|555 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1308|
|Balinese saka calendar||476–477|
|Chinese calendar||甲戌年 (Wood Dog)|
3251 or 3191
— to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
3252 or 3192
|- Vikram Samvat||611–612|
|- Shaka Samvat||476–477|
|- Kali Yuga||3655–3656|
|Iranian calendar||67 BP – 66 BP|
|Islamic calendar||69 BH – 68 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1357 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||866/867 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1097–1098|
681 or 300 or −472
— to —
682 or 301 or −471
Year 555 (DLV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 555 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- By this date, the Roman Empire under Justinian I has reached its height. Justinian I has reconquered many former territories of the Western Roman Empire, including Italy, Dalmatia, Africa and Southern Hispania.
- An earthquake devastates the city of Latakia (modern Syria).
- King Chlothar I annexes the Frankish territories of Metz and Reims, after the death of his great-nephew Theudebald.
- King Erb of Gwent (in Southern Wales) dies; his kingdom is divided into Gwent and Ergyng (approximate date).
- Summer – Lazic War: The Byzantine army under Bessas is repulsed, and forced to retreat out of Archaeopolis (Georgia).
- King Gubazes II is invited to observe the siege of a Persian-held fortress, and is murdered by the Byzantine military staff after accusing them of incompetence.
- Chinese Liang Dynasty: Jing Di, age 12, succeeds his father Yuan Di and is declared emperor by general Chen Baxian.
- The Rouran Khaganate ends; it is defeated by the Göktürks under Muqan Qaghan, who expands his rule in Central Asia.
Arts and sciences
- Around this time, the historian Jordanes writes several books, among them De origine actibusque Getarum (The origin and deeds of the Goths).
- Taliesin, British poet, becomes court bard to King Brochwel of Powys (approximate date).
- June 7 – Pope Vigilius dies at Syracuse on his journey back home. His body is brought to Rome and buried in the San Martino ai Monti.
- Cybi Felyn, abbot of Holyhead, dies at his monastery in Caer Gybi (approximate date).
- Basolus, French Benedictine and hermit (approximate date)
- Fatimah bint Asad, mother of Ali ibn Abi Talib (d. 626)
- Khadija, wife of Islamic prophet Muhammad (approximate date)
- January 27 – Yuan Di, emperor of the Liang Dynasty (b. 508)
- June 7 – Pope Vigilius
- September/October - Gubazes II, king of Lazica (Georgia)
- exact date unknown
- Helier, Flemish-born hermit and patron saint of Jersey
- Ly Thien Bao, emperor of Vietnam (b. 499)
- Theudebald, king of Austrasia
- Wang Sengbian, general of the Liang Dynasty
- Cybi Felyn, Cornish bishop
- Erb of Gwent, Welsh king
- ^ Robertson, A. H. F.; Parlak, Osman; Ünlügenç, Ulvi Can (2013). Geological Development of Anatolia and the Easternmost Mediterranean Region. Geological Society of London. p. 461. ISBN 9781862393530.
- ^ a b Ralph Alan Griffiths (June 29, 2004). The Gwent County History: Gwent in prehistory and early history. University of Wales Press. ISBN 978-0-7083-1826-3.
- ^ Martindale, Jones & Morris 1992, pp. 560, 841, 1103–1104; Bury 1958, p. 118; Greatrex & Lieu 2002, pp. 120–121
- ^ Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature (vol.3 & 4): A Reference Guide, Part Three & Four. BRILL. September 22, 2014. pp. 1541–. ISBN 978-90-04-27185-2.
- ^ John Insley Coddington; American Society of Genealogists; Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy (1980). A Tribute to John Insley Coddington on the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of the American Society of Genealogists. Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy.
- ^ Trish Clark (2010). France, United Kingdom, Ireland. HiddenSpring. pp. 215–. ISBN 978-1-58768-057-1.
- ^ Hồng Đức Trần; Anh Thư Hà (2000). A Brief Chronology of Vietnam's History. Thế Giới Publishers.
- ^ Parke Godwin (1860). The History of France: (Ancient Gaul). Harper & brothers. pp. 350–.
- ^ Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature (vol.3 & 4): A Reference Guide, Part Three & Four. BRILL. September 22, 2014. pp. 1697–. ISBN 978-90-04-27185-2.
- Bury, John Bagnell (1958). History of the Later Roman Empire: From the Death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian, Volume 2. Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-486-20399-9.
- Greatrex, Geoffrey; Lieu, Samuel N. C. (2002). The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (Part II, 363–630 AD). London, United Kingdom: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-14687-9.
- Martindale, John Robert; Jones, Arnold Hugh Martin; Morris, J., eds. (1992). The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume III: A.D. 527–641. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-20160-5.