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This article is about the year 862. For the number, see 862 (number).
|Centuries:||8th century – 9th century – 10th century|
|Decades:||830s 840s 850s – 860s – 870s 880s 890s|
|Years:||859 860 861 – 862 – 863 864 865|
|862 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1615|
|Chinese calendar||辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
3558 or 3498
— to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
3559 or 3499
|- Vikram Samvat||918–919|
|- Shaka Samvat||784–785|
|- Kali Yuga||3963–3964|
|Japanese calendar||Jōgan 4
|Minguo calendar||1050 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1173/1174 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1404–1405|
- The Varangians (called Rus') under the leadership of Rurik, a Viking chieftain, arrive with his brothers Sineus and Truvor at Staraya Ladoga. He builds a trade settlement near Novgorod (modern Russia) and founds the Rurik Dynasty.
- King Lothair II of Lotharingia tries to divorce his wife Teutberga on trumped-up charges of incest. With the support of his brother, Louis II, the bishops give him permission to remarry during a synod at Aachen.
- March – Viking raiders led by Weland are trapped at Trilbardou Brigde (Northern France) and submit to king Charles the Bald. He and his family accept Christianity (they are baptised) before leaving Neustria.
- Robert the Strong, margrave of Neustria, captures 12 Viking ships and kills their crews. He pays tribute (Danegeld) for keeping the Vikings out of Neustria.
- Carloman, eldest son of king Louis the German, revolts against his father. He is captured but manages to escape to the Ostmark (or 861).
- First written record (according to the Primary Chronicle) towns of Belozersk and Murom (Northern Russia).
- April 13 – King Donald I of Scotland dies after a 4-year reign. He is succeeded by his nephew Constantine I as ruler of Scotland.
- Áed Findliath is crowned High King of Ireland after the death of Máel Sechnaill mac Maíl Ruanaid (until 879).
- June – Caliph Al-Muntasir dies after just a half year reign. He is succeeded by Al-Musta'in as ruler of the Abbasid Caliphate.
- Ashot I ("the Great") is recognized as the 'Prince of Princes' of Armenia by the Arab authorities.
- Constantine the Philosopher (alias Saint Cyril) invents the 42-letter Slavonic alphabet (Cyrillic script) as a tool for converting the Moravians to Christianity (approximate date).
- Wang Shenzhi, founder of Min (Ten Kingdoms) (d. 925)
- June 8 – Xi Zong, emperor of the Tang Dynasty (d. 888)
- Yúnmén Wényǎn, Chinese Zen master (or 864)
- Æthelred II, king of Northumbria
- Al-Muntasir, Muslim caliph (b. 837)
- Bugha al-Kabir, Muslim general
- April 13 – Donald I, king of Scotland (b. 812)
- Lupus Servatus, Frankish abbot (approximate date)
- Máel Sechnaill mac Maíl Ruanaid, High King of Ireland
- Musa ibn Musa ibn Qasi, Muslim military leader
- July 2 – Swithun, bishop of Winchester
- Tahir ibn Abdallah, Muslim governor
- John Haywood (1995). Historical Atlas of the Vikings, p. 61. Penguin Books: ISBN 978-0-140-51328-8.