine Gun Battalion
- 110th Engineers
- 110th Field Signal Battalion
- 110th Train Headquarters and Military Police
World War II
Actions during World War II
The 35th Infantry Division arrived in England on 25 May 1944 and received further training. It landed on Omaha Beach, Normandy July 5-7, 1944 and entered combat on 11 July, fighting in the Normandy hedgerows, north of St. Lo. The Division beat off 12 German counterattacks at Emelie before entering St. Lo on 18 July. After mopping up in the St. Lo area, it took part in the offensive action southwest of St. Lo, pushing the Germans across the Vire on 2 August, and breaking out of the Cotentin Peninsula. While en route to an assembly area, the Division was "flagged off the road," to secure the Mortain-Avranches corridor and to rescue the 30th Division's "Lost Battalion" August 7-13, 1944.
Then racing across France through Orleans and Sens, the Division attacked across the Moselle on 13 September, captured Nancy on 15 September, secured Chambrey on 1 October, and drove on to the German border, taking Sarreguemines and crossing the Saar on 8 December. After crossing the Blies River on 12 December, the Division moved to Metz for rest and rehabilitation on 19 December. The 35th moved to Arlon, Belgium December 25-26, and took part in the fighting to relieve Bastogne, throwing off the attacks of four German divisions, taking Villers-laBonne-Eau on 10 January, after a 13-day fight and Lutrebois in a 5-day engagement. On 18 January 1945, the Division returned to Metz to resume its interrupted rest.
In late January, the Division was defending the Foret de Domaniale area. Moving to Holland to hold a defensive line along the Roer on 22 February, the Division attacked across the Roer on 23 February, pierced the Siegfried Line, reached the Rhine at Wesel on 10 March, and crossed 25-26 March. It smashed across the Herne Canal and reached the Ruhr River early in April, when it was ordered to move to the Elbe, 12 April. Making the 295-mile dash in two days, the 35th mopped up in the vicinity of Colbitz and Angern, until 26 April 1945 when it moved to Hanover for occupational and mopping-up duty, continuing occupation beyond VE-day. The Division left Southampton, England on 5 September, and arrived in New York City on 10 September 1945.
World War II order of battle
Units of the 35th Infantry Division included:
- Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 35th Infantry Division
- 134th Infantry
- 137th Infantry
- 320th Infantry
- Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 35th Division Artillery
- 127th Field Artillery Battalion (155 mm)
- 161st Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm)
- 216th Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm)
- 219th Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm)
- 60th Engineer Battalion
- 110th Medical Battalion
- 35th Reconnaissance Troop
- Headquarters, Special Troops, 35th Infantry Division
Cold War to present
After several activations and reactivations in the immediate postwar years, the 35th Infantry Division (Mechanized) was reactivated on 25 August 1984 from the 67th Infantry Brigade (Mechanized) of Nebraska, the 69th Infantry Brigade (Mechanized) of Kansas, and the 149th Armored Brigade from Kentucky. It continues in service today.
In 1984-85, the 69th Infantry Brigade was reported to comprise the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 137th Infantry Regiment, the 1st Battalion, 635th Armored Regiment, 1st Battalion, 127th Field Artillery Regiment, E Troop, 114th Cavalry, and the 169th Engineer Company.
On 1 October 1987 the division's aviation units were reorganized, and the 135th Aviation Regiment was established. Two battalions of the regiment joined the division's aviation component.
The 35th Infantry Division Headquarters Commanded Task Force Eagle of Multi-National Division North in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of SFOR-13 (Stabilization Force) with the NATO peacekeeping mandate under the Dayton Peace Accords. The Headquarters were located at Eagle Base in the town of Tuzla. Brigadier General James R. Mason was the commander. He later went on to command the 35th Infantry Division. The division received the Army Superior Unit Award for its service in Bosnia. Division liaison officers served in the towns of Mostar, Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Zenica and Doboj.
A detachment of the 35th Infantry Division was the headquarters element for Task Force Falcon of Multi-National Task Force East (MNTF-E) for the NATO Kosovo Force 9 (KFOR 9) mission. The 35th provided the command elements from 7 November 2007 until 7 July 2008, when they were succeeded by the 110th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade of the Missouri Army National Guard.
