Konispol

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Konispol
Municipality
Konispol is located in Albania
Konispol
Konispol
Coordinates: 39°40′N 20°11′E / 39.667°N 20.183°E / 39.667; 20.183Coordinates: 39°40′N 20°11′E / 39.667°N 20.183°E / 39.667; 20.183
Country  Albania
County Vlorë
Area
 • Municipality 221.88 km2 (85.67 sq mi)
Elevation 389 m (1,276 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Municipality 8,245
 • Municipality density 37/km2 (96/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit 2,123
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9705
Area code 0891
Vehicle registration SR

Konispol is the southernmost municipality of Albania. It sits one kilometer away from the Albanian-Greek border. It was formed at the 2015 local government reform by the merger of the former municipalities Konispol, Markat and Xarrë, that became municipal units. The seat of the municipality is the town Konispol.[1] The total population is 8,245 (2011 census), in a total area of 221.88 km2.[2] The population of the former municipality at the 2011 census was 2,123.[3] The municipal unit consists of the town Konispol and the village Çiflik.[4] The town's main interests are agriculture and viticulture. The city is the center of the Cham Albanian community.

History[edit]

The area was part of the ancient region of Epirus and was inhabited by Chaonian Greeks.[5] Was founded by Thesprotian Greeks as Konispoli (Greek: Κονίσπολις, Κονίσπολη),[citation needed][verification needed] near the ancient Nekromanteion. The modern Albanian name Konispol is derived from the original Greek name.[citation needed][verification needed]

In 1943, Konispol is noted for being the battleground of a fierce conflict between German-Cham collaborationist units and the Albanian resistance.[6]

In 1992, 7 caves were discovered just north of the town. They dated from the Upper Paleolithic age to the Iron Age.

Modern period[edit]

Konispol, due to its proximity to the Albanian-Greek borders, is part of the European Union's Greece – Albania Neighbourhood Programme for improving the standard of living of the local population by promoting sustainable local development in the cross-border area between the two countries.

Location[edit]

Konispol is:

  • 191 kilometres (118 miles) from Tirana (Geographically and by road).
  • 1 kilometre (0.6 miles) from the Albanian-Greek border (Geographically).
  • 4 kilometres (3 miles) from Sagiada, Greece (Geographically).

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law nr. 115/2014
  2. ^ Interactive map administrative territorial reform
  3. ^ 2011 census results
  4. ^ Greece – Albania Neighbourhood Programme
  5. ^ Hammond, N.G.L. (1997). "Hammond The Tribal Systems of Epirus and Neighbouring Areas down to 400 B.C.". Epirus, 4000 years of Greek history and civilization: 55. Chaonian power thus ran from the northern end of the Gulf of Aulon (adjacent to Apollonia) to the southern end of the plain by Konispolis 
  6. ^ Meyer, Hermann Frank (2008). Blutiges Edelweiß: Die 1. Gebirgs-division im zweiten Weltkrieg [Bloodstained Edelweiss. The 1st Mountain-Division in WWII] (in German). Ch. Links Verlag. ISBN 978-3-86153-447-1. 

External links[edit]