||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Anti-Communist Martyr (Chinese: 反共義士) is the title given by the Kuomintang government in Taiwan to defecting soldiers from mainland China during the Korean War, and later the Cold War. The title was first given on January 23, 1954 to 14,000 prisoners of war from the People's Volunteer Army who defected to Taiwan. Most of these defectors were former Kuomintang soldiers taken captive by the communist forces during the Chinese Civil War. The defectors were tattooed with anti-communist slogans and the KMT flag before coming to Taiwan. The memorial day World Freedom Day (一二三自由日) was founded in their honor.
The title was later given to a number of aircraft hijackers from the People's Liberation Army Air Force who flew to Taiwan. Many of these defectors were given financial rewards for their defection. The title was abolished following the end of martial law in Taiwan and the thawing of cross-strait relations.
- From Anti-Communist Martyrs to Illegal Immigrants: Taiwan as a State of Exception. Shu-Fen tin & Hsi-Ping Schive, National Chiao Tung University
- 〈戰後外交史料彙編：韓戰與反共義士篇（一）〉：2005，行政院原住民委員會，ISBN 9860012598
- [ 「反共義士」活躍的年代]
- [ 繁花過眼．刻痕長存 反共義士投奔來台的真相]
- 昔日英雄平凡老退 賞金千兩境遇不同
- 反共義士吳榮根掉入桃色陷阱 千萬泡湯
- [ 大陸來臺義士義胞現任公職人員任用資格考試規則]
- [ 大陸來臺反共學人義士義胞應考試及任用資歷審查辦法]