Abipón language

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Native toArgentina
EthnicityAbipón people
Extinct19th century[1]
  • Southern
    • Abipón
Language codes
ISO 639-3axb
Patagonian lang.png
Map with approximate distributions of languages in Patagonia at the time of the Spanish conquest. Source: W. Adelaar (2004): The Andean Languages, Cambridge University Press.
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The Abipón language was a native American language of the Guaicuruan group of the Guaycurú-Charruan[1] family that was at one time spoken in Argentina by the Abipón people. Its last speaker is thought to have died in the 19th century.[3]



Labial Alveolar Postalveolar/Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive/Affricate p t k q
Fricative ɣ ʁ h
Liquid w r, l j w


Front Back/Central
Closed i ɨ
Mid e o
Open a


Cited in the Catholic Encyclopedia[4]

  • Hervas (1785), Origine, Formazione, Mecanismo, ed Armonia degli Idiomi (Cesena)
  • Hervas (1787), Vocabulario poliglotto
  • Hervas (1787), Saggio practico delle Lingue ...
  • Adrian Balbi (1826), Atlas ethnographique du globe (Paris)
  • Alcide d'Orbrigny (1839), L'Homme americain (Paris)
  • Brinton, The American Race.


  1. ^ a b Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abingdon". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Abipon". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ John Mackenzie (ed.), Peoples, Nations and Cultures.
  4. ^ Adolph Francis Bandelier (1907), Catholic Encyclopedia article on the Abipones Accessed on 2009-08-08.

External links[edit]