850s

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Millennium: 1st millennium
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The 850s decade ran from January 1, 850, to December 31, 859.

Events[edit]

850

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Japan[edit]
India[edit]
  • It is hypothesized that sometime around 850 a group of Buddhist pilgrims travelling through a valley near Roopkund (modern India) were killed when caught out in the open in a sudden hailstorm. Their remains were discovered in 1942.
Mesoamerica[edit]
  • Uxmal becomes the capital of a large state in the Puuk hills region of northern Yucatán (modern Mexico). The city is connected by causeways (sakbe) to other important Puuk sites, such as K'abah, Sayil, and Labna (approximate date).

By topic[edit]

Food and Drink[edit]
Religion[edit]

851[edit]

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]
Britain[edit]
China[edit]
  • Suleiman al-Tajir, Muslim merchant and traveller, visits China during the Tang Dynasty. He observes the manufacturing of Chinese porcelain at Guangzhou, and writes of his admiration for its transparent quality. Suleiman also describes the mosque at Guangzhou, its granaries, its local government administration, some of its written records, and the treatment of travellers, along with the use of ceramics, rice wine, and tea (approximate date).
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

852[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
  • A Viking fleet of 350 vessels enters the Thames Estuary before turning north, and engages the Mercian forces under King Beorhtwulf. The Mercians are defeated, and retreat to their settlements. The Vikings then turn south and cross the river somewhere in Surrey; there they are slaughtered by a West Saxon army, led by King Æthelwulf and his son Aethelbald, at Oak Field (Aclea).[7]
  • King Æthelstan, the eldest son of Æthelwulf, is killed by a Viking raiding party. He is succeeded by his brother Æthelberht, who becomes sub-king of Kent, Essex, Surrey and Sussex (approximate date).
  • Beorhtwulf dies after a 12-year reign, and is succeeded by his son Burgred as king of Mercia.
Al-Andalus[edit]

By topic[edit]

Aviation[edit]
  • According to a 17th century account, the Andalusian inventor Abbas ibn Firnas makes a tower jump in Córdoba. He wraps himself with vulture feathers and attaches two wings to his arms. The alleged attempt to fly is not recorded in earlier sources and is ultimately unsuccessful, but the garment slows his fall enough that he only sustains minor injuries.[8]
Religion[edit]

853[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
China[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

854[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

855[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Abbasid Caliphate[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

856[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Geology[edit]

857[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Medicine[edit]

858[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

859[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Iberian Peninsula[edit]
Africa[edit]
China[edit]

Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Laurent 1919, pp. 117–118, 122.
  2. ^ Ter-Ghewondyan 1976, pp. 42–43.
  3. ^ Paul Hill (2009): The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 14. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.
  4. ^ Smith, Julia M. H. Province and Empire: Brittany and the Carolingians. Cambridge University Press: 1992.
  5. ^ Annales Bertiniani.
  6. ^ Higounet, 39 n57.
  7. ^ Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 14. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5
  8. ^ White 1961, pp. 100–101.
  9. ^ Bury 1912, pp. 292–293.
  10. ^ Goldberg 2006, p. 242.
  11. ^ Chronique de Saint-Maixent, p. 59. "Gaubert, comte du Maine tomba dans une embuscade des Nantais et fut tué".
  12. ^ a b Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 15. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.
  13. ^ Norsemen in the Low Countries: Extracts from the Annales Bertiniani, 855 entry Archived June 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Zeit.de: Das Alter der Städte
  15. ^ ASC 854 - English translation at Project Gutenberg
  16. ^ Kirby, The Earliest English Kings, p. 161.
  17. ^ Milford Haven Town Council website History, Chronology of Events Archived March 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ Abels 1998, p. 72.
  19. ^ Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 17. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5
  20. ^ Ter-Ghevondyan. Arab Emirates, pp. 83–86.
  21. ^ Stevenson 1904, p. 186.
  22. ^ a b Treadgold 1997, pp. 450–451.
  23. ^ Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 18. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.
  24. ^ Keynes 1998, p. 7; Abels 2002, p. 89.
  25. ^ "How many casualties...?". FindTheData. 2013-11-18. Archived from the original on 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2017-12-22.
  26. ^ Charles the Bald - NNDB.com - English translation Charles the Bald [1]
  27. ^ Varley, p. 166.
  28. ^ Bowman, p. 105.
  29. ^ Eleanor Shipley Duckett, Carolingian Portraits: A Study in the Ninth Century, U. Mich. Press, 1989, p. 216.
  30. ^ Haywood, John (1995). The Historical Atlas of the Vikings, pp. 58–59. Penguin Books: ISBN 0-14-051328-0
  31. ^ Martínez Díez 2007, p. 25.
  32. ^ Yanko-Hombach, Valentina (2006). The Black Sea Flood Question. Springer. p. 638. ISBN 1402047746.
  33. ^ Rucquoi, Adeline (1993). Histoire médiévale de la Péninsule ibérique. Paris: Seuil. p. 85. ISBN 2-02-012935-3.