35th Infantry Division exercises training and readiness oversight of the following elements, but they are not organic:
- Special Troops Battalion, 35th Infantry Division
- Headquarters, 33d Infantry Brigade
- Special Troops Battalion, 33d Infantry Brigade
- 2nd Squadron, 106th Cavalry Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, 130th Infantry Regiment
- 1st Battalion, 178th Infantry Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, 122nd Field Artillery Regiment
- 634th Support Battalion
- Headquarters, 45th Infantry Brigade
- Headquarters, 48th Infantry Brigade
- Special Troops Battalion, 48th Infantry Brigade
- 1st Squadron, 108th Cavalry Regiment
- 1st Battalion, 121st Infantry Regiment
- 2d Battalion, 121st Infantry Regiment
- 1st Battalion, 118th Field Artillery Regiment
- 148th Support Battalion
- Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 67th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
- Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 130th Field Artillery Brigade
- 2d Battalion, 130 Field Artillery Regiment
- 1st Battalion, 161st Field Artillery Regiment
- Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 35th Aviation Brigade
- Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 110th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade
- Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 218th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade
- Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 287th Sustainment Brigade
In popular culture
- Formations of the United States Army during World War I
- Formations of the United States Army during World War II
- Formations of the United States Army during the War on Terrorism
- Meuse-Argonne order of battle
- Normandy order of battle
- Rhineland order of battle
- Ardennes-Alsace order of battle
- "35th Infantry Division"
- Tafanelli 2014, p. 48.
- Wilson 1999, p. 346.
- Clark, pp. 9-22.
- Wilson 1999, pp. 345-346.
- Wilson 1999, p. 345.
- Wyllie, pp. 224-225.
- The Army Almanac, pp. 536-538.
- Heavey, pp. 95 & 99.
- Wilson 1998, pp. 47-78.
- 35th Infantry Division in World War II, 1941-1945, pp. 222-23
- Stanton, pp. 117-118
- Wilson 1998, pp. 180-206.
- David Isby and Charles Kamps Jr., Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's Publishing Company, 1985, p.383. The 149th Armored Brigade traces its recent history to the activation of XXIII Corps Artillery on 1 October 1959. It was then converted and redesignated HHC 149th Armored Brigade on 1 November 1980. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/149ar-bde.htm.
- Isby and Kamps, 1985, 383.
- Maj. Les A. Melnyk, News analysis: Guard transformation taking shape, Army News Service, 13 January 2006
- AUSA, Torchbearer Special Report, 7 November 2005; http://www.ausa.org/SiteCollectionDocuments/ILW%20web-ExclusivePubs/Torchbearer/TBearComp1v12.pdf
- Tafanelli 2014, p. 48.
- "35th Infantry Division". Kansas Adjutant General's Department. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- 35th Infantry Division in World War II, 1941-1945. Atlanta, Ga.: Albert Love Enterprises.
- Clark, Brig. Gen. Harvey C. (1920). Report of the Adjutant General of Missouri: January 1, 1917 December 31, 1920. Jefferson City, Mo.
- Heavey, Brig. Gen. John W. (1918). Report of the Acting Chief of the Militia Bureau. Washington, D.C.: GPO.
- Stanton, Shelby L. (2006). World War II Order of Battle, U.S. Army (Ground Force Units). Washington, D.C.: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-0157-0.
- Tafanelli, Maj. Gen. Lee E. (2014). Report of the Adjutant General of Kansas (PDF). Topeka, Kan. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
- The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States. Washington, D.C.: GPO. 1950.
- Wilson, John B. (1999). Armies, Corps, Divisions, and Separate Brigades (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Center for Military History, U.S. Army. ISBN 0-16-049994-1. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- Wilson, John B. (1998). Maneuver and Firepower: The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Center for Military History, U.S. Army. ISBN 0-16-049571-7. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- Wyllie, Col. Robert E. (1921). Orders, Decorations and Insignia, Military and Civil; With the History and Romance of their Origin and a Full Description of Each (PDF). New York, N.Y.: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- Faubus, Orval Eugene (1971). In This Faraway Land: A Personal Account of Infantry Combat in World War II. Conway, Ark.: River Road Press.
- Huston, James A. (2003). Biography of a Battalion: The Life and Times of an Infantry Battalion in Europe in World War II. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-2694-0.