Earl of Elgin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Baron Bruce of Skelton)
Jump to: navigation, search
Earldom of Elgin
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Blason famille fr Jeanne de Bruce.svg
Or, a saltire and chief gules on a canton argent a lion rampant azure armed and langued of the second[1]
Creation date 21 June 1633
Monarch Charles I
Peerage Peerage of Scotland
First holder Thomas Bruce, 3rd Lord Kinloss
Present holder Andrew Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin
Heir apparent Charles Bruce, Lord Bruce
Remainder to Heirs male forever, bearing the name Bruce[1]
Subsidiary titles Baron Elgin
Lord Bruce of Kinloss
Lord Bruce of Torry
Seat(s) Broomhall House
Armorial motto Fuimus ("We have been")[1]

Earl of Elgin /ˈɛlɡɪn/ is a title in the Peerage of Scotland, created in 1633 for Thomas Bruce, 3rd Lord Kinloss. He was later created Baron Bruce of Whorlton of York in the Peerage of England on 30 July 1641. The Earl of Elgin is the hereditary Clan Chief of Clan Bruce.[1]

History[edit]

The family descended from the Bruces of Clackmannan, whose ancestor was Thomas de Bruys. According to Sir James Balfour Paul, there is no evidence that this branch of the family was related to Robert the Bruce (King Robert I), despite claims that Thomas was an illegitimate son of the king.[2]

The first earl was succeeded by his son, Robert, who also was created Earl of Ailesbury in the Peerage of England. The two Earldoms continued united until the death of the fourth Earl of Elgin, when the Ailesbury and Baron Bruce of Whorlton titles became extinct, and the Elgin title passed to the Earl of Kincardine; the Lordship of Kinloss became dormant. Thereafter, the Earldoms of Elgin and Kincardine have remained united.[1]

The most famous Earl was the 7th Earl, who removed and transported to Britain the so-called Elgin Marbles from the Parthenon. In Dublin there are roads that come from the Earl's titles. These are Elgin Road and Ailesbury Road.

As well as the titles Earl of Elgin and Earl of Kincardine, Lord Elgin also holds the titles Lord Bruce of Kinloss (created 1608), Lord Bruce of Torry (1647) and Baron Elgin, of Elgin in Scotland (1849). The first two are in the Peerage of Scotland; the third is in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[1]

The Lordship of Kinloss held by the first four Earls was inherited on the death of the 4th Earl by the 3rd Duke of Chandos. Through his daughter it passed to the Dukes of Buckingham and Chandos, and is now held by these Dukes' heir of line.[1]

The family seat is Broomhall House, three miles south-west of Dunfermline, Scotland.[3]

Feudal Barons of Clackmannan[edit]

Lords Bruce of Kinloss (1608)[edit]

Earls of Elgin (1633)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Charles Edward Bruce, Lord Bruce (b. 1961).[1]

The heir apparent's heir apparent is his son James Andrew Charles Robert Bruce, Master of Bruce (b. 1991).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 1293–1299. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1. 
  2. ^ Balfour Paul, James, ed. (1906). The Scot's Peerage, Vol. III. Edinburgh: David Doulas. pp. 466–467. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1. 
  3. ^ Cameron, Courtney (16 May 2014). "Robert the Bruce heir says No to independence". The Scotsman. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 

See also[edit]