498th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|498th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron|
Aircraft and support crews of the 498th FIS at McChord AFB in 1963
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Nickname(s)||Geiger Tigers (1955-1963) Megas Gatas [sic] Latin Big Cats|
|Patch with 498th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron emblem (approved 7 March 1956)|
The 498th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with Air Defense Command stationed at Hamilton Air Force Base, California. It was inactivated on 30 September 1968.
World War II
it was established in early 1942 as a III Fighter Command Operational Training Unit (OTU), and equipped with a mixture of second-line single engine training aircraft. The squadron upgraded in 1943 with P-47 Thunderbolts for Replacement Crew Training (RTU). It was inactivated in April 1944.
Air Defense of the Pacific Northwest
The squadron was reactivated in August 1955 as a United States Air Force Air Defense Command interceptor squadron, and assigned to Geiger Field, Washington. Its mission was to provide air defense for the Pacific Northwest. It was equipped with F-86D Sabres, and then upgraded to F-102s in 1957 and then to F-106s in 1959. It was the first operational squadron to receive the Delta Dart.
On 22 October 1962, before President John F. Kennedy told Americans that missiles were in place in Cuba, the squadron dispersed one third of its force, equipped with nuclear tipped missiles to Paine Air Force Base at the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis. These planes returned to McChord after the crisis.
On 15 March 1963 two Soviet bombers overflew Alaska and Alaskan Air Command F-102s were unable to intercept them. The response to this intrusion was to deploy ten F-106s from the squadron and its sister unit, the 318th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron to Alaska in what was called Operation White Shoes. However, maintaining these aircraft for an extended period of time put a strain on the 325th wing's combat readiness back at McChord, and eventually a detachment of maintenance personnel was established to maintain the planes in Alaska. The unit got relief from this commitment while it was upgrading its F-106s from the 1st Fighter Wing, which relieved it from March to June 1964. Operation White Shoes terminated in 1965 and the unit's planes returned home.
It moved to McChord AFB in 1963, and to Paine Field in 1966.
- Constituted 303d Bombardment Squadron (Light) on 13 January 1942.
- Activated on 10 February 1942
- Redesignated: 303d Bombardment Squadron (Dive) on 27 July 1942
- Redesignated: 498th Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 10 August 1943.
- Disbanded on 1 April 1944
- Reconstituted, and redesignated 498th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, on 20 June 1955.
- Activated on 18 August 1955.
- Inactivated on 30 September 1968.
- 84th Bombardment (later Fighter-Bomber) Group, 10 February 1942 – 1 April 1944
- 84th Fighter Group (Air Defense), 18 August 1955
- 325th Fighter Wing (Air Defense), 1 July 1963
- 57th Fighter Group (Air Defense), 25 January 1966
- 78th Fighter Group, 30 September 1968
- Hunter Field, Georgia, 10 February 1942
- Drew Field, Florida, 8 February 1943
- Harding Field, Louisiana, 4 October 1943
- Hammond Army Air Field, Louisiana, c. 11 October 1943
- Abilene Army Air Field, Texas, February 11 – 1 April 1944
- Geiger Field, Washington, 18 August 1955
- McChord Air Force Base, Washington, 1 July 1963
- Paine Field, Washington, 14 June 1966
- Hamilton Air Force Base California, 30 September 1968
- V-72 Vengeance, 1942
- A-24 Banshee, 1942–1943
- P-39 Airacobra, 1943
- P-47 Thunderbolt, 1943–1944
- F-86D Sabre Interceptor, 1955–1957
- F-102A Delta Dagger, 1957–1959
- F-106A Delta Dart, 1959–1968
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 600–601. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- McMullen, Richard F. (1964) "The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964" ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 Mar 2000), pp. 10-12
- NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, Historical Reference Paper No. 8, Directorate of Command History Continental Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO , 1 Feb 63 (Top Secret NOFORN declassified 9 March 1996). P. 16
- McMullen, p. 27
- McMullen, pp. 28-29
- McMullen, pp. 32-34
- Cornett, Lloyd H.; Johnson, Mildred W. (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- McMullen, Richard F. (1964) "The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964" ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 Mar 2000)
- NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, Historical Reference Paper No. 8, Directorate of Command History Continental Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO , 1 Feb 63 (Top Secret NOFORN declassified 9 March 1996)
- "ADCOM's Fighter Interceptor Squadrons". The Interceptor (January 1979) Aerospace Defense Command, (Volume 21, Number 1)