Ayer Hitam (federal constituency)

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Ayer Hitam (P148)
Johor constituency
DUN Johor 2020.svg
Federal constituency
LegislatureDewan Rakyat
MP
Constituency created1974
Constituency abolished1986
Constituency re-created2004
First contested1974
Last contested2018
Demographics
Electors (2018)[1]46,157
Area (km²)[2]747

Ayer Hitam is a federal constituency in Batu Pahat District, Johor, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat from 1974 to 1986, from 2004 to present.

The federal constituency was created in the 1974 redistribution and is mandated to return a single member to the Dewan Rakyat under the first past the post voting system.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic breakdown of Ayer Hitam's electorate as of 2018[3]

  Malay (57.68%)
  Chinese (37.97%)
  Indian (4.03%)
  Other ethnicities (0.33%)

History[edit]

It was abolished in 1986 when it was redistributed. It was re-created in 2003.

Polling districts[edit]

According to the gazette issued on 24 March 2018, the Ayer Hitam constituency has a total of 27 polling districts.[4]

State constituency Polling Districts Code Location
Yong Peng(N19) Sri Sepakat 148/19/01 SK Sepakat Jaya
Lam Lee 148/19/02 SJK (C) Lam Lee
Ladang Chaah 148/19/03 Dewan Orang Ramai Ladang Cha'ah
Ladang Yong Peng Bhg. 'B' 148/19/04 SJK (T) Ladang Yong Peng
Kangkar Bahru 148/19/05 SJK (C) Kangkar Bahru
Yong Peng Utara 148/19/06 SK Taman Seri Kota
Bandar Yong Peng Utara 148/19/07 SK Seri Bertam
Bandar Yong Peng Tengah 148/19/08 SJK (C) Yong Peng (1)
Bandar Yong Peng Selatan 148/19/09 SK Yong Peng
Yong Peng Selatan 148/19/10 SK Seri Yong Peng
Ladang Yong Peng 148/19/11 Pusat Penjagaan Kanak-Kanak Ladang Yong Peng
Kampong Manong 148/19/12 SJK (C) Sri Lalang
Taman Jelita 148/19/13 SMK Yong Peng
Semarang(N20) Parit Haji Yusof 148/20/01 SK Seri Tengah
Sri Mendapat 148/20/02 SK Seri Mendapat
Kampong Haji Ghaffar 148/20/03 SK Seri Bulan
Asam Bubok 148/20/04 SK Seri Bandan
Sungai Rambot 148/20/05 SK Seri Manggis
Ayer Hitam Selatan 148/20/06 SK Kota Dalam
Ayer Hitam Utara 148/20/07 SK Ayer Hitam
Bandar Ayer Hitam Barat 148/20/08 SMK Datuk Menteri
Bandar Ayer Hitam Timor 148/20/09 SJK (C) Malayan
Parit Semarang 148/20/10 SMK Suria Perdana
Parit Quarry 148/20/11 SK Bukit Kuari
Sabak Uni 148/20/12 SK Seri Sabak Uni
Parit Haji Ali 148/20/13 SK Setia Jaya
Parit Simpang Tengah 148/20/14 SK Seri Kemajuan

Representation history[edit]

Members of Parliament for Ayer Hitam
Parliament Years Member Party
Constituency created from Batu Pahat Dalam
4th 1974-1978 Hee Tien Lai (许天来) BN (MCA)
5th 1978-1982
6th 1982-1986
Constituency abolished, merged into Parit Sulong and Batu Pahat
Constituency re-created from Parit Sulong and Batu Pahat
11th 2004-2008 Wee Ka Siong (魏家祥) BN (MCA)
12th 2008-2013
13th 2013-2018
14th 2018-present

State constituency[edit]

Parliamentary

constituency

State constituency
1954–59* 1959–1974 1974–1986 1986–1995 1995–2004 2004–2018 2018–present
Ayer Hitam Semarang
Sri Lalang
Sri Medan
Yong Peng

Current state assembly members[edit]

No. State Constituency Member Coalition (Party)
N19 Yong Peng Chew Peck Choo PH (DAP)
N20 Semarang Samsol Bari Jamali BN (UMNO)

Local governments[edit]

No. State Constituency Local Government
N19 Yong Peng Yong Peng District Council
N20 Semarang Yong Peng District Council

Election results[edit]

Malaysian general election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Wee Ka Siong 17,076 43.98 -15.96
PH Liew Chin Tong 16,773 43.20 +43.20
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Mardi Marwan 4,975 12.82 -27.24
Total valid votes 38,824 100.00
Total rejected ballots 556
Unreturned ballots 94
Turnout 39,474 85.52
Registered electors 46,157
Majority 303 0.78
BN hold Swing -29.58
Source(s)

"His Majesty's Government Gazette - Notice of Contested Election, Parliament for the State of Johore [P.U. (B) 244/2018]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chambers of Malaysia. 3 May 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 December 2019. Retrieved 2018-08-01.

"Federal Government Gazette - Results of Contested Election and Statements of the Poll after the Official Addition of Votes, Parliamentary Constituencies for the State of Johore [P.U. (B) 318/2018]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chambers of Malaysia. 28 May 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-01.[permanent dead link]
Malaysian general election, 2013
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Wee Ka Siong 22,045 59.94 -16.25
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Hu Pang Chaw 14,735 40.06 +16.25
Total valid votes 36,780 100.00
Total rejected ballots 967
Unreturned ballots 94
Turnout 37,841 88.18
Registered electors 42,913
Majority 7,310 19.88
BN hold Swing -16.25
Malaysian general election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Wee Ka Siong 20,230 76.19 -6.15
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Husin Sujak 6,321 23.81 +6.15
Total valid votes 26,551 100.00
Total rejected ballots 907
Unreturned ballots 30
Turnout 27,488 78.98
Registered electors 34,805
Majority 13,909 52.38
BN hold Swing -6.15


Malaysian general election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
BN Wee Ka Siong 20,065 82.34
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Mohd Zamri Md Taksis 4,302 17.66
Total valid votes 24,367 100.00
Total rejected ballots 851
Unreturned ballots
Turnout 25,218 76.87
Registered electors 32,806
Majority 15,763 64.68
This was a new constituency recreated.
Malaysian general election, 1982
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Hee Tien Lai 21,737 78.13 -10.55
DAP Chan Yeik Nong 6,085 21.87 +21.87
Total valid votes 27,822 100.00
Total rejected ballots 1,115
Unreturned ballots
Turnout 28,937 76.60
Registered electors 37,778
Majority 15,652
BN hold Swing -16.21


Malaysian general election, 1978
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Hee Tien Lai 20,885 88.68 N/A
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Jaini Salleh 2,666 11.32 +11.32
Total valid votes 23,551 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Unreturned ballots
Turnout
Registered electors 31,251
Majority 18,189
BN hold Swing N/A


Malaysian general election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes %
On the nomination day, Hee Tien Lai won uncontested.
BN Hee Tien Lai
Total valid votes 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Unreturned ballots
Turnout
Registered electors 24,845
Majority
This was a new constituency created.

References[edit]