Albacete (Spanish Congress electoral district)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Albacete
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Albacete).png
Location of Albacete within Spain
Province Albacete
Autonomous community Castilla-La Mancha
Population 394,580 (2016)
Electorate 310,083 (2016)
Major settlements Albacete
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 4

Albacete is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects four deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Albacete is currently set at four. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Albacete 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
2 2
1st 1979
2 2
2nd 1982
3 1
3rd 1986
3 1
4th 1989
3 1
5th 1993
2 2
6th 1996
2 2
7th 2000
2 2
8th 2004
2 2
9th 2008
2 2
10th 2011
1 3
11th 2015
1 1 2
12th 2016
1 1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 89,717 40.88 +4.07 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 59,617 27.16 –1.00 1 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo)1 33,509 15.27 –2.71 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 31,976 14.57 –0.01 0 –1
Blank ballots 1,430 0.65 –0.10
Total 219,473 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 219,473 98.99 –0.03
Invalid votes 2,233 1.01 +0.03
Votes cast / turnout 221,706 71.50 –3.78
Abstentions 88,377 28.50 +3.78
Registered voters 310,083
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 85,241 36.81 –18.28 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 65,205 28.16 –1.96 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 33,755 14.58 New 1 +1
We Can (Podemos) 32,320 13.96 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 9,306 4.02 –2.15 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,727 0.75 –0.58
Total 231,582 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 231,582 99.02 +0.38
Invalid votes 2,300 0.98 –0.38
Votes cast / turnout 233,882 75.28 –0.83
Abstentions 76,792 24.72 +0.83
Registered voters 310,674
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 127,995 55.09 +7.72 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 69,981 30.12 –15.62 1 –1
United Left of Castilla-La ManchaThe Greens: Plural Left (IUCLM–LV) 14,324 6.17 +2.79 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 11,614 5.00 +3.72 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,082 1.33 +0.20
Total 232,322 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 232,322 98.64 –0.64
Invalid votes 3,193 1.36 +0.64
Votes cast / turnout 235,515 76.11 –3.55
Abstentions 73,941 23.89 +3.55
Registered voters 309,456
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 113,609 47.37 +0.42 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 109,682 45.74 –0.52 2 ±0
United Left–Alternative (IU) 8,104 3.38 –0.51 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 3,078 1.28 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,717 1.13 –0.73
Total 239,809 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 239,809 99.28 +0.04
Invalid votes 1,741 0.72 –0.04
Votes cast / turnout 241,550 79.66 +0.39
Abstentions 61,678 20.34 –0.39
Registered voters 303,228
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 110,338 46.95 –4.24 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 108,715 46.26 +5.06 2 ±0
United Left–Left of Castilla-La Mancha (IU–ICAM) 9,145 3.89 –1.10 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,372 1.86 +0.29
Total 235,023 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 235,023 99.24 –0.08
Invalid votes 1,810 0.76 +0.08
Votes cast / turnout 236,833 79.27 +3.69
Abstentions 61,947 20.73 –3.69
Registered voters 298,780
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 113,406 51.19 +6.53 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 91,270 41.20 –2.69 2 ±0
United Left (IU) 11,062 4.99 –4.63 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,484 1.57 +0.60
Total 221,539 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 221,539 99.32 –0.18
Invalid votes 1,514 0.68 +0.18
Votes cast / turnout 223,053 75.58 –7.90
Abstentions 72,052 24.42 +7.90
Registered voters 295,105
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 105,294 44.66 +4.16 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 103,471 43.89 –2.25 2 ±0
United Left–Left of Castile-La Mancha (IU–ICAM) 22,682 9.62 +0.29 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,289 0.97 +0.14
Total 235,774 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 235,774 99.50 +0.04
Invalid votes 1,191 0.50 –0.04
Votes cast / turnout 236,965 83.48 +1.09
Abstentions 46,886 16.52 –1.09
Registered voters 283,851
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 103,057 46.14 –3.51 2 –1
People's Party (PP) 90,453 40.50 +9.73 2 +1
United Left (IU) 20,841 9.33 +0.92 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 4,253 1.90 –5.53 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,843 0.83 +0.16
Total 223,335 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 223,335 99.46 +0.08
Invalid votes 1,214 0.54 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 224,549 82.39 +5.74
Abstentions 47,987 17.61 –5.74
Registered voters 272,536
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 97,904 49.65 –1.40 3 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 60,664 30.77 –1.11 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 16,580 8.41 +3.86 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 14,651 7.43 –1.31 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,322 0.67 ±0.00
Total 197,173 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 197,173 99.38 +0.48
Invalid votes 1,236 0.62 –0.48
Votes cast / turnout 198,409 76.65 +3.60
Abstentions 60,446 23.35 –3.60
Registered voters 258,855
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 97,838 51.05 –2.52 3 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 61,093 31.88 +3.02 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 16,750 8.74 +6.75 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 8,729 4.55 –0.05 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 2,031 1.06 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,289 0.67 +0.22
Total 191,641 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 191,641 98.90 +0.99
Invalid votes 2,126 1.10 –0.99
Votes cast / turnout 193,767 73.05 –8.98
Abstentions 71,500 26.95 +8.98
Registered voters 265,267
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 103,328 53.57 +14.86 3 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 55,666 28.86 +24.00 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 16,755 8.69 –30.27 0 –2
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 8,874 4.60 –7.79 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,846 1.99 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 861 0.45 +0.24
Total 192,882 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 192,882 97.91 –1.17
Invalid votes 4,110 2.09 +1.17
Votes cast / turnout 196,992 82.03 +10.52
Abstentions 43,163 17.97 –10.52
Registered voters 240,155
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 65,883 38.96 +0.86 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 65,465 38.71 –1.52 2 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 20,945 12.39 +4.36 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 8,224 4.86 –4.58 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 3,753 2.22 –0.69 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh) 2,205 1.30 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 359 0.21 –0.07
Total 169,109 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 169,109 99.08 +0.32
Invalid votes 1,569 0.92 –0.32
Votes cast / turnout 170,678 71.51 –9.76
Abstentions 68,004 28.49 +9.76
Registered voters 238,682
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

AlbaceteMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Albacete
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 64,603 38.10 2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 56,332 33.22 2
People's Alliance (AP) 16,005 9.44 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 13,623 8.03 0
Centre-Left of Albacete (CIA) 11,879 7.01 0
Spanish Falange of the JONS (FE–JONS) 4,939 2.91 0
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 1,698 1.00 0
Blank ballots 474 0.28
Total 169,553 100.00 4
Valid votes 169,553 98.76
Invalid votes 2,137 1.24
Votes cast / turnout 171,690 81.27
Abstentions 39,559 18.73
Registered voters 211,249
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 38°50′N 2°00′W / 38.833°N 2.000°W / 38.833; -2.000