850s

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Millennium: 1st millennium
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The 850s decade ran from January 1, 850, to December 31, 859.

Events

850

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Japan[edit]
India[edit]
  • It is hypothesized that sometime around 850 a group of Buddhist pilgrims travelling through a valley near Roopkund (modern India) were killed when caught out in the open in a sudden hailstorm. Their remains were discovered in 1942.
Mesoamerica[edit]
  • Uxmal becomes the capital of a large state in the Puuk hills region of northern Yucatán (modern Mexico). The city is connected by causeways (sakbe) to other important Puuk sites, such as K'abah, Sayil, and Labna (approximate date).

By topic[edit]

Food and Drink[edit]
Religion[edit]

851

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]
Britain[edit]
China[edit]
  • Suleiman al-Tajir, Muslim merchant and traveller, visits China during the Tang Dynasty. He observes the manufacturing of Chinese porcelain at Guangzhou, and writes of his admiration for its transparent quality. Suleiman also describes the mosque at Guangzhou, its granaries, its local government administration, some of its written records, and the treatment of travellers, along with the use of ceramics, rice wine, and tea (approximate date).
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

852

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
  • A Viking fleet of 350 vessels enters the Thames Estuary before turning north, and engages the Mercian forces under King Beorhtwulf. The Mercians are defeated, and retreat to their settlements. The Vikings then turn south and cross the river somewhere in Surrey; there they are slaughtered by a West Saxon army, led by King Æthelwulf and his son Aethelbald, at Oak Field (Aclea).[7]
  • King Æthelstan, the eldest son of Æthelwulf, is killed by a Viking raiding party. He is succeeded by his brother Æthelberht, who becomes sub-king of Kent, Essex, Surrey and Sussex (approximate date).
  • Beorhtwulf dies after a 12-year reign, and is succeeded by his son Burgred as king of Mercia.
Al-Andalus[edit]

By topic[edit]

Aviation[edit]
  • According to a 17th century account, the Andalusian inventor Abbas ibn Firnas makes a tower jump in Córdoba. He wraps himself with vulture feathers and attaches two wings to his arms. The alleged attempt to fly is not recorded in earlier sources and is ultimately unsuccessful, but the garment slows his fall enough that he only sustains minor injuries.
Religion[edit]

853

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
China[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

854

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

855

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Central Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Abbasid Caliphate[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

856

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Geology[edit]

857

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Medicine[edit]

858

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

859

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Iberian Peninsula[edit]
Africa[edit]
China[edit]

Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

850

851

852

853

854

855

856

857

858

859

Deaths[edit]

850

851

852

853

854

855

856

857

858

859

References[edit]

  1. ^ Laurent 1919, pp. 117–118, 122.
  2. ^ Ter-Ghewondyan 1976, pp. 42–43.
  3. ^ Paul Hill (2009): The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 14. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.
  4. ^ Smith, Julia M. H. Province and Empire: Brittany and the Carolingians. Cambridge University Press: 1992.
  5. ^ Annales Bertiniani.
  6. ^ Higounet, 39 n57.
  7. ^ Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 14. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5
  8. ^ Bury 1912, pp. 292–293.
  9. ^ Goldberg 2006, p. 242.
  10. ^ Chronique de Saint-Maixent, p. 59. "Gaubert, comte du Maine tomba dans une embuscade des Nantais et fut tué".
  11. ^ a b Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 15. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.
  12. ^ Norsemen in the Low Countries: Extracts from the Annales Bertiniani, 855 entry Archived June 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Zeit.de: Das Alter der Städte
  14. ^ "Boris I". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2021-11-13.
  15. ^ Fine, John van Antwerp (13 November 2021). The Early Medieval Balkans, page 112. The University of Michigan Press, 1983. ISBN 978-0472081493.
  16. ^ Deliso, Christopher (13 November 2021). The History of Croatia and Slovenia, page 46. ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2020, Santa Barbara, California. ISBN 9781440873232.
  17. ^ ASC 854 - English translation at Project Gutenberg
  18. ^ Kirby, The Earliest English Kings, p. 161.
  19. ^ Milford Haven Town Council website History, Chronology of Events Archived March 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Abels 1998, p. 72.
  21. ^ Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 17. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5
  22. ^ Ter-Ghewondyan 1976, pp. 83–86.
  23. ^ Stevenson 1904, p. 186.
  24. ^ a b Treadgold 1997, pp. 450–451.
  25. ^ Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 18. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.
  26. ^ Keynes 1998, p. 7; Abels 2002, p. 89.
  27. ^ Charles the Bald - NNDB.com - English translation Charles the Bald [1]
  28. ^ Varley, p. 166.
  29. ^ Bowman, p. 105.
  30. ^ Eleanor Shipley Duckett, Carolingian Portraits: A Study in the Ninth Century, U. Mich. Press, 1989, p. 216.
  31. ^ Haywood, John (1995). The Historical Atlas of the Vikings, pp. 58–59. Penguin Books: ISBN 0-14-051328-0
  32. ^ Martínez Díez 2007, p. 25.
  33. ^ Yanko-Hombach, Valentina (2006). The Black Sea Flood Question. Springer. p. 638. ISBN 1402047746.
  34. ^ Rucquoi, Adeline (1993). Histoire médiévale de la Péninsule ibérique. Paris: Seuil. p. 85. ISBN 2-02-012935-3.
  35. ^ Madelung, W. (2004). "al-Ḥādī Ila 'l-Ḥaḳḳ". In Bearman, P. J.; Bianquis, Th.; Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E. & Heinrichs, W. P. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume XII: Supplement. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 334–335. ISBN 978-90-04-13974-9.
  36. ^ Sousa, António Caetano de (1744). Agiologio Lusitano dos santos, e varoens illustres em virtude do Reino de Portugal, e suas Conquistas [Lusitanian Hagiology, of the saints and men illustrious in their virtue from the Kingdom of Portugal] (in Portuguese). Vol.  Volume IV. Lisbon: Regia Officina Sylviana, e da Academia Real. p. 199–201.
  37. ^ "Benedict III | pope". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 7 May 2021.

Sources[edit]