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|953 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1706|
|Balinese saka calendar||874–875|
|Chinese calendar||壬子年 (Water Rat)|
3649 or 3589
— to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
3650 or 3590
|- Vikram Samvat||1009–1010|
|- Shaka Samvat||874–875|
|- Kali Yuga||4053–4054|
|Japanese calendar||Tenryaku 7|
|Minguo calendar||959 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1264/1265 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1495–1496|
1079 or 698 or −74
— to —
1080 or 699 or −73
- Battle of Marash: Emir Sayf al-Dawla marches north into the Byzantine Empire and ravages the countryside of Malatya (modern Turkey). On his way back, he crosses the Euphrates and intercepts a Byzantine army led by Bardas Phokas (the Elder), near Marash. The Byzantines are defeated; Bardas himself barely escapes through the intervention of his attendants. His son Constantine Phokas, governor of Seleucia, is captured and held prisoner in Aleppo, until his death from an illness some time later.
- Summer – Liudolf, duke of Swabia, and his brother-in-law Conrad the Red rebel against King Otto I. Otto and his army fail to capture the cities of Mainz and Augsburg. He declares Liudolf and Conrad as outlaws in absentia. His brother Bruno I, archbishop of Cologne, restores royal authority in Lorraine, but some of the rebellious dukes receive support from the Hungarians. They seize the opportunity to invade Bavaria.
- The town of Póvoa de Varzim is first mentioned during the rule of Mumadona Dias, countess of Portugal, under the name Villa Euracini.
- March 19 – Caliph al-Mansur bi-Nasr Allah dies after a severe illness. He is succeeded by his 21-year-old son al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah as ruler of the Fatimid Caliphate. His authority is recognized over most of what later will be Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia.
- September 14 – Guo Zongxun, Chinese emperor (d. 973)
- September 21 – Abu Ishaq Ibrahim, Buyid prince
- Charles, duke of Lower Lorraine (d. 993)
- date unknown
- March 19 – al-Mansur bi-Nasr Allah, Fatimid caliph (b. 913)
- August 1 – Yingtian, Chinese Khitan empress (b. 879)
- November 18 – Liutgard, duchess of Lorraine (b. 931)
- Vasiliev, A.A. (1968). Byzance et les Arabes, Tome II, 1ére partie: Les relations politiques de Byzance et des Arabes à L'époque de la dynastie macédonienne (867–959). Brussels: Éditions de l'Institut de Philologie et d'Histoire Orientales.
- John M. Douglas (1992). The Armenians. J.J. Winthrop Corporation. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-9631381-0-1.