Arlington Heights Air Force Station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Arlington Heights Air Force Station
Part of Aerospace Defense Command
Illinois
Arlington Heights Air Force Station is located in Illinois
Arlington Heights Air Force Station
Arlington Heights Air Force Station
Coordinates42°03′51.5″N 87°59′44″W / 42.064306°N 87.99556°W / 42.064306; -87.99556Coordinates: 42°03′51.5″N 87°59′44″W / 42.064306°N 87.99556°W / 42.064306; -87.99556 [1]
TypeGeneral surveillance radar station
Site history
BuiltGap Filler radar sites (AN/FPS-18)[1]
Garrison information
Garrison755th Radar Squadron

Arlington Heights Air Force Station was a USAF general surveillance radar station 1.8 miles (2.9 km) south-southwest of Arlington Heights, Illinois. It was active from 1960-1969.[2]

Arlington Field[edit]

Arlington Field[3] opened in 1942 as an auxiliary airfield for the nearby NRAB Chicago. It had a World War II prisoner-of-war camp,[4] opened on May 4, 1945, with 75 German Prisoner of Wars.[3] Project Nike Integrated Fire Control Site C-80 of the 45th Antiaircraft Brigade opened at Arlington Field in 1955,[5] and in January 1960, the 755th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron transferred to the field from Williams Bay Air Force Station at Elkhorn, Wisconsin,[6] while the co-located Arlington Heights Army Installation was being built for a Project Nike Army Air Defense Command Post.

Air Force Station[edit]

Arlington Heights Air Force Station was activated on 1 April 1960, when Williams Bay AFS was redesignated from P-31 to gap-filler RP-31F. In 1962, the station began providing Semi-Automatic Ground Environment radar tracks to Data Center DC-02 at Truax Field, Wisconsin, for the Chicago Air Defense Sector's ground-controlled interception.[5] One of the two Arlington Heights Air Force Station's General Electric AN/FPS-6 Radars height finders was upgraded[when?] to the -6B variant and then the -90 variant,[7] and the station's Bendix AN/FPS-20 Radar was also upgraded to an AN/FPS-67. The 755th inactivated on September 30, 1969, and Project Concise ended the site's Nike operations in 1974--52 acres (21 ha) transferred to the city parks district.[5] A golf course was built in May 1979near the nuclear bunker.[8] The Arlington Lakes Golf Club has 90 acres (36 ha) with 14 lakes.[9]

In August 1994, three military units were still stationed at the Arlington Heights military site.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Information for Arlington Heights AI, IL" (Radomes.org webpage). The Air Defense Radar Veterans' Association. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
  2. ^ Winkler, David F; Webster, Julie L (June 1997). Searching the Skies: The Legacy of the United States Cold War Defense Radar Program (Report). U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
  3. ^ a b "POW Camp South of Arlington Now Open" (Arlington Heights Historical Museum transcription). Arlington Heights Herald. May 4, 1945. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
  4. ^ Meyerhoff, Keith (September 14, 1967). Nike Site Has History as 'Embattled' Land (Report). Prospect High School. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
  5. ^ a b c "Arlington Heights Facts at a Glance" (chronology). Arlingtoncards.com. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  6. ^ compiled by Johnson, Mildred W (31 December 1980) [February 1973 original by Cornett, Lloyd H. Jr]. A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson Air Force Base: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. Retrieved 2012-03-26. 669th Radar Sq (SAGE): assigned 1 Jan 51 at Ft. MacArthur, CA,…moved to Santa Rosa Island, CA 11 Feb 52;…moved to Lompoc AFS, CA 1 Apr 64
  7. ^ "Corrections to The Second Edition of Rings of Supersonic Steel". Ed-Thelen.org. October 29, 2006. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
  8. ^ a b Stimely, Margot (February 1996). Nike Base (Report). Arlington Heights Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-04-01.
  9. ^ [1]