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|Centuries:||9th century – 10th century – 11th century|
|Decades:||910s 920s 930s – 940s – 950s 960s 970s|
|Years:||940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths
Establishments – Disestablishments
This is a list of events occurring in the 940s, ordered by year.
- Saadia Gaon compiles his siddur (Jewish prayer book) in Iraq.
- Narita-san Temple is founded in Chiba, Japan.
- The Liao Dynasty abolishes the requirement that a younger sister replace an older sister who died in marriage.
- Oldest known Danish King, Gorm the Old
- Beginning of construction of the main forts in Greater Poland: Giecz, Bnin, Ląd, Gniezno, Poznań, Grzybowo[disambiguation needed]. All the forts were constructed rapidly between 939 and 942.
- The Rus'-Byzantine War is fought.
- Kaminarimon, the eight-pillared gate to Japan's Kinryuzan Sensouji Temple, is erected.
- The Chavda Kingdom is overthrown in Gujarat, India.
- December 17 – William I, Duke of Normandy, is ambushed by supporters of Arnulf I, Count of Flanders while the two are at a peace conference to settle their differences.
- Hywel Dda, king of Deheubarth, annexes Gwynedd and Powys to become ruler of most of Wales.
- A Hungarian army attacks the Arabic Spain. They besiege the cities of Lerida, Cerdagna, Huesca, than they capture Yahya ibn Muhammad ibn al Tawil, the ruler of the town Barbastro.
- King Constantine II of Scotland retires and becomes a monk, succeeded by his cousin Malcolm I of Scotland.
- Caspian expeditions of the Rus: The city of Barda, Azerbaijan is captured.
- April – Hungarians force Bizantine emperor Romanos I, to pay them tribute for 5 years.
- August 12 – Bavarians defeat Hungarians at Wels.
- Description of the triangular bridge at Croyland, in the Charter of Eadred.
- The city of Algiers is (re)founded by the Zirid king Buluggin ibn Ziri.
- Abu Yazid launches a rebellion against the Fatimids in the Aures Mountains.
- The Al-Askari Mosque is built in Samarra (present-day Iraq).
- The Later Jìn Dynasty in China Sovereign Kaiyun ascends to power
- The Byzantines under Pantherios are defeated by Sayf al-Daula in northern Syria.
- Snow falls in the city of Baghdad.
- Sayf al-Dawla captures Aleppo (29 October) and extends his control over northern Syria.
- Great storm sweeps England. Many houses destroyed, 1500 in London alone (a significant proportion of the town).
- King Edmund I of England takes Northumbria from the Vikings.
- Emperor Romanos I Lekapenos is deposed as Byzantine emperor by his own sons, Stephen Lekapenos and Constantine Lekapenos.
- The Buyid dynasty takes control of Baghdad (it does not supplant the local caliphate).
- The Min Kingdom is taken over by the Southern Tang Kingdom.
- The Hamdanid Sayf al-Dawla is defeated by Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid near Qinnasrin (May) and forced to abandon his Syrian domains and flee to ar-Raqqah. Nevertheless, in October the two men come to an agreement, which recognizes Hamdanid rule over northern Syria, founding the Emirate of Aleppo.
- Edmund I of England conquers Strathclyde, forms an alliance with Malcolm I of Scotland and cedes Cumberland and Westmorland to him.
- Hywel Dda convenes a conference at Whitland, which reforms the laws of Wales.
- Lothair II of Italy takes control of Italy (until 950).
- The sons of Romanos I Lekapenos are overthrown barely a month after deposing their father, and Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII reigns alone.
- Eadred I succeeds his brother as king of England.
- The Later Jin falls to the Later Han (founded by Gaozu of Later Han) in China.
- The Khitan Empire adopts the dynastic name "Great Liao".
- Masudi completes first version of The Meadows of Gold and Mines of Gems, an important history book.
- Horsham in West Sussex gets its first mention in King Eadred's Charter.
- The Nallur Kandaswamy temple, one of the most significant Hindu temples in the Jaffna district of Sri Lanka, is built.
- The Byzantines raid into Syria, but are defeated by Sayf al-Daula. Leo Phokas however sacks and razes Adata.
- Otto I the Great founds the missionary dioceses of Brandenburg, Havelberg, Ribe, Aarhus, and Schleswig.
- St Albans School in St Albans, England is founded.
- Tormás and Bulcsu, leaders of the Hungarians are baptised in Constantinople by the emperor Constantine VII.
- Sayf al-Dawla raids into the Byzantine theme of Lykandos but is defeated. The Byzantines counter-attack and seize Germanikeia, defeating an army from Tarsus, and the raiding as far south as Antioch. Theophilos Kourkouas captures Theodosiopolis for Byzantium.
- The Byzantine Empire launches another expedition against the Emirate of Crete. The overconfident Byzantine troops, under Constantine Gongyles, are defeated in a surprise attack by the Arabs and flee.
- Hungarians defeat a Bavarian army at Laa.
- February 1 – Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus (b. 1928) asserts that the orbits of all the planets of the Solar System were within the same 90° arc of the Solar System on this date. The next time it is thought this will occur is on May 6, 2492.
- Quoted in Wheeler, W.H. (1896). A history of the fens of South Lincolnshire (2 ed.). Boston: J.M.Newcomb. p. 313.
- Treadgold, Warren T. (1997), A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, p. 486, ISBN 978-0-8047-2630-6
- Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.
- Treadgold, Warren T. (1997), A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, pp. 487–489, ISBN 0-8047-2630-2