Audi R8 (Type 4S)
|Audi R8 (Type 4S)|
Audi R8 Decennium (post facelift)
|Manufacturer||Audi Sport GmbH|
(subsidiary of Audi AG)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door coupé|
2-door convertible (spyder)
|Layout||Longitudinal, mid-engine, quattro permanent all-wheel drive/rear wheel drive (R8 RWS)|
|Platform||Modular Sports System|
|Engine||5.2 L FSI V10|
|Transmission||7-speed S Tronic dual clutch|
|Wheelbase||2,620 mm (103.1 in)|
|Length||4,426 mm (174.3 in)|
|Width||1,940 mm (76.4 in)|
|Height||1,240 mm (48.8 in)|
|Predecessor||Audi R8 (Type 42)|
The Audi R8 (Type 4S) is the second generation of the R8 sports car manufactured by German automobile manufacturer Audi. The Type 4S is based on the Lamborghini Huracan and shares its platform and engine. The Type 4S was introduced at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show and its production began in late 2015.
Development of the Type 4S began in 2013 and prototypes began testing in early-2014. The Type 4S is based on the Modular Sports System platform shared with the Lamborghini Huracan. The V10 engine used in the Huracàn was detuned for the base model while the power output of the engine remained the same as the Huracàn for the V10 plus model. Rumours for the V8 engine for the R8 were in circulation but those were proven wrong as the company stated that the V8 engine would be discontinued mainly because of emissions regulations. The Type 4S was introduced at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. The all-electric version called the e-Tron which was in development phase in the production life span of the Type 42 was also introduced at the same occasion and was now based on the Type 4S.
The new R8 has two production variants, the base 5.2 FSI model with a 540 PS (397 kW; 533 hp) V10 engine and more powerful V10 Plus with a 610 PS (449 kW; 602 hp) engine. The body is lighter and stiffer, due to substitution of several large aluminium parts in the shell by carbon fibre. Extra electronics are incorporated in the chassis as compared to the first generation to improve handling. The ‘Virtual Cockpit’ first introduced in the TT was also made available. The all-wheel drive system and the 7-speed S-tronic transmission are standard with no manual transmission available. The quattro all-wheel-drive system used on the R8 is slightly rear biased with power delivery to the wheels variable. A water-cooled front differential and a passive limited-slip rear differential along with an electromechanical power steering contribute to the agile handling of the car. The variable magnetic-ride suspension is available as an option but is exclusive to the European markets only.
The design reflects Audi's current design language implemented on all of its models. The distinctive "side-blades" present behind the doors on the Type 42 have now been split into two and are now present on the rear side windows and below the belt line. The side blades can be optioned in body colour. Audi's trademark LED head lamps were standard on the car and the newly developed laser headlamps are available as an option in Europe only.
The R8 is available with 19-inch wheels as standard with 20-inch wheels available as an option. Carbon-ceramic brakes are also optional equipment.
Presented at the 2016 New York International Auto Show, the R8 Spyder is the convertible variant of the new R8. Initially, it was only available with the standard V10 engine, which has a power output of 540 PS (397 kW; 533 hp), although a V10 Plus Spyder with the engine having a power output of 610 PS (449 kW; 602 hp) was added to the range in mid-2017. The redesigned soft top of the Spyder is operable at speeds up to 50 km/h (31 mph).
Unveiled at the 2017 International Motor Show Germany, the R8 RWS (Rear Wheel Series) is the rear wheel drive variant of the Audi R8 limited to 999 units. It utilises the same 540 PS (533 hp; 397 kW) V10 engine of the standard R8 coupe. Because of the deletion of the all-wheel drive system, weight is reduced by 50 kg (110 lb). Visually, the R8 RWS is signified by a matte-black grille, matte-black front and rear airflow openings, and a gloss-black upper side blade. A red vinyl trim stripe that stretches from the front left to the right rear is optional. Sport seats are standard, as are black 19-inch wheels wrapped in 35-series tyres.
The R8 received a mid-cycle facelift in October 2018. Engine power increased by 30 PS (22 kW; 30 hp) for the base model while the V10 Plus was renamed V10 Performance quattro and the engine saw a power increase by 9 PS (7 kW; 9 hp). Other mechanical changes include the choice of Michelin Pilot Sport Cup 2 tyres, larger carbon ceramic brakes and a new steering rack system for a more direct response. A carbon fibre roll bar is also optional which decreases the weight by 2 kg.
Exterior changes included more angular and aggressive styling. The new front bumper of the car has a squared design and winglets on both sides to improve front downforce. The grille was enlarged and now stretched between the headlights. Above the grille, three small horizontal air intakes are present between the headlights for improved airflow harking back to the famous Audi Quattro. Side skirts finished in exposed carbon fibre now flank the sides of the car and at the rear, a single wide grille is now present beneath the taillights joined by an aggressive diffuser and two round dual exhaust tips in exposed and sculptured cut-outs.
