Ballsh in the Distance
|Elevation||231 m (758 ft)|
|• Municipal unit||7,657|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Ballsh (definite Albanian form: Ballshi) is a town and a former municipality in Fier County, southern Albania. At the 2015 local government reform it became a subdivision and the seat of the municipality Mallakastër. It was the seat of the former District of Mallakastër. The population at the 2011 census was 7,657.
It was called "Glavinitsa" during Bulgarian rule, later on the city was named Ballsh after ruler Balša II.. It was centre of Malkasra (Turkish of "Mallakastër") kaza in Sanjak of Berat in Yanya Vilayet during Ottoman rule between 1670 and 1912.
Ballsh is close to the ancient city of Byllis, a city during the Illyria era. The Slavic invasions of the 6th and 7th centuries caused the decline of Byllis while Ballsh was built with materials plundered from Byllis..
The city's surrounding fields are rich in crude petroleum and are dotted by a series of oil wells established during the communist dictatorship. Only a fraction of these wells are operating today, but the city includes a working refinery, and outputs of naphthas are significant.
The refinery was owned by Taçi Oil through ARMO (Anika Mercuria Refinery Associated Oil, owned by Anika Enterprises). In 2013 ARMO was sold to Heaney Assets Corporation, an Azerbaijan corporation.
- "Law nr. 115/2014" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-06-10.
- 2011 census results Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
- "Azerët, nga sot pronarë të ARMO-s, firmoset marrëveshja". Shekulli. 7 August 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-03-13.
- "ARMO changes owners". Top Channel. 2013-08-08. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2014-04-21.
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