Baniachong Upazila

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Baniachong
বানিয়াচং
Upazila
Baniachong is located in Bangladesh
Baniachong
Baniachong
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°32.5′N 91°20′E / 24.5417°N 91.333°E / 24.5417; 91.333Coordinates: 24°32.5′N 91°20′E / 24.5417°N 91.333°E / 24.5417; 91.333
Country  Bangladesh
Division Sylhet Division
District Habiganj District
Area
 • Total 482.25 km2 (186.20 sq mi)
Population (1991)
 • Total 235,855
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 3350
Website Official Map of Baniachong

Baniachong (Bengali: বানিয়াচং) is an Upazila of Habiganj District in the Division of Sylhet, Bangladesh.[1]

History[edit]

Baniachong constituted the grand estate (zamindari) of Anwar Khan, who was looked upon as a raja by the local people and the British regarded the raja of Banyachung as the only zamindar in Sylhet Division and other zamindars were regarded as mere taluquedars (petty landholders). Estate of Banyachung was so vast it crisscrossed all districts of Sylhet region as well as the greater Mymensingh, Dhaka and Comilla.

In accordance with the Pargana system introduced by Murshid Quli Khan in 1722, Anwar Khan claimed tenure of 28 Parganas of Muazzamabad, but his claim was rejected after an investigation by the revenue office, as these Parganas belong to the posterity of Shah Muazzam Uddin Qureshi, who assumed the name of Muazzam Khan when he ascended the throne of Muazzamabad.

Hence, these 28 Parganas: Banshikunda (Vamshikunda), Ranadigha, Shelvarsh, Sukhaid, Bétaal, Palash, Laxmanshree, Chamtala, Pagla (Paragala), Dohaliya, Bazu Jatua, Sinchapaid, Shafahar (Shaharpara), Sik Sonaita (Sonauta), Atuajan (Atuajahan), Aatgaon, Kuwazpur, Joar Baniyachung, Kasba Baniyachung, Jalsuka, Bithangal, Joanshahi, Mudaikaid (Mudakadi), Kuresha, Jantari (Yantri), Haveli Sonaita, Satar Sati and Paikuda, were allotted to new landholders that created numerous zamindars and taluquedars in former Muazzamabad (districts of Sunamganj and Habiganj).

The history of the battle between Anwar Khan and his brother Hussain Khan (Bara Bhuiyans of Baniachang) with the Mughal army in the first decade of the seventeenth century is found in the Baharistan-i-Gayebi. Zamindars of Banyachung was renowned for their generosity, but the last zamindar was more than generous; he was well known for his gullibility and his aged but adept and calculating servants such as dewans and chaudharies swindled him left, right and centre. By the time of the retirement, dewans and chauddharies working for Banyachung zamindar ended up holding more lands than the zamindar himself. This was achieved through a severance scheme conjured up by a shrewd dewan; this scheme made the zamindar honour-bound to grant land (taluque) to his servants on retirement and there were two categories of taluque: (i) Khalisa and (ii) Mujrahi, aka Mujrai. The first category of taluque, i.e. Khalisa, was reserved for the male servants and the second category of taluque, i.e. Mujrai, was reserved for zamindar’s courtesans. This scheme ruined the zamindary of Baniyachung within a very short span of time and created numerous Khalisadar and Mujraidar in the region, who nowadays style themselves as chowdhury in Sylhet region.

Geography[edit]

Baniachong is located at 24°32′30″N 91°20′00″E / 24.5417°N 91.3333°E / 24.5417; 91.3333 . It has 39816 households and total area 482.25 km².

Demographics[edit]

As of the 1991 Bangladesh census, Baniachong has a population of 235855. Males constitute 50.84% of the population, and females 49.16%. This Upazila's eighteen up population is 115151. Baniachong has an average literacy rate of 20.8% (7+ years), and the national average of 32.4% literate.[2]

Baniachang Upazila with an area of 482.25 km2, is bounded by sullah and derai upazilas on the north, habiganj sadar and lakhai upazilas on the south, Habiganj sadar and nabiganj upazilas on the east, ajmiriganj, mithamain and austagram upazilas on the west. Main rivers are Kushiyara, Kalai and Barak. Notable Beels: Charagaon, Bata, Sonamua, Dhala, Chatal and Chandra Beel.

Baniachang (Town) consists of 7 mouzas. The area of the town is 3.06 km2. It has a population of 21111; male 50.75%, female 49.25%. Literacy rate among the town people is 25.3%. Once the town was the capital of the ancient Loud Kingdom of Sylhet. It has one post house ("dak bungalow").

Administration[edit]

Baniachang thana, now an upazila, was established in 1790 and was turned into a sub-division of a district in 1934. It consists of 15 union parishads, 237 mouzas and 337 villages.

Archaeological heritage and relics Remnants of ancient Rajbari (1737–38) at Puranbagh, Bibir Dargah Mosque, Bithangal Akhra.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jayanta Singh Roy (2012), "Baniachang Upazila", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, retrieved 14 August 2016 
  2. ^ "Population Census Wing, BBS.". Archived from the original on 2005-03-27. Retrieved November 10, 2006. 
  3. ^ a b c http://www.ejugantor.com/2012/09/08/index.php#
  4. ^ http://123.49.32.76/pmis/Forms/unolist.php