The interior was carried over from the outgoing model with new trim options available.
Performance figures include a 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) acceleration time of 3.5 seconds for the base model and 3.1 seconds for the V10 Performance quattro model. Top speed for the V10 Performance quattro is 330 km/h (205 mph). The facelift model went on sale in Europe in early 2019.
The production version of the Audi R8 e-tron was introduced at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show The limited production electric sports car was available only in Europe. Fewer than 100 units were sold at the end-of-production run.
The R8 e-tron was fitted with two electric motors mounted on the rear wheels having a power output of 462 PS (340 kW; 456 hp) and 919 N⋅m (678 lb⋅ft) of torque. The battery pack consisted of a 92kWh T-shaped liquid cooled Lithium-ion battery. The e-tron could accelerate from 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 3.9 seconds and could attain a top speed of 249 km/h (155 mph). The e-tron's electric range was 450 km (280 mi) as promised by Audi. The curb weight of the car amounted to 1,780 kg (3,924 lb).
Introduced at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show, the R8 Decennium (Latin for "Decade") is a special edition model celebrating ten years of the V10 model of the R8 sports car. The R8 Decennium is based on the R8 V10 performance quattro. Notable changes include 20-inch alloy wheels and engine cover in Bronze finish, aerodynamic elements finished in gloss black, specially developed matte Daytona Grey body colour, black alcantara/leather interior upholstery with carbon fibre trim and diamond stitching and Decennium badging. The R8 Decennium is limited to 222 units world wide (50 of which will be imported to the United States) and will only be offered in a coupé bodystyle.
|Models||R8 Coupé (2015–2018)||R8 Spyder (2015–2018) ||R8 V10 Plus Coupé (2015–2018)||R8 RWS||R8 LMS||R8 Coupé (2019–)||R8 Coupé Performance Quattro (2019–)|
|Configuration, Displacement||5,204 cc (5.2 L) DOHC FSI V10||5,204 cc (5.2 L) DOHC FSI V10|
|Power at rpm||540 PS (397 kW; 533 hp) at 8,250||610 PS (449 kW; 602 hp) at 8,250||540 PS (397 kW; 533 hp)||585 PS (430 kW; 577 bhp)||570 PS (419 kW; 562 hp) at 8,000-8,200||620 PS (456 kW; 612 hp) at 7,900-8,100|
|Torque at rpm||540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft) at 6,500||560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft) at 6,500||540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft)||500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)||560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft) at 6,500||580 N⋅m (428 lb⋅ft) at 6,500|
|CO2 emissions||272g/km||277g/km||287g/km||294-293 g/km||301-296 g/km|
|0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) (seconds)||3.5||3.6||3.2||3.7 (Coupé), 3.8 (Spyder)||3.0||3.4||3.1|
|Top speed||319 km/h (198 mph)||317 km/h (197 mph)||330 km/h (205 mph)||320 km/h (199 mph)||299 km/h (186 mph)||324 km/h (201 mph)||331 km/h (206 mph)|
|Curb weight||1,595 kg (3,516 lb)||1,720 kg (3,792 lb)||1,555 kg (3,428 lb)||1,590 kg (3,505 lb)||1,225 kg (2,701 lb)||1,735 kg (3,825 lb)||1,670 kg (3,682 lb)|
R8 LMS (GT3)
The Audi R8 LMS is the racing version of the R8. Despite looking identical to a regular R8, the LMS shares very little with its road-going counterpart in terms of features and mechanics. A new race specification V10 engine develops a peak power output of 430 kW (577 hp; 585 PS). The removal of the standard all-wheel drive system and the intelligent mix of materials such as aluminum in the Audi Space Frame (ASF), a structural CFRP component and the steel roll cage alone make the chassis about 30 kg (66 lb) lighter - now weighing 252 kg (556 lb). At the same time, the torsional stiffness of the stressed frame has increased by 39 percent. These weight saving measures result in a weight of just 1,225 kg (2,701 lb). Aside from that, the car packs many safety features such as a modified spaceframe structure at the front and a carbon fibre crash element at the rear protect the driver in a crash, the special PS1 racing seat from the Audi R18 e-Tron quattro which has been known to set the safety standards for LMP1 cars is used for additional safety and is connected directly to the chassis for increased stiffness. A quickly adjustable foot lever system and a height and length adjustable safety steering column allow versatile adjustment to various drivers. A rescue opening in the roof as used in DTM race touring cars is implemented in the R8 LMS GT3, a first for any GT3 car, after an accident, it allows the driver's helmet to be lifted in a way that avoids straining the spinal column.
