Ballsh

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Ballsh
Administrative Unit
Ballsh Mallakaster.jpg
Ballsh is located in Albania
Ballsh
Ballsh
Coordinates: 40°36′3″N 19°44′11″E / 40.60083°N 19.73639°E / 40.60083; 19.73639Coordinates: 40°36′3″N 19°44′11″E / 40.60083°N 19.73639°E / 40.60083; 19.73639
Country Albania
County Fier
Municipality Mallakastër
Elevation 231 m (758 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Administrative Unit 7,657
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal Code 9308
Area Code 0313
Vehicle registration MK
Website www.ballshi.com

Ballsh (definite Albanian form: Ballshi) is a town and a former municipality in Fier County, southern Albania. At the 2015 local government reform it became a subdivision and the seat of the municipality Mallakastër.[1] It was the seat of the former District of Mallakastër. The population at the 2011 census was 7,657.[2]

Name[edit]

It was called "Glavinitsa" during Bulgarian rule, later on the city was named Ballsh after ruler Balša II.[citation needed]. It was centre of Malkasra (Turkish of "Mallakastër") kaza in Sanjak of Berat in Yanya Vilayet during Ottoman rule between 1670 and 1912.[3]

History[edit]

Main article: Byllis

Ballsh is close to the ancient city of Byllis. The climate is Mediterranean. It is surrounded by the hills of Mallakastra. Its Latin name is Baletium. The Slavic invasions of the 6th and 7th centuries caused the decline of Byllis while Ballsh was built with materials plundered from Byllis.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The city's surrounding fields are rich in crude petroleum and are dotted by a series of oil wells established during the communist dictatorship. Only a fraction of these wells are operating today, but the city includes a working refinery, and outputs of naphthas are significant.

The refinery was owned by Taçi Oil through ARMO (Anika Mercuria Refinery Associated Oil, owned by Anika Enterprises). In 2013 ARMO was sold to Heaney Assets Corporation, an Azerbaijan corporation.[4][5]

Sports[edit]

The city's team KS Bylis Ballsh, plays at the Adush Muça Stadium.

See also[edit]

References[edit]