Almería (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Almería
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Almería).png
Location of Almería within Spain
Province Almería
Autonomous community Andalusia
Population 701,211 (2016)
Electorate 491,496 (2016)
Major settlements Almería, Roquetas de Mar, El Ejido
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 5 (1977–2008)
6 (2008–)

Almería is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects six deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Provinces were entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Almería is currently set at six. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Almería 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
2 3
1st 1979
2 3
2nd 1982
4 1
3rd 1986
4 1
4th 1989
4 1
5th 1993
3 2
6th 1996
3 2
7th 2000
2 3
8th 2004
3 2
9th 2008
3 3
10th 2011
2 4
11th 2015
1 2 1 2
12th 2016
2 1 3

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 131,801 42.98 +5.02 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 84,988 27.71 –1.15 2 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 41,897 13.66 –0.70 1 ±0
United We Can for Andalusia (PodemosIUeQuo)1 40,578 13.23 –3.10 0 –1
Blank ballots 2,213 0.72 +0.01
Total 306,674 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 306,674 99.25 +0.02
Invalid votes 2,315 0.75 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 308,989 62.87 –0.84
Abstentions 182,507 37.13 +0.84
Registered voters 491,496
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 117,635 37.96 –19.64 2 –2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 89,434 28.86 –1.02 2 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 44,494 14.36 New 1 +1
We Can (Podemos) 39,780 12.84 New 1 +1
United Left/Greens–Assembly for AndalusiaPopular Unity (IULV–CA–UPeC) 10,828 3.49 –1.77 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,211 0.71 –0.41
Total 309,896 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 309,896 99.23 +0.05
Invalid votes 2,419 0.77 –0.05
Votes cast / turnout 312,315 63.71 –3.48
Abstentions 177,877 36.29 +3.48
Registered voters 490,192
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 180,249 57.60 +7.72 4 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 93,495 29.88 –12.13 2 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia: Plural Left (IULV–CA) 16,445 5.26 +2.57 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 12,225 3.91 +3.35 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,490 1.12 +0.34
Total 312,923 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 312,923 99.18 –0.37
Invalid votes 2,581 0.82 +0.37
Votes cast / turnout 315,504 67.19 –5.56
Abstentions 154,090 32.81 +5.56
Registered voters 469,594
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 162,531 49.88 +5.60 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 136,887 42.01 –5.68 3 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia–Alternative (IULV–CA) 8,755 2.69 –0.42 0 ±0
Party of Almeria (PdeAL) 8,451 2.59 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,528 0.78 –0.59
Total 325,846 100.00 6 +1
Valid votes 325,846 99.55 +0.06
Invalid votes 1,486 0.45 –0.06
Votes cast / turnout 327,332 72.75 +0.81
Abstentions 122,583 27.25 –0.81
Registered voters 449,915
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 145,868 47.69 +5.43 3 +1
People's Party (PP) 135,434 44.28 –4.39 2 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 9,522 3.11 –1.11 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 7,190 2.35 –0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,197 1.37 –0.04
Total 305,836 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 305,836 99.49 +0.08
Invalid votes 1,553 0.51 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 307,389 71.94 +3.80
Abstentions 119,921 28.06 –3.80
Registered voters 427,310
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 135,531 48.67 +8.46 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 117,685 42.26 –4.84 2 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 11,749 4.22 –5.69 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 6,569 2.36 +0.71 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,931 1.41 +0.75
Total 278,462 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 278,462 99.41 –0.09
Invalid votes 1,650 0.59 +0.09
Votes cast / turnout 280,112 68.14 –9.04
Abstentions 130,953 31.86 +9.04
Registered voters 411,065
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 135,789 47.10 –0.83 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 115,925 40.21 +2.87 2 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 28,580 9.91 +0.41 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 4,754 1.65 –0.06 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,890 0.66 +0.22
Total 288,297 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 288,297 99.50 –0.06
Invalid votes 1,436 0.50 +0.06
Votes cast / turnout 289,733 77.18 +1.41
Abstentions 85,642 22.82 –1.41
Registered voters 375,375
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 126,242 47.93 –4.74 3 –1
People's Party (PP) 98,341 37.34 +13.91 2 +1
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 25,020 9.50 +0.98 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,585 1.36 –7.54 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 3,551 1.35 –0.98 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,153 0.44 +0.08
Total 263,376 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 263,376 99.56 +0.30
Invalid votes 1,167 0.44 –0.30
Votes cast / turnout 264,543 75.77 +7.74
Abstentions 84,615 24.23 –7.74
Registered voters 349,158
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 115,587 52.67 –0.46 4 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 51,421 23.43 –2.48 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 19,523 8.90 –0.13 0 ±0
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 18,697 8.52 +3.28 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 5,116 2.33 +0.85 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 4,176 1.90 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 791 0.36 +0.01
Total 219,435 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 219,435 99.26 +0.47
Invalid votes 1,646 0.74 –0.47
Votes cast / turnout 221,081 68.03 +0.23
Abstentions 103,905 31.97 –0.23
Registered voters 324,986
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 111,617 53.13 –4.64 4 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 54,433 25.91 +2.65 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 18,960 9.03 +7.26 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 11,010 5.24 +2.59 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 5,565 2.65 New 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 3,109 1.48 +0.25 0 ±0
Blank ballots 734 0.35 –0.32
Total 210,067 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 210,067 98.79 +0.99
Invalid votes 2,570 1.21 –0.99
Votes cast / turnout 212,637 67.80 –9.02
Abstentions 101,007 32.20 +9.02
Registered voters 313,644
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSA–PSOE) 119,903 57.77 +20.71 4 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 48,280 23.26 +18.85 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 23,294 11.22 –32.99 0 –3
Communist Party of Andalusia (PCA–PCE) 5,504 2.65 –4.75 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,666 1.77 New 0 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 2,558 1.23 –1.54 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,393 0.67 +0.47
Total 207,562 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 207,562 97.80 –1.34
Invalid votes 4,670 2.20 +1.34
Votes cast / turnout 212,232 76.82 +10.52
Abstentions 64,044 23.18 –10.52
Registered voters 276,276
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 80,854 44.21 –5.48 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 67,782 37.06 +6.54 2 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 13,534 7.40 +0.96 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 8,067 4.41 –3.63 0 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 5,074 2.77 New 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 3,097 1.69 +1.27 0 ±0
Blank ballots 360 0.20 +0.01
Total 182,899 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 182,899 99.14 –0.24
Invalid votes 1,590 0.86 +0.24
Votes cast / turnout 184,489 66.30 –11.36
Abstentions 93,791 33.70 +11.36
Registered voters 278,280
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

AlmeríaMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Almería
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 92,019 49.69 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 50,723 27.39 2
People's Alliance (AP) 14,886 8.04 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 11,926 6.44 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 5,789 3.13 0
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 5,553 3.00 0
Blank ballots 360 0.19
Total 185,182 100.00 5
Valid votes 185,182 99.38
Invalid votes 1,160 0.62
Votes cast / turnout 186,342 77.66
Abstentions 53,593 22.34
Registered voters 239,935
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 37°10′N 2°20′W / 37.167°N 2.333°W / 37.167; -2.333