Although the combination of the materials in the R8 LMS is more complex, Audi has managed to integrate the manufacturing process for production and race cars even more closely than before. In a new manufacturing facility at the Bollinger Hofe industrial park in Heilbronn, quattro GmbH produces both variants in combination. Although the race car, for example, is fitted with aluminum cast joints and a steel roll cage the racing chassis of the R8 LMS remains integrated in the basic production process up to and including the stages of roof assembly and cathodic dip painting (CDP), which is a form of priming. Following these production steps, the race cars are completed in Heilbronn-Biberach. The new aerodynamic concept of the Audi R8 LMS for the first time includes a fully lined underfloor and a conceptually integrated rear diffuser. As a result, the dimensions of the rear wing can be reduced without a corresponding increase of aerodynamic drag. The wheel arches, which are open rearwards via a larger cross-section, contribute to improved airflow. The airflow rate and cooling area of the radiator at the front have increased by ten percent to handle maximum outside air temperatures. In order to improve the race drivers' ability to concentrate on their tasks, fresh air circulation in the cockpit has been improved. At a speed of 200 km/h, the airflow rate is 250 litres per second. Audi has achieved these improvements despite the significantly higher constraints imposed on aerodynamics design by the 2016 regulations.
R8 LMS GT4
Audi Sport introduced a version of the R8 for GT4-class racing at the 2017 New York International Auto Show held in April. The GT4's 5.2-litre V10 engine is rated at a maximum power output of 496 PS (365 kW; 489 hp) and 550 N⋅m (406 lb⋅ft) of torque. Like the LMS GT3, the GT4 also uses a rear-wheel-drive drive layout. Performance figures include a 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) acceleration time of 3 seconds and a top speed of 250 km/h (155 mph) depending on racing conditions. The car has a dry weight of 1,460 kg (3,219 lb). The GT4 is eligible to compete in 13 world wide racing series and is designed to be an entry level racing model for amateur racing drivers.
The Audi R8 has been used as a safety car for the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters and British Superbike Championship racing series as well as the FIA World Endurance Championship and the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
The Audi R8 LMS won the 2018 Bathurst 12 hour race.
The Type 4S received generally positive reviews from the motoring press. Australian automotive publication Car Advice praised its daily usability along with its modern design and technology but criticised the lack of a manual transmission and an affordable V8 model. British magazine Autocar tested the standard V10 FSI coupé and praised its naturally aspirated engine and agile handling. However, the publication favoured the high performance Plus variant more stating that the cost difference between the Plus and the standard model with options was simply too slim. The publication gave the verdict: "Audi sends its mid-engined flagship in search of supercar scalps, and largely succeeds - even if rivals like the Porsche 911 Turbo provide greater driving limits." US automotive magazine Car & Driver tested the V10 plus and praised the aggressive design language with less radical "sideblades" along with quick acceleration and the engine noise but criticised the unavailability of some features on the US market cars such as magnetorheological dampers and laser headlamps.
Very much like it's predecessor the new R8 was featured in several feature films from the Marvel Cinematic Universe, with Plus models appearing in Avengers: Age of Ultron and Captain America: Civil War, and a Spyder making a cameo in Spider-Man: Homecoming. All these cars were driven by Tony Stark (played by Robert Downey Jr).
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Audi car timeline, North American market (1980–present)
|Compact car||A3 (8P)||A3 / S3 (8V)|
|4000 (81)||80 / 90 (89)||90 (8C)||A4 (8D/8E/8H/8K)||A4 (8W)|
|4000 CS quattro||S4 (8D/8E/8H/8K)||S4 (8W)|
|Mid-size car||5000 (43)||5000 (44)||100 / 200 (44)||100 (4A)||A6 (4A)||A6 (4B)||A6 (4F)||A6 (4G)||A6 (4K)|
|Ur-S4||Ur-S6||S6 (4B)||S6 (4F)||S6 (4G)||S6 (4K)|
|A7 (4G)||A7 (4K)|
|S7 (4G)||S7 (4K)|
|Full-size car||V8 (4C)||A8 / S8 (4D)||A8 / S8 (4E)||A8 / S8 (4H)||A8|
|Coupé||Coupé (81)||Coupe Quattro (89)||A5 / S5 (8T)||A5 / S5|
|TT Coupé (8N)||TT Coupé (8J)||TT Coupé (8S)|
|Roadster||TT Roadster (8N)||TT Roadster (8J)||TT Roadster (8S)|
|Convertible||Cabriolet (8G)||A4 Cabriolet / S4 Cabriolet (8H)||A5 / S5 (8F)||A5 / S5|
|Sports car||Quattro (Ur-Quattro)||RS6 (4B)||RS4 (8E/8H)|
|R8 (42)||R8 (4S)|
|Crossover||allroad quattro (4Z)||allroad (8K)||A4 allroad (8W)|
|Compact SUV||Q3 (8U)||Q3 (F3)|
|Q5 (8R)||Q5 (FY)|
|Mid-size SUV||Q7 (4L)||Q7 (4M)|